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Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks
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Animal atlas power point for 6th six weeks

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  • Cephalization is the concentration of sense organs, mouth, and brain (if present) at one end.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Kingdom Animalia
    • 2. Animals are
      • Multicellular
      • Eukaryotic
      • Heterotrophic
      • Cells lack cell walls
      CSCOPE
    • 3. ~ Characteristics ~
      • Have a nervous system to respond to their environment - sensory
      • Locomotion relates to ability to obtain food
      • Most animals develop from a zygote becoming an embryo.
      • A single layer of cells surrounding a fluid-filled space forming a hollow ball of cells called a gastrula .
    • 4. ~ Body Plans ~
      • Animals that are irregular in shape are asymmetrical .
      • Animals that are regular in shape are symmetrical .
    • 5. ~ Body Plans ~
      • An animal has radial symmetry if it can be divided along any plane, through a central axis, into equal halves.
      • An animal has bilateral symmetry if it can be divided down its length into similar right and left halves forming mirror images of each other.
    • 6. Which figure has bilateral symmetry? Which has radial symmetry?
    • 7. ~ Protection and Support ~
      • Though not all animals have a skeleton, those that do can be divided into two groups:
        • Those with an exoskeleton – a hard, waxy coating on the outside of the body that protects internal organs, provides a framework for support, and a place for muscle attachment.
        • Pros? Cons?
        • Those with an endoskeleton – support framework within the body that protects some organs and a brace for muscles to pull against.
        • Pros? Cons?
    • 8. Major Phyla
      • Porifera – Sponges
      • Cnidaria – Corals and Jellyfish
      • Platyhelminthes – Flatworms
      • Nematoda – Roundworms
      • Mollusca – Clams and Octopus
      • Annelida – Earthworms
      • Arthropoda – Insects, Spiders, and Crabs
      • Echinodermata – Starfish and Sea Urchins
      • Chordata – Vertebrates including Mammals
      CSCOPE
    • 9. ~Invertebrates~
      • 8 main phyla
      • No backbones
      • 95% of all animals are in this group
    • 10. ~Invertebrate Phylum Porifera~
      • Sponges
      • simplest form of animal life
      • live in water
      • Do not move around
      • no symmetry
      • Pores (holes) all over body
      • 5000 species
    • 11. Porifera
      • Simple animals
      • Live anchored to a rock or the ocean bottom
      • Marine or freshwater
      • Filter-feeders
      • Lack tissues or organ system
      CSCOPE
    • 12. ~Invertebrate Phylum Porifera~
      • Filter Feeders: a sponge filters particles of food from water using collar cells and then pumps the water out the osculum.
    • 13. ~Invertebrate Phylum Porifera~
      • Examples: Tube Sponge, Glass Sponge, Sea Sponge
    • 14. ~Invertebrate Phylum Cnidaria~
      • Live in water
      • Most have tentacles
      • catch food with stinging cells
      • gut for digesting
    • 15. Cnidaria
      • Named for their stinging cells
      • Marine or freshwater
      • Carnivorous
      • Radial symmetry
      • Hydrostatic Skeleton
      • Jellyfish, hydra, obelia, Portuguese man-of war, sea anemone, and corals
      CSCOPE
    • 16. ~Invertebrate Phylum Cnidaria~
        • 2 different shapes
        • Medusa - like a jellyfish
        • Polyp - like a hydra
    • 17. ~Invertebrate Phylum Cnidaria~
      • Examples - Jellyfish, Hydra, sea anemones, and corals
    • 18. ~Invertebrate Phylum Platyhelminthes ~
        • Flatworms
        • Flat, ribbon-like body
        • Live in water or are parasites
        • bilateral symmetry
    • 19. Platyhelminthes
      • Flattened bodies
      • Lack an anus
      • Bilateral symmetry
      • Simplest animals to exhibit cephalization
      • Flatworms, flukes, and tapeworms
      CSCOPE CDC
    • 20. ~Invertebrate Phylum Platyhelminthes ~
        • Examples: Planaria
        • eyespots detect light
        • food and waste go in and out the same opening
    • 21. ~Invertebrate Phylum Platyhelminthes ~
        • Examples: Tapeworm
        • Parasite that lives in intestines of host absorbing food
    • 22. ~Invertebrate Phylum Platyhelminthes ~
        • Examples: Fluke
        • parasite
        • lives inside
        • of host
    • 23. ~Invertebrate Phylum Nematoda ~
      • Roundworms
        • Round, tubular body
        • small or microscopic
        • bilateral symmetry
        • have both a mouth and anus
        • Live in water or are parasites
    • 24. Nematoda
      • Free living in soil or water with many parasitic forms
      • Bilateral symmetry
      • Most have a digestive tract with two openings
      • Hookworms, pinworms, ascaris, and trichinosis worm
      CSCOPE CDC CDC CDC
    • 25. ~Invertebrate Phylum Nematoda ~
      • Examples:
        • Hookworm
        • Trichinella
    • 26. ~Invertebrate Phylum Annelida ~
        • Segmented worms
        • Body divided into segments(sections)
        • Live in water or underground
        • have a nervous and circulatory system
    • 27. Annelida
      • Segmented worms
      • Setae for locomotion
      • Bilateral symmetry
      • Closed circulatory system
      • Clamworms, earthworms, leeches
      CSCOPE
    • 28. ~Invertebrate Phylum Annelida ~
      • Class Earthworms
      • eat soil and breakdown organic matter, wastes provide nutrients to soil
    • 29. ~Invertebrate Phylum Annelida ~
              • Class bristleworms
    • 30. ~Invertebrate Phylum Annelida ~
      • Class leeches
      • parasites that feed on blood of other animals
    • 31. ~Invertebrate Phylum Mollusca ~
      • Soft bodies
      • Hard Shells
      • Live on land or in water
      • have a circulatory system and a complex nervous system.
      • Important food source for humans
    • 32. Mollusca
      • Soft bodied organisms often covered with a calcareous shell
      • Bilateral symmetry
      • Most have a ventral muscular foot for locomotion
      • Chitons, snails, limpets, clams, octopus, and squid
      CSCOPE
    • 33. ~Invertebrate Phylum Mollusca ~
        • Class Gastropoda
        • snails and slugs
        • may have 1 shell
        • stomach-footed - move on stomach
    • 34. ~Invertebrate Phylum Mollusca ~
        • Class Bivalves
        • 2 shells hinged together
        • clams, oysters ,
        • scallops and mussels
    • 35. ~Invertebrate Phylum Mollusca ~
        • Class Cephalopods
        • squids and octopuses
        • internal mantel
    • 36.  
    • 37. ~Invertebrate Phylum Echinodermata ~
      • Hard, spiny skin
      • Live in salt water
      • Radial symmetry
      • name means ‘spiney skinned’
      • endoskeleton
    • 38. Echinodermata
      • Radial symmetry
      • Calcareous plates often with external spines
      • Water vascular system with tube feet for locomotion
      • Sea lilies, starfish, brittle stars, sea urchins, sand dollars, and sea cucumbers
      CSCOPE
    • 39. ~Invertebrate Phylum Echinodermata ~
      • Examples: seastar, sea urchin, sand dollar and sea cucumber
    • 40. ~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~
      • Body divided into sections/segments
      • Exoskeleton
      • Jointed legs
      • well developed nervous system
      • largest group of organisms on earth
    • 41. Arthropoda
      • Body is composed of a head, thorax, and abdomen with three or more pairs of joined legs
      • Chitinous exoskeleton
      • Molt
      • Bilateral symmetry
      • Shrimp, crabs, barnacles, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, ticks, horseshoe crabs, and crayfish
      CSCOPE
    • 42. ~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~
      • 3 subphylums:
      • Classified into classes according to the number of legs, eyes and antennae they have.
    • 43.
      • Subphylum Chilicerata
      • is divided into 3 classes
      • Arachnida – spiders, scorpions, ticks, mites
      • Merostomata – horseshoe crabs
      • Pycnogonida – sea spiders
      ~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~
    • 44. ~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Chilicerata
      • Class – Arachnida
      • no antennae
      • 4 pairs of legs
      • 2 body regions - cephalothorax & abdomen
      • spiders, scorpions, mites & ticks
    • 45.  
    • 46. ~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Chilicerata
      • Class Merostomata
      • Horseshoe crabs
        • Ancient group of species
        • Changed little over 350 million years
        • Aquatic, mostly found on Atlantic & gulf coasts of United States.
    • 47.  
    • 48. ~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Chilicerata
      • Class Pycnogonida
        • Sea spider
    • 49. ~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~ Subphylum - Crustacea
      • 5 Classes
      • Aquatic ones have gills
      • 2 antennae
      • 2 body regions or segmented
      • Shrimp, lobsters, crabs, barnacles, isopods
      • Many species taste delicious in butter
    • 50.  
    • 51.
      • Subphylum Uniramia : 3 classes
      • Class Insecta (insects)
      • Class Chilopoda (Centipedes)
      • Class Diplopoda (Millipedes)
    • 52. ~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Uniramia
      • Class Insecta
      • no antennae
      • 3 pairs of legs
      • 2 body regions - head, thorax & abdomen
      • grasshoppers, ants, butterflies, bees
    • 53.  
    • 54. ~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Uniramia
      • Class Diplopoda
      • Millipedes
      • segmented animals
      • Have 2 pairs of legs per segment
      • Primarily herbivores & decomposers
    • 55.  
    • 56. ~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~ Subphylum Uniramia
      • Class Chiopoda
      • Centipedes Usually terrestrial carnivores
      • Have 1 pair of antennae
      • Are often poisonous, using modified front claws to immobilize prey
    • 57.  
    • 58. ~ Phylum Chordata ~ subphylum Vertebrata
        • 5 classes
          • Fish
          • Mammals
          • Reptiles
          • Amphibians
          • Birds
    • 59. Chordata
      • Notocord for support of the body at some stage of development
      • Dorsal, tubular nerve cord
      • Tunicate, lancelets, and vertebrates
      CSCOPE
    • 60. Chordata – Class Osteichthyes
      • Bony fishes
      • Specialized structures and behaviors to maintain homeostasis with regard to water balance
      • Some have swim bladders
      CSCOPE
    • 61. Chordata – Class Amphibia
      • Amphibians
      • Most live in water as a larva and on land as an adult
      • Moist skin
      • Ectotherms
      • Frogs, toads, salamanders, and caecilians
      CSCOPE
    • 62. Chordata – Class Reptilia
      • Reptiles
      • Dry, scaly skin
      • Terrestrial eggs
      • Ectotherms
      • Lizards, snakes, crocodilians, turtles, tortoises, and tuatara
      CSCOPE
    • 63. Chordata – Class Aves
      • Birds
      • Endotherms
      • Outer covering of feathers
      • Two legs with scales
      • Modified front limbs (wings)
      • Eagle, cardinal, penguin, duck, etc.
      CSCOPE
    • 64. Chordata – Class Mammalia
      • Mammals
      • Produce milk in mammary glands to feed their young
      • Breathe air
      • Four-chambered heart
      • Endotherms
      • Duck billed platypus, marsupials, cows, dogs, humans, etc.
      CSCOPE

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