KAFD Design Manual Guidelines

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Design Manual Guidelines for the King Abdullah Financial District in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. As part of a team, I was responsible for finalizing the guidelines, writing new sections, re-writing older sections and supplying all graphics needed for the guidelines.

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KAFD Design Manual Guidelines

  1. 1. –King Abdullah Financial District (KAFD)
  2. 2. CONTENTS Page Page 7.0 LIGHTING PROGRAM Preface 1 7.1 Design Principles 154 7.2 Lighting Guidelines 154 7.3 Security Guidelines 1541.0 INTRODUCTION 7.4 Sign Guidelines 154 7.5 Typical Treatments 155-157 1.1 KAFD Vision 2 1.2 Objectives of DMG 2-6 Page2.0 LANDSCAPE DESIGN STRATEGY LIST OF TABLES 2.1 Approach and Methodology 7 2.2 Integrating the Private and Public Realm 7-12 Table 2.5.1 Various Types of Hard Landscape Material 32 2.3 Dynamics of Pedestrian Movement Table 2.5.2 Hard Landscape Materials Usage 32 and Spatial Experience 13-18 Table 2.7.1 Proposed Soft Landscape Area for Water 2.4 Character and Function 19-27 Consumption Calculation 43 2.5 Materials and Colour 28-34 Table 2.7.2 Estimated Water Consumption for Soft Landscape 43 2.6 Shading 35-37 Table 2.8.1 Estimate Total Water Consumption for Water Features 48 2.7 Softscape 38-46 Table 2.9.1 Lux. Levels for Areas of Public Realm 54 2.8 Water Features 47-50 Table 4.1.1 Parking Types 123 2.9 Lighting 51-54 2.10 Furniture 55 2.11 Signage 56-58 2.12 Ceremony and Public Arts 59-64 2.13 Utility Facilities 65-663.0 SITE SPECIFIC AREAS 3.1 Financial Plaza 67-71 3.2 Wadi 72-86 3.3 Attractor/Plazas 87-97 King Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) 3.4 Park 98-105 3.5 Open Spaces 106-109 3.6 Streetscape 110-1224.0 ACCESSIBILITY 4.1 Parking Requirements 123-124 4.2 Pedestrian Accessibility 125-126 4.3 Skywalks 127-129 4.4 Monorail 130-131 4.5 Travelators 132 4.6 Stairs, Escalators and Elevators 133 4.7 Accessibility for the Disabled and Elderly 134-1415.0 MAINTENANCE 5.1 Hardscape Maintenance 142 5.2 Softscape Maintenance 143 5.3 Management 144 5.4 Public Waste and Treatment 145 5.5 Rules and Regulations for Public Users 1456.0 SIGNAGE PROGRAM 6.1 Introduction 146-147 6.2 Sign Graphics 148-153
  3. 3. Preface The Design Manual Guidelines is the first re- port to be submitted under stage two for the King Abdullah Financial District. Its purpose is to support the preceding documents of stage one, Final Concept Master Plan Review which has been completed by Shankland Cox Asia Ltd. Final Concept Master Plan Review: ● Volume 1, Main Report ● Volume 2, Planning Guidelines ● Volume 3, Development Control Parame- ters ● Volume 4, Transport and Parking Strat- egy ● Volume 5, Supporting Plans The Design Manual Guidelines together with the Community Facilities Report and Land- scape and Urban Design Plans constitute Stage 2, Landscape and Urban Design. The purpose of this document is to guide the preparation of Preliminary and Detailed De- sign for Stage 2 and 3 and others involved in the implementation of individual parcels. The public realm refers to all those parts of the Financial District which are outside indi- vidual private development parcels. Since sidewalks are within building setbacks (inside development parcels) the guidelines considerKing Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) this the interface between the public and pri- vate realms. The main components of the public realm, for which design guidelines are provided in the DMG, are the Financial Plaza, Wadi, Attractor Plazas, the Park, Street- scapes and Open Spaces. All issues regarding Utilities and Security are covered in the Infrastructure and Utilities Guidelines in Volume 1. The Public Realm The Planning Guidelines, Volume 2 covers issues relating to car parking standards and ratios and; The Supporting Plans, Volume 5, covers plan Development Control Parameters Volume 3 enlargements showing detail parcel informa- covers building heights, setbacks and other tion including drives, up and down ramps and parameters for individual parcels. drop-off areas. The Transport and Parking Strategy, Volume The Technical Papers were produced up until 4, covers strategically located parking facili- July 2009 and covers specific issues with re- ties and travelators to move people efficiently gards to design parameters with such project and safely as possible. elements as, Monorail, Skywalks, Parking Structures, Traffic and Transportation and others. 1
  4. 4. 1.1 KAFD Vision 1.2 Objectives of the DMG 1.0The vision of the financial district is to provideone of the largest financial centres in the Mid- The development of the Wadi will be of an intermediate intensity so as not to compete The objectives of this document is to provide the design strategies and site specific guide- INTRODUCTIONdle East and to combine within the develop- with the urban form of the core area but to lines for the landscaping, accessibility andment business activities, shopping and rec- provide a complementary transition. maintenance required within the public realm.reation as an environment that signifies tradi-tion and values through to technology and The Public Realm is broken up into the follow- The manual is prepared to guide developerssustainability. ing areas: of individual plots and public realm develop- ments within the district. The objective is toThe main design framework sets out an at- ● The Financial Plaza, the core of the provide the necessary guidelines so that alltractive urban form that responds to the con- district, holds the unique status for the parties involved in the design of the architec-ditions of the site, the functions within a KAFD. ture, landscaping, utilities and services areplanned development and the surrounding ● The Wadi, a strongly defined urban harmoniously put together to accomplish auses. The design framework provides an ur- successful project. landscape feature, lays an optical pat-ban environment that creates an important tern paving that is to mimic the environ-spatial landmark structure seen from the dis- The focus for this report will be made on the ment of the desert. It is the connectiontance and from the approaches to the site landscape treatments, zone transitions and to all areas of the Public Realm.both along the King Fahd Road, the principal adopted themes based on the functional na- ● The Attractors/Plaza, are the plazasroad corridor in the capital, and especially ture of each area. This will ultimately deter-from Thumamah Road, the key road link that that house the Attractor structures and mine the necessary guidelines required toseparates the two halves of the site and es- provide educational, commercial or develop the components of the public realm.tablishes an important activity node for the recreational functions.integration of all the activities in the Financial ● The Park is the area for leisure and The main areas of focus are outlined in theDistrict. The height of buildings requires con- recreation and channels the view to- following plans.trol in certain critical areas of the Financial wards the skyscrapers of the FinancialDistrict so as to protect views of important Plaza. Objective landscape standards to belandmarks and view corridors. Canopies over ● The Local Open Spaces constitutes the achieved include:open space may be used to accentuate im- remaining section of the district that isportant nodal points and major entry points open to the Public. 1. Planting requirementswhile other buildings should be scaled appro- 2. Irrigation requirementspriately to harmonize with the special charac- The Public Realm also includes the unique 3. Pedestrian circulation routingter of the area. Signage will be important to access way that allows for pedestrian move- 4. Lighting standardsdistinguish areas within the district and pro- 5. Shading standards King Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) ment which is key to a successful financialvide orientation. Building height should be district as part of the streetscape. The Street- 6. Water feature standards and locationsemphasized in the Financial Core while it scape is divided into the different hierarchy of 7. Open space standardsshould be down played for the attractors so road types starting with the ring roads, access 8. Vehicular circulation standardsthat the plazas will provide a contrast be- roads, local streets and cul-de-sacs, each 9. Signage standardstween high and low density development. requiring varying landscape treatments. The 10. Financial Plaza standards travelators, skywalks and monorail connect up these areas and sets the benchmark for a modern, technologically advanced district. 2
  5. 5. 1.0 INTRODUCTIONKing Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) Urban Design and Landscape Plan 3
  6. 6. 1.0 INTRODUCTION King Abdullah Financial District (KAFD)Components of the Public Realm 4
  7. 7. 1.0 INTRODUCTIONKing Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) Streetscape Road Hierarchy 5
  8. 8. Wadi Park 1.06 INTRODUCTION King Abdullah Financial District (KAFD)
  9. 9. 2.1 APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY 2.2 INTEGRATING THE PRIVATE AND 2.0 PUBLIC REALM The Design Manual Guidelines utilizes ac- LANDSCAPE cepted, systematic elements of land develop- These systematic elements provides for Vi- sions of community development which are Define boundaries DESIGN ment and design practices used internationally in developments similar to the King Abdullah outlined as follows: The scope of the Design Manual Guidelines STRATEGY Financial District. VISION FOR A FINANCIAL CENTRE: shall include only the public realm. The public realm refers to all those parts of the Financial Landscape Systems To provide a livable community sur- District which are outside the individual devel- 2.1 APPROACH AND rounding the Financial Centre of opment parcels. The boundaries of the public METHODOLOGY Provide systematic hierarchy in landscape treat- Saudi Arabia. realm within the Financial District are shown ments of building utilization; on the Outline of Public Realm diagram. 2.2 INTEGRATING THE VISION FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: Provide landscape palette of indigenous plant PRIVATE AND PUB The KAFD is divided into 7 areas, which are materials to reduce water consumption; LIC REALM To provide a model for current and shown. The main components of the public Create strong links between the Public and Pri- future economic development. realm, consist of the Financial Plaza, Wadi, 2.3 DYNAMICS OF PE vate Realms; Attractor Plazas, the Park, Streetscapes and DESTRIAN MOVE VISION FOR AN IMPROVED STANDARDS Open Spaces. MENT AND SPATIAL Create sense of a sustainable community; OF LIVING: EXPERIENCE Landscape Integration — Outdoor and par- Create a systematic hierarchy of paving materi- To establish higher standards of living cel space sidewalks as easement of semi 2.4 CHARACTER AND als and patterns; for the Riyadh population. public character FUNCTION Provide open space to meet the recreational VISION FOR SAFETY: Integrating the public and private realms will 2.5 MATERIALS AND needs of the community; occur along boundary lines where public or COLOURS To make the King Abdullah Financial private space encroaches in to the adjacent Create a systematic hierarchy of streetscapes to District a safe and viable community. space. 2.6 SHADING promote identity; VISION FOR DESIGN AND APPEARANCE: Sidewalks located within building setbacks 2.7 SOFTSCAPE Create attractor venues unique to the region due to vehicular drop-off areas will require with support facilities for all ages; To create an attractive business dis- special permits and lease agreements with 2.8 WATER FEATURES trict for both cars and pedestrians. the tenants. Treatments of the these areas Create vertical visual links connecting the Public and Private Realms; will have minimal impact on development and 2.9 LIGHTING VISION FOR SENSE OF COMMUNITY: increase the aesthetics of each parcel.King Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) Capitalize on the visual impact of the pro- 2.10 FURNITURE Assure that the King Abdullah Finan- Landscape treatment is the lowest cost and posed development on the immediate locality. cial District maintains a sense of aesthetic method of accomplishing integration 2.11 SIGNAGE These systematic elements and design prac- community and the creation of an measures. tices will ensure the viability and success of the upscale destination place. 2.12 CEREMONY AND King Abdullah Financial District. PUBLIC ARTS 2.13 UTILITY FACILITIES 7
  10. 10. 2.0 LANDSCAPE DESIGN STRATEGY 2.1 APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY 2.2 INTEGRATING THE PRIVATE AND PUB LIC REALM 2.3 DYNAMICS OF PE DESTRIAN MOVE MENT AND SPATIAL EXPERIENCE 2.4 CHARACTER AND FUNCTION 2.5 MATERIALS AND COLOURS 2.6 SHADING 2.7 SOFTSCAPE 2.8 WATER FEATURES 2.9 LIGHTING King Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) 2.10 FURNITURE 2.11 SIGNAGE 2.12 CEREMONY AND PUBLIC ARTS 2.13 UTILITY FACILITIESOutline of Public Realm 8
  11. 11. 2.0 LANDSCAPE DESIGN STRATEGY 2.1 APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY 2.2 INTEGRATING THE PRIVATE AND PUB LIC REALM 2.3 DYNAMICS OF PE DESTRIAN MOVE MENT AND SPATIAL EXPERIENCE 2.4 CHARACTER AND FUNCTION 2.5 MATERIALS AND COLOURS 2.6 SHADING 2.7 SOFTSCAPE 2.8 WATER FEATURES 2.9 LIGHTINGKing Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) 2.10 FURNITURE 2.11 SIGNAGE 2.12 CEREMONY AND PUBLIC ARTS 2.13 UTILITY FACILITIES Areas 9
  12. 12. 2.0 LANDSCAPE DESIGN STRATEGY 2.1 APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY 2.2 INTEGRATING THE PRIVATE AND PUB LIC REALM 2.3 DYNAMICS OF PE DESTRIAN MOVE MENT AND SPATIAL EXPERIENCE 2.4 CHARACTER AND FUNCTION 2.5 MATERIALS AND COLOURS 2.6 SHADING 2.7 SOFTSCAPE 2.8 WATER FEATURES 2.9 LIGHTING King Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) 2.10 FURNITURE 2.11 SIGNAGE 2.12 CEREMONY AND PUBLIC ARTS 2.13 UTILITY FACILITIESSub-Districts 10
  13. 13. Landscape Integration through Edge Cafeteria Edge Positioning 2.0 Treatments LANDSCAPE The Design Manual Guidelines recognizes Cafeteria edge describes the edge treatment The main entrance should be on the most DESIGN edge treatments such as the commercial edge, cafeteria edge, attractor edge, soft between the Attractor buildings and the land- scape areas where outdoor café or dining prominent façade; never on a building corner. STRATEGY landscape edge, pedestrian link and the stairs connecting the Wadi and the streets and the areas and to the buildings surrounding the Financial Plaza, can be extend to an outdoor Financial Plaza buildings should have their main entrances facing into the Financial Wadi and the Park as critical design elements environment allowing people to sit comforta- Plaza. 2.1 APPROACH AND necessary for the overall KAFD success, as bly and enjoy their dinners and shop during METHODOLOGY shown in the Edge Treatment Plan. the evening hours. Buildings along the Wadi should have their opening to the plaza adjacent to the road, 2.2 INTEGRATING THE Commercial Edge and Attractor Edge Landscape Integration through Material opposite of the Wadi. Guidelines on individual PRIVATE AND PUB and Colour Harmony building entrances are provided in Volume 2 LIC REALM Commercial Edge is the edge treatment be- Planning Guidelines. tween the Wadi level at –5.5m or –6.0m and Materials and Colours between the public and 2.3 DYNAMICS OF PE the buildings immediately adjacent to the private realms should complement one an- Main entrances should not face the ring road DESTRIAN MOVE Wadi. The criteria from the Building DMG rec- other using similar patterns and colours as or the Wadi. Buildings with access road front- MENT AND SPATIAL ommends to apply a 4m width awning to all shown on the concept. Stainless steel demar- age should have their main entrance at the EXPERIENCE shop fronts along the Wadi. The same should cation lines should be used to show all access roads rather than from the street if apply to all the Attractor edges in which 4 m boundary lines. It is the responsibility of the possible. 2.4 CHARACTER AND width in front of all the attractor edges should private developers and designers to compli- FUNCTION be kept clean and obstruction free. ment the public spaces and create visual Architecture harmony in the use of materials and colours. The main entrance should compliment the 2.5 MATERIALS AND Stairs KAFD character and visually enhance the COLOURS Due to the differences between the materials space. Strategies in using scale, repetition, Regarding the edges from the Wadi level at – used for the indoor and the outdoor spaces, rhythm, color and balance should be imple- 2.6 SHADING 5.5m or –6.0m to the street level at +/-0.0 the usage and selection of materials should mented and shown in a 3 dimensional model where there are no developments, staircase be coordinated between design professionals prior to construction. 2.7 SOFTSCAPE should be used for pedestrian access. In or- to maintain design consistency. A colour chart der to emphasize the natural stone Wadi ef- on the paving materials for the various loca- Shading 2.8 WATER FEATURES fect, these staircases should be continuous tions of the Financial District is shown in sec- Entrances should provide shade relief as a with a landing of 1.2m for every 12 steps tion 5 of this Chapter for further coordination transition zone when entering. Structures, 2.9 LIGHTING maximum. Small planters or lawn panels can between the design team members of differ- such as glass atriums, should be considered,King Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) be integrated within the steps providing visual ent disciplines. to provide a cooled transition space and ar- 2.10 FURNITURE relief from the strong hard paved edges. The chitectural feature to the façade. shape of these staircase should integrate with Landscape Integration through Building 2.11 SIGNAGE the “fragmentation” paving pattern concept of Entrances and Signage All entrances to buildings, monorail stations, the Attractor Plazas. The minimum width of travelators, skywalks and escalators should 2.12 CEREMONY AND the steps shall be 300mm in order to maintain Building entrances should be treated as Gate- be integrated with appropriate signage and PUBLIC ARTS a safe accessibility to the outdoor environ- ways to the interior spaces. Landscape inte- lighting. Guidelines for signage design are ment. gration between the private realm and the described in more detail under Section 9 of 2.13 UTILITY FACILITIES public realm is required through plant materi- this Chapter. Staircases are an optional element for the als, lighting and water features to create a Private Realm to be coordinated with the seamless transition between the two. All the Grading and Drainage Public realm and its activities. criteria described in the Building DMG should Ground surface levels should take in to con- apply the same practices to the Landscape sideration finished levels of public roads and Soft Landscape Edge Public Realm DMG for materials, colours and sidewalks. Each private parcel should antici- space creation. pate fluctuations in ground levels due to the For the Attractor Plazas next to the highways, KAFD site varying in elevation up to 30 me- a landscape buffer edge should be designed The main entrance of a building should be tres. to enclose the open spaces of the plazas to located to promote the primary point of entry. soften the edge and prevent noise pollution. The main entrance will have indirect access Basement levels opening in to the Wadi from the vehicle drop-off areas and car parks should follow the public finished levels pre- below. pared by the landscape architect. Surround- ing Area 1, the Financial Plaza, finished levels between the ground surface and the Wadi is 6.0 metres. Areas 2-5, finished levels be- tween the ground surface and the Wadi is 5.5 metres. 11
  14. 14. 2.0 LANDSCAPE DESIGN STRATEGY 2.1 APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY 2.2 INTEGRATING THE PRIVATE AND PUB LIC REALM 2.3 DYNAMICS OF PE DESTRIAN MOVE MENT AND SPATIAL EXPERIENCE 2.4 CHARACTER AND FUNCTION 2.5 MATERIALS AND COLOURS 2.6 SHADING 2.7 SOFTSCAPE 2.8 WATER FEATURES 2.9 LIGHTING King Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) 2.10 FURNITURE 2.11 SIGNAGE 2.12 CEREMONY AND PUBLIC ARTS 2.13 UTILITY FACILITIESEdge Treatment Plan 12
  15. 15. 2.3 Dynamics of Pedestrian Movement The skywalk system aims to: 2.0 and Spatial Experience LANDSCAPE Car parks, and hence pedestrian move- ● Provide good (but not excessive) con- nectivity between buildings to the vari- DESIGN ments into Area 1/Financial Plaza, are quite dispersed. However, there are two ous car parks, and particularly to Area 1 and the Financial Plaza; STRATEGY major pedestrian desire lines across the Wadi; ● Recognize the already committed con- nections to/within the PPA10 buildings; 2.1 APPROACH AND The pedestrian movement system is de- METHODOLOGY signed to accommodate these movements, ● Introduce connectivity between the mainly at 1st floor level through the skywalk 2.2 INTEGRATING THE system, with connections to the main de- separate, internal Financial Plaza sys- PRIVATE AND PUB sire lines across the Wadi; tem and the wider system. LIC REALM The skywalk system involves road or Wadi Skywalk pedestrian widths: 2.3 DYNAMICS OF PE crossings in the public realm between the DESTRIAN MOVE faces of buildings, together with internal It is recommended that a typical skywalk has MENT AND SPATIAL connections within buildings. Within build- a 4m pedestrian walkway width, and that on EXPERIENCE ings the connections are across the build- the two major desire lines the width is 5m-6m. ings or along an internal edge (rather than These widths should quite adequately provide 2.4 CHARACTER AND being attached externally to the façade); Level of Service A, which is equal or better FUNCTION than 23 ped/min/m, 0.27 ped/m2 or 3.24m2/ There are two options for the combined ped. At the extremities of the system it is 2.5 MATERIALS AND travelators/skywalk system. There are two likely that 3m width would be adequate. COLOURS scenarios: keep the separation between the general skywalk system and the inter- 2.6 SHADING nal skywalk system for the Financial Plaza; or interconnect the two systems. 2.7 SOFTSCAPE In the first scenario, the skywalk system 2.8 WATER FEATURES stops across the road from the Financial Plaza. Pedestrians will need to descend 2.9 LIGHTINGKing Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) (by escalator) to ground level, cross the road to the Financial Plaza, and move 2.10 FURNITURE through the openings between the tower buildings to the buildings’ entrances. Pe- 2.11 SIGNAGE destrian traffic signals would be needed to facilitate street crossing; 2.12 CEREMONY AND PUBLIC ARTS In the second scenario, the main pedes- trian movements would come into the Fi- 2.13 UTILITY FACILITIES nancial Plaza through the skywalk system at +1 level. A reduced number of pedestri- ans could be expected at ground level par- ticularly in summer; For the second scenario (interconnection of the Financial Plaza ring with the remain- der), there will be a security requirement to isolate the two systems. This would be done by having security checking at the entrance to the six radials on to the inner ring to ensure that only authorised person- nel enter. Visitors to the buildings may be required to use the ground floor entrances to the buildings. 13
  16. 16. 2.0 LANDSCAPE DESIGN STRATEGY 2.1 APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY 2.2 INTEGRATING THE PRIVATE AND PUB LIC REALM 2.3 DYNAMICS OF PE DESTRIAN MOVE MENT AND SPATIAL EXPERIENCE 2.4 CHARACTER AND FUNCTION 2.5 MATERIALS AND COLOURS 2.6 SHADING 2.7 SOFTSCAPE 2.8 WATER FEATURES 2.9 LIGHTING King Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) 2.10 FURNITURE 2.11 SIGNAGE 2.12 CEREMONY AND PUBLIC ARTS 2.13 UTILITY FACILITIESPedestrian Movement Through Monorail 14
  17. 17. 2.0 LANDSCAPE DESIGN STRATEGY 2.1 APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY 2.2 INTEGRATING THE PRIVATE AND PUB LIC REALM 2.3 DYNAMICS OF PE DESTRIAN MOVE MENT AND SPATIAL EXPERIENCE 2.4 CHARACTER AND FUNCTION 2.5 MATERIALS AND COLOURS 2.6 SHADING 2.7 SOFTSCAPE 2.8 WATER FEATURES 2.9 LIGHTINGKing Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) 2.10 FURNITURE 2.11 SIGNAGE 2.12 CEREMONY AND PUBLIC ARTS 2.13 UTILITY FACILITIES Pedestrian Movement Through Skywalk and Travelator 15
  18. 18. 2.0 LANDSCAPE DESIGN STRATEGY 2.1 APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY 2.2 INTEGRATING THE PRIVATE AND PUB LIC REALM 2.3 DYNAMICS OF PE DESTRIAN MOVE MENT AND SPATIAL EXPERIENCE 2.4 CHARACTER AND FUNCTION 2.5 MATERIALS AND COLOURS 2.6 SHADING 2.7 SOFTSCAPE 2.8 WATER FEATURES 2.9 LIGHTING King Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) 2.10 FURNITURE 2.11 SIGNAGE 2.12 CEREMONY AND PUBLIC ARTS 2.13 UTILITY FACILITIESPedestrian Movement Through Wadi and Street 16
  19. 19. Attractors and Sight Lines 2.0 LANDSCAPE Planning the circulation patterns pedestrians will travel throughout the Financial District is a DESIGN key role in the master planning process. Stra- tegic planning and design of sight lines and STRATEGY vistas will enhance the overall pedestrian movement system. 2.1 APPROACH AND The sight lines should be the most advanta- METHODOLOGY geous views between building edges, high points looking down through open space and 2.2 INTEGRATING THE framed views of architectural features. PRIVATE AND PUB LIC REALM Sight lines should assist in locating trees, shade structures, building façade treatments 2.3 DYNAMICS OF PE and aid in the planning of circulation patterns. DESTRIAN MOVE MENT AND SPATIAL The most prominent sight lines implemented EXPERIENCE within the KAFD are illustrated and are identi- fied as follows: 2.4 CHARACTER AND FUNCTION Sight Lines and Vistas - 2.5 MATERIALS AND -from the high point of the Park/Land Bridge COLOURS down through the Portals to the Community Centre and Public Library; 2.6 SHADING -from the Portals downwards to the Aquarium 2.7 SOFTSCAPE or vice versa; 2.8 WATER FEATURES -from the Portals across the Wadi to the Com- munity Centre and Public Library or vice 2.9 LIGHTINGKing Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) versa; 2.10 FURNITURE -from the Aquarium across the Wadi to the Community Centre and Public Library or vice 2.11 SIGNAGE versa; 2.12 CEREMONY AND -from the Portals downward through the Wadi; PUBLIC ARTS -from the Wadi to the Geo-climate and Sci- 2.13 UTILITY FACILITIES ence Centre; -from the Wadi to the Finance Academy; -from the Aquarium to the Mosque or vice versa; -from the Mosque to the Museum of Built En- vironment; -from the Mosque to the Conference Centre or vice versa. 17
  20. 20. 2.0 LANDSCAPE DESIGN STRATEGY 2.1 APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY 2.2 INTEGRATING THE PRIVATE AND PUB LIC REALM 2.3 DYNAMICS OF PE DESTRIAN MOVE MENT AND SPATIAL EXPERIENCE 2.4 CHARACTER AND FUNCTION 2.5 MATERIALS AND COLOURS 2.6 SHADING 2.7 SOFTSCAPE 2.8 WATER FEATURES 2.9 LIGHTING King Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) 2.10 FURNITURE 2.11 SIGNAGE 2.12 CEREMONY AND PUBLIC ARTS 2.13 UTILITY FACILITIESAttractors and Sightlines 18
  21. 21. 2.4 CHARACTER AND FUNCTION A contemporary mosaic arrangement of car- The design of the Festival Marketplace and Exhibition and Business 2.0 pet panels should dominate the Attractor Children’s Interactive Museum allows for a wide variety of traditional and interactive ex- The Exhibition and Business Zone is located LANDSCAPE Character Zones plaza. Use of traditional patterns and colours in a contemporary format supports and en- hibits. A children interactive forum and chil- adjacent to Thumamah Road and the Public DESIGN The Financial District is divided into 10 Char- acter Zones as shown on the plan. The 10 hances the Attractor theme. The Wadi ap- proach welcomes visitors through contempo- dren sculpture garden complement the dy- namic mix of activities on offer. In addition a and a Utility area. With direct access from Thumamah Road, vehicular traffic and public STRATEGY zones are comprised of: rary Saudi Arabian architectural façade treat- Festival Marketplace is developed in the sec- transit have easy access to and from this ments with clean lines. ond attractor’s building providing a continuity zone. The Commercial parcels have the op- - Financial of leisure activities for families. The functions portunity to serve the Exhibition and Confer- 2.1 APPROACH AND - Art & Architecture and Design Science Zone of the museum will be programmed in accor- ence Centre and provide much needed sup- METHODOLOGY - Science and Geo-climate dance to the following: port facilities for all of Area 6. A themed - Aquarium The function of the museum should follow the streetscape will visually link both areas to- 2.2 INTEGRATING THE - Festival Marketplace theme of “Science in Arabia head of its time” ● Exhibits and in-depth hand on activities gether identifying them in a unifying theme. PRIVATE AND PUB - Recreational and Leisure It should provides insight in some of the in studies led by talented staff. LIC REALM - Exhibition and Business achievements of the Arabian science. The Public Utility ● Day camps for children over 6 years of - Public Utility museum should feature replicas of old in- age and teachers for in-depth explora- 2.3 DYNAMICS OF PE - Residential ventions related to geographical positions The Public Utility Zone is designated for all tion and first hand experiences of DESTRIAN MOVE - Residential and Commercial (compass), algebra and astronomy. the utility buildings of the Financial District themed activities. MENT AND SPATIAL and the monorail depot. The style and charac- EXPERIENCE ● Special galleries for temporary, the- The Character Zones will integrate site com- The geo-climate centre presents current ter of the buildings should match with the ad- ponents typically found in the Character set- knowledge about the potential causes and matic exhibitions from around the world jacent buildings. Pedestrian movement to 2.4 CHARACTER AND ting one would expect to find. The site compo- impacts of climate change and about potential ● Creativity fairs to encourage children, these areas are much less expected perhaps FUNCTION nents range from plant materials, paving ma- human responses to mitigate its harmful ef- investigate, explore and share their with only workers will go to the buildings dur- terials, water features and lighting. Varying fects. Exhibits content will include 3 galleries experiences with friends, families and ing the day. Maintenance cars and trunks will 2.5 MATERIALS AND placement of the in-kind landscape compo- based on interactive experience : with each other. be the main traffic to these areas. Tall street COLOURS nents, sets the mood and character of each trees should be implemented to soften the zone. ● Astronomy gallery (celestial globe and The Public aquaria are often affiliated with high wall effect of the area. 2.6 SHADING astro-lab); oceanographic research institutions to con- Financial Zone duct their own research programs, and some- Residential ● Imax theatre space adventure; 2.7 SOFTSCAPE times specialize in species and ecosystems ● Environment gallery (Global Warming, that can be found in local waters. It can be a The Financial Zone incorporates many as- The Residential Zone of Area 7 will typically 2.8 WATER FEATURES pects of the financial community. The Finan- Climate Change: an uncertain future) center for marine research, conservation, and take on a more suburban tone and relax the cial Zone will be themed to offer office space ● Digital Planetarium marine animal rehabilitation, particularly for character intended for the leaf area of KAFD. 2.9 LIGHTING the rich ecosystem of the Red sea and theKing Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) for the financial community, business incuba- ● Hands-on Activities tors to assist in the new business start ups Gulf. Like the aquatic versions of a petting Lower vertical elements such as lighting, 2.10 FURNITURE and provide necessary services in support of Recreation and Leisure zoo it can also have a shallow tank filled with shade structures and trees will soften the tall financially related businesses. common types of fish which visitors are en- vertical building and bring down the environ- 2.11 SIGNAGE The Recreational and Leisure Zone is re- couraged to interact with. ment in to human scale. Intimate seating The theme of the Attractors within the Finan- served for the sports and entertainment re- nodes and provisions for bicycles and pedes- 2.12 CEREMONY AND cial Zone include the Financial Academy, the lated activities. The site is strategically lo- Aquatic and semi-aquatic mammals, including trian movement will be incorporated. PUBLIC ARTS Conference Centre, Community Centre and cated over the largest car park in the KAFD. It otters, and seals are often cared for at Public Library, which are all financially related. is anticipated this zone will receive the high- aquaria. Some establishments, such as the Convenient access to shopping and retail fa- 2.13 UTILITY FACILITIES est pedestrian and vehicular circulation move- Oregon Coast Aquarium or the Monterey Bay cilities will be integrated providing higher live- Art & Architecture and Design ments. Aquarium, have aquatic aviaries. It can also able standards not found elsewhere. include land animals and plants that spend The vision for this Zone is to provide an im- Venues for sports training and education will time in or near the water. Residential and Commercial portant symbolic interpretation of the historical be integrated within this zone. Entertainment development of the arts and architecture in such as bowling, snooker and skating will be An aquatic exhibit dedicated to the vast array The Commercial and Residential Zone of Arabian peninsula. The central attractor will added features complimenting the listed ac- of species of jellyfish can produce neon light Area 6 should be similar to the Residential consist of a group of galleries envisioned to tivities. shows set to music offering a dynamic setting Zone in Area 7 described above with the addi- be used inside and out as comprehensive never repeating the same formation or move- tion of office buildings and a commercial elements with activities throughout the Wadi Outdoor and indoor recreation facilities are ments. street behind the attractor buildings. Shop- and the Plaza. The attractor plaza will have provided. Training facilities, sportswear ping malls, grocery stores and restaurants programmed experiences while the interior of shops and sports related equipment shops The functions of the Aquarium should be pro- should be located in these buildings. the building will provide a rich fabric of infor- are adjacent and easily accessible. grammed as follows: mation regarding the history of arts and archi- tecture up to today’s time. Subterranean travelators will permit the in- ● Aquatics mammal gress/egress of visitors and users in a timely ● Sea water species manner. Supporting shops will line the trave- ● Red sea and the Gulf species lators providing needed support to the transi- ● Aquatic aviaries tioning public from the Festival Plaza to the Portals/ Swim and Spa. 19
  22. 22. 20 2.0 LANDSCAPE DESIGN STRATEGY 2.1 APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY 2.2 INTEGRATING THE PRIVATE AND PUB LIC REALM 2.3 DYNAMICS OF PE DESTRIAN MOVE MENT AND SPATIAL EXPERIENCE 2.4 CHARACTER AND FUNCTION 2.5 MATERIALS AND COLOURS 2.6 SHADING 2.7 SOFTSCAPE 2.8 WATER FEATURES 2.9 LIGHTING King Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) 2.10 FURNITURE 2.11 SIGNAGE 2.12 CEREMONY AND PUBLIC ARTS 2.13 UTILITY FACILITIESCharacter Zones 20
  23. 23. Functional Analysis Wadi meets Attractor 2.0 LANDSCAPE Within each of the character zones, the major landscape areas are further subdivided into The Wadi landscapes in front of the Attractor plazas are zoned as ‘Wadi meets Attractor’. DESIGN areas with different functions. This categoriza- tion helps to create coherence and unity These areas should serve as outdoor Attrac- tor extension areas in which some activities of STRATEGY within the District. The analysis of this subdivi- the Attractor buildings can extend in to the sion is based on the functions space and their Wadi. These will include outdoor exhibition, relationships between the public and private art display, live performances and other spe- 2.1 APPROACH AND realms. cial engagements. METHODOLOGY Plaza Commercial 2.2 INTEGRATING THE PRIVATE AND PUB The plaza areas should be primarily designed Many areas of the Wadi and the commercial LIC REALM for the use of the people going to the relevant street in Area 6 behind the Attractor buildings Attractors and as a communal space for the are zoned as ‘commercial’. All of these areas 2.3 DYNAMICS OF PE people of the adjacent buildings. All the pla- are adjacent to shop fronts and cafeterias, DESTRIAN MOVE zas have minor differences in theme as giving them the flexibility of extending busi- MENT AND SPATIAL shown on the Attractors and Sight Lines dia- ness opportunities to the outdoors. EXPERIENCE gram. All Attractors have similar functions with some incorporating Monorail stations. The Accessibility Zone 2.4 CHARACTER AND plazas should also include open space for FUNCTION outdoor gathering and temporary exhibits. All A large proportion of the landscape spine is these goals and objectives shape the designs zoned as ‘Accessibility’ with an expectation 2.5 MATERIALS AND of these areas and compliment adjacent that a majority of these areas can be dedi- COLOURS uses. cated and designed as a circulation space for people to walk comfortably. In addition to its 2.6 SHADING Other Functions primary function as a circulation zone, various types of uses and activities should be de- 2.7 SOFTSCAPE The Wadi and other major landscape areas signed for these areas so that these spaces of the Financial District are divided into the can be enjoyed by larger groups at different 2.8 WATER FEATURES four different activity types of space based on hours of the day and different times of the their intended functions, uses and character- year. Some of these activities are proposed 2.9 LIGHTINGKing Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) istics. and shown in the Activities Diagram. 2.10 FURNITURE -Mosque, Access from Wadi/ Plaza Access from Street -Wadi meets Attractor, 2.11 SIGNAGE -Commercial, and In addition to the functions of the area, ac- -Accessibility cess points are also identified in the analysis. 2.12 CEREMONY AND Access points indicated are based on the lo- PUBLIC ARTS Different Wadi sections should be designed cation of the vehicular drop-offs which dic- differently according to their different func- tates the source and direction of pedestrian 2.13 UTILITY FACILITIES tions, but maintain unity through the use of flow to the building entrances. materials, landscape and colour relationships. The different functions of the Wadi should Two different kinds of accesses are indicated always relate to the functions of the immedi- on the plan. First is the access from Wadi and ately adjacent buildings which serves as a second, plaza access from street. This sepa- functional extension of the buildings to the rate designation is required to inventory vary- outdoor environment. ing elements for further design consideration. The design for the access from Wadi should Mosque effectively adjoin the level differences be- tween the Wadi and the Streets. The plaza In some cases, the Wadi landscape should access from the street level should allow function as a setting or building approaches smooth pedestrian flow and provide a com- such as the Mosque section of the Wadi fortable environment for the passers by. which is zoned under the ‘Mosque’ category in order to strengthen Mosque character and traditions. 21
  24. 24. 2.0 LANDSCAPE DESIGN STRATEGY 2.1 APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY 2.2 INTEGRATING THE PRIVATE AND PUB LIC REALM 2.3 DYNAMICS OF PE DESTRIAN MOVE MENT AND SPATIAL EXPERIENCE 2.4 CHARACTER AND FUNCTION 2.5 MATERIALS AND COLOURS 2.6 SHADING 2.7 SOFTSCAPE 2.8 WATER FEATURES King Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) 2.9 LIGHTING 2.10 FURNITURE 2.11 SIGNAGE 2.12 CEREMONY AND PUBLIC ARTS 2.13 UTILITY FACILITIESFunctional Analysis 22
  25. 25. Activity Plan 2.0 LANDSCAPE Many activities should be integrated in to each Function Zone providing necessary DESIGN amenities for the residents and visitors. As shown in the Activity Plan diagram, the activi- STRATEGY ties provided are strategically located with regards to land uses and pedestrian circula- tion movements. 2.1 APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY A trellis located in the middle of the Wadi where the sun exposure is at its maximum 2.2 INTEGRATING THE carves out the shaded walkway which will be PRIVATE AND PUB used by pedestrians moving within the acces- LIC REALM sibility zone. The walkway passes a large re- flecting pool, exhibition area and a potential 2.3 DYNAMICS OF PE location for an amphitheatre located at the DESTRIAN MOVE centre of the leaf. MENT AND SPATIAL EXPERIENCE Seating areas are numerous and are located where shade structures or trees will provide 2.4 CHARACTER AND shaded resting spots for the pedestrian traffic. FUNCTION Active recreational areas are located in open spaces on the dedicated carparks and the 2.5 MATERIALS AND Multipurpose sports Centre. COLOURS The playgrounds located in the recreational 2.6 SHADING and leisure zone should vary in design and use. Passive play areas consisting of walk- 2.7 SOFTSCAPE ing, bicycle riding and picnicking should be provided. Playgrounds with play structures 2.8 WATER FEATURES should incorporate play equipment for all ages and be segregated by age groups (1-4 2.9 LIGHTINGKing Abdullah Financial District (KAFD) years, 5-12 years, 13 years and up). A jog- ging track encircles the park which will also 2.10 FURNITURE facilitate seating areas that are more private and isolated. The park will accommodate a 2.11 SIGNAGE large alfresco dining area that is shaded and open to the public. 2.12 CEREMONY AND PUBLIC ARTS Outdoor exhibition areas located next to the Attractors will provide a sense of arrival and 2.13 UTILITY FACILITIES place-making setting to major events. Public toilets are located throughout all public spaces, including public buildings, such as the Attractors, Portals, Recreation Facilities and Mosques. The Wadi will locate public litter bins every 50 meters in a regimented pattern, equi-distant apart. Public toilets will also be strategically located throughout the Wadi and within the Attractor buildings. 23

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