ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIA GEO HISTORYMr. Luis Alberto Cruz Rafles 4th grade
Ancient Mesopotamia This map reveals the location of the Fertile Crescent in the ancient Biblical world. Sometime around 2500 B.C. a great migration developed upon what is known as the "Fertile Crescent," which was like a great arc of cultivable The Fertile Crescent:land that extended from the You may Persian gulf, up and around read on the web that ancient and back down to MesopotamiaMesopotamia is nicknamed "The Israel and Egypt.Fertile Crescent". It is true thatancient Mesopotamia is located inside the geographic region referred to as The Fertile Crescent.
By 1000 B.C. theknown worldreached as farwest asEurope. Themajor east-west traderoutes wereestablishedalong theFertileCrescent.Abraham, thefirst Hebrewactuallyfollowed thisroute fromancient Ur inMesopotamia,up and aroundthe FertileCrescent toHaran anddown to theland of Canaan.
Today, The Fertile Crescent includes the countries of Iraq,Syria, Lebanon, Cyprus, Jordan, Palestine, Kuwait, the Sinai Peninsula, and Northern Mesopotamia. It is a big place. The Land Between Two Rivers: Ancient Mesopotamia was located in a piece of The Fertile Crescent, in what is now southern The wordcovered Iraq. It Mesopotamia 300 an area about miles long and actually means (in Greek) “the miles about 150 land wide. between the rivers.” The two rivers referred toWhy would anyone wish to build a civilization in the the ancient by middleof the desert in what is now lower Iraq? BecauseGreeks a it was are thegreat place to live! Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers.
In Northern Mesopotamia, the land is fertile.There is seasonal rain. The rivers and streamsare fed from the hills and mountains of theregion.• In Southern Mesopotamia, the land is mostly flat and barren. Temperatures can rise over 110 degrees Fahrenheit. There is very little rainfall. Storms do blow in from the Persian Gulf, which cools things off. The area does have slight seasons. It can get quite cool at certain times of the year.• Many thousands of years ago, early settlers wandered into the land between two rivers. Natural vegetation and wildlife kept the people well fed. The rivers provided fresh drinking water, and a place to bathe. These early people settled down, invented a system
• The people who settled down and began to develop a civilization, in the land between two rivers, are known as the Sumerians.• The Sumerian civilization probably began around 5000 BCE. In the beginning, they were an agricultural community.They grew crops and stored food for times of need.
• It was the end of the Stone Age, and the beginning of the Bronze Age or the Age of Metallurgy and Writing!• The ancient Sumerians believed in education. Record keeping was very important to them. They wanted their sons to learn how to read and write.• Their written language began as pictographs, pictures of things that
CuneiformSoon, the clever ancientSumerians started to use wedge-shaped symbols for objects andideas instead of pictures.Today, we call this writtenlanguage of wedge-shaped
There were four main classes of people in ancient Sumer - the priests, the upper class, the lower class, and the slaves.
• The Tigris is about 1,850 km long, rising in the Taurus Mountains of eastern Turkey about 25 km southeast of the city of Elazigand circa 30 km from the headwaters of the Euphrates River. The river then flows for 400 km through Turkish territory, before becoming the border between Syria and Iraq. This stretch of 44 km is the only
The 2 rivers of Mesopotamia are the Tigris andthe Euphrates (Dijla and Furat, in Arabic). The Euphrates is the oneon the left (west) in maps and the Tigris is the one closer to Iran. Today, the Tigris and Euphrates join up to flow into the Persian Gulf.