L A M B O O® Inc. is the technologycompany responsible for bringing engineered bamboo tothe structural Industry. • First company to be approved for release of ICC AC 47 Report on use of bamboo as structural building material • New ASTM # D07.0203 created for bamboo • LVB (laminated veneer bamboo) added to ASTM 5456 • Patent Pending lamination process
Bamboo is one of the most rapidly renewable resources in the world. 1600 known species Some Species grow up to 1 Meter per day
Bamboo is a grass-like plant that requires the use of no pesticides or herbicides in order to grow. Bamboo has natural antimicrobial agents in its molecular make up called “bamboo Kun” The silica content in bamboo makes it to hard for termites or ants to eat. Bamboo helps eliminate Soil Erosion • Two root systems Clumping Running
A Bamboo forest sequesters 35% more Carbon than a like-sized timber forest Harvesting occurs every 4-6 years • Producing 14 Tons useable fiber/Acre Timber is harvested from 25-30 years • Producing 8 Tons useable fiber/Acre Bamboo replaces 30% of its biomass per year; compared to a timber forest that replaces 3% to 5% per year.
Bamboo grows in much of the world • Primarily in zones 7 and warmer. (Bamboo can grow in the U.S., in the southern most states. Due to climate and growing cycle, the species selection is limited. Also cost of land and Labor in the US are far more expensive than Central and south America.)
The culms are split length ways and the nodes are removed, creating individual uniform ¼” x ¾” slats.
Each Individual Slat is Cured • Curing Process Keeps Moisture and Bacteria out • Silica hardens, which gives strength & rigidity • Carbonized & Ebonized – Heated • Natural – Chemical Process Natural Anti Microbial Agent of Bamboo • Ideal for high traffic, high use, sterile applications. i.e. Hospital, Restaurant , library, Apartment & Schools Moisture Controlled = Miniscule mold or delamination occurs due to Type one adhesive selection
Lamboo, being an engineered material, allows for minimal knots and voids. • Nearly 100% yield of material • Very workable Easy profiling / machining (Compares to hardwoods) Nominal sizes • 4’ x 8’ sheets & custom component sizes available • 1/42” – 3 ½” thick panels and components
Horizontally (plain pressed) • The bamboo strips are pressed against each other horizontally and glued under high pressure.
Vertical (side pressed) • The bamboo strips are pressed against each other vertically and glued under high pressure. The typical bamboo nodes are not very pronounced.
Strand • Shredded bamboo fibers are sorted, paired with like sizes and then heat pressed together. Strand panels are more dense then Horizontal and Vertical panels, and are ideal to achieve a tight grain aesthetic appearance.
Isolated 4 out of 1600 Species High Tensile Strength – Average 10x stronger than engineered wood using southern yellow pine High Stability – Avg. 20 % more stable in climate and temperature changes than hardwoods and engineered wood, and 40% more stable than softwood. Excellent Compression Properties- Over 30% more than softwood
The average modulus of elasticity is higher than Southern Yellow Pine and Douglas Fir • Allows for longer spans of material • Has exceptional strength and beauty Similar Density to most hardwoods Superior fire rating to that of its wood counterparts. • Fire Rating: Class A • Flammability: Class I
LEED® CREDITSLeadership in Energy and Environmental Design • Lamboo Inc. Materials Qualify – MR 6: Rapidly Renewable Materials – MR 7: Certified Wood – EQ 4.4: Low Emitting Materials (No added formaldehyde) – ID Credit 1 - Innovation in Design (Environmentally Preferable Material) – ID Credit 2 - Innovation in Design (Life Cycle Assessment / Environmental Impact)
Lamboo Product LinesLAMBOO® STRUCTURE ™LAMBOO® CLEARWALL ™LAMBOO® VUE ™LAMBOO® DESIGN ™LAMBOO® ELITE ™LAMBOO® ELEMENTS ™ Ideal Uses• Trusses and Beams,• Window and Door Components, Curtain Walls• Panel Systems, Ceiling Systems• Frames, Trim, Wainscot• Furniture, Cabinetry, Stair Treads
Main Attributes: • Aesthetics, Strength, Renewability Description: • LVB - Laminated Veneer Bamboo • LVB is an engineered product created by laminating slats of bamboo under high pressure. • Process Culm is cut into sections Sections are planed Sections are individually cured Sections are aligned for either horizontal or vertical products and glued under pressure
Advantages: • High compressive strengths 30% more than softwoods • High tensile strengths 10 times that of other woods • High dimensional stability 20% more than other woods • Rapidly renewable material Over 8 times the fiber/acre of timber • Capable of long spans • Antimicrobial characteristics • Anti-pest characteristics
Fire safety • Lamboo within Engineered Wood structural systems performs exceptionally well under fire conditions. • Members tested and meet the top requirements • Class 1 ASTM E648 Critical Radiant Panel test • Class A ASTM E84 Surface Burning test. • ASTM E622 Flaming Mode: 270 • ASTM E622 Non-Flaming Mode: 300 • ASTM E622 Passing value is any number below 450
A building’s structural elements can be much more than than just the load-bearing aspect of the design. Architecturally exposed structural systems can greatly add to the intrigue a building design offers. However, the decision to expose structural elements should not be made lightly. There are several advantages and disadvantages to consider.
Advantages: • By leaving the structural elements of a building exposed the designer is able to create a more spacious interior environment. • Lighting and mechanical equipment can be easily accessed and maintained. • Connections and material finishes are able to be showcased. • Shorter construction times • Lower construction costs due to lack of finishing materials Disadvantages: • Some spaces may suffer acoustically due to the lack of finishing materials, although this affect may be desired
Theterm “curtain wall” refers to a non-load bearing exterior wall enclosure anchored to a building’s structure. Although non-load bearing, curtain walls must support self weight and effectively transfer that weight back to the structure. Utilizing materials with inherent structural capabilities can lead to entirely new and innovative curtain wall designs.
Curtain Wall Systems • Vertical Mullion Components • Horizontal Transom Components • Aesthetic supplement for supporting curtain wall self weight • Can act as structural back-up for curtain wall as well • Mullion cap not necessary but may be used • Easily integrates into most common stick style systems
Partner Companies Solar Innovations Inc. Leader in curtain wall design and fabrication. Dover Windows and Doors Leader in curtain wall, window, and door design and fabrication.
Fenestration can be the leading cause of heat gain/loss within a building. Variations in the framing and glazing aspects of these openings can greatly improve the overall performance of a building envelope. Common problems include solar heat gain, thermal bridging, and air leaks.
L A M B O O® Frames • Advantages: Material availability, Ease of milling, Aesthetics, Strength, Dimensional Stability • Features: Exterior grade components require maintenance similar to wood, but superior strength and dimensional reliability allow it to out perform most hardwoods. • Applications: Areas prone to strong and damaging weather, all frame sizes • 5-12 possible LEED points
L A M B O O® Composite Frames • Advantages: Durability, Ease of Manufacturing, Interior Aesthetics, Strength • Features: L A M B O O® interior provides aesthetic appeal and structural support while aluminum exterior cladding improves durability. • Applications: Areas prone to strong and damaging weather, All frame sizes. • 5-12 possible LEED points
Partner Companies Dover Windows and Doors Dynamic Windows Leader in curtain wall, window, and door Provider of individually designed, design and fabrication. high quality windows and doors. Duratherm Window Corp. H Window Leader in the window and door industry American built, high quality windows.
Partner Companies Kolbe Windows and Doors Pacific Architectural Millwork Nationally recognized leader in the high- Manufacturer of custom windows end window and door industry. and doors. NanaWall Point Five Windows and Doors Industry leader for opening glass wall Designer and fabricator of luxury residential systems. and commercial windows and doors.
Partner Companies SOLARLUX • Market leader for folding glass doors and glass elements
• The efficiency of a fenestration system can be rated several ways.• Through LEED credits, a project can receive the certification it needs by adhering to guidelines put in the place by the USGBC.• U-factors can help with this process as well as guide a designer who may not be seeking LEED certification.• Things such as embodied energy, recyclability, and reusability are other ways of measuring environmental impact.
All Hospital, Education andGovernment projectsU.S. House of Reps passed a$6.4 billion bill for greenmodernization in schools247 universities have a passinggrade in green buildingLEED State Policy Notables - Required: CA, CO, PA, FL, MI - Gives Incentives: IL & NY - Education incentives only: OH Source: www.greenreportcard.org , 2009 Source: www.cnnpolitics.com : 5/14/2009 ICSC Global Public Policy Report, July 2008
Possibility of LEED points LEED NC 2009 | 100 base points, 6 possible Innovation in Design and 4 Regional Priority points Certified = 40-49 points Silver = 50-59 points Gold = 60-79 points Platinum = 80+ points Windows can account for points in the following categories: • Sustainable Sites 1 point possible • Energy and Atmosphere 19 points possible • Materials and Resources 6 points possible • Indoor Environmental Quality 6 points possible • Innovation in Design 5 points possible • Regional Priority 4 points possible • TOTAL 41 points possible
Sustainable Sites Prerequisite 1 – Construction Activity Pollution Prevention (required) Credit 8 – Light Pollution Reduction 1 point Energy and Atmosphere Prerequisite 2 – Minimum Energy Performance (required) Credit 1 – Optimized Energy Performance 1-19 points Materials and Resources Credit 2 – Construction Waste Management 1-2 points Credit 4 – Recycled Content 1-2 points Credit 5 – Regional Materials 1-2 points Credit 6 – Rapidly Renewable Materials 1 point Credit 7 – Certified Wood 1 point
Indoor Environmental Quality Prerequisite 1 – Minimum Indoor Air Quality Performance (required) Credit 2 – Increased Ventilation 1 point Credit 4.2 – Low-Emitting Materials-Paints and Coatings 1 point Credit 4.4 – Low-Emitting Materials-Composite Wood 1 point and Agrifiber Products Credit 6.2 – Controllability of Syst. -Thermal Comfort 1 point Credit 8.1 – Daylight and Views – Daylight 1 point Credit 8.2 – Daylight and Views – Views 1 point Innovation in Design Credit 1 – Innovation in Design 1-5 points Regional Priority Credit 1 – Regional Priority 1-4 points
Possibility of LEED points by material: 5-12 possible LEED points • Use of L A M B O O® Inc. Materials Can Directly Contribute To: – MR 6: Rapidly Renewable Materials – MR 7: Certified Wood – EQ 4.4: Low Emitting Materials (No added formaldehyde) – ID Credit 1 - Innovation in Design (Environmentally Preferable Material) – ID Credit 2 - Innovation in Design (Life Cycle Assessment / Environmental Impact)
Typical U-factors for frames • Aluminum (no thermal break) = 1.9-2.2 • Aluminum (with thermal break) = ~1.0 • L A M B O O® = ~0.7 • Aluminum clad wood = 0.4-0.6 • Reinforced Vinyl = 04.-0.6 • Softwood = 0.3-0.5 • Vinyl = 0.3-0.5 • Fiberglass = 0.2-0.3 • U-factors taken for typical construction methods for frames only.
Embodied energy • Total energy consumption required to harvest, manufacture, transport, and dispose of a material or product. • Aluminum ~ 200–220 Mj/kg • Vinyl/PVC ~ 65-75 Mj/kg • Fiberglass ~ 40-50 Mj/kg • L A M B O O® ~ 25-35 Mj/kg (preliminary approximation) • Wood ~ 0.3-24 Mj/kg
-Recyclability and Reusability • - Vinyl: Can be recycled, but only at high temps; cost of doing so is high. Material can be recycled to make shopping bags, fleece, etc. • - Aluminum: can be easily recycled • - Wood: can be reused by sanding down and refinishing the product and/or implementation into new products. • - Fiberglass: can be ground up and used to create new products, but recycling costs are high • - L A M B O O®: can be reused similarly to wood by sanding and refinishing the product and/or implementation into other products
Lamboo® • Applications: Table and Countertops, Stair Treads, Ceiling & Wall Claddings, Furniture • Description: Cured bamboo strips are laminated together to form the only structural grade bamboo product on the market. • Durability: Extremely Durable • Sanitation/Antimicrobial: Material is antimicrobial and can be finished to meet NSF certifications • Cost: $30 - $50 per square foot • Finish Capabilities: Sanded, Stained, Gloss, other finishes available • Fire Performance: Class 1 and Class C • Recyclability: can be reused similarly to wood by sanding and refinishing the product and/or implementation into other products • Recycled Content: No recycled content, but made from rapidly renewable source
Partner Companies Stevens Industries Inc. Redbud Ridge Manufacturer of quality laminated Division 6 solid surface, architectural products, from panels to furniture millwork, and custom cabinet supplier. and cabinets.
Tables and Countertops Products that feature a Horizontal grain on one side and a Vertical grain on the other, giving the customer the option for either. Antimicrobial material makes for good food preparation surface.
Cladding Panels, planks, and veneers able to be adhered or fasted onto vertical or horizontal surfaces for aesthetic purposes. Capable of laminating onto various substrates.
Stair Treads Strong, attractive treads with a modern aesthetic. Stair treads, winders, platforms, winder treads, curved treads, risers and cove moulding
Furniture Stable components for sturdy bases. Capable of curvatures. Can be laminated onto lighter substrates.
Lamboo® • Description: Cured bamboo strips are laminated together to form the only structural grade bamboo product on the market. • Durability: Extremely Durable • Finish Capabilities: Sanded, Stained, Gloss, other finishes available • Recyclability: can be reused similarly to wood by sanding and refinishing the product and/or implementation into other products • Recycled Content: No recycled content, but made from rapidly renewable source