SECOND COURSE GRAMMAR-FIRST THEME Comparative and superlative forms of adjectives
Which one is higher? Tabby cat The tabby cat is higher than the orange cat. For many adjectives, you can use their opposites to make more sentences! For example, the opposite of high is low. The orange cat is lower than the tabby cat. Orange cat
Which cat is longer? The cat on the right is longer than the cat on the left. For long words we use more (more beautiful) and for short words we add the -er ending (long -> longer) the cat on the left the cat on the right
What is a noun? Where you are: Contents Noun Adjective Syllable Comparatives Superlatives Comparison Practice Help Dictionary Noun is a word which refers to a thing, person, activity, place etc. car reading street teacher
What is an adjective? Where you are: Contents Noun Adjective Syllable Comparatives Superlatives Comparison Practice Help Dictionary Adjective is a word which describes a noun adjectives noun big car fast expensive
What is a syllable? Where you are: Contents Noun Adjective Syllable Comparatives Superlatives Comparison Practice Help Dictionary Syllable is a part of a word containing vowel sound read ing read ing 1st syllable 2nd syllable
Syllables – examples Where you are: Contents Noun Adjective Syllable Comparatives Superlatives Comparison Practice Help Dictionary 1. One-syllable adjectives fast big cheap long 2. Two-syllable adjectives hap py cra zy dir ty 3. Three-syllable adjectives im por tant won der ful
KINDS OF ADJECTIVES Demonstrative:this, that, these, thoseDISTRIBUTIVE:EACH, EVERY, EITHERQUANTITATIVE:SOME, ANY, NO, FEW, LITTLE,MANY, MUCH,INTERROGATIVE:WHICH, WHAT, WHOSEPOSSESSIVES:MY, ,YOUR, HIS,OF QUALITY: CLEVER, SHY, FAT, GOLDEN, ……Adjectives in english have the same form for singular and plural, masculine and feminine
comparisons Where you are: Contents Noun Adjective Syllable Comparatives Superlatives Comparison Help Dictionary Degrees of comparison: POSITIVE: DARK, TALL, USEFUL COMPARATIVE. DARKER,TALLER, MORE USEFUL SUPERLATIVE THE DARKEST, THE TALLEST, SAMENESS John is as tall as Peter I have as many friends as you He has as much money as me. INFERIORITY I have fewer friends than you He has less money than me
SAMENESS-COMPARING TWO THINGS OR PEOPLE WE USE: VERB “TO BE”+AS+ADJECTIVE+AS TO SAY IN WHAT WAY TWO THINGS OR PEOPLE ARE THE SAME
David is as clever as Bob
David isn’t as clever as Bob/David isn’t so clever as Bob
VERB “TO HAVE”+AS MANY+COUNTABLE NOUN +as+…….
I have as many books as you have
Verb “to have”+as much + uncountable noun + as+……
He has got as much money as her.
ComparisonsVerb “to have got” + “more”+ countable or uncountable noun+ than+…… VERB “TO BE”+ COMPARATIVE FORM+THAN+…… Where you are: C0MPARISONS .
Where you are COMPARISONS THREE SYLLABLES
Where you are COMPARISONS Two syllables
Watch and listen for Better Greater Higher Softer Faster Longer Wear better Sweeter Warrior vs. Paladin: The Musical! is a machinima adaptation of the song Anything you can do I can do better by Irving Berlin. The song is part of the famous broadway musical Annie Get Your Gun. Machinima is a combination of the words Machine + Cinema. It’s a way of making movies by using video games. In this example, the video game is World of Warcraft.