Information system in business functions unit iv


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Information system in business functions unit iv

  1. 1. Information System in Business Functions<br />
  2. 2. Internet<br />An Organization’sMIS<br />FinancialMIS<br />Businesstransactions<br />Databasesofvalidtransactions<br />Drill down reports<br />AccountingMIS<br />Transactionprocessingsystems<br />Exception reports<br />Demand reports<br />Key-indicator reports<br />MarketingMIS<br />Scheduled reports<br />Businesstransactions<br />Databasesofexternaldata<br />HumanResourcesMIS<br />Etc.<br />Extranet<br />Etc.<br />Management Information System<br />
  3. 3. Accounting Information System<br />An AIS is a subset of an organization’s MIS that provides:<br />accounting and financial information<br />other information obtained in the routine processing of accounting transactions<br />aggregated information on accounts payable, accounts receivable, payroll, and other applications.<br />
  4. 4. Accounting Information System<br />General Ledger<br />Accounts payable/ Accounts receivable<br />Cost Accounting<br />Accounting Information System<br />Accounting Information System<br />Accounting Information System<br />Accounting Information System<br />Financial Reports<br />Sales information from TPS<br />Other Accounting Functions<br />
  5. 5. Uses of Accounting Information Systems<br />Producing external reports<br />Supporting routine activities<br />Decision support<br />Planning and control<br />Implementing internal control<br />
  6. 6. Financial MIS<br />Provides financial information to all financial managers within an organization.<br />
  7. 7. Databases ofexternal data<br />Databases ofinternal data<br />FinancialDSS<br />Businesstransactions<br />Databasesof validtransactionsfor eachTPS<br />Financialapplicationsdatabases<br />Transactionprocessingsystems<br />FinancialMIS<br />Businesstransactions<br />Operationaldatabases<br />Financial statements<br />FinancialES<br />Uses and managementof funds<br />Internet orExtranet<br />Financial statisticsfor control<br />Businesstransactions<br />Customers,Suppliers<br />
  8. 8. Inputs to the Financial Information System<br />Strategic plan or corporate policies<br />Contains major financial objectives and often projects financial needs.<br />Transaction processing system (TPS)<br />Important financial information collected from almost every TPS - payroll, inventory control, order processing, accounts payable, accounts receivable, general ledger.<br />External sources<br />Annual reports and financial statements of competitors and general news items.<br />
  9. 9. Financial MIS Subsystems and Outputs<br />Financial subsystems<br />Profit/loss and cost systems<br />Auditing<br />Internal auditing<br />External auditing<br />Uses and management of funds<br />
  10. 10. Databases ofexternal data<br />Databases ofinternal data<br />ManufacturingDSS<br />Manufacturing MIS<br />Businesstransactions<br />Databasesof validtransactionsfor eachTPS<br />Manufacturingapplicationsdatabases<br />Transactionprocessingsystems<br />ManufacturingMIS<br />Businesstransactions<br />Quality control reports<br />Operational<br />databases<br />ManufacturingES<br />Process control reports<br />JIT reports<br />Internet orExtranet<br />MRP reports<br />Production schedule<br />CAD output<br />Businesstransactions<br />Customers,Suppliers<br />
  11. 11. Inputs to the Manufacturing MIS<br />Strategic plan or corporate policies.<br />The TPS:<br />Order processing<br />Inventory data<br />Receiving and inspecting data<br />Personnel data<br />Production process<br />External sources<br />
  12. 12. Manufacturing MIS Subsystems and Outputs<br />Design and engineering<br />Master production scheduling<br />Inventory control<br />Manufacturing resource planning<br />Just-in-time inventory and manufacturing<br />Process control<br />Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM)<br />Quality control and testing<br />
  13. 13. Support Activities by IT in Manufacturing<br />Scheduling plant activities<br />Optimized used of machines, personnel, tooling<br />Planning material requirement based on current and forecasted demand<br />Reallocating material rapidly<br />Inventory control in real time<br />Grouping work orders by characteristics<br />
  14. 14. Marketing MIS<br />Supports managerial activities in product development, distribution, pricing decisions, and promotional effectiveness<br />
  15. 15. Databases ofexternal data<br />Databases ofinternal data<br />ManufacturingDSS<br />Databasesof validtransactionsfor eachTPS<br />Marketingapplicationsdatabases<br />Transactionprocessingsystems<br />MarketingMIS<br />Businesstransactions<br />Sales by customer<br />Operational<br />databases<br />ManufacturingES<br />Sales by salesperson<br />Sales by product<br />Pricing report<br />Total service calls<br />Customer satisfaction<br />
  16. 16. Inputs to Marketing MIS<br />Strategic plan and corporate policies<br />The TPS<br />External sources: <br />The competition<br />The market<br />
  17. 17. Marketing MIS Subsystems and Outputs<br />Marketing research<br />Product development<br />Promotion and advertising<br />Product pricing<br />
  18. 18. Human Resource MIS<br />Concerned with all of the activities related to employees and potential employees of the organization<br />
  19. 19. Databases ofexternal data<br />Databases ofinternal data<br />ManufacturingDSS<br />Databasesof validtransactionsfor eachTPS<br />Humanresourceapplicationsdatabases<br />Transactionprocessingsystems<br />HumanResourceMIS<br />Businesstransactions<br />Benefit reports<br />Operational<br />databases<br />ManufacturingES<br />Salary surveys<br />Scheduling reports<br />Training test scores<br />Job applicant profiles<br />Needs and planningreports<br />Figure 9.12<br />
  20. 20. Inputs to the Human Resource MIS<br />Strategic plan or corporate policies<br />The TPS:<br />Payroll data<br />Order processing data<br />Personnel data<br />External sources<br />
  21. 21. Human Resource MIS Subsystems and Outputs<br />Human resource planning<br />Personnel selection and recruiting<br />Training and skills inventory<br />Scheduling and job placement<br />Wage and salary administration<br />