Enhancing women’s land rights through legal empowerment
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  • 1. Enhancing women’s land rights through legal empowerment Lessons learned from community-based activities
  • 2. Why women’s land rights?1 Women’s human rights are violated2 Women’s key role in food security and natural resource management is not recognised“If women had the same access to productive resources as men, they would increase yields on theirfarms by 20-30 percent. This could raise total agricultural output in developing countries by 2.5-4percent, which could in turn reduce the number of hungry people in the world by 12-17 percent”(FAO, 2011: 5)
  • 3. Challenges and priorities inadvancingwomen’s land rights1 Understanding rights: the importance of information2 Claiming rights: the importance of monitoring and mobilisation3 Guaranteeing rights: the importance of enabling environments and implementation
  • 4. Why legal empowerment?The use of law to specifically strengthen the disadvantaged (IDLO, 2010)VGGT Principles of Implementation Recognizing that equality between individuals may require […] takingEquity and justice positive action, including empowerment, in order to promote equitable(3B.3) tenure rights and access to land, fisheries and forests, for all, women and men […] Ensure the equal right of women and men to the enjoyment of all humanGender equality rights, while […] taking specific measures aimed at accelerating de facto(3B.4) equality when necessary.
  • 5. Community-based activitiespromoting the legal empowerment ofrural womenObjective and features•Document innovative ways of promoting women’s land rights and facilitateknowledge sharing and mutual learning;•Piloting activities/short timeframe/small budget•Community-based activitiesPartnersCINEP Oxfam GB SARRA SWADHINA UEFAColombia Pakistan India India DR Congo
  • 6. CINEP, Colombia, Women’s empowerment to exercise their land rights in the Cauca Valley
  • 7. OXFAM GB, Pakistan, Promoting women’s property rights and land rights in CINEP, Colombia, Women’s empowerment to exercise their ownership the Cauca Valley Pakistan
  • 8. CINEP, Colombia, Women’s empowerment to exercise tribal land rights in SARRA, India, Women’s empowerment in their communities the Cauca Valley
  • 9. CINEP, Colombia, Women’s empowerment bring land rights land rights in SWADHINA, India, Creating awareness to to exercise their to grassroots the Cauca Valley women
  • 10. UEFA, DR Congo, Colombia, Women’s and communities on the land rights of pygmy CINEP, Sensitise authorities empowerment to exercise their land rights in the Cauca Valley women
  • 11. Lessons learned1 Never underestimate women’s enthusiasm to learn2 Prioritise capacity-building targeted to women3 Recognise the importance of accessible information4 Pay attention to perceptions of gender equality5 Address different levels appropriately6 Be aware of the role CSOs can play7 Follow through to move from empowerment toward emancipation8 Encourage horizontal learning and collective action9 Bear in mind the complexity of land tenure security
  • 12. OpportunitiesProblem Objective Tool Understanding rightsWomen’s human rights are violated Claiming rights CEDAW Guaranteeing rights Understanding the guidelines Women’s key role in food security Claiming the guidelinesand natural resource management is VGGT not recognised Implementing the guidelines
  • 13. Thank you!l.miggiano@landcoalition.orgIf you want to know more on the ILC’s Women’s Land Rights Initiative,please visit www.landcoalition.org