Does the cover art
ever influence what
books you read?
What does this
cover imply about
Why do books for
Do you create
pictures in your
mind when you
How else do you
interact with text
you read? Do you
ever write notes in
textbooks as you
Manage Your College Reading:
Highlight, Annotate, and Make Marginal
• Highlighting – Annotating - Marginal Notes are
three active reading strategies that ask you to
think and make decisions as you read
Steps for Marking a text
• 1. Preview
• 2. Read
• 3. Determine author’s purpose
• 4. Determine the topic
• 5. Determine the pattern of organization
• 6. Determine the main idea
• 7. Go back and mark the text
• Highlighting allows for important information to
stand out, however never highlight too much.
▫ Decide what is important
Topic sentence and major supporting details
Highlight all boldface information
• What is Annotation?
What word is found within Annotation
• Annotation means to write a brief, useful notes in your
own words in the margins next to the next. This requires
you to become an active reader
▫ Annotation allows for you to connect to the text on a
personal level. For instances, writing comments such as I
disagree, No way, Amazing etc.
• Read the text and clarify what you need to know
• Reread the portion you need to annotate
Mark – restating information in the margins and using
▫ T for thesis; MI for main idea; EX for examples; S for
summary; DEF for definition; 1, 2, 3 for major points; F
for fact; I for opinion; ? For items to be clarified, and *
for important concepts. Underline judiciously.
• Use marking with annotations to indicate the organization of
ideas. Think about the text structure (ie. examples, cause and
effect, etc.) Your margin annotations will often refer to these
• Ex. (Examples)
• 1 2 3 etc. to indicate lists, steps, etc.
• Arrows to connect ideas
• 5. Mark TERMS and definitions.
• Use circles or boxes to emphasize terms
• 6. Put an * by important information.
• Put a ? By confusing information
• However it is good to create your own marking symbols to
assist with your learning
Student’s System of Annotation
Main or key point * ________
Important supporting detail √________
Word to know or define word
Definition of a word Defn.
Numbering of points 1, 2, 3
Questions or confusion ?
Marginal Notes Ex., Def, Cz (cause), Ef (Effects or results)
Reread this portion for better understanding R.R.
Definitely a test question T.Q.
I like this idea
• As part of the DO stage, determine the
THESIS of the article.
• The thesis may be located near the end of
the introduction or in the concluding
paragraph, or it may be unstated. WRITE
the thesis in your own words at the top of
the reading selection.
• Determine a MAIN IDEA for each major
• If the main idea is directly stated,
• Write MI in the margin beside each main
idea. If a main idea is not directly stated,
write it in your own words in the margin
• Mark MAJOR SUPPORTING IDEAS.
There are several ways to mark
• Use a combination of margin
annotations, symbols, and underlining of
• (Be careful not to underline too many
details. Too much underlining is worse
• Use ANNOTATIONS to record your thinking:
• Write brief summary notes to emphasize
points made in graphics.
• Write brief answers to your questions in the
• Make a brief outline of the material in the
• Summarize important points in your own
words in the margins.
• State the CONCLUSION in your own words at
the end of the article. Write “Conclusion” in the
Annotation (recap continued)
• Note relationship of text structure patterns
• Restate information in graphics
• Tag confusing ideas you need to clarify
• Review your annotation.
ANNOTATING – CLASS COMPLETION
• Guided Practice “Report: Teen Birth Rate Hits
• Thinking it Through – Marking A TEXT
▫ Before you begin, answer the following
▫ 1. What is the topic of this article?
▫ 2. How is the article structured
▫ 3. Why did the author write the article?
▫ 4. What is the most important point about the
ISSUE PAST 2005 IMPLICATIONS
Teen sexual activity
Teen birth rate
Low birth weight
Report: Teen Birth Rate Hits Record Low