GAMELAN, The Traditional Javanese Orchestra Rika Rachmita Sujatma SMAN 1 Subang West-Java, Indonesia
The Enchanting Voice…. <ul><li>In his book ' music of Java ' Jaap Kunst says, &quot;Gamelan is comparable to only two thin...
Gamelan? <ul><li>Gamelan music is an integral part of all cultural activities in Java such as wayang kulit (leather puppet...
Kendang    <ul><li>A double ended drum beaten by hands. It is a leading instrument. The pengendang (drumer) is the conduct...
Saron   <ul><li>A glockenspiel with bronze bar struck with wooden mallet. There are three kinds; Saron Barung, Saron Pekin...
Kendang and Saron
Bonang Barung  and  Bonang Penerus   <ul><li>A double row of bronze kettles resting on a horizontal frame, played with two...
Bonang Barung  and  Bonang Penerus
Slentem   <ul><li>Thin bronze bars suspended over bamboo resonating chambers, struck with a padded disc on the end of a st...
Gender <ul><li>Similar to slentem with more bronze keys and smaller bamboo chamber, struck with two disc-shaped hammers  <...
Gambang   <ul><li>Wooden bars laid over a wooden frame struck with two sticks of supple buffalo horn, ending with a small,...
Slentem and Gambang
Gong <ul><li>Each slendro and pelog set had three gongs. Two big gongs (Gong Ageng) and one gong Suwukan about 90 cm, made...
Kenong and  Ketug <ul><li>Smaller gongs lay horizontally on crossed cord, inside a wooden frame. A complete set of kenong ...
Clempung  and  Siter <ul><li>A string instrument, each slendro and pelog set needs one clempung.  </li></ul><ul><li>Smalle...
Suling   <ul><li>It is a flute, each slendro and pelog set, needs one suling.  </li></ul>
Rebab <ul><li>A two stringed viol, the same as slendro and pelog  </li></ul>
Keprak and Kepyak   <ul><li>Needed for gamelan to accompany dances  </li></ul>
Bedug <ul><li>It is a very big drum </li></ul><ul><li>Source:  http://www.joglosemar.co.id/gamelan.html </li></ul>
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Gamelan

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the traditional Javanese orchestra

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Gamelan

  1. 1. GAMELAN, The Traditional Javanese Orchestra Rika Rachmita Sujatma SMAN 1 Subang West-Java, Indonesia
  2. 2. The Enchanting Voice…. <ul><li>In his book ' music of Java ' Jaap Kunst says, &quot;Gamelan is comparable to only two things, moonlight and flowing water. ...mysterious like moonlight and always changing like flowing water ...&quot;. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Gamelan? <ul><li>Gamelan music is an integral part of all cultural activities in Java such as wayang kulit (leather puppets) performance, court dance, uyon-uyon (symphony orchestra performance), etc. There are two kinds of laras (tuning) in gamelan, namely slendro (comparable to minor key in Western music) and Pelog (major key). A complete set of gamelan consist of two sets of different instruments of Slendro and Pelog, such as: </li></ul>
  4. 4. Kendang <ul><li>A double ended drum beaten by hands. It is a leading instrument. The pengendang (drumer) is the conductor of the gamelan orchestra. There are five (5) different sizes of kendang from 20 cm to 45 cm </li></ul>
  5. 5. Saron <ul><li>A glockenspiel with bronze bar struck with wooden mallet. There are three kinds; Saron Barung, Saron Peking, Saron Demung </li></ul>
  6. 6. Kendang and Saron
  7. 7. Bonang Barung and Bonang Penerus <ul><li>A double row of bronze kettles resting on a horizontal frame, played with two long stick bound with red cord at the striking end. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Bonang Barung and Bonang Penerus
  9. 9. Slentem <ul><li>Thin bronze bars suspended over bamboo resonating chambers, struck with a padded disc on the end of a stick </li></ul>
  10. 10. Gender <ul><li>Similar to slentem with more bronze keys and smaller bamboo chamber, struck with two disc-shaped hammers </li></ul>
  11. 11. Gambang <ul><li>Wooden bars laid over a wooden frame struck with two sticks of supple buffalo horn, ending with a small, round, padded disc </li></ul>
  12. 12. Slentem and Gambang
  13. 13. Gong <ul><li>Each slendro and pelog set had three gongs. Two big gongs (Gong Ageng) and one gong Suwukan about 90 cm, made from bronze, suspended on a wooden frame. It marks the end of the largest phrase of the melody. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Kenong and Ketug <ul><li>Smaller gongs lay horizontally on crossed cord, inside a wooden frame. A complete set of kenong in each slendro and pelog consist of 10 (ten) kenongs </li></ul>
  15. 15. Clempung and Siter <ul><li>A string instrument, each slendro and pelog set needs one clempung. </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller cemplung, each slendro and pelog set needs one siter </li></ul>
  16. 16. Suling <ul><li>It is a flute, each slendro and pelog set, needs one suling. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Rebab <ul><li>A two stringed viol, the same as slendro and pelog </li></ul>
  18. 18. Keprak and Kepyak <ul><li>Needed for gamelan to accompany dances </li></ul>
  19. 19. Bedug <ul><li>It is a very big drum </li></ul><ul><li>Source: http://www.joglosemar.co.id/gamelan.html </li></ul>
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