Jazz in Schools Powerpoint


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A powerpoint presentation meant to accompany our "Jazz in Schools" curriculum and performances.

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Jazz in Schools Powerpoint

  1. 1. THE LOS ANGELES JAZZ SOCIETY PRESENTS A Look at America’s National TreasureDeveloped by Dr. Thom Mason, Professor of Jazz Studies at the University of Southern California Presentation created by Dessa Drake, Fifth Grade Teacher Canoga Park Elementary School
  2. 2. Guitar Bass Piano
  3. 3. Tenor Saxophone Baritone Saxophone AltoSaxophone
  4. 4. Trumpet Trombone
  5. 5. •The first greatAfrican American jazzmusician•A trumpet player andsinger•Referred to as the 1stgenius of jazz for thethings he did that arenow standard in jazz•Hit records in everydecade from the1920s until his deathin the 1970s
  6. 6. •The most famousblues singer•Called the “Empressof the Blues”•The highest paid jazzsinger in the 1920s•1st hit record“Downhearted Blues”sold over 800,000copies in 1923, savinga record companyfrom going out ofbusiness
  7. 7. •The most famous bigband composer•Composed over 1500original songs andinstrumental pieces•Many peopleconsider him themost importantcomposer ofAmerican music inthe century•Many of his bandmembers stayed withhim for over 40 years
  8. 8. •The most famousfemale jazz singer•Won a talent contestin Harlem when shewas 18•Joined Chick Webb’sband, and after hedied, she became the1st woman to lead ajazz big band madeup completely of men•Nicknamed “TheFirst Lady of Swing”
  9. 9. •The most famousModern Jazzsaxophone player•Nicknamed “Bird”•The 1st great modernjazz soloist•Played with such ahigh level of technicalskill that manythought his recordswere doctored up
  10. 10. •One of the mostfamous trumpetplayers of ModernJazz•Called the founder of“Cool Jazz”•One of the 1st jazzmusicians to blendjazz with pop andsoul music
  11. 11. Listen for:• thesaxophone•the trombone•the trumpet•the electricguitar•the piano•the drum
  12. 12. •The 1st style of jazz forinstruments•The horns in the front often“jam” solos at the same time,called “collectiveimprovisation”•After collectiveimprovisation at thebeginning, each player takesa solo, followed by anothercollective improvisation•Louis Armstrong was the 1stjazz soloist to make this styleimportant•Most of this style of jazz wascreated in New Orleans, “thebirthplace of jazz” and inChicago, “the home of theblues” during the 1920s and Jelly Roll Morton’s Red Hot Peppers1930s
  13. 13. •The 1st style of jazz forsingers•Began in the 1920s with“Race Records,” which weremeant for the blackcommunity•First blues recording was“Crazy Blues” by MamieSmith•Women were the mostfamous blues singers of the1920s, while men becamefamous in the 1930s•The main feature of thisstyle is the use of blue notes,which give the music a sad or“blue” quality•Blues solos bend notes, falls,and smears and often repeatan idea over and over
  14. 14. •Brought instruments andsingers together•The most popular music inAmerica from the 1930suntil the end of World War II•Big bands had as many as20 or more musicians inthem•Sounded more modernthan Dixieland jazz•People loved to dance tothe sound of big bands•The most famous hadsingers as well as soloists•Performed in ballrooms
  15. 15. Count Basie Cab Calloway Duke Ellington
  16. 16. •Most big bands wereeither all black or allwhite until Jewishclarinet player BennyGoodman began hiringAfrican Americans forhis big band in the mid-1930s•He did not believeanyone should have toexperience prejudice•Big bands have beenintegrated ever since
  17. 17. •BeBop, the music of the1940s, started this style•It brought jazz to thehighest technical levelpossible•Players work hard tocreate complex solos•Saxophonist CharlieParker and trumpeterDizzy Gillespie firstestablished this style,performing together inNYC in the 1940s
  18. 18. •Uses the rhythms ofCentral and SouthAmerica•Musicians play therhythms of Cuba, Brazil,and other Latin-American countries,while soloists create thetechnical and complexsolos of modern jazz•Dizzy Gillespie was oneof the 1st to perform thisstyle•Popular in Los Angeles
  19. 19. •Jazz music begins when one or more jazz musicians create original musictogether•Each member makes up his or her part at the very moment they play it•Each performer has a special role or part, while they remain aware of whatthe other members are doing•The music they create is organized around a musical form, but the notes,rhythms, melodies and harmonies are being created “on the spot”•The solo is when one musician is featured while the other musicians playback up•During the solo the musician takes several ideas and repeats them orchanges them in different ways
  20. 20. “Walking”•Playing one note for every beat of music as they “walk” around on the different notes in the chords •Listen to “Saturday Night Shuffle” with Leslie Baker “walking” to accompany the piano
  21. 21. “Patterns”•Groups of notes that are organized into rhythms that repeat •Used in Latin Jazz•Listen to “Paradox,” which begins with a pattern. Can you tell when it changes to a walking style?
  22. 22. “Jabbing”•Players lead with their right and jab with their left•Players usually solo with their right while the left hand accompanies •Listen to “Saturday Night Shuffle” with Phil Wright jabbing on the piano
  23. 23. “Blocking”•Players often play both hands together to make block chords •Often happens in Latin Jazz•Listen to the two handed block chords in “Paradox”
  24. 24. “Improvising”•Players mix right hand leads with occasional two handed block chords to create interesting solos
  25. 25. •Strum chords and pick their leads.•When accompanying another soloist, they often strumchords on each beat or make up rhythms for the soloist •When they solo, they string single ideas with a pick•Listen to Terry Evans in “I Got It Bad” and “That Ain’t Good,” showing the single string solo style
  26. 26. •Keep the time and play patterns •Listen to Jack LeCompte in “I Got It Bad” and “ThatAin’t Good,” using the basic cymbal pattern most of the time
  27. 27. •Play all their notes with three fingers•Usually the lead instrument, meaning they play the melody •They also solo on most songs•Listen to Al Aarons soloing in “I Got It Bad” and “That Ain’t Good” – listen for the repeat ideas and the movement of ideas from place to place
  28. 28. •Push the slide around to different positions to get different notes•Able to “smear” between notes by moving the slide slowly •Tone can be cool and mellow or hot and brassy•Listen to Thurman Greene soloing in “Lazy Day” – listen for the cool and mellow sound and the South American influence
  29. 29. •Press their keys; combinations of fingers pressing on keys form the different notes•Sometimes play the lead but will play a supporting role to a trumpet until the solo •Listen to Carl Randall soloing in “Stop It!” in the modern blues style
  30. 30. •Shout it out •Learn songs and then change them to their liking•Listen to Barbara Morrison singing “Back Door Blues,” a down-home blues tune•Listen for the horns playing the repeated ideas (called “riffs”) behind her