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the traditional Javanese orchestra

the traditional Javanese orchestra

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  • 1. GAMELAN, The Traditional Javanese Orchestra Rika Rachmita Sujatma SMAN 1 Subang West-Java, Indonesia
  • 2. The Enchanting Voice….
    • In his book ' music of Java ' Jaap Kunst says, "Gamelan is comparable to only two things, moonlight and flowing water. ...mysterious like moonlight and always changing like flowing water ...".
  • 3. Gamelan?
    • Gamelan music is an integral part of all cultural activities in Java such as wayang kulit (leather puppets) performance, court dance, uyon-uyon (symphony orchestra performance), etc. There are two kinds of laras (tuning) in gamelan, namely slendro (comparable to minor key in Western music) and Pelog (major key). A complete set of gamelan consist of two sets of different instruments of Slendro and Pelog, such as:
  • 4. Kendang
    • A double ended drum beaten by hands. It is a leading instrument. The pengendang (drumer) is the conductor of the gamelan orchestra. There are five (5) different sizes of kendang from 20 cm to 45 cm
  • 5. Saron
    • A glockenspiel with bronze bar struck with wooden mallet. There are three kinds; Saron Barung, Saron Peking, Saron Demung
  • 6. Kendang and Saron
  • 7. Bonang Barung and Bonang Penerus
    • A double row of bronze kettles resting on a horizontal frame, played with two long stick bound with red cord at the striking end.
  • 8. Bonang Barung and Bonang Penerus
  • 9. Slentem
    • Thin bronze bars suspended over bamboo resonating chambers, struck with a padded disc on the end of a stick
  • 10. Gender
    • Similar to slentem with more bronze keys and smaller bamboo chamber, struck with two disc-shaped hammers
  • 11. Gambang
    • Wooden bars laid over a wooden frame struck with two sticks of supple buffalo horn, ending with a small, round, padded disc
  • 12. Slentem and Gambang
  • 13. Gong
    • Each slendro and pelog set had three gongs. Two big gongs (Gong Ageng) and one gong Suwukan about 90 cm, made from bronze, suspended on a wooden frame. It marks the end of the largest phrase of the melody.
  • 14. Kenong and Ketug
    • Smaller gongs lay horizontally on crossed cord, inside a wooden frame. A complete set of kenong in each slendro and pelog consist of 10 (ten) kenongs
  • 15. Clempung and Siter
    • A string instrument, each slendro and pelog set needs one clempung.
    • Smaller cemplung, each slendro and pelog set needs one siter
  • 16. Suling
    • It is a flute, each slendro and pelog set, needs one suling.
  • 17. Rebab
    • A two stringed viol, the same as slendro and pelog
  • 18. Keprak and Kepyak
    • Needed for gamelan to accompany dances
  • 19. Bedug
    • It is a very big drum
    • Source: