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Murray ian


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  • 1. Need •A need is a construct (a convenient or hypothetical concept) which stands free for a force…. In the brain region, a force which organizes perception, apperception, intel lection, conation and action in such a way as to transform in a certain direction existing, unsatisfying situation.
  • 2. Basis for Distinguishing between types of needs. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Primary and Secondary Need Overt and Covert Needs Focal and Diffuse Needs Proactive and Reactive Needs Process activity, modal needs and effect needs
  • 3. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 1. Abasement To surrender and accept punishment
  • 4. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 2. Achievement To overcome obstacles and succeed
  • 5. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 3. Acquisition To obtain possessions
  • 6. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 4. Affiliation To make associations and friendships
  • 7. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 5. Aggression To injure others
  • 8. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 6. Autonomy To resist others and stand strong
  • 9. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 7. Blameavoidance To avoid blame and obey the rules
  • 10. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 8. Construction To build or create
  • 11. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 9. Contrariance To be unique
  • 12. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 10. Counteraction To defend honor
  • 13. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 11. Defendance To justify actions
  • 14. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 12. Deference To follow a superior, to serve
  • 15. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 13. Dominance To control and lead others
  • 16. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 14. Exhibition To attract attention
  • 17. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 15. Exposition To provide information, educate
  • 18. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 16. Harmavoidance To avoid pain
  • 19. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 17. Infavoidance To avoid failure, shame, or to conceal a weakness
  • 20. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 18. Nurturance To protect the helpless
  • 21. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 19. Order To arrange, organize, and be precise
  • 22. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 20. Play To relieve tension, have fun, or relax
  • 23. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 20. Recognition To gain approval and social status
  • 24. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 22. Rejection To exclude another
  • 25. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 23. Sentience To enjoy sensuous impressions
  • 26. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 24. Sex To form and enjoy an erotic relationship
  • 27. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 25. Similance To empathize
  • 28. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 26. Succorance To seek protection or sympathy
  • 29. Murray's Psychogenic Needs 27. Understanding To analyze and experience , to seek knowledge
  • 30. Theories of personality based upon needs and motives suggest that our personalities are a reflection of behaviors controlled by needs.
  • 31. While some needs are temporary and changing, other needs are more deeply seated in our nature. According to Murray, these psychogenic needs function mostly on the unconscious level, but play a major role in our personality.
  • 32. Interrelation of Needs Prepotency Conflict Fusion of needs Concept of Subsidation
  • 33. Henry Murray and Psychological Needs Murray from a Psychoanalytic Perspective Murray used the term personology to describe his study of human lives and individual differences in personality Murray described a habit system as automatic, unconscious behaviors shaped by the id, ego, and superego Murray emphasized positive instincts related to motivation and needs
  • 34. American psychologist developed a theory of personality that was organized in terms of motives, presses, and needs. Murray described a needs as a, "potentiality or readiness to respond in a certain way under certain given circumstances" (1938).