Freshwater Wetlands
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Freshwater Wetlands

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Biology Capstone

Biology Capstone

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Freshwater Wetlands Freshwater Wetlands Presentation Transcript

  • Freshwater Wetland By: Lauren King and Kathryn Jones
  • Freshwater Wetland
    • Definition: Freshwater wetlands are areas filled with surface or ground water such as ponds, swamps, bogs, and marshes.
    • Ex. Florida Everglades
  • Precipitation
  • Temperatures
  • Biotic Factors
    • Archaebacteria: Methanothermus, Methanolinea, Methanococcus
    • Eubacteria: escherichia coli, clostridium tetani, bacillus pneumoniae
    • Fungi: oomycetes, mushroom gills, stink horns
    • Protista: plankton, zooplankton, shrimp
    • Animalia: alligator, bald Eagle, beaver, Bobcat, Crayfish
    • Plantae: lillypad, mangrove, bald cypress, swamp blackgum
  • Abiotic Factors
    • Elevation: 207-302 feet
    • Topography: Found in valleys or other low areas and has a high water table in early winter and spring. Wetlands can form in sinkholes or after volcanic eruptions.
    • Wind Speed: 7-12 mph
    • Soil: Very moist and almost to wet to use but provides a high plant and animal population.
  • Food Chain Zooplankton Shrimp Water Strider Frog Great Egret Toad Snapping Turtle Snails Trout River Otter Red Wolf Raccoon Crayfish Alligator
  • Water Cycle
  • Water Cycle
    • In the water cycle the water is either evaporated from the Florida Everglades or transpired from the rushes. After it is evaporated and transpired the water changes into water vapor and turns into clouds. When the clouds are fully formed the water vapor comes down and that is called precipitation, or rain. Then the runoff comes off of the land and flows into ponds and lakes. Root uptake is when the plants take in the water from the ground through their roots. This process repeatedly takes place and the water keeps cycling through.
  • Carbon Cycle
  • Carbon Cycle
    • In the carbon cycle, photosynthesis, respiration, and decomposition take up and release carbon and oxygen from the swamp blackgum. Then erosion and volcanic activity release carbon dioxide to the atmosphere and marshes and lakes. Next the burial and decomposition of dead matter and their conversion under pressure into coal and petroleum store carbon underground. And finally human activities release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
  • Nitrogen Cycle
  • Nitrogen Cycle
    • Nitrogen makes up 78% of the worlds atmosphere. Ammonia, and nitrate ions are two substances containing nitrogen. It is also found in many dead and decaying organic matter. When nitrogen gas in converted into ammonia that is called nitrogen fixation. When nitrates are converted into nitrogen gas that process is called denitrification.
  • Phosphorus Cycle
  • Phosphorus Cycle
    • This cycle helps from DNA and RNA. Phosphorus is very important but not very common. Phosphorus is found in rock, soil, and ocean sediments. In the phosphorus cycle phosphorus cycles between organisms, land, and oceans.
  • Symbiosis Relationships
    • Mutualism: Small fish clean the mouths of larger fish by eating what they clean. In this situation both the small fish and large fish benefit.
    • Commensalism: Small fish hide behind pond weeds to protect themselves from larger fish. The small fish benefit because the weeds are protecting them but this is not harming or helping the weeds.
    • Parasitism: A spongillafly lays eggs on sponge, when the eggs hatch they start to feed on the sponge. The spongillafly is benefiting because they have something to lay their eggs on and something to feed on, but the sponge is being harmed since the spongillafly is eating it.
  • Disaster:
    • If a freshwater wetland went through a drought then there would be a shortage of water and there would be a very low current. Many animals and plants would start to die because they would have no water to live in and a small amount of water to drink. It would not take a very long time to recover depending on how much rain they get. But once they get enough rain then the recovery would be quick.
  • Work Cited
    • &quot;California Freshwater Marsh Plants.&quot; Plant California Native Plants in Your Garden! Visit Our Native Plant Nursery for Your Garden, Attracting Butterfly and Bird. Alike. How Much More California Friendly Can Our Plants Be? Web. 15 May 2011. <http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of- california/communities/freshwater-marsh>.
    • Finnis, Lauren. &quot;Freshwater Biome | FreeMan.&quot; Redirecting... 30 Jan. 2010. Web. 15 May 2011. <http://freeman.cz.cc/blog/2010/01/freshwater- biome/>.
    • &quot;Freshwater Marsh Animal Printouts.&quot; Enchanted Learning . 2010. Web. 15 May 2011. <http://www.enchantedlearning.com/biomes/marsh/fr eshwater.shtml>.
  • Work Cited Continued…
    • &quot;Fungus.&quot; Stonehill College . Web. 15 May 2011. <http://education.stonehill.edu/fieldguide/Field_Guide/ Main/fungus.htm>.
    • Sydenham, S. & Thomas. &quot;Water Biome : Wetlands.&quot; KIDCYBER . Web. 15 May 2011. <http://www.kidcyber.com.au/topics/biomewater_wlan ds.htm>.
    • &quot;Wetland Plants.&quot; Center for Coastal Resources Management . 2010. Web. 15 May 2011. <http://www.ccrm.vims.edu/wetlands/teaching_marsh /wetland_plants/freshwater_plants.html>.
    • &quot;Wetland Vegetation.&quot; Florida Wetlands . 27 July 2009. Web. 15 May 2011. <http://wetlandextension.ifas.ufl.edu/vegetation.htm>
  • THE END