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Schizophrenia Presentation Schizophrenia Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • Schizophrenia Presentation
    Stephanie Maxwell
    Axia College online at University of Phoenix
    Abnormal Psychology : PSY. 270
    Gail Rognan
    June 20, 2009
  • Schizophrenia
    A symposium into abnormal psychology
  • Symptoms of Schizophrenia
    • Positive symptoms: excesses of thoughts, emotions, and behavior
    • Negative symptoms:
    deficits of thoughts, emotions, and behavior
    • Psychomotor symptoms:
    odd gestures, repeated grimaces, or awkward movements
  • Diagnosis
    Diagnosis based upon clinical symptoms
    Physical tests usually done to rule out other conditions
    Person must display at least two symptoms of criteria that is listed in the current DSM-IV with each having been present for a considerable amount of time during one-month period
    Type I vs. Type II
  • Misconceptions & Misperceptions
    Depicted as…
    “Schizos” : villains and fiends?
    Altar egos : good or bad?
    Stigmatization
    Stereotyped
    Split-personality?
    Violent
    Crazy
    Mad
    Split-personality?
  • The puzzle of schizophrenia
    Genetics
    Environment
    Biochemical abnormalities
    Abnormal brain structure
    Viral causations
  • Psychological & Sociocultural Explanations
    Psychodynamic:
    • Freud (1924)
    • Regression to pre-ego state
    • Attempts to re-establish ego control
    Cognitive:
    • Acknowledges biological factors
    • Further features appear due to person trying to understand them
    • Perceptual differences
    Socio-cultural:
    • Labeling
    • Self-fulfilling prophesy
    • Family dynamics
    • Family stress
    • Downward drift theory
    • Medication
    • Psychotherapy
    • Insight therapy
    • Family therapy
    • Community based approaches
    Treatments
  • Best Treatment and Why…
    Antipsychotic medications in conjunction with therapy
    Group therapy
    Family therapy
    Psychotherapy
    Self-help methods
  • References:
    Comer, R. J. (2005). Fundamentals of abnormal psychology (4thed) ; New York: Worth.
    Bhogal, B. (2002). Physical Brain Abnormality a Possible Cause of Schizophrenia. Serendip Website. Retrieved June 20,2009, from Serendip : http://www. serendip.brynmawr.edu/bb/neuro/neuro02/.../bbhogal.html
    Grohol, J. (2006). Schizophrenic Treatment. Psych. Central: Schizophrenia. Retrieved June 21, 2009. Website: http://www. psychcentral.com/disorders/sx31t.htm
    John Hopkins Medicine: Epidemiology- Genetics Program in Psychiatry. (2007, April 23). Schizophrenia. Retrieved June 19, 2009, from John Hopkins Medicine : http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/epigen/szwhatis.htm
    Maron, D. (2009). TVs Split Personality. Newsweek Web Exclusive. Retrieved from Website on June 19,2009.Website: http://www.newsweek.com/id/181690
    Schizophrenia.com. (1996- 2009). The Causes of Schizophrenia. Retrieved June 19, 2009, from Schizophrenia.com:http://www.schizophrenia.com/hypo.php