some 25 per cent of mammals and 12 per cent of birds -- may become extinct over the next few decades as warmer conditions alter the forests, wetlands, and rangelands they depend on, and human development blocks them from migrating elsewhere.
Cont.. combine carbon & hydrogen elements in natural gas molecules to make synthetic LPG as liq diesel. next generation reactors. use super heated steam from deep underground to drive turbines to generates electricity. 5.GAS TO LIQUIDS 6.NUCLEAR 7.GEOTHERMAL
CO2 & CH4 used as cocking gas lighting & to keep houses warm .
Carbon credits are tradable credits earned for investing in projects aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions . One carbon credit is equivalent to one tonne of carbon dioxide reduced. CARBON CREDIT
The CDM, defined in Article 12 of the Protocol, allows a country with an emission-reduction or emission-limitation commitment under the Kyoto Protocol (Annex B Party) to implement an emission-reduction project in developing countries.
Such projects can earn saleable certified emission reduction (CER) credits, also called as CARBON CREDIT each equivalent to one tonne of CO2, which can be counted towards meeting Kyoto targets.
These CERs can be traded and sold, and used by industrialized countries to a meet a part of their emission reduction targets under the Kyoto Protocol.
A CDM project activity might involve, for example, a rural electrification project using solar panels or the installation of more energy-efficient boilers.
The projects must qualify through a rigorous and public registration and issuance process. Approval is given by the Designated National Authorities.
The mechanism is overseen by the CDM Executive Board, answerable ultimately to the countries that have ratified the Kyoto Protocol.
the project-based Kyoto mechanisms are, on the one hand, that they potentially reduce industrialized countries’ costs of meeting the Kyoto Protocol targets, whereas, on the other hand, they are to support the host countries objectives regarding sustainable development.
The Central Government constituted the National Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Authority for the purpose of protecting and improving the quality of environment in terms of the Kyoto Protocol.
It receives projects for evaluation and approval as per the guidelines and general criteria laid down in the relevant rules and modalities pertaining to CDM in addition to the guidelines issued by the CDM Executive Board and Conference of Parties serving as Meeting of Parties to the UNFCC.