Polycystic ovarian syndrome(pcos):-causes,effects,nutition,treatments.

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Polycystic ovarian syndrome(pcos):-causes,effects,nutition,treatments.

  1. 1. POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME(PCOS) CAUSES,EFFECTS,OLD AND NEW TREATMENTS. ------LALITHA KAVYA
  2. 2. WHAT IS IT??? • PCOD-POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN DISEASE:-ovaries under brunt of pressure and disturbances of the body,therefore not functioning at their peak efficiency. (oops ! Signal to start taking care). • PCOS-POLYCYSTIC OVARIAN SYNDROME:-The Disturbances are now no longer in the ovaries but are manifested in other body parts ( oh! No .Should have taken care )
  3. 3. WHAT IS IT???(SCIENTIFICALLY) • Complex endocrine disorder effecting women(characterized by increased androgen function and ovulatory disfunction). • Ovaries affect the health of the body and the health of our body affects the vibrancy of the ovaries.(confused ???) • Viscious cycle of events cause ovaries to doom ! which are…. ! (lets start with basics!).
  4. 4. THE PERIOD! The “normal cycle” • Day 0-5:- LH,FSH produce follicles (bubbles)in ovary around egg and they produce ‘ESTROGEN’. • Day 6-14:-uterine lining thins , cervix lining is thin and watery , dominant follicle is ready with mature egg. • Day 15(ovulation):-enzyme breaks follicle , mature egg goes to fallopian tubes , uterus full with nutrients , cervix-thinnest. The “pcod/pcos cycle” • Day 0-5:- low/high LH,FSH therefore low chances of healthy follicles and low/no ESTROGEN production . • Day 6-14:-no dominant follicle (no secretion of estrogen in blood),no mature egg. • DAY 15:-Follicle does not break (due to low hormones),immature egg can’t travel to fallopian tubes . uterus,cervix- normal.
  5. 5. Cycle story… The “normal cycle” • Day 16-28( luteal ):-egg starts moving through tube,uterine –thick,cervix – thick. • Egg passes out of uterus ,uterine lining shed, “YES ! PERIOD “ The “ pcod / pcos cycle” • Day 16-28:- egg does not pass through tube as there is no egg in it (obviously !).uterine ,cervix -normal (or rather dry and unhealthy ). • Egg does not pass out of uterus , uterine lining still normal. “NO PERIOD” .
  6. 6. TYPICAL PCOS OVARY
  7. 7. CAUSES • Mainly :- 1. Modern lifestyle.( processed , quick meals) 2. Lack of exercise.( endorphins!!!) 3. Stress. 4. Crash diets. 5. Genetics.(low) 6. Plastics→→XENESTROGENS→→ovary health 7. Continuous unprescribed medicines. 8. Alcohol,smoking. 9. Drugs. 10. Sedentary life…(list is un-ending ).
  8. 8. EFFECTS 1. Type-2 diabetes. 2. High blood pressure. 3. Heart diseases. 4. High body fat. 5. Bones and joints problem. 6. Depression , frustration 7. INFERTILITY.(difficulty in concieving). 8. Hirsutism. 9. Hair loss ,acne ,tender breasts) 10.Irregular,painful periods,heavy/scanty bleeding etc…(phew! The list is endless)
  9. 9. AGE OLD TREATMENTS • HOMEOPATHY :- It works by changing the constituition of the body by tracking the root cause of the cysts and makes the body ready to the natural way of curing itself . The good part :- no side effects,sweet to taste. The bad part:- time consuming,pills to pop. • AYURVEDA:- It works by making the body get used to the herbs,barks,leaves etc which are natural and highly safe way to treat sensitive body parts (here,ovaries). The good part:-no side effects,long term results. The bad part:-yuckkk! to taste,tortoise slow.
  10. 10. FOOD AND NUTRITION The “YAY” FOODS:- • Unprocessed carbs(slow and steady rise in blood sugar,low GI):- whole wheat,grains,jowar,rice,ragi,barley etc. • Complete proteins(hormones made up of proteins):- Milk and its products,fish,eggs,dals etc. • Essential fatty acids(omega 3 &6) reduce GI of food:- ghee,walnuts,salmon,oils(groundnut ,sesame , sunflower ,rice bran olive,coconut,cannola).etc • Micro minerals(improve body’s insulin sensivity):- selenium,zinc,chromiun:-cucumber,fresh veggies,nuts etc. • Calcium(cramp reduction):-dairy food , calcium supplements . curd ,tofu , paneer , sprouts ( vit b12).
  11. 11. FOOD AND NUTRITION-2 THE “NAY” FOODS :- • Processed food:- white (rice,sugar,bread,maida)etc. • Fast food(noodles),packaged food(ready to eat curries,noodles,bhel ,chips,biscuits,ice creams)etc. • Restaurant food(oils , bad veg and non-veg ),outside food(pizzas , burgers ,puffs ,)etc. • High bolied food. • Heavy meat. • Cool drinks,high caffiene drinks etc. • High amounts of Sweets,chocolates. • Any late night binging food.
  12. 12. NEW TECHNOLOGY TREATMENT • LAPROSCOPY(OVARIAN DRILLING/DIATHERMY):- Small incision in abdomen( gen. anesthisia ) ↓ Abdomen inflated with co2(through tube) to insert laproscope(viewing instrument) ↓ Surgeon views at ovaries via laproscope and carefully makes small punctures to burst the cysts. ↓ The fluid is sucked by vacuum pump out of the ovary. ↓ The ovary is free of any cysts (immature follicles).
  13. 13. LAPROSCOPY
  14. 14. ADVANTAGES • Fast and effective. • Less time(out patient service). • Quick recovery time. • Minimal scarring. • Best way to treat infertility.
  15. 15. DISADVANTAGES • Costly. • When handled incorrectly, causes internal infections. • Chances of developing cysts sooner.(observation) • Difficult when there are large number of cysts. • Might be painful for some. • Cases of reported weaker ovaries post laproscopy in malnutritioned cases.
  16. 16. What does the patient need??? • Best way is to go natural even after surgery. • Regularly timed meals , a healthy routine , exercise. • Stress free mind • Knowledge • Its treatable!- so please relax. • Lots of love and support from family. • Lastly , Lots of love and respect towards her own self !
  17. 17. STOP ABUSING YOUR BODY. YOU ARE BEAUTIFUL-KNOW THAT,REFLECT THAT.RESPECT YOURSELF.EAT HEALTHY.STAY PEACEFUL.FIND WAYS TO BE HAPPY AND ACTIVE.MAKE TIME FOR YOURSELF BECAUSE,YOU ARE JUST PERFECT AND YOU DESERVE IT!!!

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