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  • 1. Bone Fractures By: Lindsay Anderson Medical Terminology
  • 2. What is a fracture?
    • “an injury to a bone that causes it to break. Fractures are named to describe the type of damage to the bones.”
    • A fracture will occur when the physical force exerted on the bone is greater than the bone itself.
  • 3. Contd.
    • Fractures are fairly common. The average person has two fractures in their lifetime.
    • A bone fracture can be the result of high force impact or stress, or trivial injury as a result of certain medical conditions that weaken the bones, such as osteoporosis, bone cancer, or osteogenesis imperfecta, where the fracture is then properly termed a pathologic fracture.
  • 4. 3 Examples of Fractures
    • Simple
    • Compound
    • Transverse
  • 5. Simple or Closed Fractures
    • A fracture in which there is no open skin wound.
    • Easier to heal than other fractures.
  • 6. Compound or Open Fractures
    • A fracture in which the skin has been broken through.
    • Because these injuries are open to the outside world, there is a very significant risk of developing an infection around the fracture. If an infection develops, there can be problems with bone healing.
  • 7. Transverse Fractures
    • One at right angles to the axis of the bone.
    • Is the result of a sharp, direct blow or may be a stress fracture caused, for example, by prolonged running.
  • 8. Symptoms of a Fracture
    • pain that is usually severe and gets worse with time and movement
    • swelling
    • bruising
    • a limb or joint that is visibly out of place
    • limitation of movement or inability to bear weight
    • numbness and tingling
    • paleness of the injured area
  • 9. Works cited
    • “ Medical Terminology: A Living Language.” 4th edition. Fremgmen & Frucht. 2009.