Maddy Jago, Director, Landscape andBiodiversityEcosystems delivery in England
What I’m going to cover• Natural Environment White Paper and Biodiversity 2020- new approaches to biodiversity delivery• Valuing ecosystem services and biodiversity assets• NEWP and Biodiversity 2020: a central role for AONBs• To end with -three key questions for you
You are key players in deliveringGovernment’s priorities for thenatural environment
North Pennines AONB – biodiversityNorth Pennines AONB hotspot • 40% of the UKs species rich upland hay meadows • 80% of Englands Black Grouse (and the proposed Northern Upland Chain LNP has the whole population) • over 20% of Englands blanket bog
Yorkshire Peat Partnership partnership Yorkshire Peatland • A collaborative approach demonstrating landscape-scale principles • Aim is to restore 70% (48,500ha) of Yorkshire’s blanket bog through a programme of grip blocking, gully restoration and bare peat re-vegetation by March 2024 • to raise awareness and promote the multitude of benefits that peatland restoration can provide to a wider audience.
The policy contextMaking Space forNature –LawtonReport 2011 2010
The ecosystem approach Provisioning services Cultural services Fresh water Cultural heritage Food (eg crops, fruit, fish, etc) Recreation and tourism Fibre and fuel (eg timber, wool, etc) Aesthetic value Genetic resources (used for crop/stock breeding and biotechnology) Spiritual and religious value Biochemicals, natural medicines, pharmaceuticals Inspiration of art, folklore, architecture, etc Ornamental resources (eg shells, flowers, etc) Social relations (eg fishing, grazing, cropping communities) Regulatory services Supporting services Air quality regulation Soil formation Climate regulation (local temp. /precipitation, GHG sequestration, etc) Primary production Water regulation (timing/scale of run-off, flooding, etc) Nutrient cycling (water recirculation in landscape) Natural hazard regulation (ie storm protection) Water recycling Pest regulation Photosynthesis (production of atmospheric oxygen) Disease regulation Provision of habitat Erosion regulation Water purification and waste treatment What you don’t consider you may lose! PollinationThanks to Mark Everad from EA for this slide
Valuing nature and paying for ecosystem servicesNOT about putting a value on every lapwing or flowerBut we must move away from the current market failurewhere the most environmentally damaging actions andproducts are often the cheapest.Potential opportunity:•Better understanding of true impacts of actions•New markets could develop for some ecosystem services•New ‘partners’ and business opportunities•Better (and cost-effective) outcomes for society andbiodiversity•Allowing better focus of scarcebiodiversity funding
European Landscape Convention“landscape means an area, as perceived by people, whose character is the result of the action and interaction of natural and/or human factors”• Landscape is important, because it links culture with nature, and past with present.• Landscape matters to people and encompasses ‘all ways of seeing’.• The ELC applies to all landscapes everywhere, and in any condition.
Biodiversity 2020 – MissionMission:• halt biodiversity loss,• support healthy well-functioningecosystems• establish coherent ecological networks• more & better places for nature for thebenefit of wildlife and peopleHow?7.A more integrated large-scale approach8.Putting people at the heart ofbiodiversity9.Reducing environmental pressures10.Improving our knowledge
Terrestrial Biodiversity GroupResponsibilities The challenges• 1A Better habitats • The ecological challenge: status• 1B More habitats quo is not enough• 1C Integrated • The delivery joined up challenge: ambitious targets, approaches finite resources• 1D Restoring • The engagement ecosystems challenge: catalyse, connect,• 3 Species coordinate
New approaches to biodiversity NEWP – new approaches to biodiversity
AONBs and SSSI conditionA sample of AONBs – a great contribution towards SSSI condition and biodiversity
Working in partnership with you• Jurassic Coast - Dorset AONB, East Devon AONB• West Penwith – Cornwall AONB• Big Chalk – North Wessex Downs Cranborne Chase, and West Wiltshire Downs AONBs• Hampshire Farmers – Chilterns AONB• Lime & Ice – Howardian Hills AONB• Derwent Valley – North Pennines AONB• Wye Valley-Wye Valley AONB• Connecting Cannock Chase – Cannock Chase AONB
Three key questions• What role can your AONB play in delivering NEWP outcomes for biodiversity and ecosystem services?• What can you do collectively as a family of protected landscapes to demonstrate your biodiversity successes?• How can Natural England best help you?