Indian folk music is diverse because of India's vast cultural diversity. It has many forms including bhangra , lavani , dandiya and Rajasthani. Folk music has been influential on classical music, which is viewed as a higher art form. Instruments and styles have impacted classical ragas. It is also not uncommon for major writers, saints and poets to have large musical libraries and traditions to their name, often sung in thumri (semi-classical) style. Most of the folk music of India is dance-oriented. Indian folk music
Types of dance-oriented folk music
Bhangra Bhangra is a form of dance -oriented folk music that has become a pop sensation in the United Kingdom . The present musical style is derived from the traditional musical accompaniment to the folk dance of Punjab called by the same name, bhangra .
Many different Punjabi instruments contribute to the sound of Bhangra. Although the most important instrument is the dhol drum, Bhangra also features a variety of string and other drum instruments. Bhangra began as a folk dance conducted by farmers to celebrate the coming of Spring, or Vaisakhi . Today, bhangra survives in different forms and styles all over the globe – including pop music, film soundtracks , and even collegiate competitions.
The string instruments include the tumbi , sarangi , sapera , supp , and chimta . The dhad , dafli , dholki , and damru are the other drums.
Lavani Lavani is a popular folk form of Maharashtra . Traditionally, the songs are sung by female artists, but male artists may occasionally sing Lavanis . The dance format associated with Lavani is known as Tamasha .
Several celebrated Marathi Shahir poet-singers, which include Ram Joshi Anant Fandi, Honaji Bala , Prabhakar and Lok Shahir Honaji Bala introduced tabla in place of the traditional dholki . He also developed the baithakichi Lavani , a sub-genre, which is presented by the singer in the seated position.
The dhol is used as well as complementary percussion instruments such as dholak, tabla and others.
Dandiya Dandiya is a form of dance-oriented folk music that has also been adapted for pop music worldwide. The present musical style is derived from the traditional musical accompaniment to the folk dance of Dandiya called by the same name, dandiya.
Originating as devotional Garba dances, which were always performed in Durga's honour, this dance form is actually the staging of a mock-fight between the Goddess and Mahishasura , the mighty demon-king, and is nicknamed "The Sword Dance". During the dance, dancers energetically whirl and move their feet and arms in a complicated, choreographed manner to the tune of the music with various rhythms. The dhol is used as well as complementary percussion instruments such as the dholak, tabla and others.
The sticks ( dandiya s) of the dance represent the sword of Durga.
Rajasthani The age old traditional heritage of Rajasthan has enriched its music and dance immensely. Be it the melody of folk music or the beat of tribal percussion, Rajasthan amazes its tourists with. Rajasthani music has a diverse collection of musician castes , including langas, sapera, bhopa, jogi and manganiyar bejewelled treasure of music and dance
Rajasthan is culturally rich and has artistic and cultural traditions which reflect the ancient Indian way of life. There is rich and varied folk culture from villages which is often depicted symbolic of the state. Highly cultivated classical music and dance with its own distinct style is part of the cultural tradition of Rajasthan. The music is uncomplicated and songs depict day-to-day relationships and chores, more often focused around fetching water from wells or ponds.
The Ghoomar dance from Udaipur and Kalbeliya dance of Jaisalmer have gained international recognition. Folk music is a vital part of Rajasthani culture. Kathputali, Bhopa , Chang , Teratali, Ghindar, Kachchhighori, Tejaji etc. are the examples of the traditional Rajasthani culture. Folk songs are commonly ballads which relate heroic deeds and love stories; and religious or devotional songs known as bhajans and banis (often accompanied by musical instruments like dholak , sitar , sarangi etc.) are also sung.
INDIA IS NOT JUST A PLACE. India is not just a people. India is the celestial music, And inside that music Anybody from any corner of the globe Can find the real significance of life. - Sri Chinmoy