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Critical reading and writing
Critical reading and writing
Critical reading and writing
Critical reading and writing
Critical reading and writing
Critical reading and writing
Critical reading and writing
Critical reading and writing
Critical reading and writing
Critical reading and writing
Critical reading and writing
Critical reading and writing
Critical reading and writing
Critical reading and writing
Critical reading and writing
Critical reading and writing
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Critical reading and writing

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Transcript

  • 1. Critical Reading and Writing
  • 2. The Importance of Critical Reading
    • Critical writing depends on critical reading. Most of the papers you write will involve reflection on written texts - the thinking and research that has already been done on your subject.
    • Making judgments and interpretations of the texts you read is the first step toward formulating your own approach .
  • 3. Critical Readin g: What is It?
    • To read critically is to make judgments about how a text is argued.
    • This is a highly reflective skill requiring you to "stand back" from the text you are reading.
    • You might have to read a text through once to get a basic grasp of content before you launch into an intensive critical reading.
  • 4. The Keys
    • DON’T read looking only or primarily for information.
    • DO read looking for ways of thinking about the subject matter.
  • 5. Another Key
    • When you are reading, highlighting, or taking notes, avoid extracting and compiling lists of facts, illustrations, examples, details, data.
  • 6. ASK
    • How does this text work?
  • 7. ASK
    • How is it argued?
  • 8. ASK
    • How does it reach its conclusions?
  • 9. ASK
    • How can I use it to develop my own argument?
  • 10. How Do I Read Looking for Ways of Thinking?
  • 11. Determine the central claims or purpose of the text.
    • What is the author’s thesis ?
    • Who is the author and why is he/she interested in this topic?
    • Why might the author be concerned about this matter?
  • 12. Consider the context of the work
    • When was this text written?
    • What historical events surrounding this subject matter might have influenced the writer?
    • Is the writer responding to another writer or idea?
  • 13. Distinguish the kinds of reasoning the text employs How does the writer make his/her appeal to the audience?
    • Ethos
    • Pathos
    • Logos
  • 14. Examine the kinds of evidence the text employs
    • Numbers, data?
    • Case reports?
  • 15. Evaluate the work
    • Is valid evidence provided?
    • How might the evidence be reinterpreted?
    • Is the author blind to any issues?
  • 16. Practical Tips
    • Skim the work before critically reading.
    • Highlight the arguments and patterns of thought in a work.
    • If using a portion of another work, consider context.
    • Use quotations wisely.
    • Listen critically in class.

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