PART 1TYPESOF BARSAND FOOD SERVICE Created by Z. M. Kasumova, Teacher of English Kirov College of Technology Department of Hospitality 2011
INTRODUCTION Dear friends, if you are looking for some information about bars and services they provide, but you have lack of time to read special books and search the necessary information in the Internet, or if you have no idea what sources to use, study the content of this presentation which has been created with great wish to help you to clear up the topic for a short time.
TABLE OF CONTENTS1. Introduction.2. History of the bar development.3. Definition of the term ‘the bar’.4. Definition of the term ‘the barman’.5. Classifications of bars characterized by the food offered; by the beverage offered; by the entertainment provided; by the category of customers.1. Definition of the term ‘the mini bar’.2. Conclusion.
WHY IS IT NECESSARY TO KNOWALL ASPECTS OF FOOD AND BEVERAGE SERVICEIN DIFFERENT TYPES OF BARS?The main reasons are as follows: to be able to run a hotel or resort providing different types of bars; to be able to arrange new types of bars in a hotel or resort; to monitor the work of the hotel bars as Hotel Manager; to provide proper services in the bar organizing corporate parties; to arrange Room Service in a proper way, etc.In few words, to be real specialists of the Industry of Hospitality.
THE HISTORY The first bar appeared in Great Britain about 170 years ago. It was invented by I.K. Brunel, a great British engineer, as a means of more quickly serving the sudden rush of customers from passenger trains caused by arriving at the refreshment rooms at Swindon railway station while the trains changed locomotives. It happened in 1842. The first bar to serve alcohol was installed at the Great Western Hotel constructed 9 years later (in 1851) on Paddington railway station, London. Now it is the hotel Hilton London Paddington.
WHAT IS “THE BAR” ? It is a place which serves soft and alcoholic beverages including draft and bottled beer, wine, spirits and cocktails. The term “a bar" means a specialized counter on which drinks are served. It is also the method of serving customers from a counter. The back bar is a set of shelves of glasses and bottles behind the counter. Customers are served by a barman at the raised counter. Customers sit on stools along the raised counter. Sometimes chairs and tables are also available. Food is also served in the bar. Some bars have entertainment on a stage, such as a live band, comedians, a floor show, etc. Hotel bars are called hotel lounges or long bars.
WHAT IS “THE BARMAN”? A barman /barmaid is a person who serves beverages behind a raised bar counter in a bar, pub, tavern or similar establishments. He /she is an employee. The other name of a barman is “a bartender” . A bartender may be an employee or the bar owner. In addition to beverage-serving responsibility, bartenders - take payment from customers and waiters; - supply the bar with beverages, food, glassware and necessary equipment; - act as a part of the entertainment program; - are responsible for the atmosphere of the bar.
CLASSIFICATIONS OF BARSThere is a great variety of bars.They may be classified according to different principles.To classify bars we may take into consideration the category of food and beverage assortment offered to the customers; the category of customers traditionally gathering in the bar; the type of activities and entertainment arranged in the premises. Let’s study all types of bars in details.
1. BARS CLASSIFICATIONBASED ON THE FOOD ASSORTMENT OFFERED
SNACK BAR It is a place where customers are served with any type of snacks. A snack is a type of food which is not eaten as a main mealof the day – breakfast, lunch or dinner. It is used between these mealsto reduce the hunger. The term “snack” also refers to a food item eaten between mealsto enjoy its taste. Snacks are typically designed to be portable, quick and satisfying. The assortment of snacks offered by a snack bar may be different asit is greatly based on the food traditions of the country. With growing concerns for diet, weight control and general health,it is recommended to eat more healthy, natural snacks – such as fruit,vegetables, nuts and cereal grains.
MILK BAR Milk bars provide a great variety of milk, sourand baked milk dishes and beverages, cheese dishes,cottage cheese and pan cakes with sour cream and various jams. Customers can taste delicious curd tartsand fancy cakes made of milk and butter. A big choice of milk cocktails, ice creams and ice cream cakes is also available.The most favorable sort of ice cream is Sundae. The variety of sundae isnumerous. They may be quite different in ingredients and prices. For details, see the next slide.
WHAT IS SUNDAE? The sundae is an ice cream dessert. It consists of a scoop of ice cream topped with sauce or syrup (often chocolate, caramel, or strawberry), and other toppings such as chopped nuts, whipped cream or maraschino cherries. Sundae was produced as popular treat for consumption on Sunday. One of the most expensive sorts of sundae is the Serendipity Golden Opulence which is cooked and sold once a week only by Serendipity 3 restaurant in New York City. It costs $1000! The dessert consists of five scoops of Tahitian vanilla bean ice cream with Madagascar vanilla, covered with a 23-carat edible gold leaf, rare sorts of chocolate, American Golden caviar, passion fruit, orange, candied fruits from Paris, marzipan cherries, and decorated with real gold dragees. This dessert is served in a crystal goblet with an 18-karat gold spoon. Bon appetite!
SALAD BARSalad bars provide a great variety of vegetable salads forcustomers. Most salad bars offer lettuce, sliced tomatoes,sliced vegetables such as cucumbers and celery, dried breadand cheese, and a rich choice of salad dressings.Some salad bars also have additional food items such ascooked cold meats (chicken and ham), boiled and fried eggs,cold pasta salads, corn chips, bread rolls, soup, and fresh cutfruit slices.
FRUIT BARA fruit bar is a place where customers are offered a greatnumber of fruit dishes, cocktails, juices and other beverages. On the menu customers can find a rich choice of fruit andberry salads, sliced fruits with sour or whipped cream, icecreams with strawberries or jam, tarts with fruit, berry or jamtoppings, apple pies and rolls with fruit or berry fillings, etc. Fruit bars re popular with vegetarians and children.
GRILL BARHere customers have a chance to sample delicious grilled,smoked and fried dishes.On the menu you can find: grilled, smoked and fried fish,meat and sausages, spicy and juicy kebab and shish-kebab.Fried dishes are cooked in oil.Grilled dishes are cooked fast directly over high heat.Smoked dishes are cooked slowly with the help of smokewhich adds unique and delicious flavor to dishes.Barbeque (BBQ) is food cooked over hardwood smoke(hot coals of charcoal) with marinade and spices.A big choice of sauces is also served.
SUSHI BAR 寿司 It is a place where Japanese sea-food is served. In Japanese cuisine, sushi is vinegary rice, usually topped with other ingredients, including fish, various meats, and vegetables. Literally, "sushi" means "its sour“. Outside of Japan, sushi is misunderstood to mean any fresh raw- seafood dishes but in Japan it is called sashimi. There are various types of sushi: sushi served rolled inside nori (dried and pressed layer sheets of seaweed or alga) called makizushi or rolls; sushi made with toppings laid with hand-formed clumps of rice called nigirizushi; toppings stuffed into a small pouch of fried tofu called inarizushi; toppings served scattered over a bowl of sushi rice called chirashi-zushi. Here customers have a chance to taste Sake. It is a Japanese alcoholic beverage made from rice.
2. BARS CLASSIFICATIONBASED ON THE BEVERAGES OFFERED
Wine bars sell everything from beer to hard liquor. Traditionally modern wine bars combine wine with selectionsof appetizers. The assortment of appetizers may be different as it is greatly based on the food traditions of the country. Some bars are similar to nightclubs with live loud music and special lighting. They operate a dress code and admissions policy and door staff at the entrance. Wine bars admit only adult customers.
COCKTAIL BAR It is a place where a great variety of cocktails are offeredto the customers. A cocktail is any mixed drink containing alcohol. Cocktails are made with gin, whiskey, rum, tequila,brandy, or vodka mixed with fruit juices, sugar, honey,water, ice, soda, milk, cream, herbs, bitters, etc. When an alcoholic drink of a large volume is mixed withsoft beverage and served with a straw, it is called ‘a longdrink‟ (also known as „highball’ ).Typically, it has lots of ice that makes itperfect for warm days. If customers drink a cocktail at a gulp,it is called „a shot drink‟. Cocktails are very popular with customers.
BEER BARS (INTRODUCTION) A beer bar is a place where all types of beer are on sale. Beer is the oldest alcoholic beverage; the third most popular drink over the world after water and tea. It is produced by the brewing and fermentation of starches, mainly derived from cereals - most common of which is malted barley. Most beer is flavored with hops, which add bitterness and act as a natural preservative. Other flavorings such as herbs or fruit may occasionally be also included. Beer has less alcoholic content than wine. The strength of beer is usually around 4% to 6% of alcohol by volume. Dark sorts of beer contain more alcohol (up to 20% abv). Traditionally beer bars sell different sorts of beer, wine and a rich choice of meat, fish, cheese and vegetable snacks. Beer bars are prohibited to sell alcoholic beverages instead of beer.
BEER BARS They serve bottled, canned and draught beer (known as draft or tap beer) that is served from a large container - a keg or a cask. Light sorts of beer are lager and Pilsner. Dark sorts of beer are porter, stout, bock and ale.Beer is served in pints, wine glasses and beer mugs. The imperial pint is still used to measure beer in the countries of the old British Empire. It is equal to 568 ml.
BRITISH PUB The formal name for a pub in Britain is a public house. It is a drinking establishment licensed to serve alcoholic drinks for consumption on or off the premises. Lots of pubs have attached shops which sale beer for home consumption. Pubs are culturally and socially different from places such as cafés and bars. Each pub generally has locals or regulars. They are people who come regularly in the same pub to drink. Most British pubs still have decorated signs hanging over their doors. It helps to identify the public house. Beer served in a pub may be cask ale or keg beer of all sorts. Bottled and canned beer are also available. The owner of a public house is known landlord.
FOOD SERVICE IN PUBSFood that is typically offered in a pubis called “Pub grub". It is deliciousand not expensive.A British pub menu includes itemssuch as:steak and kidney pie, beef and beerpie, shepherds pie, fish and chips,hot pot.Some dishes that are quite specific topubs include:chicken or scampi in a basket, andmeals served in plate-sized Yorkshirepuddings.
MILK BAR Milk bars appeared last century, in the early 1930s. Nowadays they are often housed in large shops and sell milk beverages such as milk shakes and ice cream cocktails. A milkshake is a sweet, cold beverage which is made from milk, ice cream or iced milk, and flavorings such as fruit syrup or chocolate sauce. Milkshakes are usually served in a tall glass with a straw, and whipped cream may be added as a topping. Several popular milkshake flavors include vanilla, chocolate and strawberry. Frappé (a type of milkshake) is a foam-covered iced coffee drink made from instant coffee. It is very popular and has now spread all over the world. The similar establishment is a "dairy bar" common in the United States, especially in New York, which is a large producer of dairy products.
3. BARS CLASSIFICATIONBASED ON ENTERTAINMENT AND ACTIVITIES OFFERED Sports bar Disco Retro bar bar Types of bars Salsa Karaoke bar bar Tiki bar
KARAOKE BAR It is a bar that provides karaoke equipment to the customers. Karaoke is a form of entertainment in which amateur singers can sing publicly on a small stage along with recorded music using a microphone and a PA system. The music is typically a well-known pop song in which the voice of the original singer is removed (or reduced in volume). Lyrics are usually displayed on a video screen. The words of the sing change color to guide the singer. Such establishments are often extremely popular, with an hour or more wait between a singers opportunities to take the stage (called the rotation). Most of these establishments allow customers to sing free of charge. Less commonly, the customers wishing to sing must pay a small fee for each song they sing.
It is a bar that works at night and provides a dance floor and a DJ booth, where a DJ plays recorded dance and pop music. Such bars are equipped with necessary equipment and musical instruments. The most important things are lighting and effects including flashing colored lights, moving light beams, laser light shows, strobe lights, mirror-covered disco balls and smoke machines. Disco bars can be arranged in cinema theatres, underground buildings, in the cellar of hotels. They generally have thick sound proof walls and no windows, not to disturb other people and hotel guests with loud music. Customer can have various snacks, alcoholic and soft beverages there. Children and teenagers are not admitted to such bars.
Retro bars are always furnished and decorated in retro style - the style of the 1960s -1970s. Retro furniture and decor are more than simple things, they are a state of mind. Customers gather together to listen and dance to retro music here. “Retro music” is outdated or aged music that was popular many years ago. In Europe and the USA retro music is that which came out of the retro era. That is the Beatles‟ and Elvis Presley‟s time. These styles of music are still widely listened to today. Customers wear retro clothes and footwear, and have a chance to chat about good old times. They are offered drinks and dishes which were popular many years ago.
It is a bar offering the atmosphere of Latin America. Latin music and food lovers gather to listen to salsa music, to dance and have salsa food. Salsa is Cuban, Puerto Rican and other Latin countries’ styles of music combined. This style was developed in the 1960s and 70s by Cuban and Puerto Rican immigrants to New York. Salsa is a slot or spot dance: the partners do not need to travel over the dance floor but usually occupy a fixed area of the dance floor, rotating around one another and exchanging places. Salsa music popularity is growing rapidly today all over the world. Salsa also refers to the spicy, hot sauces typical of Mexican cuisine (often tomato- or corn-based): Salsa cruda, salsa mexicana, salsa bandera, etc. There are many other salsas, some are made with mint, pineapple, or mango. Customers are offered a great variety of dishes dressed with different salsa sauces: black bean Salsa Salad, Fresh vegetable Salsa, Salsa chicken, Salsa fish, Roasted corn and Salsa, Tortilla chips & Salsa, etc.
A Tiki Bar is an exotic–themed drinking establishment that serves fancy cocktails, especially rum-based mixed drinks such as the mai tai or the Zombie cocktail. Tiki bars are defined by their Tiki culture décor which can include Tiki god masks and carvings, tapa cloth and tropical fabrics, torches and palm trees. Specific colors, natural exotic materials, real or artificial plants and lighting add to the exotic atmosphere of a tiki bar. Beverages are usually served in ceramic tiki mugs dressed with paper cocktail umbrellas, live flowers or plastic animals. Local food cooked from exotic fruits and vegetables is also offered for customers. Some tiki bars have an entertainment stage for live exotic music or Polynesian dance floor shows.
SPORTS BAR It is a bar which is equipped with lots of television monitors and large-screens which let sports fans enjoy live broadcasts of sporting events, e.g. football and hockey matches, world’s lawn tennis competitions, basketball and volleyball tournaments, etc. Here sports fans have a chance to support the favourite sportsman or team together with their friends and share their impressions and feelings with them. Sports bars are often decorated with the symbols of the local team and photos of favourite sportsmen. Here customers can have different alcoholic drinks, mainly all sorts of beer, and snacks. Large sports bars can offer other facilities, e.g. billiard, bowling, darts, etc.
4. BARS CLASSIFICATIONBASED ON THE CATEGORY OF CUSTOMERS Sports bars are bars which are attended by spots fans. Bikers bars are bars which are attended by motorcycle enthusiasts. Singles bars are bars where unmarried people meet to have a chance to continue their relations . Cops bars are bars where off-duty lawyers and policemen gather. Express bars are bars where lots of transit passengers or purchasers of shopping centers can have their meal as quickly as possible.
It is not a place for drinking and having snacks. A mini-bar is a small private snack and beverage bar provided in upscale hotel rooms. Typically, a mini-bar comes in the form of a small refrigerator stocked with bottles of alcoholic and soft beverages, still or fizzy mineral water, snacks, fruits and sweets which the guests can take at any time during their stay. Special waiters from the hotel bar or restaurant monitor the mini bars in the rooms. They are responsible for stock of beverages and snacks in mini bars. Some upscale hotels even use high-tech methods of automatically recording purchases. Guests pay extra for the consumption of each item which is much more expensive than the same item outside the hotel. This kind of service is extremely profitable.
DEAR FRIENDS Now you know much about the most popular types of bars and food service they provide. You should be able to discuss all the details of the subject and work out your own speech situations in different types of bars ordering drinks and food. More over, the list of bars presented here is not complete. There are some other special modifications of bars in different countries. Try to find some important information about them in order to be competent in all aspects of the subject. Present your own reports and presentations to your group mates at one of the next English classes. Your teacher of English Z. M. Kasumova
THE END OF PART 1If you want to find out some useful information about Beverage Service in the Bars, please study Part 2 of this presentation. Let the desire of getting knowledge never leave you!
BIBLIOGRAPHY Богданова В.В., Организация и технология обслуживания в барах. Учебное пособие для среднего профессионального образования, ИЦ Академия, 2008. Извекова В. Г. Бармен, официант. Учебное пособие, Издательство «Дашков и К.», М., 2008. Тельмахович М., Деловая культура для официантов, барменов. Издательство: ФЕНИКС, ТОРГОВЫЙ ДОМ, 2001 г.
INTERNET RESOURCES en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bar_(establishment) www.spiritus-temporis.com/bar-(establishment)/ www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Bar- (establishment) www.yourbars.com.au/guide/establishment/ www.pubsurvivalguide.com www.americasbars.com/