Critical Reading and Writing
The Importance of Critical Reading <ul><li>Critical writing depends on critical reading. Most of the papers you write will...
Critical Readin g:  What is It? <ul><li>To read critically is to make  judgments  about how a text is argued.  </li></ul><...
The Keys <ul><li>DON’T  read looking only or primarily for information. </li></ul><ul><li>DO  read looking for ways of thi...
Another Key <ul><li>When you are reading, highlighting, or taking notes,  avoid  extracting and compiling lists of facts, ...
ASK <ul><li>How  does this text work? </li></ul>
ASK <ul><li>How  is it argued? </li></ul>
ASK <ul><li>How  does it reach its conclusions? </li></ul>
ASK <ul><li>How  can I use it to develop my own argument? </li></ul>
How Do I Read Looking for  Ways of Thinking?
Determine the  central claims  or purpose of the text. <ul><li>What is the author’s  thesis ? </li></ul><ul><li>Who  is th...
Consider the context of the work <ul><li>When  was this text written? </li></ul><ul><li>What  historical events  surroundi...
Distinguish the kinds of reasoning the text employs  How does the writer make his/her  appeal to the audience? <ul><li>Eth...
Examine the kinds of evidence the text employs   <ul><li>Numbers, data?  </li></ul><ul><li>Case reports? </li></ul>
Evaluate the work <ul><li>Is valid  evidence  provided? </li></ul><ul><li>How might the evidence be reinterpreted? </li></...
Practical Tips <ul><li>Skim the work before critically reading. </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight the arguments and patterns of ...
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Critical reading and writing

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Critical reading and writing

  1. 1. Critical Reading and Writing
  2. 2. The Importance of Critical Reading <ul><li>Critical writing depends on critical reading. Most of the papers you write will involve reflection on written texts - the thinking and research that has already been done on your subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Making judgments and interpretations of the texts you read is the first step toward formulating your own approach . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Critical Readin g: What is It? <ul><li>To read critically is to make judgments about how a text is argued. </li></ul><ul><li>This is a highly reflective skill requiring you to &quot;stand back&quot; from the text you are reading. </li></ul><ul><li>You might have to read a text through once to get a basic grasp of content before you launch into an intensive critical reading. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Keys <ul><li>DON’T read looking only or primarily for information. </li></ul><ul><li>DO read looking for ways of thinking about the subject matter. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Another Key <ul><li>When you are reading, highlighting, or taking notes, avoid extracting and compiling lists of facts, illustrations, examples, details, data. </li></ul>
  6. 6. ASK <ul><li>How does this text work? </li></ul>
  7. 7. ASK <ul><li>How is it argued? </li></ul>
  8. 8. ASK <ul><li>How does it reach its conclusions? </li></ul>
  9. 9. ASK <ul><li>How can I use it to develop my own argument? </li></ul>
  10. 10. How Do I Read Looking for Ways of Thinking?
  11. 11. Determine the central claims or purpose of the text. <ul><li>What is the author’s thesis ? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the author and why is he/she interested in this topic? </li></ul><ul><li>Why might the author be concerned about this matter? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Consider the context of the work <ul><li>When was this text written? </li></ul><ul><li>What historical events surrounding this subject matter might have influenced the writer? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the writer responding to another writer or idea? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Distinguish the kinds of reasoning the text employs How does the writer make his/her appeal to the audience? <ul><li>Ethos </li></ul><ul><li>Pathos </li></ul><ul><li>Logos </li></ul>
  14. 14. Examine the kinds of evidence the text employs <ul><li>Numbers, data? </li></ul><ul><li>Case reports? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Evaluate the work <ul><li>Is valid evidence provided? </li></ul><ul><li>How might the evidence be reinterpreted? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the author blind to any issues? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Practical Tips <ul><li>Skim the work before critically reading. </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight the arguments and patterns of thought in a work. </li></ul><ul><li>If using a portion of another work, consider context. </li></ul><ul><li>Use quotations wisely. </li></ul><ul><li>Listen critically in class. </li></ul>
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