Azores, Madeira y Salvajes belong to Portugal and the Canary Islands to Spain. Cabo Verde , the southest, is an independent country.
Fuerteventura is on the Atlantic ocean, 97 km far from Africa.The coordinates are: 28° 25′ 57″ latitude N y 14° 0′ 11″ length W . 97 km
It is the eastest island of the Canary Islands. Lanzarote is 15 km far to the north and Gran Canaria is 85 km far to the southwest . Lanzarote Gran Canaria Fuerteventura
The highest mountain is the Pico de la Zarza with 807m. It’s in the Natural Park of Jandía. It has a beautiful view and you can find almost all the habitats.
Another high mountain is in the Rural Park of Betancuria: the massif of Betancuria with 742 mts and the mountain of La Atalaya with 724 mts.
The climate in the Canary Islands is regulated by the oceanic cold stream. This stream softens the climate of the Islands.
The trade winds (Alisios Winds) have a lot of humidity and crash against the highest mountains of the islands, so the air gets condensed and produces the water that nature life in the islands needs.
This island is very flat and it can´t stop the trade winds, so it hasn´t got the humidity of the other islands. It is very arid, with little vegetation and little water. It has got a half annual temperature of 20‘4º. Climate of Fuerteventura
The dominant winds are from the north or the northeast.
Some winds bring to Fuerteventura some sand from the Sahara, which arrives to the islands brought by the sirocco.
The precipitations are scarce, so Fuerteventura is the driest islands of the Canary islands .
The Salt Marsh of Jandía is one of the most important wet places of the European islands of the Macaronesian. It is protected by the Canarian, Spanish and European legislation.
Wet Ravines In the islands there are a few ravines where the water circulates. In Fuerteventura there are still some of them.
Ravine of Los Molinos : it holds water all the year, in summer months too. This place is covered by a dense salt marsh with some “tarajales” trees dispersed.
In this ravine there is the damm of Los Molinos, where there are some types of birds.
Ravine of the Madre del Agua: oasis of palms, water and reeds. .
Ravine of Las Peñitas : a small river runs all the year round.
Ravine of la Torre : It has a permanent spring of water which lets the existance of a peculiar ecosystem in Fuerteventura with groups of “tarajales”. The waters are a bit salty but let a lot of animals and plants drink and grow, contrary to the drought of the landscape.