0854746 Plastic Surgery


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My presentation will be about Plastic Surgery in North America. I will be focusing most of my presentation on cosmetic plastic surgery.

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0854746 Plastic Surgery

  1. 1. Plastic Surgery
  2. 2. History of Plastic Surgery <ul><li>The history of plastic surgery began about 4000 years ago. Beginning in India in 800 b.c plastic surgery had a very slow beginning in terms of development. In the late 19 th century reconstructive surgery became a new medical practice. </li></ul><ul><li>It began with Dr. John Peter Mettauer, who performed the first cleft palate operation using tools that he created. The modern plastic surgery began more in the 1960’s and the 70’s. This medical style became a lot more common. This allowed more many advances in the technology used in practice, even today! </li></ul><ul><li>Plastic surgery owes a lot to the American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons (ASPRS). Which was the first organization for American plastic surgeons, before then no organization existed before 1931. The ASPRS was the first organization to create a standard plastic surgeon exam. After this association was created many more sprang up after. </li></ul><ul><li>Plastic Surgery can be broken down in two categories </li></ul><ul><li>-reconstructive surgery </li></ul><ul><li>-cosmetic surgery </li></ul>
  3. 3. Total surgical and non-surgical procedures
  4. 4. Reconstructive Surgery <ul><li>Reconstructive surgery is performed to correct functional use that may have been caused by: </li></ul><ul><li>.burns </li></ul><ul><li>.infections of disease </li></ul><ul><li>.birth abnormalities </li></ul><ul><li>.developmental abnormalities </li></ul><ul><li>.removal of cancer or tumors </li></ul><ul><li>Reconstructive surgery is usually used to improve function but can sometimes be used to make appearances normal. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Cosmetic Surgery <ul><li>Cosmetic surgery is a unique subspecialty that focuses on the enhancement of appearance. Cosmetic surgery differs from reconstructive surgery because its focal point is to improve cosmetics. Cosmetic surgeries can include: </li></ul><ul><li>.chemical peel </li></ul><ul><li>.breast augmentation </li></ul><ul><li>.liposuction </li></ul><ul><li>.Rhinoplasty </li></ul><ul><li>.buttock augmentation </li></ul>
  6. 6. Chemical Peel <ul><li>A chemical peel is a facial treatment used to improve and smooth texture of the skin by using a chemical solution that causes skin to blister and eventually peel off. The regenerated skin is usually softer and has less wrinkles then the skin that was peeled off. </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical peels can usually be administered and purchased without a medical license but for certain cases a dermatologist, or plastic surgeon must be involved. </li></ul><ul><li>Usually there is no medication involved in a chemical peel because the solution causes only slight discomfort and tingling. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Breast Enhancement <ul><li>Breast enhancement known as mammoplasty surgery is used to enlarge women's breasts. Surgically all incisions are made to place the implant either sub muscular (below the chests muscle or sub glandular (between the chest muscle and the breast tissue). </li></ul><ul><li>THERE ARE THREE MAIN TYPES OF INCISIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Inframammary incision is made in the skin below the breast implant and the implant is inserted through the incision </li></ul><ul><li>Periareolar incision is made along the edge of the colour area around the nipple. The implant is inserted through the incision and camouflaged </li></ul><ul><li>Transaxillary incision is made in the armpit and the implant is inserted through the incision </li></ul><ul><li>It usually take 24-48 hours recovery. After then time varies depending on the woman but it take one month before anything strenuous can be done. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Liposuction <ul><li>In order to remove fat from the body and reshape the area, the plastic surgeon will make a tiny incision using a small tube called a cannula. The cannula is inserted into the incision and acts as a vacuum for the fat layer that lies deep within the skin. It is able to break up the fat cells, making it easier to suck out the unwanted fat with either a pump or an large syringe. </li></ul><ul><li>In the first 72 hours there is drainage from the incision, there is usually some bruising but it goes away after a week or so. In addition to swelling to the area treated there will also be swelling surrounding areas. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Would The Students At McMaster University Consider Getting Cosmetic Surgery? Sample taken from 100 McMaster students in 2008
  10. 10. Credits <ul><li>Texts </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures </li></ul>http://www.middletoncosmetic.com/breast_augmentation.html www.wikipedia.com http://www.bchealthguide.org/kbase/topic/detail/surgical/aa59621/detail.htm http://www.aboardcertifiedplasticsurgeonresource.com www.google.com http://www.cosmeticplasticsurgerystatistics.com