Cleopatra was born in Alexandria, in January, 69 BC; and she died in August, 30 BC. She was queen of Egypt. Cleopatra VII was member of the Ptolemaic dynasty. Cleopatra originally ruled jointly with her father Ptolemy XII Auletes, and later with her brothers, Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV, but eventually she became sole ruler. Cleopatra VII Philopator
Cleopatra VII Philopator Different representations of Cleopatra VII
Theconflictssoon erupted between the two brothers which led to the overthrow of Cleopatra. However, his luck changed on arrival to Egypt civil strife in Rome: pursuing his enemy Pompey, Julius Caesar went to Egypt and Cleopatra took sides in the conflict with his brother. During the ``Alexandrian War´´ (48-47 BC) were killed as Pompey and Ptolemy XII. Cleopatra VII and Julius Caesar
Cleopatra was revived in the Throne by Caesar, who had become his lover (46 BC), and married again with Ptolemy XIV. Cleopatra tried to use Caesar´s influence to restore Egyptian hegemony in the Mediterranean as an ally of Rome and the birth of their son, Ptolemy XV or Caesarion seemed to reinforce this possibility. Cleopatra VII and Julius Caesar
Cleopatra and Julius Caesar Painting by Jean-LéonGérôme
After the assassination of Caesar in 44 BC., Cleopatra tried to repeat the maneuver seducing the consul Mark Antony, who was then struggling for power with Augustus (36 BC). Cleopatra and Antony create a new Middle Hellenistic kingdom able to conquer Armenia in 34. Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony
Then broke the "Ptolemaic War" (32-30 BC), which led to Egypt Augusto his fight against Antonio. The final confrontation took place in the naval battle of Actium (31), in which Antonio's fleet was easily defeated. Marco Antonio managed to flee and take refuge with Cleopatra in Alexandria, when Augustus´ troops took the city, Antony committed suicide. Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony
Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony Painting by Lawrence Alma-Tadema
Cleopatra even try a third time, on this occasion OctavioAugusto, but Augustus was insensitive to his charms and decided to take her to Rome as spoils of war. Given this perspective, Cleopatra committed suicide by the Egyptian ritual procedure be bitten by an asp. Augustus took the occasion to also kill his son Caesarion, dying and the Ptolemaic dynasty. Death of Cleopatra
The Death of Cleopatra by Reginald Arthur, 1892 TheDeath of Cleopatra by Guido Cagnacci, 1658
Cleopatra was intelligent and she had a gift for learning languages, and it was usual for her to intervene in diplomatic discussions. She was a erudita in science and she was surrounded by intellectuals.
A Cleopatra has been attributed to an exceptional beauty, however found prints and drawings, testify to his charm lay in his personality rather than their physical appearance.
Curiosities, myths and reality
Possibly be the place Taposiris Magna depository of the remains of Cleopatra and Mark Antony, this is an ancient Greek temple near Alexandria, which was founded by the Ptolemaic dynasty or lágida. Taposiris Magna temple
Ancestry Cleopatra I of Egypt Ptolemy V Epiphanes Ptolemy VIII Physon Ptolemy VI Philometor Cleopatra II of Egypt Cleopatra III of Egypt Ptolemy X Alexander I Cleopatra Selene I Ptolemy IX Lathiros Cleopatra IV of Egypt Berenice III of Egypt Ptolemy XII Auletes Cleopatra V of Egypt Cleopatra VII Philofator