Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Gamelan
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Gamelan

1,347
views

Published on

the traditional Javanese orchestra

the traditional Javanese orchestra


0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,347
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
75
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. GAMELAN, The Traditional Javanese Orchestra Rika Rachmita Sujatma SMAN 1 Subang West-Java, Indonesia
  • 2. The Enchanting Voice….
    • In his book ' music of Java ' Jaap Kunst says, "Gamelan is comparable to only two things, moonlight and flowing water. ...mysterious like moonlight and always changing like flowing water ...".
  • 3. Gamelan?
    • Gamelan music is an integral part of all cultural activities in Java such as wayang kulit (leather puppets) performance, court dance, uyon-uyon (symphony orchestra performance), etc. There are two kinds of laras (tuning) in gamelan, namely slendro (comparable to minor key in Western music) and Pelog (major key). A complete set of gamelan consist of two sets of different instruments of Slendro and Pelog, such as:
  • 4. Kendang
    • A double ended drum beaten by hands. It is a leading instrument. The pengendang (drumer) is the conductor of the gamelan orchestra. There are five (5) different sizes of kendang from 20 cm to 45 cm
  • 5. Saron
    • A glockenspiel with bronze bar struck with wooden mallet. There are three kinds; Saron Barung, Saron Peking, Saron Demung
  • 6. Kendang and Saron
  • 7. Bonang Barung and Bonang Penerus
    • A double row of bronze kettles resting on a horizontal frame, played with two long stick bound with red cord at the striking end.
  • 8. Bonang Barung and Bonang Penerus
  • 9. Slentem
    • Thin bronze bars suspended over bamboo resonating chambers, struck with a padded disc on the end of a stick
  • 10. Gender
    • Similar to slentem with more bronze keys and smaller bamboo chamber, struck with two disc-shaped hammers
  • 11. Gambang
    • Wooden bars laid over a wooden frame struck with two sticks of supple buffalo horn, ending with a small, round, padded disc
  • 12. Slentem and Gambang
  • 13. Gong
    • Each slendro and pelog set had three gongs. Two big gongs (Gong Ageng) and one gong Suwukan about 90 cm, made from bronze, suspended on a wooden frame. It marks the end of the largest phrase of the melody.
  • 14. Kenong and Ketug
    • Smaller gongs lay horizontally on crossed cord, inside a wooden frame. A complete set of kenong in each slendro and pelog consist of 10 (ten) kenongs
  • 15. Clempung and Siter
    • A string instrument, each slendro and pelog set needs one clempung.
    • Smaller cemplung, each slendro and pelog set needs one siter
  • 16. Suling
    • It is a flute, each slendro and pelog set, needs one suling.
  • 17. Rebab
    • A two stringed viol, the same as slendro and pelog
  • 18. Keprak and Kepyak
    • Needed for gamelan to accompany dances
  • 19. Bedug
    • It is a very big drum
    • Source: http://www.joglosemar.co.id/gamelan.html