Questions Of Social Studies Lala Gualdron2Presentation Transcript
Questions of social studies Student : Laura C Gualdron C Mister : Diego Villamizar 2009-2010
To your regard what is a Constitution?(Abstain from copying a definition, define it on your own)
2. How many Constitutions Colombia had prior to the 1886 Constitution?
3. What were the fundamental elements in regard to administrative subdivisions brought by each Constitution?
4. 1886 was a final Constitutional development that with held the test of time up until 1991 when it was replaced. What were the greatest achievement of that Constitution?
5. When was Slavery abolished?
6. What were the fundamental elements brought by each Constitution prior to the one issued on 1886 in regard to the President?
7. What were the fundamental elements brought by the 1886 Constitution in regard to the President?
8. What is a Constitutional Amendment?
9. Explain the concept State of Siege?
10. What is the main power assigned to the President in a State of Siege in regard to legislation?
11. Throughout each constitutional development what has been the position of the Roman Catholic Church?
12. What is a Plebiscite?
13. Explain the concept reciprocal deference
14. What are the most important Constitutional Amendments done to the 1886 Constitution?
15. What did the 1957 amendment to the Constitution change?
16. What was the National Front and what was its main objective?
17. What was the goal of the 1968 amendment to the Constitution?
18. Why did President Barco on 1988 launched the iniciative: Acuerdo de la Casa de Nariño or Nariño House Accord?
19. What were the main requirements to become President of Colombia?
20. Prior to the 1991 Constitution, could a President be reelected?
21. What were the main constituents of the executive branch of government?
22. What is a bureaucracy?
23. To what extent could the President decide in the appointment of the governor for each department?
24. What are technocrats and what is their importance to the executive branch of government?
25. What were decree-laws?
26. Explain the concept Commander in Chief
27. What constitutional functions were assigned to the President in relation to national security?
28. What was a presidential designate?
29. What constitutional power had the capacity to confirm the designate?
30. What is a Cabinet Minister?
31. How many houses does the Congress have?, explain
32. What is the Senate and what is the House of Representatives?; is there a difference?
33. What are the main functions of Congress?
34. What are the functions of the House of Representatives?
35. What are the functions of the Senate?
36. Who elects Congress?
37. How is each member of Congress Elected?( Mandatory Question )
38. How is the Judicial Power organized?
39. What is the role of the Ministry of Justice in the control of the Judiciary?
40. How is the Supreme Court organized?
41. What are the functions of the Supreme Court?
42. Who elects the members of the Supreme Court?
43. What are the functions of the Council of State?
44. Who elects the members of the Council of State?
45. What are the judicial districts?
46. What are the superior courts?
47. How are the lower courts distributed?
48. What are administrative courts?
49. What is the function of the Public Ministry?
50. Why was the main reason to promote the public service or career civil servants?
51. What did the 1957 amendment brought to the public service?
52. What did Law 19 in 1960 established in relations to public service?
53. What can be understood by career service?
54. As of 1988 how was Colombia’s administrative division?
55. What is the difference between a National Territory and a Department?
56. What are the functions of a Governor?
57. What is the lowest level of government for each Department?
58. In what year was the popular election for Majors established?
A constitution is a set of rules for government - often codified as a written document - that numerates and limits the powers and functions of a political entity. Constitutions concern different levels of political organization. They exist at national (e.g., codified Constitution of Canadá, uncodified Constitution of the United Kingdom), regional (e.g., the Massachusetts Constitution), and sometimes lower levels.
2. The Colombian Constitution of 1886 was the constitution that created the Republic of Colombia. Before 1886, the country was called United States of Colombia. The coalition of moderate Liberals and Conservatives that ended the liberal hegemony and placed Rafael Nuñez in power repealed the and substituted the constitution of 1886. From then on, the country was officially called the Republic of Colombia.
3. Quebec has subdivisions at the regional, supralocal and local levels. Excluding administrative units reserved for Aboriginal lands, the primary types of subdivision are:
At the regional level:
-17 administrative regions.
At the supralocal level:
-86 regional county municipalities or RCMs ( municipalités régionales de comté , MRC );
-2 ( communautés métropolitaines ).
At the local level:
-1,117 local municipalities of various types;
-11 agglomerations ( agglomérations ) grouping 42 of these local municipalities;
within 8 local municipalities, 45 boroughs
The first is that we have a system based on checks and balances. The executive branch is not dictatorial. The legislative branch has the ability to create all spending bills.
The second is that we have a fluid constitution with a bill of rights and subsequent amendments to correct errors. The Bill of Rights is universal and not isolated to certain segments of society (though many try).
5. There are a few countries that still have slavery though not officially. In particular, slavery in the literal sense (meaning ownership, buying and selling of human beings), can be found in some of the Islamic countries of West Africa and the Middle East. Legally slavery is abolished, however it still exists. There are at least 25 million children worldwide in a sexual form of slavery every year. There are more children in other forced labor, and there are adults as well. Slavery has never disappeared.
Criminal procedure is literally at the center of the U.S. Bill of Rights, as a quick glance at the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Amendments makes evident. But as a subfield of constitutional law, constitutional criminal procedure stands as an anomaly, with shaky historical and conceptual foundations.
The word constitution ( constitutio ) in the time of the Roman empire signified a collection of laws or ordinances made by the emperor. We find the word used in the same sense in the early history of English law, e.g. the Constitutions of Clarendon. In its modern use constitution has been restricted to those rules which concern the political structure of society .
A constitutional amendment is a change to the constitution of a nation or a state. In jurisdictions with "rigid" or "entrenched" constitutions, amendments require a special procedure different from that used for enacting ordinary laws.
the concept of state of exception that is already containted in Schmitt’s definition of the sovereign. Pointing to the paradoxes of the state of exception, i.e. its position of simoultaniously being inside and outside the law – state of exception is the legal posibility of suspention of law.
10. We have already seen how the state of siege had its origin in France during the Revolution. After being established with the Constituent Assembly's decree of July 8, 1791, it acquired its proper physiognomy as état de siège fictif or état de siège politique with the Directorial law of August 27, 1797, and, finally, with Napoleon's decree of December 24, 1811.
11. In 1980 there were some 783 million Roman Catholics, approximately 18% of the world's population. The 51 million Roman Catholics in the United States (1982) constitute 22% of that country's population. These statistics are based on baptisms, usually conferred on infants, and do not necessarily imply active participation in the church's life nor full assent to its beliefs.
12. A plebiscite is a popular vote on a proposal which includes the entire populace. Voters are asked to either reject or accept the proposal, with the outcome of the plebiscite determining the fate of the proposed measure, action, constitution, or other political proposal.
13. A large body of research in support of the reciprocal effects model of causal ordering demonstrates that prior academic self-concept predicts subsequent academic achievement beyond what can be explained in terms of prior achievement.
14. I'd have to say it's probably the first amendment. It spells out our civil liberties . Freedom of religion, freedom of the press, freedom of speech, the right to peaceful assembly, and the right to petition the government for the redress or reparation of grievances. Those rights are pretty important to us.
15. The 1957 Constitution of the Federation of Malaya is the basis of this document. It establishes Malaysia as a constitutional monarchy having the Yang di-Pertuan Agong as the Head of State whose roles are largely ceremonial.
16. The main objective of the party is 'confederation', or a state where there is genuine provincial autonomy for each of the four provinces of Pakistan (Sindh, Punjab, the North-West Frontier Province and Baluchistan).
17. The Third Amendment of the Constitution Bill, 1968 was a proposal to amend the Constitution of Ireland to alter the electoral system, with respect to the drawing of constituency boundaries.
18. 1830, 1854, and 1953--far less often than in most Latin American countries. The 1953 coup took place, moreover, only after the two parties--unable to maintain a minimum of public order-- supported military intervention. Colombia's conservative Roman Catholic Church
19. The Constitutional history of Colombia is the process of formation and evolution of the different constitutions that Colombia has had since its formation.
20. One of the largest current discussions on the matter refers to the immediate presidential reelection: that an incumbent president may be nominated for the same position in the next election.
21. The Congress of the United States has its roots in the First Continental Congress, a meeting of representatives from twelve of the thirteen British Colonies in North America, which two years later declared independence.
22. Bureaucracy is the combined organizational structure, procedures, protocols, and set of regulations in place to manage activity, usually in large organizations. As opposed to adhocracy, it is often represented by standardized procedure (rule-following) that guides the execution of most or all processes within the body.
23. In the history of the United States, the Reconstruction era has two definitions, the first in reference to the entire nation in the period 1865-1877 following the Civil War, and the second to the transformation of the Southern United States from 1863 to 1877, with the reconstruction of state and society in the former Confederacy and the addition of three amendments to the Constitution
24. On the study of political science the executive branch of government has sole authority and responsibility for the daily administration of the state bureaucracy. The division of power into separate branches of government is central to the republican idea of the separation of powers .
25. A decree is a rule of law issued by a head of state (such as the president of a republic), according to certain procedures (usually established in a constitution). It has the force of law.
26. Article 2, Section 2, of the Constitution refers to the President as “Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several states, when called into the actual service of the United States.”
27. The federal government of the United States is the central government entity established by the United States Constitution, which shares sovereignty over the United States of America with the governments of the individual U.S. states. For official purposes in U.S. courts, the government is sued as (and sues others as) the United States of America, and is referred to simply as "the Government."
28. The Presidential Designate was a Colombian elected official, chosen by the Senate to ensure the presidential line of succession. The title of Presidential Designate did not bring any official office or duties, its sole purpose was to replace the President in his absence, death, or inability to hold office.
29. The Preamble to the United States Constitution is a brief introductory statement of the fundamental purposes and guiding principles that the Constitution is meant to serve. In general terms it states, and courts have referred to it as reliable evidence of, the Founding Fathers' intentions regarding the Constitution's meaning and what they hoped it would achieve (especially as compared with the Articles of Confederation).
30. The term Minister is a Middle English phrase, stemming from the Old French word ministre , originally minister in Latin, meaning 'servant' . In some countries and territories (such as Hong Kong, the Philippines, the UK, and the US), such a person can instead be known as a secretary. The term was and is still also used in diplomacy for second level diplomats (heads of legations).
31. The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States of America, consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Congress meets in the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C.
32.There are a number of differences between Congress, the Senate and the House of Representatives, but they all function as the legislative branch of the federal government. Essentially, Congress generates potential laws in a form known as a bill . A bill may start in the House of Representatives or the Senate, but it is not usually presented to the executive branch, i.e. the president, until both houses have worked out their differences over wording and intention of the proposed law.
33. Congress has a major input into politics in America. Congress is the legislative arm of American politics whereas the president is the executive arm. The Supreme Court provides a judicial input. Congress is dominated by both the Republican and Democrat parties and pressure groups try their best to gain support in the Capitol via lobbying.
34. The United States House of Representatives, commonly referred to as the "House," is the lower house of the bicameral United States Congress, the upper house being the United States Senate. The composition and powers of the House and the Senate are established in Article One of the Constitution (which does not use the terms "upper" and "lower").
35. The U.S. Senate is the senior legislative body of the United States. Bills may originate in the U.S. Senate, and if they do so, they must be passed by the U.S. House of Representatives as well to enter law. However, so too must every House of Representatives legislative act be approved by a Senate vote .
36. U.S. House of Representatives: Each state is divided into districts according to population. Larger the population, the more districts. Every state is guaranteed at least one Representative. Each district within each state elects a Representative to the House.
37. Michele Marie Amble Bachmann (born April 6, 1956) is the United States Representative of Minnesota's 6th congressional district and member of the Republican Party. She is the third woman, and first Republican woman, to represent Minnesota in Congress.
38. The United States federal courts comprises the Judiciary Branch of government organized under the Constitution and laws of the federal government of the United States. See also United States federal judge.
39. The Ministry of Justice (the Ministry) provides a range of services on behalf of the Government and supports the Minister of Justice and Associate Minister of Justice, the Minister for Courts, the Minister for Treaty of Waitangi Negotiations, the Attorney-General and the Minister Responsible for the Law Commission.
40. Case law refers to decisions in the various court systems which set precedent for future decisions and are therefore part of the common law. The effect of a court decision depends on the level of court at which a case was decided. A decision of an appellate court is binding precedent in all lower courts in its jurisdiction. A U.S. Supreme Court decision is binding precedent in all courts dealing with any aspect of federal law.
41. The Supreme Court has two fundamental functions. On the one hand, it must interpret and expound all congressional enactments brought before it in proper cases; in this respect its role parallels that of the state courts of final resort in making the decisive interpretation of state law
42. You get nominated by the supreme court and are confirmed by a simple majority (51) vote of the Senate. Strictly speaking, the Chief Justice is elected by anyone. All Supreme Court Justices are nominated by the supreme court; no person becomes a Supreme Court Justice without a supreme court nomination. Nominees are then voted on by the Senate. If the Senate rejects a nominee, which does happen, then the president chooses another nominee.
43. The Council of State (Danish: Statsrådet ) is the privy council of Denmark. The body of advisors to the Danish sovereign, the council is a formal institution, with largely ceremonial functions. Chaired by the sovereign, the council comprises all cabinet ministers and the Crown prince or hereditary princess when he or she is of age. When unavailable, the sovereign is represented by a lord protector (Danish: Rigsforstander ).
44. The Council vice presidents were Ramiro Valdes, vice president of the Ministers' Council and Minister of Computing and Communications, and Gladys Bejarano, General Comptroller of the Republic.
45. For purposes of the federal judicial system, Congress has divided the United States into judicial districts. There is at least one district in each state, and many states are divided into more than one. Some districts are further divided into divisions, and some districts and some divisions have more than one place where the federal district court holds trials.
46. In common law systems, a superior court is a court of general competence which typically has unlimited jurisdiction with regard to civil and criminal legal cases. A superior court is "superior" relative to a court with limited jurisdiction (see lower court), which is restricted to civil cases involving monetary amounts with a specific limit, or criminal cases involving offenses of a less serious nature. A superior court may hear appeals from lower courts (see court of appeal).
47. I am awaiting clarification from the Clerk's office at the United States Supreme Court as to whether my stay application has now been accepted in lieu of a more formal full petition for certiorari (and/or mandamus or prohibition). Such a transformation is a rare and significant emergency procedure. It was used in Bush v. Gore, a case I have relied on in my brief.
48. An administrative court is a court specializing in administrative law , particularly disputes concerning the exercise of public power . Their role is to ascertain that official acts are consistent with the law. Such courts are found in some European countries with civil law and are considered separate from general courts.