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Conservation & Restoration Ecology (CARE) student Gerald Cousin outlines The Pipeline Energy Industry and Restoration in Alberta for a Restoration Ecology course at Lakeland College. CARE is one of ...

Conservation & Restoration Ecology (CARE) student Gerald Cousin outlines The Pipeline Energy Industry and Restoration in Alberta for a Restoration Ecology course at Lakeland College. CARE is one of four majors students can choose for an environmental sciences diploma. Cousins examines this major Alberta industry and techniques and procedures (establishing vegetation, watershed management, erosion control, wildlife management, soil management) that are used to restore lands disturbed by pipelines construction.

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Gerald Cousin's presentation : Pipeline Industry & Restoration Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The  Pipeline  Energy  Industry  and  Restora6on  in  Alberta     Gerald  Cousin   Lakeland  College   Conserva5on  and  Restora5on  Ecology  Major   Trans  Canada   These  slides  were  designed  to  accompany  an  oral  presenta5on  and  were  submi8ed  in  par5al  fulfillment  of  the   requirements  of  Restora5on  Ecology  (SC329).  This  material  was  prepared  for  a  general  audience.  
  • 2. Pipelines:  A  Major  Industry  in  Alberta   The  Canadian  Energy  Pipeline  Associa5on  (CEPA)  
  • 3. Ecosystems  Pipelines  Built  Through   •  •  •  •  •  •  Prairies     Forests   Rock  mountains   Wetlands   Unlike  mines  &  wells,  pipelines  cover  huge  areas   A  single  pipeline  may  cross  many  different   ecosystems  
  • 4. Alberta  Environmental  Sustainable  Resource   Development  Environmental  Considera6ons   Land  and  water  contamina5on   Loss  and  Fragmenta5on  of  wildlife   Loss  of  natural  vegeta5on     Increased  invasive  weed  disturbance   Soil  contamina5on  and  erosion   Soil  compac5on   Reduced  land  capability  and  produc5vity  in   agriculture  and  forestry   •  Stream  sedimenta5on   •  Impairment  of  fish  habitat     •  •  •  •  •  •  • 
  • 5. Construction   1)  Staking  and  clearing  “Right  of  Way”   Environmental   impacts:   •  Vegeta6on  loss   •  Increased  weeds   •  Soil  erosion   •  Soil  compac6on   •  Reduced  land   capability         Working  Class  Heroes  
  • 6. 2)  Ditching  the  Trench   Environmental  impacts:   •  Soil  erosion   •  Soil  compac6on   •  Reduced  land  capability   •  Stream  sedimenta6on   •  Impaired  fish  habitat   CEPA  
  • 7. 3)  Installa6on  of  pipe  (Bellow/Above  Ground)   Enbridge  Energy   Environmental  impacts:   •  •  •  •  •  •  •  Land  and  water  contamina6on   Loss  and  Fragmenta6on  of  wildlife   Loss  of  natural  vegeta6on   Increased  invasive  weed  disturbance   Soil  contamina6on  and  erosion   Soil  compac6on   Reduced  land  capability  and  produc6vity  in  agriculture  and   forestry  
  • 8. 4)  Comple6on   Environmental  impacts:   •  Loss  and  fragmenta6on  of   wildlife   •  Loss  of  na6ve  vegeta6on   •  Increased  invasive  weeds   •  Soil  contamina6on  and   erosion   •  Soil  compac6on   •  Reduced  land  capability   and  produc6vity  in   agriculture  and  forestry   Trans  Canada  
  • 9. Restora6on  Procedures   Plains  Midstream   Erosion  &  Ground  Control:  Logs  in  the  area  spread  across  right  of  way.  
  • 10. Plains  Midstream   Establishing  Vegeta6on:  Collec6ng  na6ve  seeds  from  tress  and  shrubs.  
  • 11. Plains  Midstream   Establishing  Vegeta6on:  Germina6ng  Seedlings  in  controlled  area  from  a   collec6on  of  na6ve  seeds.  
  • 12. Plains  Midstream   Establishing  Vegeta6on:  Plan6ng  of  germinated  seed  plugs  in  pipeline  right   of  way.  
  • 13. Kinder  Morgan   Watershed  Management:  Pipeline  stream  crossing  Stream  bank  restora6on.    
  • 14. Kinder  Morgan   Wildlife  Management:  Installa6on  of  “soW  plugs”  helps  animals  cross   construc6on  area.  
  • 15. Plains  Midstream   Soil  Management:  Topsoil  is  replaced.  
  • 16. Kinder  Morgan  Pipeline   Kinder  Morgan   Below-­‐ground  pipeline:  rocks  on  banks  direct  water  flow  away  from  pipeline.  
  • 17. Kinder  Morgan   Wildlife  Management:  Reloca6ng  Columbian  Ground  Squirrel,   Jasper  Na6onal  Park,  Alberta.  
  • 18. Kinder  Morgan   Stream  flow  direc6on  restora6on  aWer  construc6on.  
  • 19. Trans  Mountain  Anchor  Loop  Pipeline   Trans  Mountain   Germinated  na6ve  seed  plugs  to  be  planted  on  pipeline  right  of  way.    
  • 20. Trans  Mountain   Re-­‐establishing  na6ve  trees  and  shrubs.    
  • 21. Trans  Mountain   Jasper  Na6on  Park  &  Mount  Robson  Na6onal  Park:  plan6ng  of  na6ve  shrubs  along   TransCanada  pipeline.  
  • 22. Trans  Mountain   Spray  plan6ng  seeds  along  right  of  way  bank  in  Jasper  Na6onal  Park.  
  • 23. Enbridge  Athabasca   Gerald  Cousin   Enbridge  Pipeline  crossing  wetland  using  float  system.  
  • 24. Results   Lakeland  College   Aerial  Photo:  April/16/1977  
  • 25. Lakeland  College   Aerial  Photo:  April/24/1986  
  • 26. Lakeland  College   Aerial  Photo:  August/31/1995  
  • 27. Challenges  with  Pipeline  Restora6on   •  •  •  •  •  •  Ecosystem  regenera5on   Soil  reclama5on   Soil  contaminated   Seedling  emergence   Watershed  runoff   All  due  to  altera5on  of  environment  during   construc5on  
  • 28. •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  •  References   Alberta  Environmental  Sustainable  Resource  Development.  2012.  [online].   h8p://environment.alberta.ca/index.htmll  [accessed  November  16  2013].   Cepa  Pipeline  Construc5on.  2000.  [online].   h8p://www.cepa.com/about-­‐pipelines/pipeline-­‐design-­‐construc5on/pipeline-­‐construc5on  [accessed   November  17  2013].   Enbridge  Energy.  2012.  [online].  h8p://www.enbridge.com/  [accessed  November  25  2013].   Government  of  Alberta.  2012.  [online].h8ps://www.albertacanada.com/business/sta5s5cs/inventory-­‐of-­‐ major-­‐projects.aspx  [accessed  November  15  2013].   Kinder  Morgan  Pipeline.  2009.  [online].  h8p://www.kindermorgan.com/business/canada/data/2/rec_docs/ newsle8er_fraser_valley_  trans  [accessed  November  10  2013].   Kinder  Morgan  Pipeline  2009.  [online].   h8p://www.kindermorgan.com/business/canada/data/2/rec_docs/newsle8er_fraser_valley_Dec2011.pdf   [accessed  November  10  2013].   Northern  Gateway  Pipeline.  1999.  [online].h8ps://www.northerngateway.ca/  [accessed  November  23   2013].   Plains  Midstream.  2013.  [online].  h8p://www.plainsmidstream.com/  [accessed  November  13  2013].   Sycrude  Canada.  2013.  [online].  h8p://www.syncrude.ca/users/folder.asp  [accessed  November  24  2013].   Trans  Canada.  1998.  [online].  h8p://www.transcanada.com/splash/  [accessed  November  22  2013].   Trans  Mountain.  2000.  [online].  h8p://www.transmountain.com/reclama5on  9acessed  November  5  2013].   Working  Class  Heroes.  1999.  Pipeline  Construc5on.  [online].  h8p://www.workingclassheroes.me/?p=991   [accessed  November  15  2013].