Plays produced for the general publicRoofless>open airNo artificial lightingCourtyard surrounded by 3 levels of galleries
Wealthy got benches“Groundlings”>poorer people stood and watched from the courtyard (“pit”)All but wealthy were uneducated/illiterateMuch more interaction than today
Stage>platform that extended into the pitDressing & storage rooms in galleries behind & above stagesecond-level gallery> upper stage> famous balcony scene in Romeo & JulietTrap door>ghosts“Heavens”> angelic beings
Only men and boysYoung boys whose voices had not changed play women’s rolesWould have been considered indecent for a woman to appear on stage
An , and: IfAnon: At once - SoonAy: YesBut: Only - Except forE’en: EvenE’er: EverExeunt: They go out( leave stage)Exit: He , She goes out
Haply: PerhapsHappy: FortunateHence: Away, from herMarry: IndeedMethinks: I thinkNay: NoPray : Please
Thou ,Thee ,Thy , Thine : You, Your, YoursWhence: WhereWilt: Will, will youWithal: In addition toWould: WishYea : Yes
Ordinary writing that is notpoetry, drama, or song Only characters in the lower social classes speak this way in Shakespeare’s plays Why do you suppose that is?
Oneperson speaking onstage > may be othercharacter on stage too
Long speech expressingthe thoughts of acharacter alone onstage. Macbeth gives asoliloquy after themurder of King Duncan.
Words spoken, usually in anundertone not intended tobe heard by all characters.In The Merchant of VeniceShylock’s Asides are veryimportant to the spectators asthey explain the reasons of hisrevenge on Antonio.
Shakespeare loved to usethem!!!Humorous use of a word with two meanings > sometimes missed by the reader because of Elizabethan language .
Words that tell the reader who is being addressed:“Ah, my mistresses, which of you all/ Will now deny to dance?”
Acontradictionbetween what acharacter thinks andwhat thereader/audienceknows to be true
Words used to suggestthe opposite of what ismeant
An event occurs thatdirectly contradicts theexpectations of thecharacters, the reader,or the audience
Use of comedy within literaturethat is NOT comedy to provide“relief” from seriousness orsadness.In MACBETH look for moments ofcomic relief that help “relieve” thetragedy of the situation
1. Macbeth A Tragedy by William Shakespeare2. The Taming of the Shrew A Farce by William Shakespeare
1.A.C. Bradley. Shakespearean Tragedy . Hong Kong: The Macmillan Press Ltd, 1978 2. Anthony Burgess. English Literature . London : Longman, 1974 3.Caroline Spurgeon. Shakespeare’s Imagery . London :Cambridge University Press, 1982 4. Peter Spalding. Drama in Practice. London : Macmillan Publishers Ltd.1985
Participation:5 marks Power Point Presentation: 20 marks Test: 20 marks Sunday 29/ 4 / 1432 H Quiz: 15 marks Tuesday 21/ 6/ 1432 H Final: 40 marks Total: 100 marks