The War to End All Wars…• World War I – 1914-1918 – 1st time the U.S. intervened in foreign affairs – Destroyed 2 major empires and created many new countries – Changed how people viewed war – Introduced many new weapons & technologies – Results helped pave way for Hitler, Mussolini, and Stalin to come to power – Created the poo mess in the Middle East today
The Outbreak of WWI• Causes of WWI – Militarism –Building up one’s military to prepare for war (Russia) – Alliances - Countries began signing alliances w/ other countries to protect themselves (France) – Imperialism –Trying to expand your empire by force (Germany, Austria-Hungary) – Nationalism- Pride in your own country and being ready to defend it (Everyone) – Self-Determination – People of a nation should be able to rule themselves independently (Serbians)
The Alliance System (Pre-War)• Triple Alliance • Triple Entente Germany Russia Italy Great BritainAustria-Hungary France Serbia
The Balkan Crisis• The Balkans – Region controlled by Austria-Hungary – Cultures included the Croats, Serbs, Bosnians, and Slovenes – These groups wanted independence – Serbia was the most motivated of these groups – Austria-Hungary refused to acknowledge them as a country
A Continent Goes to War…• Franz Ferdinand – Heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary – Visited the Balkans to win more support – Killed by a Serbian terrorist group (The Black Hand) – Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia
War Begins… • Allies • Central Powers France Austria-Hungary Russia Ottoman EmpireGreat Britain Germany Italy Bulgaria
American Neutrality• Woodrow Wilson – US should spread democracy and fight against imperialism (moral obligation) – Had sent US troops to help overthrow regimes in Mexico, D.R., Haiti & Nicaragua – Wanted to help the Allies immediately, but knew he would need a reason to get America involved – America remained neutral for the first year of the war – Convinced Congress to sell weapons to the Allies
America Joins the War• America Joins WWI – – U-boats were sinking American vessels – Lusitania Sinking (Cruise ship carrying Americans was sunk by Germany – Zimmerman Telegram (Supposed telegram proposing a German/Mexican alliance)
Section Quiz• List the five main causes of WWI (M.A.I.N.S.)• What was the event that sparked the beginning of WWI?• List two reasons why the United States entered WWI
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