This is one of two slides you’ll see today with bullet points on it (the other one is an example) Why? Research shows the agenda or learning objectives is best done in bullet points What we’ve known about and experienced with PowerPoint
While we were busy with prevention science, assessment, evidence-based practices and building capacity, other disciplines were equally busy creating/inventing their own unique contributions.
From writing new code to create web-based tools and resources to expanded communications systems and from brain science to learning science - a whole lot of learning is going on.
Anyone here working from a dial-up modem? DSL ..etc Remember when you thought 20 MB hard drive was all the space you’d ever need? How many of us have some kind of wireless device, PDA, cell phone, MP3 player like an iPod, Kindle, etc.
So many fields are changing at the same time, so now we’re experiencing a shift. So, now we can do more, different and better
Given these shifts, how can we make PowerPoint a better learning tool?
Smallest instructional components - text (content), audio, visuals (graphics) http://www.flickr.com/photos/7884518@N04/2110349532
Developing content yes, but you are more importantly designing the experience,I.e., how peeps will experience the content and each other
How often do we start by sitting down to our computers, opening PPT and beginning to outline?
PowerPoint constrains our thinking - usually leads to bullet points. We think thru the filters of PPT will allow us to do or what we know to do with it
Let’s give this a try … (the old way)
There’s a reason why we don’t put bullet points on the screen. We can cover the same “content” thru an image or graphic and it helps your brain so it doesn’t have to work so hard to pull in the message
Best advice is to stay away from the computer for the early development
Garr Reynolds suggests -- Going analog, that is step away from digital tools, break out the markers or sticky notes or the newsprint Now you can develop in ways that lets you easily identify the whole and the parts
I often start with markets and newsprint - and do a mind map That means jot down all the things you think you might include Step back and see what patterns are there Then group ideas/concepts to create some logical flow
Then begin to sequence. You may want to begin to draw or describe visuals at this point But for sure start laying out your ideas and thoughts
If youi can do the analog thing - by the time you get to the computer you’ll have most of the work done
How do you usually go about developing a PowerPoint presentation? What works about your method? Where does it seem to break down?
http://www.flickr.com/photos/sgw/2329607771/ Now we can start to break some eggs, um, that is some ideas we’ve carried around for awhile :o) So let’s play a little game.
http://www.flickr.com/photos/topgold/405492474/ This is called, Did you Know .. I’ll ask a question and we’ll poll the room for responses.
Did you know that relevant visuals improve learning … any idea by how much? (Clark) http://www.flickr.com/photos/topgold/405492474/
Poll the room Research cited by Dr. Ruth Clark, The New Virtual Classroom.
By up to 89% in terms of recall and transfer. Research cited by Dr. Ruth Clark, The New Virtual Classroom.
Did you know … that images enter directly into the right brain http://www.flickr.com/photos/topgold/405492472/
This means we can “get it” so to speak much quicker. Less processing to find meaning. The right brain is also in touch with our emotions. And we have a lot of research out there about developing messages that touch our emotions and get a response. (Made to Stick, Chip and Dan Heath)
Did you know our brains are wired for novelty - we notice things that are unusual or surprising. We notice when people put disparate things into the same context Bullet points are not surprising. Luckily we have a lot of new tools and circumstances that help us create better learning situations.
A theme is useful to communicate … http://www.slideshare.net/weblover/10-life-lessons-from-star-trek-presentation
Beth Kanter, a remarkable social media and nonprofit expert, has a “cute dog theory”. She often uses dog photos in her presentations . http://www.slideshare.net/kanter/college-of-consultants-presentation-kellogg-action-lab-presentation/ What’s the most unique theme you’ve seen, or perhaps used, in a presentation? (Chat)
While there isn’t a yellow pages for finding images, there is the Internet! In your handout there is a link to a list of places, both free and for fee, for you to choose from. Google Images: http://weblogs.baltimoresun.com/business/consuminginterests/blog/yellow-pages-.jpg
This web-based resource goes through the flickr photos that are marked creative commons - that is, those you can use for free if you follow the creative commons copyright. Do you use creative commons? Link to Flickr CC site http://bit.ly/aCXaF
Link to Flickr CC site http://bit.ly/aCXaF
What about when you have a complicated document? Try to avoid complex graphic charts that will be hard to see -- but if you must use them, build them in sections OR use the highlighter tools to follow along and explain the chart. And provide the material as a handout so participants will have it for a close up look.
Here’s an example from Dr. Dennis Embry’s presentation on Mystery Shopper Kernel aka Reward and Reminder. These are low and no cost strategies for prevention. First you isolate into smaller bites the content you will be explaining.
Identify the starting point and begin your description.
Step by step. First you’ll select sites to visit from your listing or database of potential sites. Then you’ll send an adult to see if the site is safe for the youth to be involved.
If not safe, return to the list or database and select a different site.
If the location is safe, then the youth can proceed.And so on.
So what about puppies? That is, what about these ongoing challenges with Backgrounds and Text? So, it is best to have a light background and dark text or dark background and light text. As a rule dark backgrounds washout when run through an LCD so for F2F presentations - best to go with light background, dark text.
This picture by itself is cute, right? What does the image say?
It gets more interesting when we add a little flavor to it - like sprinkles on ice cream. Use concepts and pictures in unexpected ways. In this case we used this image for a presentation among a group of people we all knew - we knew we’d made an emotional connection when the group burst out laughing.
Fonts are like chips - sometimes there’s just too many choices. So often we go with our usual or just rely on the default. http://www.flickr.com/photos/tshirbert/118250140/
What do you notice about these fonts? Where do they seem similar and where are they different?
There are serif and sans serif fonts. Those with the little “feet” called “serifs” are the ones it is best to avoid in presentations e.g., Times New Roman, American Typewriter and Footlight) these are better for print media. The others (Gill Sans, Tahoma, Arial, and Verdana) are all sans serif, with smooth edges and easier to read on the screen.
So what about fonts? How big do we need to make them in order for people to see?
The “E” at the top of the chart is 96 pt, the largest point size in PPT. How low can you read the letters from where you sit? 96 - 80 - 60 - 48
These are the norm. 40, 36, 32, 28, and 24. Remember, if you have to use any font below 24 pt, provide a handout with the information on it.
What other ideas or science or experiences do you have with visuals that works? What unique, novel or unusual ways have you seen visuals used? What worked about them?
The ingredient that makes it all work for learning. http://www.flickr.com/photos/86085317@N00/7640704
Secrets, surprises, … we all have inquiring minds too and …next slide
We are social creatures too. There’s a body of research on social learning that is coming to the forefront especially given the social media’s emergence and growth. Rational approaches to learning will only get us so far - social approaches are now being tapped into and designed for - very exciting. Communities of Practice Networked learning Social networks
Design an experience because people won’t remember what said or what you did nearly so much as how you made them feel. (Maya Angelou)
One way to look at this is to take a step back -- and look at what we’ve done in the past. Consider the dynamic … expert to group.
The social leanring approach takes advantage of being together by networking the workshop (the room).
We can help network the workshop by using activities that help people get to know each other and learn from each other. Select interaction points based on content and context
There are two big questions to ask yourself.
Where do you, as a presenter, need input from the audience? Do a poll, ask a question, offer an activity, engage people to learn from them so you can be of more help to them.
What key places throughout the workshop will interaction among participants support or reinforce learning? Too often we don’t give people a chance to learn from each other.
Two things. What tip did you hear that is helpful to you? What other tips or things you’ve learned would you like to share with the group?
Intention, outcomes Sensitive to culture Time sensitive
April 28, 2009
• Investigate ways to strengthen
• Apply research
• Review tips, guidelines
• Identify take-aways
Learning is that which enables
you to participate successfully in
life, at work and in the groups
that matter to you.
– Jay Cross
Jay Cross Quote
This isYour Brain on Bullet Points
• You read the text
• while at the same time
• the speaker reads the text to you, which
• increases cognitive load
• meaning, your brain has to work harder
• This actually inhibits the learning process
What’s up?I’ve got a secret
I want in on
Source: Dogs in the Park
We are social creatures
What’s up?I’ve got a secret
I want in on
Design an Experience
People probably won’tPeople probably won’t
remember what youremember what you
said or what you did . . .said or what you did . . .
but will remember howbut will remember how
you made them feel.you made them feel.
One to Many Workshop
Source: David Wilcox
Falls short of what is possible...
• Multitasking http://www.flickr.com/photos/78205255@N00/96887547/
• Stick shift http://www.flickr.com/photos/billselak/2147464701/
• Ingredients http://www.flickr.com/photos/7884518@N04/2110349532
• Eggs & whisk http://www.flickr.com/photos/sgw/2329607771/
• Chips http://www.flickr.com/photos/tshirbert/118250140/
• Dogs in the Park http://www.flickr.com/photos/niwru/1102144588/
• One to Many & Networked (David Wilcox) http://social-media-game.wikispaces.com/
• Conversation http://www.flickr.com/photos/worldcafe/226864125/
• All other photos from http://www.istockphoto.com or are images by the presenter unless otherwise
All Workshop materials are posted online at:
This presentation is licensed under CREATIVE COMMONS.
This means you can use it, or parts thereof, as long as appropriate
attribution is given and your resulting product is made available under
this same license. The license prohibits using this presentation for
commercial purposes. A list of citations and links is included for your
reference and use. Please cite all photos to the original source.
Source: LaDonna Coy, MHR, CPS, CDLA, Learning for Change, Inc.,
Technology in Prevention Blog, Slide deck is available on Slideshare
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