Rosa Parks Mother of The Civil Rights Movement By Madeline Haynes
Picture taken at the Rosa ParksMuseum in Montgomery, Alabama.
In 1955, when my grandmother was ten years old, she wentto visit cousins in Stone Mountain, Georgia. They wanted togo see a “picture show” in atlanta and had to ride a bus toget there. My grandmother, who came from a small, ruraltown in South Carolina had never ridden on a city busbefore. Back in South Carolina, her closest playmateswere the children of Curly Moore, a black man who helpedher daddy get the fields ready for planting every year inthe spring. When her mother fixed dinner and called forthe men to come eat, mr. moore would tell her daddy, “i’lljust wait for you out here while you eat mr. mack.” herdaddy would reply, “if you’re good enough to walk besideme in the field, you’re good enough to put your feet undermy table and eat with me.” so, she had learned fairnessand kindness for all people by her daddy’s example andwhen black people were treated unfairly on the bus thatday in Atlanta, my grandmother was sad and confused.Little did she know that a woman named Rosa Parks wasabout to set about a chain of events that would changethe future of all races forever.
This is my This is mygrandmother, Pat grandmother’s daddyBradley, when she standing beside hiswas seven years old. plow mule Dolly.
Curly Moore’s family with my grandmother, Pat Bradley.Curly Moore
Rosa Louise McCauley was born on February 4, 1913in Tuskegee, Alabama. Her mother was a schoolteacher and her father was a carpenter and housebuilder.
Rosa Parks Experiences Segregation Growing Up• Rosa and Sylvester, her brother, went to a school for black children that only had one room.• White children went to a bigger and better school.• White children had a bus to take them to school, but there was no bus for the black children.• Black children had to walk to school.• Sometimes the white children on the bus would throw out trash and laugh at the black children walking to school.
As A Child, Rosa Was Brave And Stood Up For HerselfWhen Rosa was ten years old, she stood up to awhite boy named Franklin who was always pickingon her and Sylvester. She picked up a brick andthreatened to hit him with it because he tried to hitSylvester. The white boy backed up and lookedaround for someone to help him. This made Rosafeel powerful and strong. When she got home andtold her story, she got in trouble. Instead of beingproud of her, her grandmother and mother wereunhappy with her for being disrespectful to the whiteboy. This is when Rosa learned how unfair life wasfor black people and decided that she didn’t like it.
Rosa’s Feelings About Racism• Rosa refused to use segregated water fountains.• Rosa chose to take the stairs instead of using segregated elevators.• Rosa believed all people were children of God so racism was un-Christian.• Rosa believed racism was un-American because the Constitution says all people should be treated equally.• Rosa believed racism was silly because even her light skinned grandfather had been thrown out of a political meeting for blacks because they said he was too white.
Rosa McCauley married RaymondParks, a barber, in December of 1932.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People• The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is an organization that works to end unfair treatment of African Americans and others.• Raymond Parks was a member of the NAACP for many years before marrying Rosa.• Rosa Parks joined the NAACP after she married Raymond.• At her first NAACP meeting, Rosa was the only woman there and she was elected to be the secretary of the Montgomery chapter.
Rosa Parks Gets Arrested• On December 1,1955, Rosa was coming home from her job at a department store.• She got on a crowded bus and sat down in the middle section, which was ok for black people to do as long as no white people were standing.• At the next stop, more white people got on the bus and had to move to the middle section.• The bus driver told four African Americans in Rosa’s row to get up and move to the back.• They all moved except Rosa.• The bus driver called the police and Rosa was arrested.
Bus Boycott of Montgomery, Alabama• Rosa Park’s decision not to give up her seat on the bus and her arrest caused all black people in Montgomery to refuse to ride the city busses.• The bus boycott lasted for 381 days.• The case was taken all the way to the Supreme Court of The United States. No longer did black people have to give up their seats on busses to white people. Black people had won this battle in the fight for civil rights.
The Rosa Parks MuseumIn December 2005, I visited the Rosa Parks Museum inMontgomery, Alabama with my family. I saw a reenactment of theday Rosa Parks was arrested. The museum was built to showpeople what Rosa Parks and other black people experienced andto honor her memory. At the museum, I learned that Rosa Parkscared for other people and not just herself.
Pictures from my visit to the Rosa Parks Museum in Montgomery, AL
This is me sitting beside a statue of Rosa Parks on a bus seat.This is me standingin front of a quiltabout Rosa Parks’life that was ondisplay at themuseum.
The AlabamaHistoricalCommissionpresented this exhibit“381 Days, TheMontgomery BusBoycott Story “ atthe Rosa ParksMuseum fromDecember 2, 2005 toJanuary 14, 2006. A tri-fold on display in the gift shop at the museum.
Rosa Parks died on October 24, 2005 at theage of 92. She will always be rememberedas a woman of quietstrength, faith, dignity, and love.
Bibliography1. A Picture Book of Rosa Parks by: David Adler, illustrated by: Robert Casilla2. I Am Rosa Parks by: Rosa Parks with Jim Haskins, illustrated by: Wil Clay3. Rosa Parks Young Rebel by: Kathleen Kudlinski, illustrated by: Meryl Henderson4. Rosa Parks by: Kenneth C. Davis