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Helaine W. MarshallLong Island University
I never care about reading untilI come here In my countrynothing to read but here,everywhere print, words andsigns and boo...
“Culture acts as a filter or set of lenses    through which we view and interpret           the world around us.”DeCapua, ...
Western-Style Formal Education                            • Abstract knowledge                            • Scientific rea...
Informal Ways of Learning• Revolves around immediate needs of  family and community• Grounded in observation, participatio...
Ways of Learning Continuum   Informal Ways   SLIFE     Western-style     of Learning           Formal Education
Sample Task(Luria, 1976)
Academic Tasks• Definitions    • What is a tree?• True/False    • Philadelphia is the capital of Pennsylvania.    • New Yo...
Individualism vs. Collectivism
Assumptions of North American                 Teachers and Learners   1. The goals of instruction are         a) to produc...
(Ibarra, 2001)
Two Different Learning Paradigms Aspects of                                                   North American              ...
MALP                                             SLIFE                     North American                                 ...
Crossing the Mekong
Paj Ntaub
More about MALP?• Visit:     www.malpeducation.com• Contact us:    adecapua@cnr.edu    helaine.marshall@liu.edu
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Perspectives on culture and learning marshall tesol '12

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Presentation as part of Colloquium at TESOL 2012 on Perspectives on Students with Limited or Interrupted Formal Education

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Transcript of "Perspectives on culture and learning marshall tesol '12"

  1. 1. Helaine W. MarshallLong Island University
  2. 2. I never care about reading untilI come here In my countrynothing to read but here,everywhere print, words andsigns and books and you haveto read
  3. 3. “Culture acts as a filter or set of lenses through which we view and interpret the world around us.”DeCapua, A, & Wintergerst, W. 2004. Crossing cultures in thelanguage classroom. Ann Arbor, MI: University of MichiganPress.
  4. 4. Western-Style Formal Education • Abstract knowledge • Scientific reasoning • Logical deduction • Formal school settings • Literacy as central(Anderson-Levitt, 2003; Flynn, 2007; Grigorenko, 2007; Ozmon & Carver, 2008)
  5. 5. Informal Ways of Learning• Revolves around immediate needs of family and community• Grounded in observation, participation in sociocultural practices of family and community• Has immediate relevance• Centered on orality(Faulstich Orellana, 2001; Gahunga, Gahunga, & Luseno, 2011; Paradise & Rogoff, 2009)
  6. 6. Ways of Learning Continuum Informal Ways SLIFE Western-style of Learning Formal Education
  7. 7. Sample Task(Luria, 1976)
  8. 8. Academic Tasks• Definitions • What is a tree?• True/False • Philadelphia is the capital of Pennsylvania. • New York City is the capital of New York State.
  9. 9. Individualism vs. Collectivism
  10. 10. Assumptions of North American Teachers and Learners 1. The goals of instruction are a) to produce independent learners b) to prepare the learners for their future 2. The learner brings along a) preparation for academic tasks b) an urge to compete and excel as an individual(Adapted from DeCapua & Marshall, 2011)
  11. 11. (Ibarra, 2001)
  12. 12. Two Different Learning Paradigms Aspects of North American SLIFE Learning Classrooms Immediate FutureCONDITIONS Relevance Relevance Interconnectedness Independence Shared IndividualPROCESSES Responsibility Accountability Oral Transmission Written Word Pragmatic Tasks Academic TasksACTIVITIES(Adapted from DeCapua & Marshall, 2009, 2011; Marshall, 1994,1998)
  13. 13. MALP SLIFE North American Classrooms Immediate FutureAccept SLIFE Relevance Relevanceconditions Interconnectedness IndependenceCombine SLIFE &North American Shared Individualprocesses Responsibility Accountability with Oral Transmission Written WordFocus on newactivities with Pragmatic Academicfamiliar language Tasks& content Tasks(Adapted from DeCapua & Marshall, 2009, 2010; Marshall 1994, 1998)
  14. 14. Crossing the Mekong
  15. 15. Paj Ntaub
  16. 16. More about MALP?• Visit: www.malpeducation.com• Contact us: adecapua@cnr.edu helaine.marshall@liu.edu

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