Critical reading and writing
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Transcript

  • 1. Critical Reading and Writing
  • 2. The Importance of Critical Reading
    • Critical writing depends on critical reading. Most of the papers you write will involve reflection on written texts - the thinking and research that has already been done on your subject.
    • Making judgments and interpretations of the texts you read is the first step toward formulating your own approach .
  • 3. Critical Readin g: What is It?
    • To read critically is to make judgments about how a text is argued.
    • This is a highly reflective skill requiring you to "stand back" from the text you are reading.
    • You might have to read a text through once to get a basic grasp of content before you launch into an intensive critical reading.
  • 4. The Keys
    • DON’T read looking only or primarily for information.
    • DO read looking for ways of thinking about the subject matter.
  • 5. Another Key
    • When you are reading, highlighting, or taking notes, avoid extracting and compiling lists of facts, illustrations, examples, details, data.
  • 6. ASK
    • How does this text work?
  • 7. ASK
    • How is it argued?
  • 8. ASK
    • How does it reach its conclusions?
  • 9. ASK
    • How can I use it to develop my own argument?
  • 10. How Do I Read Looking for Ways of Thinking?
  • 11. Determine the central claims or purpose of the text.
    • What is the author’s thesis ?
    • Who is the author and why is he/she interested in this topic?
    • Why might the author be concerned about this matter?
  • 12. Consider the context of the work
    • When was this text written?
    • What historical events surrounding this subject matter might have influenced the writer?
    • Is the writer responding to another writer or idea?
  • 13. Distinguish the kinds of reasoning the text employs How does the writer make his/her appeal to the audience?
    • Ethos
    • Pathos
    • Logos
  • 14. Examine the kinds of evidence the text employs
    • Numbers, data?
    • Case reports?
  • 15. Evaluate the work
    • Is valid evidence provided?
    • How might the evidence be reinterpreted?
    • Is the author blind to any issues?
  • 16. Practical Tips
    • Skim the work before critically reading.
    • Highlight the arguments and patterns of thought in a work.
    • If using a portion of another work, consider context.
    • Use quotations wisely.
    • Listen critically in class.