Bridging the Gaps:Transliteracy as Informed PedagogyLane WilkinsonUniv. of Tennessee at ChattanoogaLOEX 2011 Walnut Street Bridge. Chattanooga, Tenn.
How did we get here?
Identify a need
Evaluate travel options
From point A to point B
This is information literacy
Buying the tickets
Navigating the airport
Catching the right train
The itinerary ≠ the trip
This is transliteracy
What is transliteracy? The ability to read, write and interact across a range of platforms, tools and media.
Transliteracy is about how we navigate an ever-increasing array of communication and information sources. What is transliteracy?
It is about understanding how information sources fit together and how to make use of that fit. What is transliteracy?
Not from libraries Where did it come from?
2005 Transliteracies Project “a working group to study online reading” transliteracies.english.ucsb.edu Where did it come from?
2007 PART: Production and Research in Transliteracy Group DeMontfort University nlabnetworks.typepad.com/transliteracy Where did it come from?
2010 Libraries and Transliteracy A cross-section of public librarians and library technology experts Librariesandtransliteracy.wordpress.com Where did it come from?
What is transliteracy? The ability to read, write and interact across a range of platforms, tools and media. Transliteracy is about how we navigate an ever-increasing array of communication and information sources. It is about understanding how information sources fit together and how to make use of that fit. Where did it come from? Not from libraries 2005 Transliteracies Project “a working group to study online reading” transliteracies.english.ucsb.edu 2007 PART: Production and Research in Transliteracy Group DeMontfort University nlabnetworks.typepad.com/transliteracy 2010 Libraries and Transliteracy A cross-section of public librarians and library technology experts Librariesandtransliteracy.wordpress.com
So, what does this mean for library instruction?
Research can’t be just about the library
New linguistic competencies
Literacy Descriptive Evaluative Information Literacy Transliteracy Subject-specific Subject-neutral Oral Print Scientific literacy Digital literacy Visual Health literacy Critical literacy Computer Web Economic literacy Media literacy Other subject specific literacies Other non-subject specific literacies
A word of warning
Three keys for library instruction
#1: Effective information use requires several information sources.
An explosion of information sources
Students will use non-library sources
But they hit a wall in the library
Address non-library resources at the start
#2: Information resources do not stand alone, they interact.
Popular vs. Scholarly doesn’t cut it anymore
Information doesn’t fit into compartments
Break down the divisions
Information resources are linked
#3: Navigating the interaction requires transferable skills.
“A mental model is…the user's mental image of a system and its capabilities that he employs to understand how to operate it.”(Holman 2011)
“…if today’s students [search] by discovery,should then the focus of information literacy instruction be on more effective strategies for refining a search rather than on initially constructing a near-perfect search?” (Holman 2011)
They already know how to do it
Teach the analogy
How do students use Wikipedia? (Head & Eisenberg 2011)
Understand transferable skills make overt connections provide links to specific applications focus on the purpose of strategies include time for student reflection consider how strategies might be adapted provide feedback to students provide opportunities to apply, re-apply and re-teach Perkins, D. N. & Salomon, G. Transfer of learning, in International encyclopedia of education. (Second ed.) Oxford: Pergamon Press 1992.
Harness students’ existing skills
Give them a way through
For example: remember the “red” Lexis?
Can your students still use it?
The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Wikipedia before class
Google versus the Library
The library is not (always) the answer You moved off-campus, but now you’ve got roaches! Where’s the best place to find out which bug-spray is most effective? A. Off.com B. The Journal of Entomology Yahoo! Answers Ask Grandma
Teaching the analogy http://www.youtube.com/v/dVETB3gaA2Y Slideshare does not support video embeds. The clip originally shown starts at 0:01
The world of information http://www.youtube.com/v/od8oTWqaDxE Slideshare does not support video embeds. The clip originally shown starts at 0:40
Ample time to search
More to come
But wait, there’s more!
Social media training
Workshops and beyond…
Your students’ trips are just beginning
Information literacy is how they’ll plan
Transliteracy is how they’ll get there
email@example.com librariesandtransliteracy.wordpress.com Thank you
Images“How did we get here” http://www.flickr.com/photos/miltoncorrea/3118589805/“Identify a need”http://www.flickr.com/photos/davidw/472529234/“Secure funds”www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_virginia/2899343224/“Evaluate travel options”http://www.flickr.com/photos/floridamemory/4203509136/This is information literacyhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/hey__paul/5573305472/‘The paperwork’http://www.flickr.com/photos/julia_manzerova/4388356403/“Buying the tickets”http://www.flickr.com/photos/melloveschallah/3562306837“Navigating the airport”http://www.flickr.com/photos/joiseyshowaa/2513692474“Catching the right train”www.flickr.com/photos/dasqfamily/3775600263/“The itinerary is not the trip”www.flickr.com/photos/daquellamanera/124077565/“This is transliteracy”www.flickr.com/photos/bass_nroll/422057721‘What is Transliteracy’http://www.flickr.com/photos/greeblie/3338710223/Not just about the libraryhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/diylibrarian/1403798100/New mediahttp://www.flickr.com/photos/tabor-roeder/5601654995/New literacieswww.flickr.com/photos/81203773@N00/411770953 Three keys www.flickr.com/photos/vek/2543518246/ #1 http://www.flickr.com/photos/lwr/4416908022 An explosion http://www.flickr.com/photos/will-lion/2595497078/ Students will use non-library sources www.flickr.com/photos/87913776@N00/5129607997 But they hit a wall ww.flickr.com/photos/ortizmj12/2366706532 Address nonlibrary sources at the start www.flickr.com/photos/polvero/3466964233 #2 http://www.flickr.com/photos/lwr/4318910816 #3 http://www.flickr.com/photos/lwr/2677504428/ ‘They already know how to do it’ www.flickr.com/photos/ergonomic/3363073562/ Teach the analogy’ http://www.flickr.com/photos/automania/126698126/ ‘Harness existing skills’ www.flickr.com/photos/nationalmediamuseum/3588573761 Give them a way through http://www.flickr.com/photos/raeallen/111030065 Google versus the library http://www.flickr.com/photos/vblibrary/4993073773 Ample time to search http://www.flickr.com/photos/susanneanette/2990156824 Social Media Training http://www.flickr.com/photos/matthamm/2945559128 Workshops and beyond www.flickr.com/photos/george_eastman_house/2871176480/ Last Words http://www.flickr.com/photos/ilovememphis/4514924028 Trips are just beginning http://www.flickr.com/photos/autumn_bliss/467766536/ IL is how they’ll plan http://www.flickr.com/photos/rohdesign/152626650 Transliteracy is how they’ll get there http://www.flickr.com/photos/potyike/4783170326/ Thank You http://www.flickr.com/photos/brent_nashville/5157879240
Reading List Bobish, G. (2011). Participation and pedagogy: connecting the social web to ACRL learning outcomes. Journal of Academic Librarianship, 37(1), 54-63. Brandt, D. S. (1997). Constructivism: teaching for understanding of the internet. Communications of the ACM, 40(10), 112-117. Head, A. J. & Eisenberg, M. B.. (2010). How today’s college-students use Wikipedia for dourse-related research. First Monday, 15(3). [Online] Holman, L. (2011). Millennial students’ mental models of search: implications for academic librarians and database developers. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 37(1), 19-27. Junco, R., Heiberger, G., & Loken, E. (2011). The effect of Twitter on college student engagement and grades. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 27(2): 119-132. Kjellberg, S. (2010). I am a blogging researcher: motivations for blogging in a scholarly context. First Monday, 15(8). [Online] Perkins, D. N. & Salomon, G. (1992). Transfer of learning, in International encyclopedia of education. (Second ed.) Oxford: Pergamon Press.
Websites The Transliteracies Project transliteracies.english.ucsb.edu PART: Production and Research in Transliteracy www.transliteracy.com Libraries and transliteracy librariesandtransliteracy.wordpress.com