Greek Drama


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Greek drama and its original days, brief history of the birth of Greek Drama, where Greek Drama first took place, its purpose, and its sequence of events.

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Greek Drama

  1. 1. Group members: Rajeef Suckra Chantelle Beckford Karinski Brown Othelia Service
  2. 2.  A theatrical culture that flourished in ancient Greece.
  3. 3.  Came into existence in Athens, Greece, and was usually staged there.  Greek drama was constructed as a way of honouring Dionysus, the Greek God of ecstasy.  Athenians spread these festivals to its numerous allies to promote a common identity.  Staged in the amphitheatre.
  4. 4.  represents an ethos, a social consciousness that serves as a constant reminder of moral and social issues at stake in the drama. The chorus in comedy is 24 The chorus in tragedy changed overtime from 50 to 15
  5. 5.  Lamentation or warning.  Heightening significant moments.  Encouraging and rejoicing.  Foretelling the future.  Remembering what characters had forgotten and did not know.  Better performed by symphonies and orchestras today.
  6. 6.  Choral entry song (parados)- in which the Greeks invite the God/Gods before beginning.  First stasimon- reflects what was done in the episodes and puts it in a larger mythological framework (usually done in tragedies).  Exodus- the exit song, offers words of wisdom related to the actions and outcome of the play.
  7. 7.  Greek term for mask is persona.  Known to have been used since the time of Aeschylus and considered to be one of the ironic conventions of classical theatre.  Made of wood, stiffened linen, animal and human hair, cork, leather.
  8. 8.  Exaggerates expressions to help define the characters being portrayed (sex, age, social status).  Allowed actors to play various roles or genders.  Had greater dramatic effect in tragedies.  Were normally ugly and unsightly in comedy and satyr plays, but life-like in tragedies.
  9. 9.  Help to create character.  They were elaborate decorated versions of everyday clothing of the Athenians.  Tragic actors wore buskins (raised platform shoes) to symbolise superiority.  Comedy actors wore plain socks.  For female roles, males wore a prosterneda (imitation of breasts) and progustreda (stomach or belly), both wooden parts.
  10. 10.  It depicts the downfall of a good person by a fatal error or misjudgment, producing suffering and insight on the part of the protagonist and arousing pity and fear on the part of the audience.  It should evoke pity and fear on the part of the audience.  A tragic hero must be essentially admirable and good.
  11. 11.  In a true tragedy a hero’s demise must come as a result of some persona error or decision.
  12. 12.  Anagnorisis- the moment that the tragic hero suddenly realises the web of fate he has entangled himself in.  Hamartia- the error of the protagonist that eventually leads to the final event in the play. It can be something as simple as a miscalculation or slip-up.  Nemesis or retribution- the inevitable punishment or cosmic payback for the acts of pride or over- aspiration on the hero’s part.  Peripateia (plot reversal)- a crucial action on the part of the protagonist that changes his situation from seemingly secure to vulnerable.
  13. 13.  Ancient comedy originated from the komos, a curious spectacle in which a company of festive males apparently sang, danced, and cavorted rollickingly around the large phallus.  For most of its history, comedy has involved a high-spirited celebration of human sexuality and the triumph of eros.  In essence, a comedy is a story of the rise in fortune of a sympathetic central character.
  14. 14.  Comic figures are usually average or below average in terms of moral character.  The most ridiculous characters are those who are high-born, but self-centered instead of truly noble.
  15. 15.  Diazoma- horizontal walkway dividing upper and lower sections of the theatre.  Kerkis- wedge-shaped seating section of the theatron.  Klikames- stairways in the theatron  Logeion- Greek stage.  Orchestra- space between the audience and the stage; primary chorus performance space in Greek theatre.
  16. 16.  Paraskenion- hellenistic projecting side additions to the skene.  Parodos- side entrance into the orchestra of a Greek theatre.  Skene- building behind the orchestra originally used for storage but provided a convenient backing for performances.
  17. 17.  r/glossary/glossary.htm  omic-tragic.html  The School for New Learning, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60604 © David L. Simpson, 1998