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© Grunt Productions 2007
INTERNATIONALINTERNATIONAL
REGULATIONSREGULATIONS
FORFOR
PREVENTING COLLISION ATPREVENTING COLLIS...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Collision RegulationsCollision Regulations
© Grunt Productions 2007
General PointsGeneral Points
 Every vessel has a responsibility to avoidEvery vessel has a respo...
© Grunt Productions 2007
General PointsGeneral Points
 All actions must be clear, in good time, and largeAll actions must...
© Grunt Productions 2007
© Grunt Productions 2007
Night VisionNight Vision
 At night keep lighting within your own vessel to aAt night keep lighti...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Night VisionNight Vision
© Grunt Productions 2007
Extra Care at NightExtra Care at Night
 Many navigation aids are unlit, and there are manyMany n...
© Grunt Productions 2007
CCGA-P RequirementsCCGA-P Requirements
 The CCGA-P requires that at all times:The CCGA-P require...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Section I - Rules 4 to10Section I - Rules 4 to10
Conduct of Vessels in Any Type of VisibilityCond...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 5 - LookoutRule 5 - Lookout
 You must keep a good lookout with eyes and ears atYou must kee...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 6 - Safe SpeedRule 6 - Safe Speed
 You should travel at a speed that gives you adequateYou ...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 7 - Risk of CollisionRule 7 - Risk of Collision
 Frequently assess all the vessels in the v...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 8 - Action to Avoid CollisionRule 8 - Action to Avoid Collision
 Any action you now take, m...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 9 - Narrow ChannelsRule 9 - Narrow Channels
 In narrow channels, all vessels should keep to...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 10 - Traffic Separation SchemesRule 10 - Traffic Separation Schemes
 Traffic shall follow t...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 10 - Traffic Separation SchemesRule 10 - Traffic Separation Schemes
Good courses in or near ...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 10 - Traffic Separation SchemesRule 10 - Traffic Separation Schemes
Bad courses in or near s...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Section II - Rules 11 to 18Section II - Rules 11 to 18
Conduct of Vessels in Sight of One Another...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Collision RegulationsCollision Regulations
Section II - Conduct of vessels in sight of oneSection...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 12 - Sailing VesselsRule 12 - Sailing Vessels
Wind on different sidesWind on different sides...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 12 - Sailing VesselsRule 12 - Sailing Vessels
If a sailing vessel with theIf a sailing vesse...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 12 - Sailing VesselsRule 12 - Sailing Vessels
Wind on the same sidesWind on the same sides
...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 13 - OvertakingRule 13 - Overtaking
 This rule overrides all the other give-way rules.This ...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 14 - Head onRule 14 - Head on
 Both vessels must alter course toBoth vessels must alter cou...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 15 - Crossing SituationRule 15 - Crossing Situation
 If the other vessel is on yourIf the o...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 15 - Crossing SituationRule 15 - Crossing Situation
 If the other vessel is on yourIf the o...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rules 13-15: Vessels in Sight andRules 13-15: Vessels in Sight and
in Risk of Collision (Review)i...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 16: Give-way VesselRule 16: Give-way Vessel
 Take early and substantial action to stay out ...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 17: Stand-on VesselRule 17: Stand-on Vessel
 Maintain course and speed.Maintain course and ...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 18: ResponsibilitiesRule 18: Responsibilities
Between VesselsBetween Vessels
Vessels in orde...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 18 - Power meets sailRule 18 - Power meets sail
 In general, power vessels have to keep out...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Operating ruleOperating rule
Port:Port: If a power-If a power-
driven vesseldriven vessel
approac...
© Grunt Productions 2007
The RIGHT ruleThe RIGHT rule
The RIGHT rule is:The RIGHT rule is:

look to the right;look to the...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Section III - Rule 19Section III - Rule 19
Conduct of Vessels in Restricted VisibilityConduct of ...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 19 - Restricted VisibilityRule 19 - Restricted Visibility
 Restricted visibility any condit...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 19: Restricted VisibilityRule 19: Restricted Visibility
 This rule applies when navigating ...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 19: Restricted VisibilityRule 19: Restricted Visibility
 For fog signals heard forward of t...
© Grunt Productions 2007
© Grunt Productions 2007
Part C - Lights and ShapesPart C - Lights and Shapes
© Grunt Productions 2007
Navigation LightsNavigation Lights
 Vessels that operate from sunset to sunrise, whetherVessels ...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Navigation LightsNavigation Lights
1. Masthead light1. Masthead light
2. Port side light2. Port s...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Navigation ShapesNavigation Shapes
 Vessels towing, and also on the towVessels towing, and also ...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Navigation ShapesNavigation Shapes
 All fishing vesselsAll fishing vessels
In addition in the di...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Navigation ShapesNavigation Shapes
 Vessel not under commandVessel not under command
 Vessel en...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Navigation ShapesNavigation Shapes
 Vessel restricted in ability to manoeuvreVessel restricted i...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Navigation ShapesNavigation Shapes
 Vessel agroundVessel aground
© Grunt Productions 2007
Navigation ShapesNavigation Shapes
 Vessel operating diversVessel operating divers
© Grunt Productions 2007

Rule 32 - DefinitionsRule 32 - Definitions

Rule 34 - Maneuvering and Warning SignalsRule 34 -...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 32 - DefinitionsRule 32 - Definitions
 Sound signals forSound signals for signals of action...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 32 - DefinitionsRule 32 - Definitions
 Short Blast- about one second durationShort Blast- a...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 33 - Equipment for SoundRule 33 - Equipment for Sound
SignalsSignals
 Vessels < 100m in len...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 34 - Manoeuvring and WarningRule 34 - Manoeuvring and Warning
SignalsSignals
 Sound signals...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 34 - Manoeuvring and WarningRule 34 - Manoeuvring and Warning
SignalsSignals

Five short bl...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 34: Maneuvering andRule 34: Maneuvering and
Warning Signals - OvertakingWarning Signals - Ov...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 34: Maneuvering and WarningRule 34: Maneuvering and Warning
Signals- CrossingSignals- Crossi...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 34: Maneuvering andRule 34: Maneuvering and
Warning Signals - MeetingWarning Signals - Meeti...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 34 - Manoeuvring and WarningRule 34 - Manoeuvring and Warning
SignalsSignals
 Vessel shall ...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 35 - Sound Signals inRule 35 - Sound Signals in
Restricted VisibilityRestricted Visibility
...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 35 - Sound Signals inRule 35 - Sound Signals in
Restricted VisibilityRestricted Visibility
...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 35 - Sound Signals inRule 35 - Sound Signals in
Restricted VisibilityRestricted Visibility
...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 35 - Sound Signals inRule 35 - Sound Signals in
Restricted VisibilityRestricted Visibility
...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 35 - Sound Signals inRule 35 - Sound Signals in
Restricted VisibilityRestricted Visibility
...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 35 - Sound Signals inRule 35 - Sound Signals in
Restricted VisibilityRestricted Visibility
...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 36 - Signals to AttractRule 36 - Signals to Attract
AttentionAttention
 If a vessel needs t...
© Grunt Productions 2007
Rule 37 - Distress SignalsRule 37 - Distress Signals
. . . _ _ _ . . . (SOS)
MAYDAY Two tone alar...
© Grunt Productions 2007
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Collision regs lrg

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Transcript of "Collision regs lrg"

  1. 1. © Grunt Productions 2007 INTERNATIONALINTERNATIONAL REGULATIONSREGULATIONS FORFOR PREVENTING COLLISION ATPREVENTING COLLISION AT SEASEA
  2. 2. © Grunt Productions 2007 Collision RegulationsCollision Regulations
  3. 3. © Grunt Productions 2007 General PointsGeneral Points  Every vessel has a responsibility to avoidEvery vessel has a responsibility to avoid collisions.collisions.  If every vessel follows the rules, there cannot be aIf every vessel follows the rules, there cannot be a collision.collision.  Even if these rules require another vessel to keepEven if these rules require another vessel to keep out of your way, you must be ready to take actionout of your way, you must be ready to take action yourself.yourself.  If you are in a collision, you will always be partlyIf you are in a collision, you will always be partly to blame.to blame.
  4. 4. © Grunt Productions 2007 General PointsGeneral Points  All actions must be clear, in good time, and largeAll actions must be clear, in good time, and large enough so other vessels will understand yourenough so other vessels will understand your intentions.intentions.  Generally alterations of course are more obviousGenerally alterations of course are more obvious than alterations of speed, but never hesitate tothan alterations of speed, but never hesitate to slow down to give yourself thinking time or moreslow down to give yourself thinking time or more room.room.
  5. 5. © Grunt Productions 2007
  6. 6. © Grunt Productions 2007 Night VisionNight Vision  At night keep lighting within your own vessel to aAt night keep lighting within your own vessel to a minimum; it preserves your night vision.minimum; it preserves your night vision.  Only use spotlights where it is vital to pick up anOnly use spotlights where it is vital to pick up an unlit object (mooring buoys for instance).unlit object (mooring buoys for instance).  Respect other people’s night vision.Respect other people’s night vision.
  7. 7. © Grunt Productions 2007 Night VisionNight Vision
  8. 8. © Grunt Productions 2007 Extra Care at NightExtra Care at Night  Many navigation aids are unlit, and there are manyMany navigation aids are unlit, and there are many other potential hazards, so keep your speed down.other potential hazards, so keep your speed down.
  9. 9. © Grunt Productions 2007 CCGA-P RequirementsCCGA-P Requirements  The CCGA-P requires that at all times:The CCGA-P requires that at all times: 1. radar, if available, is to be in use, unless alongside1. radar, if available, is to be in use, unless alongside another vesselanother vessel 2. appropriate navigation lights are displayed2. appropriate navigation lights are displayed 3. If in doubt stop, assess, plan3. If in doubt stop, assess, plan
  10. 10. © Grunt Productions 2007 Section I - Rules 4 to10Section I - Rules 4 to10 Conduct of Vessels in Any Type of VisibilityConduct of Vessels in Any Type of Visibility
  11. 11. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 5 - LookoutRule 5 - Lookout  You must keep a good lookout with eyes and ears atYou must keep a good lookout with eyes and ears at all times.all times.  This includes poor visibility and nighttime.This includes poor visibility and nighttime.
  12. 12. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 6 - Safe SpeedRule 6 - Safe Speed  You should travel at a speed that gives you adequateYou should travel at a speed that gives you adequate time to assess and plan the manoeuvre to avoidtime to assess and plan the manoeuvre to avoid collision.collision.  Some of the factors that might cause you to slowSome of the factors that might cause you to slow down are:down are:  visibility,visibility,  volume of traffic,volume of traffic,  background lighting,background lighting,  water depthwater depth
  13. 13. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 7 - Risk of CollisionRule 7 - Risk of Collision  Frequently assess all the vessels in the vicinityFrequently assess all the vessels in the vicinity of your vessel to see if they are likely to comeof your vessel to see if they are likely to come close.close.  If the compass bearing of another vessel doesIf the compass bearing of another vessel does not change much, i.e. is steady, you are on, ornot change much, i.e. is steady, you are on, or nearly on, a collision course.nearly on, a collision course.  A bearing (true or compass) is the ONLY wayA bearing (true or compass) is the ONLY way to assess risk of collision.to assess risk of collision.
  14. 14. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 8 - Action to Avoid CollisionRule 8 - Action to Avoid Collision  Any action you now take, must comply with theseAny action you now take, must comply with these rules, and must be obvious to the other vessel, andrules, and must be obvious to the other vessel, and result in the two vessels passing well clear of eachresult in the two vessels passing well clear of each other.other.
  15. 15. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 9 - Narrow ChannelsRule 9 - Narrow Channels  In narrow channels, all vessels should keep to theIn narrow channels, all vessels should keep to the starboard side of the channel.starboard side of the channel.
  16. 16. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 10 - Traffic Separation SchemesRule 10 - Traffic Separation Schemes  Traffic shall follow the traffic separation schemeTraffic shall follow the traffic separation scheme where one is designated.where one is designated.  Where you are outside it, you should avoid it.Where you are outside it, you should avoid it.  If you have to cross it you have to cross it as nearIf you have to cross it you have to cross it as near right angles as possible.right angles as possible.  A vessel less than 20 metres in length shall notA vessel less than 20 metres in length shall not impede a ship in a separation scheme.impede a ship in a separation scheme.
  17. 17. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 10 - Traffic Separation SchemesRule 10 - Traffic Separation Schemes Good courses in or near separation schemes
  18. 18. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 10 - Traffic Separation SchemesRule 10 - Traffic Separation Schemes Bad courses in or near separation schemes
  19. 19. © Grunt Productions 2007 Section II - Rules 11 to 18Section II - Rules 11 to 18 Conduct of Vessels in Sight of One AnotherConduct of Vessels in Sight of One Another
  20. 20. © Grunt Productions 2007 Collision RegulationsCollision Regulations Section II - Conduct of vessels in sight of oneSection II - Conduct of vessels in sight of one anotheranother • Rule 11 ApplicationRule 11 Application • Rule 12 Sailing VesselsRule 12 Sailing Vessels • Rule 13 OvertakingRule 13 Overtaking • Rule 14 Head-onRule 14 Head-on • Rule 15 Crossing SituationsRule 15 Crossing Situations • Rule 16 Action by the Give-way VesselRule 16 Action by the Give-way Vessel • Rule 17 Action by the Stand-on VesselRule 17 Action by the Stand-on Vessel • Rule 18 Responsibilities Between VesselsRule 18 Responsibilities Between Vessels
  21. 21. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 12 - Sailing VesselsRule 12 - Sailing Vessels Wind on different sidesWind on different sides  When sailing vessels haveWhen sailing vessels have the wind on different sides,the wind on different sides, the vessel that has the windthe vessel that has the wind on the port side shall keepon the port side shall keep out of the way of the other.out of the way of the other.  A keeps clear of B.A keeps clear of B. Wind A B
  22. 22. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 12 - Sailing VesselsRule 12 - Sailing Vessels If a sailing vessel with theIf a sailing vessel with the wind on the port side sees awind on the port side sees a sailing vessel to windwardsailing vessel to windward and cannot determine withand cannot determine with certainty whether the othercertainty whether the other sailing vessel has the windsailing vessel has the wind on the port or starboard side,on the port or starboard side, it shall keep out of the way.it shall keep out of the way.
  23. 23. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 12 - Sailing VesselsRule 12 - Sailing Vessels Wind on the same sidesWind on the same sides  When both sailing vesselsWhen both sailing vessels have the wind on the samehave the wind on the same side, the vessel which is theside, the vessel which is the closest to the windclosest to the wind (windward) shall keep out(windward) shall keep out of the way of the vesselof the way of the vessel which is to leeward.which is to leeward.  B keeps clear of A.B keeps clear of A. Wind B A
  24. 24. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 13 - OvertakingRule 13 - Overtaking  This rule overrides all the other give-way rules.This rule overrides all the other give-way rules.  The overtaking vessel (even if sailing) must keep out of theThe overtaking vessel (even if sailing) must keep out of the way of the vessel being overtaken.way of the vessel being overtaken.  You can pass on either side of the vessel, but keep wellYou can pass on either side of the vessel, but keep well clear – the other vessel may not have seen you.clear – the other vessel may not have seen you.  If you are being overtaken, hold your course and speed untilIf you are being overtaken, hold your course and speed until the other vessel is past and well clear.the other vessel is past and well clear.
  25. 25. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 14 - Head onRule 14 - Head on  Both vessels must alter course toBoth vessels must alter course to starboardstarboard..  If the other vessel turns the wrong way, you should turn evenIf the other vessel turns the wrong way, you should turn even more tomore to starboardstarboard, slow down, or stop your vessel., slow down, or stop your vessel.
  26. 26. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 15 - Crossing SituationRule 15 - Crossing Situation  If the other vessel is on yourIf the other vessel is on your starboardstarboard side it has right of wayside it has right of way and you must keep clear: you must either turn toand you must keep clear: you must either turn to starboardstarboard, slow, slow down to let the other vessel pass ahead of you – or do both.down to let the other vessel pass ahead of you – or do both.  A gives way to BA gives way to B A B
  27. 27. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 15 - Crossing SituationRule 15 - Crossing Situation  If the other vessel is on yourIf the other vessel is on your portport side, you have right of way andside, you have right of way and should hold your course and speed. However, if you think theshould hold your course and speed. However, if you think the other vessel is leaving it too late, you have to take action yourself.other vessel is leaving it too late, you have to take action yourself. The “right rule” still applies: if you alter course, alter toThe “right rule” still applies: if you alter course, alter to starboardstarboard. Or you can slow down, or do both.. Or you can slow down, or do both. A B
  28. 28. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rules 13-15: Vessels in Sight andRules 13-15: Vessels in Sight and in Risk of Collision (Review)in Risk of Collision (Review) HEAD ON OVERTAKING CROSSING Description Meeting on reciprocal courses, masthead lights in line, both sidelights visible. Overtaking another vessel more than 22.5 abaft the beam, at night only the sternlight visible. Two vessels crossing, risk of collision exists. Action Both vessels turn to starboard to pass port-to-port. Overtaking vessel keeps out of the way on the overtaken vessel. The vessel which holds the other on her starboard must keep out of the way of the stand-on vessel.
  29. 29. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 16: Give-way VesselRule 16: Give-way Vessel  Take early and substantial action to stay out of theTake early and substantial action to stay out of the way of the stand-on vessel.way of the stand-on vessel.
  30. 30. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 17: Stand-on VesselRule 17: Stand-on Vessel  Maintain course and speed.Maintain course and speed.  Sound 5 short rapid blasts.Sound 5 short rapid blasts.  Take action if the give-way is not takingTake action if the give-way is not taking substantial action to avoid collision.substantial action to avoid collision.  If risk of collision exists and if circumstancesIf risk of collision exists and if circumstances allow, avoid altering course to port.allow, avoid altering course to port.  If collision isIf collision is imminentimminent, any action that will, any action that will avoid collision or mitigate it, is permitted.avoid collision or mitigate it, is permitted.
  31. 31. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 18: ResponsibilitiesRule 18: Responsibilities Between VesselsBetween Vessels Vessels in order of priorityVessels in order of priority  Vessel not under commandVessel not under command  Restricted in ability to maneuverRestricted in ability to maneuver  Vessel constrained by draftVessel constrained by draft  Vessel engaged in fishingVessel engaged in fishing  Sailing vesselsSailing vessels  Power driven vesselsPower driven vessels  SeaplanesSeaplanes
  32. 32. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 18 - Power meets sailRule 18 - Power meets sail  In general, power vessels have to keep out of the wayIn general, power vessels have to keep out of the way of sailing and fishing vessels, and vessels that areof sailing and fishing vessels, and vessels that are hampered by such tasks as dredging, cable laying andhampered by such tasks as dredging, cable laying and so on.so on.
  33. 33. © Grunt Productions 2007 Operating ruleOperating rule Port:Port: If a power-If a power- driven vesseldriven vessel approaches withinapproaches within this sectorthis sector maintain yourmaintain your course and speedcourse and speed with caution.with caution. Starboard: If any vessel approaches within this sector, keep out of its way. (Note: This rule may not always apply if one or both vessels are sailboats.) Stern: If any vessel approaches this sector, maintain your course and speed with caution.
  34. 34. © Grunt Productions 2007 The RIGHT ruleThe RIGHT rule The RIGHT rule is:The RIGHT rule is:  look to the right;look to the right;  give way to the right;give way to the right;  turn to the right; andturn to the right; and  stay to the right.stay to the right.
  35. 35. © Grunt Productions 2007 Section III - Rule 19Section III - Rule 19 Conduct of Vessels in Restricted VisibilityConduct of Vessels in Restricted Visibility
  36. 36. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 19 - Restricted VisibilityRule 19 - Restricted Visibility  Restricted visibility any condition that reducesRestricted visibility any condition that reduces visibility, and includes fog, heavy rain, snow,visibility, and includes fog, heavy rain, snow, hail, sandstorms, etc.hail, sandstorms, etc.  Fog is common on the coast of BritishFog is common on the coast of British Columbia. A good lookout becomes evenColumbia. A good lookout becomes even more vital.more vital.  Slow down and be ready to stop if you sightSlow down and be ready to stop if you sight another vessel or hear a fog signal.another vessel or hear a fog signal.
  37. 37. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 19: Restricted VisibilityRule 19: Restricted Visibility  This rule applies when navigating in or NEAR anThis rule applies when navigating in or NEAR an area of restricted visibility.area of restricted visibility.
  38. 38. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 19: Restricted VisibilityRule 19: Restricted Visibility  For fog signals heard forward of the beam, reduceFor fog signals heard forward of the beam, reduce speed to minimum steerageway and navigatespeed to minimum steerageway and navigate cautiously.cautiously.  Actions to take on hearing a fog signal forward ofActions to take on hearing a fog signal forward of the beam can shown as:the beam can shown as:
  39. 39. © Grunt Productions 2007
  40. 40. © Grunt Productions 2007 Part C - Lights and ShapesPart C - Lights and Shapes
  41. 41. © Grunt Productions 2007 Navigation LightsNavigation Lights  Vessels that operate from sunset to sunrise, whetherVessels that operate from sunset to sunrise, whether at anchor or underway, must carry and exhibit theat anchor or underway, must carry and exhibit the correct lights.correct lights.  A vessel is underway when not anchored, moored toA vessel is underway when not anchored, moored to the shore or aground.the shore or aground.  Navigation lights must also be displayed duringNavigation lights must also be displayed during daylight hours in periods of restricted visibility.daylight hours in periods of restricted visibility.  All vessels must comply with the regulationsAll vessels must comply with the regulations concerning lighting.concerning lighting.
  42. 42. © Grunt Productions 2007 Navigation LightsNavigation Lights 1. Masthead light1. Masthead light 2. Port side light2. Port side light 3. Starboard side light3. Starboard side light 4. Stern light4. Stern light 5. Towing light5. Towing light
  43. 43. © Grunt Productions 2007 Navigation ShapesNavigation Shapes  Vessels towing, and also on the towVessels towing, and also on the tow  Deep draft vesselsDeep draft vessels  Vessel under sails but using machinery to propelVessel under sails but using machinery to propel  Vessels at anchorVessels at anchor
  44. 44. © Grunt Productions 2007 Navigation ShapesNavigation Shapes  All fishing vesselsAll fishing vessels In addition in the direction of her gear or netsIn addition in the direction of her gear or nets
  45. 45. © Grunt Productions 2007 Navigation ShapesNavigation Shapes  Vessel not under commandVessel not under command  Vessel engagedVessel engaged in mine clearancein mine clearance
  46. 46. © Grunt Productions 2007 Navigation ShapesNavigation Shapes  Vessel restricted in ability to manoeuvreVessel restricted in ability to manoeuvre Safe side to passSafe side to pass Side with obstructionSide with obstruction
  47. 47. © Grunt Productions 2007 Navigation ShapesNavigation Shapes  Vessel agroundVessel aground
  48. 48. © Grunt Productions 2007 Navigation ShapesNavigation Shapes  Vessel operating diversVessel operating divers
  49. 49. © Grunt Productions 2007  Rule 32 - DefinitionsRule 32 - Definitions  Rule 34 - Maneuvering and Warning SignalsRule 34 - Maneuvering and Warning Signals  Rule 35 - Sound Signals in Restricted VisibilityRule 35 - Sound Signals in Restricted Visibility  Rule 36 - Signals to Attract AttentionRule 36 - Signals to Attract Attention  Rule 37 - Distress SignalsRule 37 - Distress Signals  Annexes I -VAnnexes I -V Part D - Sound and Light SignalsPart D - Sound and Light Signals
  50. 50. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 32 - DefinitionsRule 32 - Definitions  Sound signals forSound signals for signals of actionsignals of action  Signals are sounded upon rudder orderSignals are sounded upon rudder order  Exchanged by any vessel in proximity toExchanged by any vessel in proximity to another vesselanother vessel  Exchanged if vessels are “in sight” andExchanged if vessels are “in sight” and maneuvering is requiredmaneuvering is required
  51. 51. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 32 - DefinitionsRule 32 - Definitions  Short Blast- about one second durationShort Blast- about one second duration  Long Blast - 4-6 second durationLong Blast - 4-6 second duration
  52. 52. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 33 - Equipment for SoundRule 33 - Equipment for Sound SignalsSignals  Vessels < 100m in length: whistle and bellVessels < 100m in length: whistle and bell  Vessels >= 100m in length: whistle, bell, and gongVessels >= 100m in length: whistle, bell, and gong  Vessels < 12m in length: some type of soundVessels < 12m in length: some type of sound signaling devicesignaling device
  53. 53. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 34 - Manoeuvring and WarningRule 34 - Manoeuvring and Warning SignalsSignals  Sound signals can be used by any vessel to indicateSound signals can be used by any vessel to indicate an action they are about to take:an action they are about to take:  One short blastOne short blast:: I am altering course toI am altering course to starboard.starboard.  Two short blastsTwo short blasts:: I am altering course to port.I am altering course to port.  Three short blastsThree short blasts:: My engines are going astern.My engines are going astern.
  54. 54. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 34 - Manoeuvring and WarningRule 34 - Manoeuvring and Warning SignalsSignals  Five short blastsFive short blasts::  Officially - I am unsure of your intentions;Officially - I am unsure of your intentions;  Practically - you are not following the rules;Practically - you are not following the rules;  or “wake up you ***** idiot”.or “wake up you ***** idiot”.
  55. 55. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 34: Maneuvering andRule 34: Maneuvering and Warning Signals - OvertakingWarning Signals - Overtaking An overtaking situation exists when a vessel approaches another vesselAn overtaking situation exists when a vessel approaches another vessel more than 22.5more than 22.5oo abaft the beam of the overtaken vessel.abaft the beam of the overtaken vessel.
  56. 56. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 34: Maneuvering and WarningRule 34: Maneuvering and Warning Signals- CrossingSignals- Crossing At night, the stand-on vessel sees the green sidelight of the give-wayAt night, the stand-on vessel sees the green sidelight of the give-way vessel, and the give-way vessel sees the red sidelight of the stand-onvessel, and the give-way vessel sees the red sidelight of the stand-on vessel.vessel.
  57. 57. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 34: Maneuvering andRule 34: Maneuvering and Warning Signals - MeetingWarning Signals - Meeting A meeting situation exists if two power vessels approach onA meeting situation exists if two power vessels approach on reciprocal or near reciprocal courses.reciprocal or near reciprocal courses.
  58. 58. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 34 - Manoeuvring and WarningRule 34 - Manoeuvring and Warning SignalsSignals  Vessel shall sound one long blast when coming toVessel shall sound one long blast when coming to blind turnblind turn
  59. 59. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 35 - Sound Signals inRule 35 - Sound Signals in Restricted VisibilityRestricted Visibility  Power driven vessel underway and making way (T)Power driven vessel underway and making way (T) Power driven vessel underway and not making wayPower driven vessel underway and not making way (stopped in the water) (M)(stopped in the water) (M)
  60. 60. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 35 - Sound Signals inRule 35 - Sound Signals in Restricted VisibilityRestricted Visibility  Vessel not under command, restricted in ability toVessel not under command, restricted in ability to maneuver, sailing, fishing or towing (D)maneuver, sailing, fishing or towing (D)  Last vessel of a tow (B)Last vessel of a tow (B)
  61. 61. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 35 - Sound Signals inRule 35 - Sound Signals in Restricted VisibilityRestricted Visibility  Pilot vessel on duty (H)Pilot vessel on duty (H)
  62. 62. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 35 - Sound Signals inRule 35 - Sound Signals in Restricted VisibilityRestricted Visibility  Vessels at anchor, including vessel working atVessels at anchor, including vessel working at anchoranchor Bell ringing for 5 second.Bell ringing for 5 second.  If more than 100 metersIf more than 100 meters Bell ringing for 5 seconds forward then gongBell ringing for 5 seconds forward then gong sounded for 5 seconds aft.sounded for 5 seconds aft.  In addition may sound (R)In addition may sound (R)
  63. 63. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 35 - Sound Signals inRule 35 - Sound Signals in Restricted VisibilityRestricted Visibility  Vessels agroundVessels aground Bell - Bell- Bell -Bell ringing for 5 seconds -Bell - Bell- Bell -Bell ringing for 5 seconds - Bell - Bell - Bell.Bell - Bell - Bell.  Vessel aground if more than 100 metersVessel aground if more than 100 meters Bell - Bell- Bell -Bell ringing for 5 seconds -Bell - Bell- Bell -Bell ringing for 5 seconds - Bell - Bell - Bell, then gong sounded for 5Bell - Bell - Bell, then gong sounded for 5 seconds aft.seconds aft.
  64. 64. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 35 - Sound Signals inRule 35 - Sound Signals in Restricted VisibilityRestricted Visibility  Vessels less than 12 meters in length shall make anVessels less than 12 meters in length shall make an efficient sound signal at least every 2 minutes.efficient sound signal at least every 2 minutes.
  65. 65. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 36 - Signals to AttractRule 36 - Signals to Attract AttentionAttention  If a vessel needs to attract the attention of anotherIf a vessel needs to attract the attention of another vessel she may use a searchlight to show direction ofvessel she may use a searchlight to show direction of a danger.a danger.  However any signal must be such as not to beHowever any signal must be such as not to be confused with a navigational aid, so flashing lightsconfused with a navigational aid, so flashing lights or strobes are not to be used.or strobes are not to be used.
  66. 66. © Grunt Productions 2007 Rule 37 - Distress SignalsRule 37 - Distress Signals . . . _ _ _ . . . (SOS) MAYDAY Two tone alarmVHF-DSC
  67. 67. © Grunt Productions 2007
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