Meaning of islam

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Meaning of islam

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Meaning of islam

  1. 1. Meaning of Islam By: Center for peace
  2. 2. Meaning of Islam • Word Islam derived from Arabic root “SLM” which means Salam • Literal meaning is peace • Inner peace:-peace with oneself • Outer peace:- peace with your surroundings • Islamic context- peaceful submission to will of God and obedience to his laws. • Judaism takes the name from the tribe of Judah • Christians take the name from Jesus Christ • Islam derives its name from the message of Islam rather than the person Muhammad
  3. 3. Continued • Should not call Muhammadans • Islam is not founded by Muhammad • Restored by Muhammad in the last stage of religious evolution • Original founder of Islam is God himself • Islam started from the prophet Adam • It existed in the beginning and will continue to exist till the end of time
  4. 4. Continued • Everything in this world, every phenomenon other than human being follow Gods laws e.g. Sun, moon, stars, animals • Human being was invited to submit to the will of God and his beneficial laws • Human being was given intellect and choice • Human being chooses to submit to God laws result –peace and harmony between each and others • Human being chooses disobedience to God laws result displeasure and punishment
  5. 5. Continued • All prophets are chosen by God are Muslim accept all prophets without discrimination • Jesus, Ibrahim, Moses and all other prophets mentioned in the Quran are Muslim • All people follow a true scripture and true Gods law from true prophets are muslim.
  6. 6. The Fundamentals articles of faith in Islam By: Center for peace
  7. 7. Fundamentals Articles of Faith • Belief in God • Allah is Arabic word for one God • God of all creations creator and sustainer • Quran declares Allah is the same God who spoke to Jews and Christians • Coptic Christians Bible- Has Arabic word God Allah • All Christians and Jews who speak Arabic use Allah as the word for God
  8. 8. Continued • No confusion about God in Islam For example God is God and man is man • Islam Rejects doctrine of Trinity, incarnation of Human Being in form of Jesus as a God • God is supreme, eternal, no ending and beginning in time, infinite, absolute power merciful ,compassionate ,Mighty, creator of universe,provider and sustainer.
  9. 9. Belief in Angels • Created from Light • Change into any form this world • Does not have any gender • Do not produce • No free will exist to serve Allah and execute its order • Totally submissive to God • Most honored worshipper among the creation of Allah
  10. 10. Continued • Different angels Jibrial(Gabriel) communicate the command of Allah to prophets and messenger( chief of angel) Mikaeel is controller of wind and cloud Inflict the wrath of Allah violent strong flood and Earthquake Israeel (angel of death) takes out soul at the time of death
  11. 11. Continued Israfeel ( blow trumpet of day of judgment) Munkir and Nakeer –interrogation of deceased person Angel of hell- (Maalik-chief) responsible for supervising punishment and gate keeper Angel of paradise- Ridwan (chief)
  12. 12. Jin • Creation of God • Jin can see human but human can not see them • Made of smokeless flame • Can morph into any shape [e.g. cat, dog, and snake] • Animal can see them • Share with humans this universe • Drink, eat, and live in house like human being
  13. 13. Continued • There are good Jins and bad Jins • Majority of them working for satan • Causing destruction to humanity • Like human beings • Have intellect; and ability to choose good and evil • They reproduce, die, and will be resurrected
  14. 14. Continued • Received the revelation from Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) • Performed worship • Existed before the creation of Adam • Father of Jin, called Azaazee • Azaazee used to be the most honorable Jin in heaven • Refused to prostrate to Adam and became Satan
  15. 15. Continued • Cast down to Earth with majority of his offspring called, devils • To misguide Humankind from righteous path • They live on earth ruins, contaminated places e.g. bathrooms, cemeteries, Animal yard • Have power and ability beyond the reach of humankind • Prophet Sulaiman had complete control over Jins
  16. 16. Continued • Dome of the rock in Jerusalem is handy work of the Jins • Solomon ordered Jin to bring the throne of Princess Sheba • Distance of Sheba and to Jerusalem was 1 month journey on horseback • 1 Jin offered to complete this task within a blink of an eye
  17. 17. Belief in God’s Prophet • Belief in all prophets and messengers without any discrimination • Every nation had Prophet and or Messenger • To guide them in the righteous path and deliver a divine message • Believe all twenty-five prophets mention in the Qur’an • All prophet came to their nations and tribes except Prophet Muhammad who came to the whole Mankind
  18. 18. Continued • All Prophet have the same message oneness of God worship him and do not associate him with false gods • Prophet Muhammad was the final messenger not the founder of Islam • Came to restore the Islam in original form through its original scripture Qur’an iAll Prophets and messenger are mortal • n the final form of religion of God [Islam]
  19. 19. Belief in Revealed Books • Belief in all scriptures and revelation of God • Must be in its original form • Qur’an does not accept if teaching is contradictory • Qur’an is a true scripture revealed 1430 years ago it is still in its original form • God said in Quran I will protect this book from corruption from all mankind
  20. 20. Continued • Qur’an standard or criterion to judge all other scriptures • Quran is the word of God revealed to prophet Muhammad through angel Gabriel • Revealed piece by piece on various occasions for various situation • To solve certain problems ,settles certain disputes, answer certain questions, • To guide mankind to the right path
  21. 21. Continued • Every word in Quran is the word of God • Evert sound in it is echo of Gods voice • Quran Is first and last and most authentic source of Islam • Revealed in Arabic • Will remain in its original and complete Arabic version • Quran is the only scripture in human history that has been preserved in its complete and original form without slightest change in style or even puncation
  22. 22. Continued • Qur’an is the word of God • Tradition Of Muhammad [hadith] • A practical interpretations of the Qur’an • Prophet Muhammad’s interpretations and practices produced which is known as Sunnah • Second Source of Islam Sunnah • Must be parallel to the teachings of Qur’an *1st source]
  23. 23. Continued • If there are any contradictions with Qur’an and Hadith must adhere to the Qur’an • Most authenticate tradition of Muhammad never disagree with Quran
  24. 24. Day of Judgment • Belief in final day called the day of judgment • Will be resurrected • Resurrection- • Belief in resurrection which is Allah will bring to life , all those who have died • “And the trumpet shall be blown, and all who are in the heavens and who are in the earth shall fall down fainting, except those that Allah shall spare.(39:68)
  25. 25. Continued • “ People will arise from their graves answering the call of the lord of the universe. They will be barefooted ,naked and uncircumcised: “As we started the first creation so we shall bring it back again. This is a promise from Us, so We shall assuredly fulfill it “ (21:104) • Record and scales- • “As for him who is given his book in his right hand, he shall surely receive an easy reckoning and he will return to his family rejoicing .But as for him who is given his book behind his back ,he shall call fro destruction on himself and will burn in a blazing fire. (84:7-12)
  26. 26. Continued • “ Whoever has done an atom’s weight of good shall see it” . (99:7-8) • “Those whose scales are heavy , they are the successful; but those whose scales are light ,they are the ones who have lost their souls in hell dwelling forever. The fire will burn their faces, and there they will be gloomy with lips displaced”. (23: 102-4)
  27. 27. Continued • Day of judgment is the final relieving answer to many complicated problems • Committing sins, neglecting God, indulging in immoral activities Superficially successful in business, prosperous in life But not reward in Hereafter • Virtuous and God minded people receiving few rewards and more suffering in this world • Will be rewarded enormously in hereafter
  28. 28. The Day of Judgment • True Justice • In Islam, no one will go free; responsible will be accountable for their transgression in court of God • All are given proper sentences
  29. 29. Continued • God, Almighty, tells us: • “And the Book (one’s Record) will be placed (in the right hand for a believer in the Oneness of God, and in the left hand for a disbeliever in the Oneness of God), and you will see the criminal sinners, fearful of that which is (recorded) therein. They will say: “Woe to us! What sort of Book is this that leaves neither a small thing nor a big thing, but has recorded it with numbers!” And they will find all that they did placed before them, and your Lord treats no one with injustice.” (Quran 18:49)
  30. 30. Continued • The prophet said “The rights will be returned to proper individuals in the day of judgment, even to the detail of the just retribution of broken horned sheep from two horn sheep who had hit it.”
  31. 31. Journey to Afterlife • Death is, but a phase in a series of phases • It is the beginning one’s journey to the afterlife • Death occurs when ones soul leaves the body • God tells us “And the pangs of death will come in truth: “This is what you have been avoiding!” (Quran 50:19)
  32. 32. Continued • When the soul leaves the body it can be followed visually by that person • The soul will begin its journey to the heavens for the believer • Gates of heaven will be opened till it reaches the seven heavens
  33. 33. Continued • whereby God says: • “Thereof (the earth) We created you, and into it We shall return you, and from it We shall bring you out once again.” (Quran 20:55) • Then the soul will be returned to the body • For a non-believer permission will be denied to enter into the gates of lowest heaven • Will be cast back to earth
  34. 34. Continued • God, Almighty, tells us: • “Verily, those who belie Our Signs and treat them with arrogance, for them the gates of heaven will not be opened, and they will not enter Paradise until the camel goes through the eye of the needle. Thus do We recompense the criminal sinners.” (Quran 7:40)
  35. 35. Continued • This soul will remain in continuous punishment in the grave till the day of judgment
  36. 36. The Day of Resurrection • nearing the end of time the trumpet will be blown • Creation will cease to exist [destroyed] • God, Almighty, says: • “And the Trumpet will be blown, and all who are in the heavens and all who are on the earth will swoon away, except him whom God wills.” (Quran 39:68)
  37. 37. Continued • The trumpet will be blown a second time • All the creation will be resurrected from the beginning of time • God, the Exalted, tells us: • “And the Trumpet will be blown (i.e. the second blowing) and behold! From the graves they will come out quickly to their Lord.” (Quran 36:51)
  38. 38. Continued • People will be standing naked barefooted and uncircumcised • Aisha said “Will men and women be looking at each other if they are naked?” • The Prophet, may God praise him, said: • “The situation they are in is so grim that they would have no time for this!” (Saheeh Muslim) • “As We began the first creation, We shall repeat it.” (Quran 21:104) • The first human being to be dressed on the Day of Judgment will be Prophet Ibrahim
  39. 39. Continued • The first human being to be dressed on the Day of Judgment will be Prophet Ibrahim • At the day of resurrection the sun will be very close to the earth. • Al-Miqdad b. al-Aswad, one of the Companions, said: ‘I heard the Messenger of God saying: • “The sun will be a distance of a mile from the creation on the Day of Resurrection. People will sink in their perspiration according to their deeds. Some would sink in their perspiration till their ankles, while others would sink in it to their thighs and waists; yet others, would sink in it till their mouths!”‘ (Saheeh Muslim)
  40. 40. Continued • They day if resurrection will be 50,000 year long • God describes to us of the horror of that day • “On the Day you see it every nursing mother will be distracted from that [child] she was nursing, and every pregnant woman will abort her pregnancy, and you will see the people [appearing] intoxicated while they are not intoxicated; but the punishment of Allah is severe.” (Quran 22:2)
  41. 41. Continued • True believers will be severely worried that day • God says: • “And they who give what they give while their hearts are fearful because they will be returning to their Lord.” (Quran 23:60)
  42. 42. Continued • Aishah, may God be pleased with her, said: “Are they those who drink liquor, and steal?” • The Prophet answered: • “No, Aishah, they are the ones who fast, pray and give out in charity, but are fearful that their deeds would not be accepted from them.” (Saheeh Muslim)
  43. 43. Intercession [request] • At the day of Judgment the mankind will panic • People will be looking for someone to intercede to the horror and fear of the day of judgment • They will go to the father of mankind Prophet Adam ask him to intercede with our lord so he can relieve this place of ours.
  44. 44. Continued • He would reply he is not fit for this because he would remember his sin and be ashamed of it. • He will tell them to go to Noah • Noah would reply he is not fit for this he would send them to Prophet Ibrahim • Prophet Ibrahim would reply he is not fit for this got to Prophet Moses
  45. 45. Continued • Moses will reply I am not fit for this because he killed a person by accident he will send them to Jesus • Jesus will reply I am not fit for this got to Muhammad the Slave of God • Muhammad will fall into prostration in front of God and God will give him permission to ask and Muhammad PBUH will intercede for his people and it will be accepted.
  46. 46. Continued • After the agonizing wait and the Prophet’s intercession, people’s records of deeds will be handed out. God says: • “Then as for he who is given his record in his right hand, he will be judged with an easy account and return to his people in happiness. But as for he who is given his record behind his back, he will cry out for destruction and [enter to+ burn in a Blaze.” (Quran 84:7-12)
  47. 47. Continued • This is further clarified by God in the following verses: • “So as for he who is given his record in his right hand, he will say, ‘Here, read my record! Indeed, I was certain that I would be meeting my account.’ So he will be in a pleasant life – In an elevated Garden, its [fruit] to be picked hanging near. [They will be told+, ‘Eat and drink in satisfaction for what you put forth in the days past.’ But as for he who is given his record in his left hand, he will say, ‘Oh, I wish I had not been given my record And had not known what is my account. I wish it [i.e., my death] had been the decisive one. My wealth has not availed me. Gone from me is my authority.’ *God will say+, ‘Seize him and shackle him. Then into Hellfire drive him. Then into a chain whose length is seventy cubits insert him.’ Indeed, he did not used to believe in God, the Most Great, nor did he encourage the feeding of the poor. So there is not for him here this Day any devoted friend. Nor any food except from the discharge of wounds; none will eat it except the sinners.” (Quran 69:19-37)
  48. 48. Scale of Justice • Everyone’s deeds will be weighed in actual scale and if the good outweighs the evil, they will be successful but if the opposite happens they will be among the losers. • God says: “And We place the scales of justice for the Day of Resurrection, so no soul will be treated unjustly at all. And if there is [even] the weight of a mustard seed, We will bring it forth. And sufficient are We as accountant.”
  49. 49. Major signs of Judgment • No one knows when is the day of judgment. • God has taught his messenger some of the signs to alert for the coming of the day judgment. • These signs can be divided into major sings and minor signs • Minor signs occur in our daily lives such as: • “From among the signs of the hour is the common appearance of lewd acts , working to bring about led acts, the cutting off the ties of relationship and the rusting of deceivers.” • “From among the signs of the hour is the abundance of wealth, increasing of ignorance, numerous tribulations and widespread trading and business.”
  50. 50. Continued • Prophet said, “last hour will not come until you see 10 major signs.” 1. Smoke 2. Dajjaal 3. Beast 4. Descent of Jesus 5. Gog and Magog 6. 3 landslides (East, west, and Arabia) 7. Fire wood burn from Yemen and drive people to the place of their assembly.
  51. 51. Continued • The major signs are divided into 2 categories • First set of signs will occur on earth. • No change in the Nature of the earth. • No distinction between believer and disbeliever • No resurrection , No End of creation • Dajjaal, return of Jesus, Gog and Magog and Landslides. • Door for forgiveness still open, repentance accepted by God.
  52. 52. Continued • Second Category - Appearance of Beast - Smoke - Rising of Sun from west • These signs will indicate the end of creation and occurrence of resurrection • Door for forgiveness will be closed and repentance to God will not be accepted.
  53. 53. Continued • Prophet said, “ Hasten to do a good deed before 6 things happen. The rising of the sun from west the smoke the Dajjaal , the Beast and (The Death) of one of you or great turmoil.” • For those who did not observe the major signs of hour death will be their major sing.
  54. 54. Continued • The false Messiah (Al Dajjaal Anti Christ) all the previous prophets warned their people about the coming of Dajjaal The prophet said, “There has never been a prophet who has not warned the Nation of that one-eyed liar (the Dajjaal).” (Saheeh Al-Bukhari According to authentic prophet saying he used to seek refuge in God during his prayer from Dajjaal.
  55. 55. Continued - A True believer should not be deceived by Dajjaal - Prophet has given a clear descriptions of him he is a Human being - Emphasized the importance of knowledge of Dajjaal in Islam - If someone is unaware of how the prophet described the Dajjaal may fall for some of the tricks and deceptions of Dajjaal
  56. 56. Physical descriptions of Dajjaal Prophet Muhammad said, “God is not one-eyed and behold that Dajjaal is blind in the right eye and his eye would be like a floating grape” Prophet Muhammad said, “There would be written three (Arabic) letters: Kaaf ,Faa and Raa These three letters in this order form the basis for Arabic word “Kaafir” which means disbeliever, between the eyes of the Dajjaal.” - Every Muslim would be able to read those letters
  57. 57. Continued • Prophet also described some of Dajjaal tricks “The Dajjaal would have with him water and fire and his fire would have the effect of cold water and his water would have the effect of fire, so don’t put yourself to ruin.” • Prophet said ,”Among you who desire to drink water from the river should drink out of the river which is fire.”
  58. 58. Continued • Prophet Muhammad gave a detailed account of Dajjaal ,“He would come but would not be allowed to enter the mountain passes to Medina. So he will come to stop at some tracts of land (which contain high concentrations of salt and wherein seepage occurs causing them to be barren) adjacent to the city of Medina, and a person who would come out (to where the Dajjaal is) and say to him, ‘I bear testimony to the fact that you are the Dajjaal about whom God’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) had informed us.’ The Dajjaal would then say (to his followers), ‘What would be your opinion if I were to kill this (person) and then bring him back to life, even then would you harbor some doubt in this matter?’ They would respond, ‘No.’ He would then kill (the man) and then bring him back to life. When he would bring that person back to life, he would say, ‘By God, I had no better proof of the fact (that you are a Dajjaal) than at the present time.’ The Dajjaal would then make an attempt to kill him (again) but he would not be able to do so.”
  59. 59. Continued • The story of Dajjaal indicates that worldly wealth and achievement does not determine a persons worth and true value. • If a person could possess all that the world contains would not have true faith in his heart worth nothing • The following Prophets saying indicates a test for the faith of believers, • Mugheerah ibn Shu’ba stated: No one asked God’s Messenger, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him, more about the Dajjaal than I. He said (to me), “He should not be a source of worry to you for he would not be able to do any harm to you.” I said, “God’s Messenger, it is alleged that he would have along with him (abundance of) food and water.” Thereupon he said, “He (the Dajjaal) and his ability to misguide the believers with what God has allowed to be created by his (the Dajjaal) hands (i.e., the large quantities of food and water with him) would be insignificant in comparison to God’s ability to make these events a source for increasing the faith of the believers.”
  60. 60. Continued • Prophet Muhammad mentioned in his Hadeeth (Saying), “There will be no land which the Dajjaal would not pass through except for Mecca and Medina, and there would no passage out of the passages leading to them which would not be guarded by angels arranged in rows. Then he (the Dajjaal) would appear in some tracts of land (which contain high concentrations of salt and wherein seepage occurs causing them to be barren) adjacent to the city of Medina and it (Medina) would shake violently such that every unbeliever and hypocrite would exit from it and move towards him (the Dajjaal).”
  61. 61. Continued • Prophet also described the followers of Dajjaal as he said, “The Dajjaal would be followed by seventy thousand Jews of Isfahan wearing Persian shawls.” • This is a detailed version of the exploits of Dajjaal: • An-Nawwas ibn Sam’aan reported that God’s Messenger made a mention of the Dajjaal one day in the morning. He sometimes described him to be insignificant and sometimes described (his turmoil) as very significant and we felt as if he were in the cluster of the date-palm trees. When we went to him (to the Prophet) in the evening and he read (the signs of fear) in our faces, he said, “‘What is the matter with you?’ We said,
  62. 62. Continued • ‘God’s Messenger, you made a mention of the Dajjaal in the morning (sometimes describing him) to be insignificant and sometimes very important, until we began to think as if he were present in some (near) part of the cluster of the date- palm trees.’ Thereupon he said, ‘I harbor fear in regard to you in so many other things besides the Dajjaal. If he comes forth while I am among you, I shall contend with him on your behalf, but if he comes forth while I am not among you, a man must contend on his own behalf and God would take care of every Muslim on my behalf (and safeguard him against his evil). He (the Dajjaal) would be a young man with twisted, contracted hair, and a blind eye. I compare him to Abd−ul−’Uzza b. Qatan. He who among you would survive to see him should recite over him the opening verses of
  63. 63. Continued • Surah al-Kahf. He would appear on the way Between Syria and Iraq and would spread mischief right and left. O servant of God! Adhere (to the path of Truth).’ We said, ‘God’s Messenger, how long would he stay on the earth?’ He said, ‘For forty days, one day like a year and one day like a month and one day like a week and the rest of the days would be like your (normal) days.’ We said, ‘God’s Messenger, would one day’s prayer suffice for the prayers of day equal to one year?’ Thereupon he said, ‘No, but you must make an estimate of time (and then observe prayer).’
  64. 64. Continued • We said, ‘God’s Messenger, how quickly would he walk upon the earth?’ Thereupon he said, ‘Like a cloud driven by the wind. He would come to the people and invite them (to a wrong religion) and they would affirm their faith in him and respond to him. He would then give a command to the sky and there would be rainfall upon the earth and it would grow crops. Then in the evening, their posturing animals would come to them with their humps very high and their udders full of milk and their flanks stretched. He would then come to another people and invite them.
  65. 65. Continued • But they would reject him and he would go away from them and there would be drought for them and nothing would be left with them in the form of wealth. He would then walk through the waste land and say to it, ‘Bring forth your treasures,’ and the treasures would come out and collect (themselves) before him like the swarm of bees. He would then call a person brimming with youth and strike him with the sword and cut him into two pieces and (make these pieces lie at a distance which is generally) between the archer and his target. He would then call (that young man) and he will come forward laughing with his face gleaming (with happiness) and it would at this very time that God would send Christ, son of Mary…”
  66. 66. To be Continued….

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