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ALANG PLASTIKAN!
 

ALANG PLASTIKAN!

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this was my report in my Ecology subject.. :)

this was my report in my Ecology subject.. :)

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    ALANG PLASTIKAN! ALANG PLASTIKAN! Presentation Transcript

    • Try to guess whatthe following images are…..
    • What is this?
    • 1 million of plastic cups trashed every six hours in commercial flights.
    • What is this?
    • 60,000 plastic bags,discarded every 5 seconds.
    • What is this?
    • 2 million plastic bottles,dumped every 5 minutes.
    • What else?????
    • Wait.... There’s more…..
    • PLASTIC??!!
    • What is plastic?Plastic is anysynthetic or semi-synthetic organicpolymer.
    • Types of Plastic Products: PLASTIC BAGS PLASTIC COATINGS PLASTIC FURNITURE PLASTIC SHEETS PLASTIC FITTINGS PLASTIC TANKS PLASTIC TOYS PLASTIC BUCKETS PLASTIC SANITARYWARE PLASTIC STATIONERY
    • Worldwideplasticconsumptionis flagrant….
    • How long does plastic take to decompose????F.Y.I. Plasticsdo notdecompose!!!!NEVER!
    • It only breaks down into molecules.Molecules that are harmful to the environment.
    • Plastics are believed not todecompose but only photo degrade.
    • Decomposition vs. Photo Degradation Decomposition is “the chemical breakdown of organic matter into itsconstituents by the action of bacteria,” while photo degradation is, “the processby which chemical bonds arebroken down by photons in the sun’s light spectrum.”
    • How long does plastic photo degrade????
    • A very long long long time…….In a way that it is being estimated up tohundreds…..thousands of… years.. depends upon its composition..
    • Types of Plastic:Plastic #1: Polyethyleneterephtalate, also known asPETE or PET. Usually clearin color, the vast majority ofdisposable soda and waterbottles are made of thisplastic. Range from 5 to 10years.
    • Types of Plastic: Plastic #2: High-density polyethylene, or HDPE. Most milk jugs, detergent bottles, juice bottles, butter tubs, and toiletries bottles are made of HDPE. It takes 100 years depending on the thickness of the plastic used.
    • Types of Plastic: Plastic #3: Polyvinyl chloride, or PVC. It is used to make food wrap, bottles for cooking oil, and the highly common plumbing pipes.
    • Types of Plastic: Plastic #4: Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) is used to make grocery bags, some food wraps, squeezable bottles, and bread bags. 500 years with a conservative average time of 1000 years.
    • Types of Plastic: Plastic #5: This is polypropylene. Common items produced with it include yogurt cups, medicine bottles, ketchup, syrup bottles, straws and similar wide-necked containers, as well as water bottles with a cloudy finish.
    • Types of Plastic: Plastic #6: Polystyrene, or Styrofoam, from which disposable containers and packaging are made. Also found in disposable plates and cups. This type of plastic will break down in under 50 years.
    • Types of Plastic: Plastic #7: Other Types - This includes anything not in codes one through six. Most plastics in this section do not breakdown and are considered permanently, chemically bonded.
    • EFFECTS OF PLASTIC TO ENVIRONMENT Litter the landscape
    • EFFECTS OF PLASTIC TO ENVIRONMENTPollutes beaches &oceans.
    • EFFECTS OF PLASTIC TO ENVIRONMENTKill animals.
    • EFFECTS OF PLASTIC TO ENVIRONMENTPlastics are non-biodegradable.
    • These are just some of the effects....
    • What about tohuman.????
    • How does plastics effect human??
    • Chemicals used in theproduction are highly toxic & pose serious treat to living beings of all species.. It can causecancer, skin & respiratory problems……
    • And it may causes...caused… will cause….. FLOODS!!!
    • Why it happen????
    • Because what we actually do is… Throw plastics everywhere…
    • And they will end up…Either on the GROUND.. or in WATER..
    • Why do we do that???
    • The thing is…“L O G I C” ST UP TY ID I
    • What can we do??
    • Reduce.. Reuse.. Recycle..
    • REDUCEThe first and mosteffective component ofthe waste hierarchy isreducing the wastecreated.
    • REUSETo use an item againafter it has been used.
    • Use reusable cloth bags!
    • If we use a cloth bag, we can save: 6 bags a week
    • If we use a cloth bag, we can save:24 bags a month
    • If we use a cloth bag, we can save:288 bags a year
    • If we use a cloth bag, we can save: 22,176 bags in a lifetime
    • Cloth bags will prevent plastic spreading..
    • But still there are lot of garbage out there..
    • Then RECYCLE those can be recycled.. 
    • RECYCLEWhen waste is eventuallydiscarded, segregatingitems for recycling fromother waste is important.Recyclables includeglass, newspaper,aluminum, cardboard anda surprising array of othermaterials.
    • Plastic can be recycled into..
    • The use of MRF
    • Collected Materials for Recycling
    • MixerMixer
    • Bricketing machineBricketing machine
    • Screen FrameScreen Frame
    • Nursery PlantsNursery Plants
    • Wait..There’s another “R”…
    • RESPECT!“Respect to ourenvironment..&Self-discipline.”
    • “When we heal the earth, we heal ourselves.” ~David Orr
    • Let’s watch.. ^_^
    • Prepared By: Santos, Mercy Amor T. BEED/Gen.Ed. III-A
    • References: http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/aSGuest30592-267 http://chemistry.about.com/od/polymers/f/What-Is-Plastic.htm http://www.brighthub.com/environment/green-living/articles/10 http://www.greenguidenetwork.com/article-detail/May-17-2010 http://www.buzzle.com/articles/environmental-pollution-the-har http://www.letsdoitworld.org/news/plastic-bag-story-powerpoin http://www.slideshare.net/Nishyu/plastic-pollution-ppt