Development of Nationalism in the Philippines

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  • 1. • The Seed of Filipino Nationalism
  • 2. The Development of Filipino Nationalism
  • 3. Causes of Filipino Revolts 1. The desire to regain our lost freedom. 2.The Spanish abuses/oppression.
  • 4. 3. Agrarian complaints or the loss of the Filipino lands. 4. The Religious intolerance of the Spanish authorities..
  • 5. All Revolts, from Lakandula to Apolinario Dela Cruz had failed. There were two reasons why our early revolts against Spain failed:
  • 6. 1.The Absence of Nationalism 2.Lack of National Leaders.
  • 7. The Meaning of Nationalism • Nationalism is simply love of country with all its inhabitants. • A state of awareness that a nation does exist and is made of people who owe allegiance not only to a tribe, clan, or region nor to any religious or political entity.
  • 8. Factors that contributed to the birth of Filipino Nationalism: 1.The opening of the Philippines to the international or world trade. 2. The Rise of the middle class. 3.The secularization controversy. 4.The influx of Liberal ideas from Europe.
  • 9. 5. The Opening of the Suez Canal. (Ferdinand De Lesseps) 7. The Martyrdom of Gomburza.
  • 10. Propaganda Movement The unjust execution of fathers Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora was a turning point in the history of the Philippines. It marked the beginning of a new era as the propaganda period.
  • 11. Propaganda Movement A peaceful campaign organization using literary endeavor as mouthpiece to publicize the political, economic and religious problems in the colony.
  • 12. Among their specific goals were: >Representation of the Philippines in the Cortes(Spanish parliament). >Secularization of the clergy;
  • 13. >Legalization of Spanish and Filipino equality; >Creation of a public school system independent of the friars.
  • 14. >Abolition of the polo(labor service) and bandala (forced sale of local products to the government) >Guarantee of basic freedom of speech and association >Equal opportunity for Filipinos and Spaniards to enter government service.
  • 15. Propagandist Graciano Lopez Jaena •1889, he established La Solidaridad in Barcelona •He died of tuberculosis.
  • 16. Dr. Jose P. Rizal The most outstanding among the propagandist December 30, 1896 Rizal was shot to death by a firing squad at Bagumbayan.
  • 17. In1889 he started the newspaper, La Solidaridad (Solidarity), that circulated both in Spain and the Philippines and was the medium of the Propaganda Movement.
  • 18. Marcelo H. del Pilar(1850-1896)) •The political analyst of the propaganda movement and the greatest journalist produced by the Filipino race •Editor of La Solidaridad
  • 19. Literatures of the Propaganda Movement • Marcelo H. del Pilar • Diariong Tagalog, Caiingat Cayo, La Frailocracia en Filipinas, Dasalan at Toksohan, and La Sobrenia Monacal, dudas, Pasiong Dapat Ipag-alab ng Taong Babasa, Dupluhan, Sagot ng Espania sa Hibik ng Filipinas, and Kadakilaan ng Diyos.
  • 20. Graciano Lopez Jaena • La Solidaridad, Fray Botod, Esperaza, and La Hija del Fraile. Jose Rizal • Noli Me Tangere, El Filibusterismo, The Indolence of the Filipinos, Philippines a Century Hence, To the Filipino Youth, and Mi Ultimo Adios. And the Organization of La Liga Filipina.
  • 21. Used pen names: Rizal: Dimasalang and Laong Laan; Mariano Ponce: Tikbalang, Naning and Kalipulako; Antonio Luna: Taga-ilog; Marcelo H. del Pilar: Plaridel Jose Ma. Panganiban: Jomapa
  • 22. Ang La Solidaridad ang naging pangalan ng isang samahan ng mga Pilipinong ilustrado sa Espanya na naghangad na magkaroon ng representasyon ang Pilipinas sa Cortes Generales
  • 23. Reasons for the failure of the Propaganda Movement When the time came the financial support from the Philippines gradually lessened until finally it was put to an end; Due to leadership crisis;
  • 24. With the failure of the Propaganda Movement, the Filipinos gave up the last ditch of hope to peaceful means. Andres Bonifacio led the Filipinos to a new phase of social and political awareness marked by the founding of Katipunan.