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IWAM Dr Emma Hennessay 190907

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Integrating Water and Agricultural Management:Defra Science and Policy Requirements

Integrating Water and Agricultural Management:Defra Science and Policy Requirements

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  • 1. Dr Emma Hennessey Sustainable Water Management Integrating Water and Agricultural Management: Defra Science and Policy Requirements
  • 2. How does Defra decide what research to fund?
    • Defra policies must be evidence-based
    • Evidence required for policies based on both national and international legislation
    • Research needs are framed in ROAME A documents which link policy and science
  • 3. What are the international drivers for water policy? Water Framework Directive, Nitrates Directive, Bathing Waters, Freshwater Fish, Shellfish Waters (and Shellfish Hygiene), daughter Directives on Groundwater , Dangerous and Priority Substances, Habitats, Birds, OSPAR Convention on eutrophication
  • 4. What are the national drivers for water policy?
    • UK Biodiversity Action Plan
    • UK PSA target:
    • Secure a healthy natural environment
    • Departmental Defra High Level Goal:
    • Maintaining and enhancing the natural asset base
    • Departmental Strategic Objectives:
    • A healthy natural environment
    • A thriving farming and food sector
  • 5. How are research needs identified in Defra? .
    • Joint discussions to identify needs. Two approaches:
      • Science teams and policy teams (traditional approach) or
      • Project/programme teams (the future!)
  • 6. Defra Organisation (1)
    • Policy:
      • Livestock and Plants hubs
      • Water Quality Division
      • Water Supply and Regulation Division
      • Climate Change Group
    • Science:
      • Evidence and Knowledge Core Function
  • 7. Defra Organisation (2)
    • Science:
      • Evidence and Knowledge Core Function
    • Programme:
      • Farming for the Future Programme
    • Nutrient Management Project
    • Agriculture and Climate Change Project
  • 8. Setting out our research needs .
    • ROAME A documents used to frame needs:
      • Set out policy context for work – the national and international drivers
      • Identify the evidence needs, and the science required to meet those needs
  • 9. Main water related programmes:
    • WQ01 Water Quality: Minimising adverse impacts of agriculture on water quality.
    • WU01 Water Use: Optimising water use by agriculture & food production industries.
    • WT07 Quality of controlled waters.
  • 10. Key science objectives (1): WQ01 Water Quality
    • How does land management contribute to water pollution?
    • Mitigate transport of pollutants into water.
    • Understand land manager behaviour.
    • Management guidelines & policy instruments.
  • 11. Key science objectives (2): WU01 Water Use
    • Baseline information on water use (inc. for FISS).
    • Identify opportunities for water saving.
    • Land manager / food production industry behaviour.
    • Management guidelines & policy instruments.
  • 12. Working together to deliver Science programmes need to be multi-disciplinary, for example: Social science – will farmers take up suggested measures? Economics – what will it cost (farmers, Defra, enforcement agencies)? How much money will be saved?
  • 13. Making the best use of Defra science Talk to each other! Collaborate Try to build on what has already been done Scientists – make results policy relevant Defra – translate between science outputs and policy needs
  • 14. Emma.Hennessey@ defra.gsi.gov.uk