GAMELAN, The Traditional Javanese Orchestra Rika Rachmita Sujatma SMAN 1 Subang West-Java, Indonesia
The Enchanting Voice…. <ul><li>In his book ' music of Java ' Jaap Kunst says, "Gamelan is comparable to only two things, moonlight and flowing water. ...mysterious like moonlight and always changing like flowing water ...". </li></ul>
Gamelan? <ul><li>Gamelan music is an integral part of all cultural activities in Java such as wayang kulit (leather puppets) performance, court dance, uyon-uyon (symphony orchestra performance), etc. There are two kinds of laras (tuning) in gamelan, namely slendro (comparable to minor key in Western music) and Pelog (major key). A complete set of gamelan consist of two sets of different instruments of Slendro and Pelog, such as: </li></ul>
Kendang <ul><li>A double ended drum beaten by hands. It is a leading instrument. The pengendang (drumer) is the conductor of the gamelan orchestra. There are five (5) different sizes of kendang from 20 cm to 45 cm </li></ul>
Saron <ul><li>A glockenspiel with bronze bar struck with wooden mallet. There are three kinds; Saron Barung, Saron Peking, Saron Demung </li></ul>
Gong <ul><li>Each slendro and pelog set had three gongs. Two big gongs (Gong Ageng) and one gong Suwukan about 90 cm, made from bronze, suspended on a wooden frame. It marks the end of the largest phrase of the melody. </li></ul>
Kenong and Ketug <ul><li>Smaller gongs lay horizontally on crossed cord, inside a wooden frame. A complete set of kenong in each slendro and pelog consist of 10 (ten) kenongs </li></ul>
Clempung and Siter <ul><li>A string instrument, each slendro and pelog set needs one clempung. </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller cemplung, each slendro and pelog set needs one siter </li></ul>
Suling <ul><li>It is a flute, each slendro and pelog set, needs one suling. </li></ul>
Rebab <ul><li>A two stringed viol, the same as slendro and pelog </li></ul>
Keprak and Kepyak <ul><li>Needed for gamelan to accompany dances </li></ul>
Bedug <ul><li>It is a very big drum </li></ul><ul><li>Source: http://www.joglosemar.co.id/gamelan.html </li></ul>
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