It’s the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropriate technological processes and resources .
It is associated with: includes other systems used in the process of developing human capability Educational Technology includes processes and systems of learning and instruction Instructional Technology
Theoretical schools present in the educational technology literature
Behaviorism: early 20th century. Animal learning experiments of Ivan Pavlov, Skinner and many others.
Cognitivism: 1960s and 1970s. Aimed at explaining brain-based learning. Cognitivists consider how human memory works to promote learning.
Constructivism: 1990s. Learners construct their own meaning from new information, as they interact with reality or others with different perspectives.
Easy-to-access course materials : information is available whenever necessary.
Student motivation : instant feedback, no judgement.
Wide participation : long distance learning and access for wider audiences.
Students’ writing : the use of word processors helps to improve students’ writing.
Easier learning : software designed and developed to help students learn specific subjects.
Adaptable lessons and material.
Differentiated instruction and active participation.
Lack of proper training
Many implementations are
Technology in the classroom
Class blogs and wikis
Wireless classroom microphones
Computers are used to support 4 goals:
Teachers select media they believe will promote their instructional goals.
Building student capacity for research.
Making student inquiry more realistic, enabling students to present information in appealing forms.
Offering students access to learning resources within and beyond the school.
A vision of 21st Century Teachers
Dudeney, Gavin & Hocly Nicly. (2007). How to teach English with technology. England. Pearson Longman.
“ School technology in Education.” Retrieved April, 20, 2011, from: