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  • 1. BROOKLYN BRIDGE PARK CORPORATION
    Connecting Points on the Brooklyn Bridge Park Greenway Path
    Santiago Arias
    Rebecca Bernstein
    Meredith Danberg-Ficarelli
    AyanaRockett
    Andrew Slater
    April 28, 2011
  • 2. ResearchMethodology
    Research Methodology for Designing Bike Paths
    Project Background
    Creating a Park for all Users
    EvaluativeCriteria
    The Status Quo’s Viability and Measurements
    Alternatives
    Route Options for Safe and Accessible Park Access to all Users
    Conclusion
    Final Recommendation and Steps for Implementation
    Ayana Rockett
    Andrew Slater
    Meredith Danberg-Ficarelli
    Santiago Arias
    Rebecca Bernstein
    PART 1
    PART 2
    PART 3
    PART 4
    PART 5
    Agenda
  • 3. Central Policy Issue
     
    How can the Brooklyn Bridge Park Corporation connect the Brooklyn Waterfront Greenway through the area of the Fulton Ferry Plaza while maintaining safety and accessibility for pedestrians and cyclists?
  • 4. Brooklyn Bridge Park
    Image source: BBPC
  • 5. FURMAN ST.
    OLD FUTON ST.
    WATER ST.
    Fulton Ferry PlazaArea of Intervention
  • 6. Choice of two options for cyclists:
    • Utilize a new in-park designated pathway
    • 7. Utilize improved DOT bike lanes on Old Fulton Street
    FURMAN ST.
    OLD FUTON ST.
    WATER ST.
    Recommendation : Give cyclists the choice to bike in the Park or on the street
  • 8. Limitations and Assumptions
    Off-season construction still underway
    limited our potential to visualize alternatives
    Unable to obtain user counts
    used Environmental Impact Statement projections
    Existing structures had to be planned around
    alternatives must not alter park layout
  • 9. Research Methodology
    Interviews with stakeholders and experts
    Met community members and organizations
    Site visits to NYC parks
    Reviewed case studies and best practices
     
  • 10. Research Methodology
    Research Methodology for Designing Bike Paths
    Project Background
    Creating a Park for all Users
    Evaluative Criteria
    The Status Quo’s Viability and Measurements
    Alternatives
    Route Options for Safe and Accessible Park Access to all Users
    Conclusion
    Final Recommendation and Steps for Implementation
    Ayana Rockett
    Andrew Slater
    Meredith Danberg-Ficarelli
    Santiago Arias
    Rebecca Bernstein
    PART 1
    PART 2
    PART 3
    PART 4
    PART 5
    Agenda
  • 11. A Safe and Accessible Park
    Critical characteristics:
    • Safety of all users
    • 12. Support unimpeded movement
    • 13. Minimal ‘signscape’
    • 14. Sustain and adapt to future growth
  • Greenway: A 14-mile Shared Waterfront Path
    • Uninterrupted pathway for exercise that keeps users in the park and acts as relief from traffic and the built environment
    • 15. Greenway users are recreational riders, tourists, and locals
    Image source: GWI
  • 16. Key Community Issues: Safety & Congestion
    • Bike lanes are supported by the Bloomberg administration but can be a contentious community issue
    • 17. Greenway will draw traffic to the area and potentially decrease accessibility for residents
    • 18. The community wishes to preserve the historical quality of the area
  • Achieve Park goals through design
    Researched best practices for:
    Hudson River Park
  • 21. DOT Bike Path & Lanes
    Class3Bike Lane
    Shared lane on the street
    Class 2 Bike Lane
    Portion of roadway designated by striping, signs, and pavement markings
    Class 1 Bike Path
    Path physically
    separated from motorized
    vehicle traffic
    Source: DOT
  • 22. Agenda
    Research Methodology
    Research Methodology for Designing Bike Paths
    Project Background
    Creating a Park for all Users
    Evaluative Criteria
    The Status Quo’s Viability and Measurements
    Alternatives
    Route Options for Safe and Accessible Park Access to all Users
    Conclusion
    Final Recommendation and Steps for Implementation
    Ayana Rockett
    Andrew Slater
    Meredith Danberg-Ficarelli
    Santiago Arias
    Rebecca Bernstein
    PART 1
    PART 2
    PART 3
    PART 4
    PART 5
  • 23. Greenway Entrance at Pier 1
  • 24. Cyclists Must Dismount at Fulton Ferry Plaza
  • 25. Status Quo
    FURMAN ST.
    OLD FUTON ST.
    WATER ST.
    • Greenway ends at Pier 1
    • 26. Faded Class-3 cyclist path stamps on Old Fulton
  • Criteria Measurements: Low / Moderate / High
    Safety
    • Pedestrian - highest weight
    • 27. Cyclist
    2. Accessibility and Mobility
    • Pedestrian - highest weight
    • 28. Cyclist
    3. Likelihood of Implementation:
    • Cooperation and regulation
    4. Adaptability:
    • Potential to accommodate future growth
  • Agenda
    Research Methodology
    Research Methodology for Designing Bike Paths
    Project Background
    Creating a Park for all Users
    Evaluative Criteria
    The Status Quo’s Viability and Measurements
    Alternatives
    Route Options for Safe and Accessible Park Access to all Users
    Conclusion
    Final Recommendation and Steps for Implementation
    Ayana Rockett
    Andrew Slater
    Meredith Danberg-Ficarelli
    Santiago Arias
    Rebecca Bernstein
    PART 1
    PART 2
    PART 3
    PART 4
    PART 5
  • 29. 1: Keep the Greenway in the Park
    FURMAN ST.
    OLD FUTON ST.
    WATER ST.
    • 10-foot wide, two-way shared-use path
    • 30. Extend staging area
    • 31. User co-existence
    • 32. Cost and coordination 100% BBP’s responsibility
  • Cobblestone-lined chip’n’seal path with
    steel bicycle and “slow” stamps every 25 feet
  • 33. 21.5 feet
    PATH DISTANCE BETWEEN THE CURB AND THE GREEN
    Pinch Points Exist
  • 34. Limited Space to Accommodate Growth
    10 feet
  • 35. 2: Improve DOT bike lanes
    FURMAN ST.
    OLD FUTON ST.
    • Upgrade class 3 to class 2 bike lanes
    • 36. Two one-way 8-foot lanes on Fulton St
    • 37. Connect with the existing routes via Front St. and York St. - BGI Plan
    • 38. DOT’s responsibility
  • Wayfinding Signage for Cyclists and Pedestrians
     
  • 39. Encourage Use of On-Street Routes
     
    8 feet
  • 40. FURMAN ST.
    OLD FUTON ST.
    WATER ST.
    • 14-foot dedicated and separated two-way Class 1 bike path
    • 41. Path leaves and re-enters the Plaza
    • 42. Requires coordination with DOT
    3: On-street separated path hugs the curb
  • 43. Hudson RiverGreenway
    Prospect Park West
    Preferred Option for Cyclists
  • 44. 14 feet
    Stamps and signage indicate a lane to crossing pedestrians
  • 45. Agenda
    Research Methodology
    Research Methodology for Designing Bike Paths
    Project Background
    Creating a Park for all Users
    Evaluative Criteria
    The Status Quo’s Viability and Measurements
    Alternatives
    Route Options for Safe and Accessible Park Access to all Users
    Conclusion
    Final Recommendation and Steps for Implementation
    Ayana Rockett
    Andrew Slater
    Meredith Danberg-Ficarelli
    Santiago Arias
    Rebecca Bernstein
    PART 1
    PART 2
    PART 3
    PART 4
    PART 5
  • 46. Comparing Alternatives
    Combines Best of Both Worlds
  • 47. Use in-plaza and on-street bike paths
    FURMAN ST.
    OLD FUTON ST.
    WATER ST.
  • 48. Next Steps
    Require buses to turn around in the designated lot and enforce street-parking requirements
    Create and install better signage for bikers
    Where and when to dismount
    Where the Greenway begins
    Location of bike lanes in surrounding area
    Wayfinding map of popular destinations in the area
    Understand and post about any future redevelopments to be completed on Old Fulton Street
  • 49. Thank You and Questions
     
  • 50. APENDIX
  • 51. Costs - Alt 1: In the Park
    • Cost for 1 square foot of cobblestone including labor = $173 (Source DOT)
    • 52. 1 block = 150 feet
    • 53. 1 sign = $1,000 (Source BBP)
    Cobblestone path = $25,950
    6 steel “bicycle” stamps and 3 signs = $9,000
    Total = $34,950
    Cost entirely shouldered by BBP
  • 54. Costs - Alt 2: Upgrade DOT Lanes
    • Cost to construct 1 block of bike lane, labor included = $10,000 - $24,000 depending on scarification requirement (Source DOT)
    • 55. 1 sign = $1,000 (Source BBP)
    DOT Bike Lane = $10,000 - $24,000
    4 signs = $4,000
    Total = $14,000 - $28,000
    Cost shouldered mainly by DOT
  • 56. Costs - Alt 3: Path hugs park curb
    • Cost to construct 1 block of bike lane, labor included = $10,000 - $24,000 depending on scarification requirement (Source DOT)
    • 57. Cost for 1 square foot of cobblestone including labor = $173 (Source DOT)
    • 58. 1 sign = $1,000 (Source BBP)
    DOT Bike Lane = $10,000 - $24,000
    Cobblestones in park = $173*50 = $8,650
    3 signs, 3 stamps = $6,000
    Total = $24,650 - $38,650
    Cost split, but more costly for DOT
  • 59. Costs - Combination Recommendation
    • Cost to construct 1 block of bike lane, labor included = $10,000 - $24,000 depending on scarification requirement (Source DOT)
    • 60. Cost for 1 square foot of cobblestone including labor = $173 (Source DOT)
    • 61. 1 sign = $1,000 (Source BBP)
    150 ft Cobblestone path = $25,950
    6 steel “bicycle” stamps and 4 signs = $10,000
    Bike Lane = $10,000 - $24,000
    Total = $45,950 - $59,950
    BBP Cost = $35,950 ; DOT Cost = $10,000 - $24,000
  • 62. Combines best of both worlds
  • 63.
  • 64. DOT Plan
  • 65. Stamps and Signs alert and direct users
  • 66. User flows are disrupted
    “3 MINUTE IDLING LAW -- YOU IDLE YOU PAY $2000
  • 67. º
    20 feet
    20 feet
    PATH BETWEEN THE EMPIERE BUILDING AND THE RIVER.
  • 68. UsageCount – February 24 & 26
  • 69. Brooklyn Waterfront Greenway User Counts
  • 70. Alt 1 Analysis
  • 71. Alt 2 Analysis
  • 72. Alt 3 Analysis
  • 73. Fulton Ferry Plaza Area of intervention