MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN
Year 4
Basic Needs of Human
Keperluan Asas Manusia
Food /
Makanan
Air
Udara
Give energy / Beri tenaga
Grow / Membesar
Stay health...
Basic Needs of Animals
Keperluan Asas Haiwan
Food
Makanan
Shelter / Tempat
Perlindungan
Air
Udara
Water
Air
To breathe /
U...
Plants Have Basic Needs
Tumbuhan Mempunyai Keperluan Asas
Air
Udara
Sunlight
Cahaya matahari
Water
Air
With water / Ada ai...
2.1 Analysing life processes in humans.
Menganalisa proses hidup manusia.
Life Processes of
Humans
Proses Hidup Dilalui Ma...
2.2 Being aware that certain behaviour can disturb life processes.
Menyedari bahawa sesetengah perlakuan mengganggu proses...
2.3 Analysing the life processes in animals.
Menganalisa proses hidup haiwan.
Animals Life Processes
Proses Hidup Haiwan
B...
Life
processes
plants
undergo
Proses hidup
tumbuhan
Plants respond to stimuli.
water, sunlight, touch, gravity.
Tumbuhan b...
Specific characteristics and behaviour
Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas
Sharp claws ( tiger, cat )
Kuku tajam ( harimau, ...
Specific characteristics and behavior
Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas
Hot weather
Cuaca panas
Cold weather
Cuaca sejuk
W...
The specific
characteristics
Sifat-sifat khas
Have thorns
Berduri
Poisonous
Beracun
Have fine hairs
Berbulu halus
Produces...
strong wind
angin kuat
dry region
kawasan kering
Eg : cactus
kaktus
• Long roots to absorb water
Akar panjang untuk serap ...
The Basic Needs of Human and Animals
Keperluan Asas Manusia dan Haiwan
One evening, when Cik Ti crawled out from its shelt...
What Plants Need to Stay Healthy?
Thank you for giving me
enough water. I can use it to
make my food.
Terima kasih kerana ...
THE EXCRETION PROCESS
PROSES PERKUMUHAN
No.
Bil
Organs Diagram
Gambarajah Organ
Waste Products
Bahan Buangan
1. Kidney / B...
Plants Respond To Stimuli
Tumbuhan bergerakbalas terhadap ransangan
(Pussy Cat Song)
Oh Fresh Roots, Oh Fresh Roots where ...
The Breathing Structure of Animals
Gill
Insang
Trachea Structure
Struktur Trakea
Windpipe
Salur Trakea
Nose
Hidung
Lung
Pa...
Animal Defense From Extreme Weather
Long Ears – Desert Fox
Small Ears – Cold Region
Animals
Thick Fat In Tails –
Kangaroo ...
How I Survived – An Animal Which Live in a Pond
My Story
I am a _____________________ who lives in the pond. The pond that...
NATURAL DEFENSE IN PLANTS
PERLINDUNGAN SECARA SEMULAJADI OLEH TUMBUHAN
I have sharp thorns.
Don‟t come near me.
Saya ada d...
ADAPTATION TO NATURE
PENYESUAIAN DIRI TERHADAP ALAM SEMULAJADI
Cactus, how do you get
water in this dry region?
Kaktus, ba...
MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA
Year 4
1.7 Standard units
Unit seragam
1.5 Mass
Berat
1.6 Time
Masa
1.2 Area
Luas
1.3 Volume
Isipadu
1.3 Solid
Pepejal
1.4 Liquid...
Length
Panjang
Terminology
Istilah
-The distance between
two points/ place /
position
Jarak di antara dua
titik/tempat/ked...
1.2 Area
Luas
-Area is the amount of
space taken up by the
surface of an object.
Luas ialah jumlah ruang yang
dipenuhi pad...
Volume
Isipadu
Terminology
Istilah
The amount of space that something takes up
Jumlah ruang yang dipenuhi oleh sesuatu
1.3...
Mass
Berat
Terminology
Istilah
Amount of matter in an object
Jumlah benda dalam objek
Tools
Alat
Electronic balance
Neraca...
Time
Masa
Terminology
Istilah
Duration between two moment
Tempoh antara dua ketika
Way to measure
Cara untuk mengukur
-Sun...
The Importance of Standard Units
Kepentingan unit piawai
for accuracy and consistency
untuk tepat dan konsisten
easy to co...
MEASUREMENT SONG
( Sing To : ‘ When I go to school ’ tune )
When I want to measure the
length
Then I use my hand -3x
When ...
THE STORY OF TIME
CERITA TENTANG MASA
Galileo Galilei was the first person to use events that repeat uniformly
to measure ...
MENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN
Year 4
Properties of materials
Sifat bahan
Insulator
Penebat
Penebat
Float on water
Terapung atas air
Conduct electricity
Mengali...
Applying knowledge properties of materials in everyday life
Aplikasi pengetahuan sifat bahan dalam kehidupan seharian
Sugg...
Uses of materials based on their properties
Penggunaan bahan berdasarkan kandungan
transparent
lutsinar
glass
kaca
glasses...
Natural materials
Bahan semulajadi
Bahan semulajadi
Man-made materials
Bahan buatan
Bahan buatan
wood
kayu
metal
logam
rub...
Rusting can be prevented
Pengaratan boleh dicegah
Different ways to prevent objects from rusting
Cara berbeza untuk mengha...
Rusting can be prevented
Pengaratan boleh dicegah
Rusty
objects
Objek
berkarat
Non rusty objects
Objek tidak berkarat
Obje...
MATERIALS AROUND YOU
-The Properties Of Materials-
MATERIALS
WOOD RUBBER PLASTIC
GLASS
METAL
COTTON
-Floats
on water
-
Ins...
Opaque, Translucent and Transparent
Legap, Lutsinar dan Lutcahaya
Wooden Door
(opaque)
Glass Door
(Translucent)
Clear glas...
SYNTHETC
CLOTH
KAIN
SINTETIK
NATURAL AND MAN MADE
BAHAN SEMULAJADI DAN BUATAN MANUSIA
NATURAL
MATERIALS
BAHAN
SEMULAJADI
M...
MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA
Year 4
WEEK : 19
TOPIC : Investigating The Earth & Universe Year 4
Menyiasat & Alam Semesta Tahun 4
Mind Map / Mind Power Peta Mi...
(4:1)
(100:1)
The relative size
and distance
between
the Earth, the
Moon and the Sun
Saiz dan jarak relatif di
antara
Bumi...
Earth in the
Solar System
Bumi dalam Sistem
Solar
Why certain planets are
not conducive for living
things.
Mengapa seseten...
OUR SOLAR SYSTEM
SISTEM SOLAR KITA
MERCURY MAKAN
VENUS VITAMIN
EARTH E
MARS MULUT
JUPITER JADI
SATURN SENGET
URANUS URAT
N...
MENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGI
Year 4
Development
Of Technology
Pembangunan
teknologi
Examples
Contoh
Technology
Teknologi
1.2 Understanding the development of ...
Importance of technology in everyday life
Kepentingan teknologi dalam kehidupan seharian
Examples of human limitations are...
Problems encounter in our daily
life
Masalah yang dihadapi dalam kehidupan
sehari
Ideas to solve the problems
identified
I...
Advantages of
Technology
Kelebihan teknologi
Disadvantages of
Technology
Kelemahan teknologi
•Communication
Komunikasi
Ena...
HUMAN LIMITATIONS AND WAYS TO OVERCOME
KETIDAKUPAYAAN MANUSIA DAN CARA MENGATASINYA
Use the phone Use the car Use the aero...
MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN
Year 5
1.1 Understanding that microorganism is a living things.
Memahami mikroorganisma adalah benda hidup.
microganism
Mikroorga...
Some Organisms Are Harmful And
Some Are Useful
Beberapa mikoorganisma yang berbahaya
dan berguna
Useful
berguna
Harmful
Be...
Survival of
Animal
Species
Kemandirian Spesis
Haiwan
Examples of animals that take
care of their eggs and young.
Contoh ha...
Survival of
Plant
Species
Kemandirian
spesies
tumbuhanMicroo
Water
Air
Explosive
mechanism
Mekanisme
letupan
Wind
Angin
An...
Food Chain
Rantai MakananAnimals and the
food they eat
Haiwan dan
makanannya
Classify animals
Pengkelasan haiwan
Producer
...
Synthesizing food chains
to construct food webs
Sintesis siratan makanan untuk
membentuk rantai makanan
Food web
Siratan m...
Mikroorganisma
One day, while reading a book, Ali comes across one word. The word is
“microorganisms”. He doesn‟t understa...
Ali : And this picture, mother?
( Dan gambar ini, ibu? )
Mother : It is a virus. Virus is the tiniest microorganism.
( Itu...
HARMFUL
EFFECTS
Keburukan
Making fertilizer
Membuat baja
Producing antibiotics
Menghasilkan antibiotic
Chicken pox
Demam C...
We take care of our eggs
Kami menjaga telur kami
We take care of our youngs
Kami menjaga anak kami
Frog
Katak Penguin
Peng...
AGENT
AGEN
EXAMPLE
CONTOH
CHARACTERISTICS
CIRI-CIRI
Lotus
Teratai
Coconut
Kelapa
Pong-pong
Pong-pong
We are dispersed by w...
Mango
Mangga
Watermelon
Tembikai
Mimosa
Semalu
Lovegrass
Kemucup
We dispersed by animal
because we have brightly
colour, f...
deer
rusa
herbivores
herbivor
rabbits
arnab
carnivores
karnivor
Animals such as deer and rabbits get their energy by eatin...
MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA
Year 5
ENERGY
TENAGA
Importance
INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY
Menyiasat Daya dan TenagaTo construct food
The Uses of Energy
Kegu...
Energy can be transformed from one form to another
Tenaga boleh berubah dari satu bentuk kepada bentuk lain.
Form of energ...
Renewable and Non-renewable Energy
Tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui dan
tidak boleh diperbaharui
Renewable energy
Tenaga yan...
Sources
Sumber
Dry cell
Sel Kering
Accumulator
Sel Basah
Dynamo
Dinamo
Solar cell
Tenaga Solar
2.1 Knowing the sources of ...
Type of circuit
Jenis litar
Name
Nama
Symbol
Simbol
Dry cell
Sel Kering
Connecting
wire
Wayar
penyambung
Switch / Suis
Bul...
Precautions
Langkah keselamatan
Danger of mishandling electrical appliances
Bahaya kecuaian mengendali peralatan elektrik
...
3.1 Understanding that light travels in a straight line
Memahami bahawa cahaya bergerak dalam satu garis lurus
Light
Cahay...
Light
Cahaya
Can be reflected
Boleh dipantulkan
How ?
Bagaimana?
Uses of reflection
Kegunaan pantulan
Side mirror of a car...
Heat
haba
Gain
bertambah
Loss
berkurang
Cooler
Sejuk
Warmer
panas
How to measure temperature
using the correct technique
B...
SUN WIND DRY CELL FUELS FOOD
Matahari Angin Sel kering Bahan bakar Makanan
Chemical energy light energy + heat energy
Tena...
DRY CELL ACCUMULATOR DYNAMO SOLAR CELL HYDROELECTRIC
Sel kering Sel Basah Dinamo Sel solar Hidroelekrik
SERIES CIRCUIT
LIT...
( Song : This old man)
Light oh light Cahaya oh cahaya
Light travels Cahaya boleh gerak
Light travels in a straight line C...
MENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN
Year 5
Solid
Pepejal
Liquid
Cecair gas
has mass
mempunyai
berat
Properties of solid
Sifat-sifat pepejal
Properties of liquid
Sifa...
CHANGING
STATES OF
WATER
Perubahan
Bentuk
Air
gas – liquid
gas - cecair
liquid – gas
cecair - gas
liquid – gas
Cecair - ga...
The water cycle.
Kitaran air
Circulation of water in
the environment.
Kitaran air dalam persekitaran
Formation of clouds
a...
Importance of water resources.
Kepentingan sumber air
To prevent aquatic lives from being
destroyed and undergoing
extinct...
The properties of acid,
alkaline and neutral substances.
Ciri-ciri asid , alkali dan bahan nutral
Identify the taste of ac...
STATE OF MATTER
KEADAAN BAHAN
Ali is eating an ice cream. After a while, the ice cream
melts. The melting process changes ...
I am a droplet of water.
Saya setitis air
Ouch! Where I am. Wow! It is big. Opss! Mmm… cold and fresh. Where am I? Oh, I s...
Fill in the missing letters.
Lengkapkan perkataan dengan huruf yang betul.
E _ a _ _ _ a _ _ _ n
C _ _ d _ _s _ _ i o _
S ...
MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA
Year 5
Indicates Seasons
Menunjukkan musim
A group of stars that
form a certain pattern in
the sky
Gugusan bintang-bintang di
lan...
The movements
of the Earth, the Moon
and the Sun
Pergerakan Bumi,Bulan
dan Matahari
Earth rotates
on its axis
Bumi berputa...
The occurrence of day and night
Kejadian siang dan malam
It is day time for the part
of the Earth facing the Sun.
Pada wak...
Phases Of The Moon
Fasa-fasa Bulan
The Moon Does
Not Emit Light
Bulan tidak
mengeluarkan
cahaya
The Moon appears
bright wh...
MENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGI
Year 5
The shape of objects
Bentuk-bentuk benda
Identify shape in structure
Mengenal pasti bentuk di dalam
struktur
Cuboid
Kuboid...
Strength and Stability
Kekuatan dan KestabilanIn a
food chainthe arrow means
Shapes of objects that are stable
Bentuk bend...
MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN
Year 6
Group
Berkumpulan
Solitary
Bersendirian
Ants, lions
Semut, singa
Tigers, bears
Harimau, beruang
To avoid competition for f...
Compete for
Bersaing untuk
Among animals
Antara haiwan
Among plants
Antara tumbuhan
INTERACTION AMONG LIVING THINGS
Intera...
Protecting endangered species
Melindungi spesis yang terancam
Interaction among living things
Interaksi antara benda hidup...
Interaction among living things
Interaksi antara benda hidup
Impact of human activities
Kesan daripada aktiviti manusia
De...
MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA
Year 6
INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY
MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA
FORCE
DAYA
Effects
Kesan
Concept
Konsep
A push or a pull
Tolakan ...
FRICTION
GESERAN
Effects of friction
Kesan geseran
Produces heat
Hasilkan haba
Opposes motion
Berlawanan gerakan
Causes we...
Movement
Pergerakkan
Speed
Laju
Calculation of speed
Pengiraan Kelajuan
How fast an object moves
Berapa laju objek bergera...
MENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN
Year 6
FOOD PRESERVATION
Pengawetan makanan
Food spoilt
Kerosakan makanan
Characteristics of spoilt food
Ciri-ciri makanan yang r...
Food Preservation
Pengawetan makanan
Drying
Pengeringan
Fish, prawns, cuttlefish, fruits
Ikan, udang, sotong, buah
Boiling...
The importance of preserving food
Kepentingan pengawetan makanan
1.3 Realising the importance of preserving food
Menyedari...
Waste Management
Pegurusan bahan buangan
Plastics, glass, chemical waste, organic waste, metal
Plastik, kaca, sisa kimia, ...
Air pollution
Pencemaran udara
Water pollution
Pencemaran air
diseases
penyakit
Damages our lungs, initiates our eyes
Mero...
MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA
Year 6
Eclipse of The Moon
Gerhana bulan
Eclipse of The Sun
Gerhana matahari
Eclipse
Gerhana
The Earth is between the Sun and
the...
MENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGI
Year 6
MACHINES
Mesin
To carry or move heavy objects easily
Untuk membawa atau menggerak benda berat dengan
mudah
To cut or separ...
Machine
make
life easier
Mesin
membuat
kehidupan
lebih mudah
Made up of more than
one simple machine
Terdiri lebih dari sa...
PETA MINDA SAINS TAHUN 4,5 DAN 6
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PETA MINDA SAINS TAHUN 4,5 DAN 6

  1. 1. MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN Year 4
  2. 2. Basic Needs of Human Keperluan Asas Manusia Food / Makanan Air Udara Give energy / Beri tenaga Grow / Membesar Stay healthy / Sihat 1.1 Understanding that humans have basic needs. Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan asas. Water Air Drinks / Minuman Grow / Membesar Stay healthy / Sihat Shelter Tempat perlindungan To protect from Untuk melindungi daripada - danger bahaya - extreme weather cuaca melampau - sun & rain / matahari dan hujan To breathe Untuk bernafas
  3. 3. Basic Needs of Animals Keperluan Asas Haiwan Food Makanan Shelter / Tempat Perlindungan Air Udara Water Air To breathe / Untuk bernafas To protect from Untuk melindungi daripada - danger Bahaya - extreme weather cuaca melampau - Sun & rain Matahari dan hujan Give energy / Beri tenaga Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar Stay healthy / Sihat Drinks / Minuman Grow / Bertumbuh @ Membesar Stay healthy / Sihat 1.2 Understanding that animals have basic needs. Memahami bahawa manusia mempunyai keperluan asas. Types / Jenis : - holes / lubang - cave / gua - nest / sarang - beehive / sarang lebah
  4. 4. Plants Have Basic Needs Tumbuhan Mempunyai Keperluan Asas Air Udara Sunlight Cahaya matahari Water Air With water / Ada air : - grow healthy / tumbuh dengan sihat - grow well / tumbuh dengan baik - not wilted / tidak layu Without water / Tanpa air: - wilted / layu - turn yellow / menjadi kuning - die / mati 1.3 Understanding that plants have basic needs. Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai keperluan asas.
  5. 5. 2.1 Analysing life processes in humans. Menganalisa proses hidup manusia. Life Processes of Humans Proses Hidup Dilalui Manusia Respond To Stimuli Bergerak balas Terhadap Ransangan Breathing Pernafasan Reproduce Membiak Organs Organ Inhale – take in air Tarik nafas – ambil udara Exhale – give out air Hembus nafas - keluarkan udara Nose/Mouth Wind-pipe Lungs Hidung/Mulut Trakea Paru-paru A process to produce their young or offspring Proses untuk menghasilkan anak Rate of breath Kadar pernafasan Number of chest movements in a period of time Bilangan pergerakan dada dalam sesuatu masa Organs Organ Eyes – Sight Mata - Melihat Nose – Smell Hidung - Menghidu Tongue – Taste Lidah - Merasa Ears – Sound Telinga - Mendengar bunyi Skin – Touch Kulit - Sentuhan Excrete Berkumuh Defecate Bernyahtinja Kidney ( urine + mineral salt ) Ginjal ( air kencing + garam mineral ) Faeces Najis Purpose / Tujuan : - avoid danger elak bahaya - avoid getting hurt elak dapat luka - avoid getting injured elak dapat cedera - to survive untuk terus hidup Lungs ( Carbon dioxide + water vapour ) Paru-paru ( Karbon dioksida + wap air ) Skin ( Sweat + mineral salt ) Kulit ( peluh + garam mineral )
  6. 6. 2.2 Being aware that certain behaviour can disturb life processes. Menyedari bahawa sesetengah perlakuan mengganggu proses hidup. Smoking / Merokok Drinking Alcohol / Minum Alkohol Effects / Kesan - Lung cancer Kanser paru-paru - Coughing Batuk Effects / Kesan - Delay respond to stimuli Lambatkan tindak balas terhadap ransangan - Lose ability to walk in a straight line Hilang keupayaan berjalan dengan lurus - Can cause accidents Menyebabkan kemalangan How to avoid Bagaimana untuk hindari Participate in campaigns Ambil bahagian dalam kempen Advise from their peers Nasihat daripada rakan sebaya Occupy time with beneficial activities Memenuhi masa dengan aktiviti berfaedah Behaviour That Can Disturb Life Processes Perlakuan yang boleh mengganggu proses hidup Taking Drug Mengambil Dadah
  7. 7. 2.3 Analysing the life processes in animals. Menganalisa proses hidup haiwan. Animals Life Processes Proses Hidup Haiwan Breathe Bernafas Excrete Berkumuh Reproduce / Membiak Lay Eggs / Bertelur Give Birth Lahirkan anak Organs Organ Lungs Paru-paru - monkey monyet - bird burung - whale paus Gill Insang - fish ikan - prawn udang Book Lungs - crab ketam Moist skin Kulit lembap - frog katak - earthworm cacing tanah Trachea Structure Sistem Trakea - insects serangga Defecate / Bernyahtinja To get rid of waste product from their bodies Untuk menyingkirkan bahan buangan dari badan cat kucing tiger harimau bat kelawar whale paus butterfly rama-rama bird burung
  8. 8. Life processes plants undergo Proses hidup tumbuhan Plants respond to stimuli. water, sunlight, touch, gravity. Tumbuhan bergerak balas terhadap ransangan air,cahaya matahari,sentuhan,graviti 2.4 Understanding the life processes in plants. Memahami proses hidup tumbuhan. the part of plant that responds to gravity. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap graviti roots akar the part of plant that responds to water bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap ransangan roots akar the part of plant that responds to sunlight. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap cahaya matahari shoot pucuk Permul aaan eksperi men Akhir ekspe rimen Plants reproduce. tumbuhan membiak Seeds – balsam, corn, durian Biji benih- keembung, jagung,durian Spores – fern, mushroom Spora - paku-pakis,cendawan Suckers – banana, pineapple Anak pokok- pisang,nenas Stem cutting – hibiscus, rose, tapioca Keratan batang- bunga raya , ubi kayu Leaves – bryophyllum, begonia Daun - setawar,begonia Stem - potato, onion, ginger Batang - kentang,bawang,halia Various ways plants reproduce through…seeds, spores, suckers, stem cutting, leaves, underground stem. Berbagai cara tumbuhan membiak melalui….bji benih, spora, anak pokok,keratan batang, daun, batang bawah tanah the part of plant that responds to touch. bahagian pokok yang bertindak balas terhadap sentuhanWhy plants need to reproduce to ensure the survival of the species.? Mengapa tumbuhan perlu membiak? untuk memastikan kemandirian spesisnya?
  9. 9. Specific characteristics and behaviour Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas Sharp claws ( tiger, cat ) Kuku tajam ( harimau, kucing ) Thick and hard skin ( rhinoceros ) Kulit tebal dan keras ( badak sumbu ) Spines ( porcupine ) Berduri ( landak ) Hard scales ( pangolin, crocodiles ) Sisik keras ( tenggiling,buaya ) Hard shell ( tortoise, snails ) Cangkerang keras ( kura-kura, siput ) Horns ( buffalo, seladang ) Tanduk ( kerbau, seladang ) Pretend to be dead ( beetle, ) Berpura-pura mati ( kumbang ) Camouflage ( cameleon ) Menyamar ( sumpah-sumpah ) Poisonous sting or fang ( centipede, snake ) Sengat atau taring berbisa ( kala jengking, ular ) Spray black ink ( squid ) Mengeluarkan dakwat hitam ( sotong ) Special characteristics Ciri-ciri khas Special behaviour Tingkah-laku khas 3.1 Understanding that animals have specific characteristics and behaviour to protect themselves from danger. Memahami bahawa haiwan mempunyai ciri dan perlakuan khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada bahaya.
  10. 10. Specific characteristics and behavior Sifat-sifat dan tingkah laku khas Hot weather Cuaca panas Cold weather Cuaca sejuk Wrinkled Skin (Elephant ,hippopotamuses and buffaloes) Kulit berkedut (Gajah. badak sumbu, kerbau) Wallowing (Elephant, hippopotamuses and buffaloes) Berkubang (Gajah, badak sumbu, kerbau) Humps (Elephant, hippopotamuses and buffaloes) Berkubang (Gajah, badak sumbu, kerbau) Thick Fur (Polar bears) Berbulu tebal (Beruang kutub) Fat Layers Under Their Skins (Penguins, seals, and whales) Lapisan lemak di bawah kulit (Penguin, anjng laut, ikan paus) Small Ears (Seals and Walruses) Telinga kecil (Anjing laut, singa laut) Hibernate (Polar bears) Berhibenasi (Beruang kutub)
  11. 11. The specific characteristics Sifat-sifat khas Have thorns Berduri Poisonous Beracun Have fine hairs Berbulu halus Produces latex Keluarkan getah Close leaflets when touch Daun tertutup bila disentuh 3.4 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves from enemies. Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada musuh.
  12. 12. strong wind angin kuat dry region kawasan kering Eg : cactus kaktus • Long roots to absorb water Akar panjang untuk serap air • Succulent stems can store water Batang boleh menyimpan air • Thorns can can prevent the excessive loss of water Duri boleh mencegah kehilangan banyak air . Eg: Coconut tree, bamboo tree, pokok kelapa, pokok buluh a. Have stems that bend easily Batang yang mudah bengkok b. Have buttress roots Akar banir c. Have separated leaves Daun berbilah-bilah d. Needle- shaped leaves Daun berbentuk jarum Specific characteristics of plants to protect themselves Sifat-sifat khas tumbuhan untuk melindungi diri 3.5 Understanding that plants have specific characteristics to protect themselves from dry region and strong wind. Memahami bahawa tumbuhan mempunyai ciri-ciri khas untuk melindungi diri mereka daripada kawasan kering dan angin kuat.
  13. 13. The Basic Needs of Human and Animals Keperluan Asas Manusia dan Haiwan One evening, when Cik Ti crawled out from its shelter to search for food, it started to rain heavily. Cik Ti immediately crawled back to its shelter, a hole near a wooden house. Cik Ti was tired. She also felt hungry. She tried to find some food but there was no food left in the hole. “ Oh no… I will die without food.” said Cik Ti frustrated. Cik Ti moved into the kitchen . “ Arghh…… I am hungry!. Cik Ti screamed. “Wow, cheese…. Emmm…. Delicious.” After she had her food, she was thirsty. She saw a cup of water on the table. Cik Ti drank the water. Tap! Tap! Tap! Without her knowing, Mamat was ready to trap her into a plastic bag. He tighten the bag tightly. Help! Help! I can’t breath…… where is the air.” Shouted Cik Ti ….. Her voice slowed down . Finally Cik Ti died without air….. Suatu petang ketika Cik Ti merangkak di luar rumahnya untuk mencari makanan, tiba-tiba hujan turun dengan lebatnya. Cik Ti bergerak pantas untuk kembali semula ke kediamannya, sebuah lubang di tepi sebuah rumah kayu. Cik Ti penat. Dia mula rasa lapar. Cik Ti cuba mencari makanan tetapi dia tidak menemuinya di lubang itu. “Matilah aku kalau tak ada makanan.” rungut Cik Ti . Cik Ti terus ke dapur rumah itu. “Arghh….. laparnya.” Tiba-tiba Cik Ti menjerit, “wow, keju….. emmm… sedapnya.” Selepas makan Cik Ti terasa dahaga. Dia ternampak secawan air di atas meja tersebut. Cik Ti minum air tersebut dengan gelojohnya. Tap! Tap! Tap! Tanpa disedarinya Mamat telah bersedia untuk menangkap Cik Ti. Cik Ti terperangkap. Mamat memasukkan Cik Ti ke dalam sebuah beg plastik dan mengikat beg itu dengan kuatnya. “ Tolong! Tolong! Aku tak boleh bernafas….. mana udara ni.” Jerit Cik Ti….. Suaranya semakin perlahan...... akhirnya Cik Ti mati tanpa udara.....
  14. 14. What Plants Need to Stay Healthy? Thank you for giving me enough water. I can use it to make my food. Terima kasih kerana memberikan saya air yang cukup. Saya akan gunakannya untk membuat makanan. Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you grow healthy soon. Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab saya. Harap awak akan hidup subur kelak. Thank you for keeping me under direct sunlight. Now I get enough light. I can use it to make my food. Terima kasih kerana meletakkan saya di bawah cahaya matahari. Kini saya telah mendapat cahaya yang mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk membuat makanan. Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you can grow healthy soon . Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab saya. Harap awak akan hidup subur kelak. Thank you for giving me enough fertilizer. Now I can get enough minerals. I can use it to make my food. Terima kasih kerana memberikan saya cukup baja. Kini saya telah mendapat baja yang mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk membuat makanan. Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you can grow healthy soon . Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab saya. Harap awak akan hidup subur kelak. Emmm… I feel fresh. I can breath easily. Thank you. Now I can get enough air. I can use it to make my food. Emmm....saya rasa segar. Terima kasih. Kini saya telah mendapat udara yang mencukupi. Saya boleh gunakkanya untuk membuat makanan. Oh, it is my pleasure. Hope you can grow healthy soon . Oh , itu sudah tanggungjawab saya. Harap awak akan hidup subur kelak.
  15. 15. THE EXCRETION PROCESS PROSES PERKUMUHAN No. Bil Organs Diagram Gambarajah Organ Waste Products Bahan Buangan 1. Kidney / Buah Pinggang Urine + water vapour Air Kencing + wap air 2. Lungs / Paru-Paru Carbon Dioxide + water vapour Karbon dioksida + wap air 3. Skin / Kulit Sweat + Water Vapour + Mineral salt Peluh + wap air + garam mineral Ureter Kidney
  16. 16. Plants Respond To Stimuli Tumbuhan bergerakbalas terhadap ransangan (Pussy Cat Song) Oh Fresh Roots, Oh Fresh Roots where are going ? I want to go down to meet my gravity. Oh Fresh Roots, Oh Fresh Roots why are you here? I‟m going down to the soil to absorb water. Oh Green Shoot, Oh Green Shoot why are you going up? I can go up to search for sunlight. The roots respond to water. Akar bergerakbalas terhadap air. The shoot responds to sunlight Pucuk bergerakbalas terhadap cahaya matahari..
  17. 17. The Breathing Structure of Animals Gill Insang Trachea Structure Struktur Trakea Windpipe Salur Trakea Nose Hidung Lung Paru-paru Moist Skin Kulit Lembab Lung Paru-paru Trachea Structure Struktur Trakea Nose Wind Pipe Lungs Hidung Trakea Paru-paru Air Passage Peredaran Udara Lung Paru-paru
  18. 18. Animal Defense From Extreme Weather Long Ears – Desert Fox Small Ears – Cold Region Animals Thick Fat In Tails – Kangaroo Rats Rest – Desert Animals Wallowing In Mud - Rhinoceroses Thick Layers Of Fat – Penguins Thick Furs - Polar Hump - Camels Penguin Kangaroo Rat Camel
  19. 19. How I Survived – An Animal Which Live in a Pond My Story I am a _____________________ who lives in the pond. The pond that I live in is full of____________________ and _______________________. Some days it is hard to stay alive! I protect myself from other animals by _______________________. I also have to have four basic things in order to live. They are _____________ ____________, ________________, and ____________________. I also stay alive by __________________________________. It‟s easy for me to catch and eat. Another animal that lives in the pond with me is the _______________. He likes to eat _________________. Sometimes he hides from other animals by ___________________. But sometimes he is seen by the ___________________ and is eaten! He has to be very quick to stay alive. I like living in the pond. using my wax and poisonous skin. catching my preys with my long tongue. gliding quietly
  20. 20. NATURAL DEFENSE IN PLANTS PERLINDUNGAN SECARA SEMULAJADI OLEH TUMBUHAN I have sharp thorns. Don‟t come near me. Saya ada duri yang tajam.Jangan dekati saya. I am sensitive. I will fold my leaflets. Please don‟t touch me Saya sensitive.Saya akan menguncupkan daun-daun saya apabila disentuh. I have latex. I will stick on you. Saya ada getah. Saya akan melekat pada awak. My fine hairs will cause itchiness. Don‟t come near me. I will make you itchy. Bulu halus pada saya boleh menyebabkan kegatalan. Jangan dekati saya. Saya akan menggatalkan awak.
  21. 21. ADAPTATION TO NATURE PENYESUAIAN DIRI TERHADAP ALAM SEMULAJADI Cactus, how do you get water in this dry region? Kaktus, bagaimana awak mendapat air di kawasan kering seperti ini? I have long roots. So I can go deep in the soil to get water. Saya ada akar yang panjang. Jadi saya boleh pergi jauh ke dalam tanah untuk mendapatkan air I have needle shaped leaves. So I lose less water. Saya mempunyai daun berbentuk jarum,jadi saya kurang hilang air. My thick stem can store more water for me. Batang tebal saya membolehkan menyimpan lebih banyak air untuk saya. Coconut tree, how do you survive from strong winds? Pokok kelapa, bagaimana awak bertahan daripada angin kencang? Oh, I have strong buttress roots. It is easy for me to defend from strong winds. Oh, saya ada akar banir yang kuat. Ia memudahkan saya untuk menahan angin yang kuat. My leaves are divided so that they do not break easily. The trunk helps them to sway with the wind. Daun-daun saya adalah berbilah-bilah jadi mereka tidak terpecah dengan mudah. Batang pokok saya membantu mereka bergoyang bersama angin.
  22. 22. MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA Year 4
  23. 23. 1.7 Standard units Unit seragam 1.5 Mass Berat 1.6 Time Masa 1.2 Area Luas 1.3 Volume Isipadu 1.3 Solid Pepejal 1.4 Liquid Cecair 1.1 Understanding the measurement of length Memahami ukuran panjang Measurement Ukuran 1.1 Length Panjang
  24. 24. Length Panjang Terminology Istilah -The distance between two points/ place / position Jarak di antara dua titik/tempat/kedudukan Ways to measure Cara menyukat Measuring tape Pita pengukur Cubit Hasta Arm span Depa String Tali Ruler Pembaris Standard Tools Alat Piawai Measuring tape Pita pengukur Ruler Pembaris Unit Unit mm mm cm sm m m km km Correct technique Teknik yang betul -The eye must be directly above the end of object Mata mesti tepat pada bahagian bawah hujung benda 1.1 Understanding the measurement of length Memahami ukuran panjang
  25. 25. 1.2 Area Luas -Area is the amount of space taken up by the surface of an object. Luas ialah jumlah ruang yang dipenuhi pada permukaan sesuatu objek Terminology Istilah -Using square card with a sides of 1 centimetre Menggunakan kad segi empat dengan tepinya 1 sentimeter Standard unit Unit piawai -Square millimetres (mm2 ) Milimeter persegi (mm²) -Square centimetres (cm2 ) Sentimeter persegi (cm²) -Square metres (m2 ) Meter persegi (m²) -Square kilometres (km2 ) Kilometer persegi (km²) 1cm 1cm Different ways to measure area Cara- cara untuk menyukat luas -Using formula Guna rumus Area = length X width Luas = panjang X lebar 2c m 4c m = 4cm X 2 cm = 8cm2 3cm 3cm - by placing uniform objects such as tiles, books and stamps on the surface of the objects dengan meletakkan objek seperti jubin, buku dan setem pada permukaan objek 1.2 Understanding how to calculate area Memahami cara mengira luas
  26. 26. Volume Isipadu Terminology Istilah The amount of space that something takes up Jumlah ruang yang dipenuhi oleh sesuatu 1.3 Solid Pepejal 1.4 Liquid Cecair Formula Rumus Length x width x height Panjang x lebar x tinggi Standard Units Unit seragam Tools Alat Measuring cylinder Silinder penyukat ml, l ml, l Correct technique Teknik yang betul a) taking the reading at the lowest part of the meniscus. mengambil bacaan pada bahagian paling rendah pada meniskus b) eyes must be at the same level as the lowest part of the meniscus mata mesti sama pada aras paling rendah pada meniskus Standard Units Unit piawai mm³, cm³, m³ mm³, sm³, m³ 1.2/1.3 Understanding how measure the volume of solid and liquid Memahami cara mengira isipadu pepejal dan cecair
  27. 27. Mass Berat Terminology Istilah Amount of matter in an object Jumlah benda dalam objek Tools Alat Electronic balance Neraca elektronik Beam balance Neraca palang Kitchen scale Penimbang dapur Bathroom scale Penimbang berat badan Lever balance Neraca tuas Standard unit Unit piawai Mg mg g g kg kg Correct technique Teknik yang betul 1.5 Understanding how measure mass Memahami cara menyukat berat
  28. 28. Time Masa Terminology Istilah Duration between two moment Tempoh antara dua ketika Way to measure Cara untuk mengukur -Sundial , sand clock , candle clock -Jam bayang, jam pasir, jam lilin A process that repeats uniformly can be used to measure time Proses yang berulang secara sekata boleh digunakan untuk menyukat masa -swinging of a pendulum ayunan bandul -pulse rate denyutan nadi -water dripping titisan air -change day and night perubahan siang dan malam Tool Alatan Standard unit Unit piawai Second , minute , hour Saat, minit, jam -Digital clock, watch, wrist watch Jam digital, jam, jam tangan Old clock Jam lama Events that can be used measure time Kejadian boleh digunakan untuk menyukat masa 1.6 Understanding how to measure time Memahami cara mengukur masa
  29. 29. The Importance of Standard Units Kepentingan unit piawai for accuracy and consistency untuk tepat dan konsisten easy to communicate and understand mudah untuk berkomunikasi dan difahami 1.7 Realising importance of using standard units Menyedari kepentingan menggunakan unit yang piawai
  30. 30. MEASUREMENT SONG ( Sing To : ‘ When I go to school ’ tune ) When I want to measure the length Then I use my hand -3x When I want to measure the length Then I use my hand All are in my body parts The arm span, cubit, foot and span Are the measurement I use - 3x All are my body parts Bila nak mengukur panjang saya guna tangan 3x Bila nak mengukur panjang saya guna tangan Semuanya anggota badan Depa, hasta,kaki dan jengkal Anggota yang (digunakan 3x Semua anggota badan When I want to measure the length I use the tape - 3x When I want to measure the length I use the tape All are the unit I use The milimetre, centimetre, metre, and kilometre are the unit I use - 3x All are in standard units Bila nak mengukur panjang Saya guna pita 3x Bila nak mengukur panjang Saya guna pita 3x Inilah unitnya Milimeter, sentimeter, meter, dan kilometer Unit yang (digunakan 3x Semua unit piawai When I want to measure the mass Then I use the tools 3x The milligram and gram and the kilogram 3x All are the unit I use The beam and lever balance, kitchen and the bathroom scale 3x All are used to measure mass Bila nak mengukur jisim Saya guna alat 3x Miligram dan gram dan kilogram 3x Inilah unitnya The beam and lever balance, kitchen and the bathroom scale 3x Semua ‘tuk mengukur berat Unit 4/Lesson 1 Measuring Length/Mass Defense Of Plants
  31. 31. THE STORY OF TIME CERITA TENTANG MASA Galileo Galilei was the first person to use events that repeat uniformly to measure time such as the pendulum clock. From then onwards, the wall clock and modern clock were invented. Galileo Galilei merupakan orang pertama menggunakan peristiwa yang berulang secara seragam untuk mengukur masa seperti jam bandul. Daripada situ, jam dinding dan jam moden telah dicipta. Ancient Clocks Sand Clock Sundial Clock Candle Clock Modern Clock Wall clock Stop Watch Watch
  32. 32. MENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN Year 4
  33. 33. Properties of materials Sifat bahan Insulator Penebat Penebat Float on water Terapung atas air Conduct electricity Mengalirkan elektrik Mengalirkan arus elektrik metal logam Conduct heat Mengalirkan haba Sink in water Tenggelam dalam air Light to pass through Cahaya boleh melaluinya Cahaya melaluinya Can be stretch Boleh diregangkan wood kayu stone batu rubber band gelang getah glass kaca carbon karbon plastics plastik metal logam wood kayu 1.1 The properties of materials Sifat bahan
  34. 34. Applying knowledge properties of materials in everyday life Aplikasi pengetahuan sifat bahan dalam kehidupan seharian Suggest ways to keep things hot Cadangan untuk menyimpan benda panas Covered with insulators Balut dengan bahan penebat Suggest ways to keep things cold Cadangan untuk menyimpan benda sejuk hot thing benda panas cold thing benda sejuk to prevent heat loss untuk menghalang kehilangan haba prevent from absorbing heat halang daripada serap haba 1.2 Applying knowledge of properties of materials in everyday life Mengaplikasi pengetahuan tentang sifat bahan dalam kehidupan seharian
  35. 35. Uses of materials based on their properties Penggunaan bahan berdasarkan kandungan transparent lutsinar glass kaca glasses gelas soft lembut wood kayu tissue tisu hard keras metal logam spoon sudu properties sifat materials bahan object objek cheap murah easy to get senang didapati strength kuat good quality kualiti baik 1.3 Synthesising the knowledge about uses of materials based on their properties Mensintesis pengetahuan mengenai penggunaan bahan berdasarkan kandungan List of object and materials that they are made of Senarai objek dan bahan yang dibuat daripada: Reasons why particular materials are used to make an object Keterangan mengapa bahan tertentu digunakan untuk membuat objek
  36. 36. Natural materials Bahan semulajadi Bahan semulajadi Man-made materials Bahan buatan Bahan buatan wood kayu metal logam rubber getah cotton kapas plastics plastik synthetic cloth kain sintetik glass kaca State that man-made materials are made by man from natural materials Nyatakan bahan buatan dibuat dari bahan semulajadi reducing mengurangkan reusing guna semula recycling kitar semula public transport pengangkutan awam plastic bag beg plastik bottle botol plastics plastik glass kaca The importance of reuse, reduce and recycle of materials Kepentingan guna semula, pengurangan dan kitar semula bahan Kepentingan guna semula, pengurangan dan kitar semula bahan 1.4 Knowing the importance of reusing, reducing and recycling. Memahami kepentingan guna semula, pengurangan dan kitar semula bahan
  37. 37. Rusting can be prevented Pengaratan boleh dicegah Different ways to prevent objects from rusting Cara berbeza untuk menghalang objek daripada berkarat Coating with non rusting materials Menyadurkan dengan bahan tidak berkarat *paint cat *minyak *grease gris The necessity to prevent rusting Keperluan mencegah pengaratan *Longlasting Live Tahan lebih lama *Save natural resources Selamatkan bahan asal *Save cost Jimat kos *Looks good Mencantikkan *Conclusion; Rusting can be avoided by preventing iron contact with air and water. * Kesimpulan;Pengaratan boleh dihindarkan dengan menghalang ia bertindak balas dengan air dan udara 1.5 Understanding that some materials can rust Memahami sesetengah bahan boleh perkarat
  38. 38. Rusting can be prevented Pengaratan boleh dicegah Rusty objects Objek berkarat Non rusty objects Objek tidak berkarat Objects made of iron and steel Objek yang diperbuat daripada besi dan keluli Object made of glass, plastic, wood, clay and silk Objek yang diperbuat daripada kaca,plastik, kayu, tanah liat dan sutera *Nail Paku *Spoon Sudu *Knife Pisau *Needle Jarum *Glass Kaca *Bottle Botol *Cup Cawan *Pencil Pensil 1.6 Understanding the rusting can be prevented Memahami pengaratan boleh dicegah
  39. 39. MATERIALS AROUND YOU -The Properties Of Materials- MATERIALS WOOD RUBBER PLASTIC GLASS METAL COTTON -Floats on water - Insulator -Can absorbs water -Insulator -Conducts electricity -Conducts heat -Conductor -Allow light to pass t through them -Insulator -Can be stretched -Insulator Insulator -Terapung di atas air -Penebat -Boleh menyerap air -Penebat -Mengalirkan elektrik -Mengalirkan haba -Konduktor Membenarkan cahaya menembusinya -Penebat -Boleh diregang -Penebat Penebat
  40. 40. Opaque, Translucent and Transparent Legap, Lutsinar dan Lutcahaya Wooden Door (opaque) Glass Door (Translucent) Clear glass Door (Transparent) I can‟t see you. Saya tak nampak awak. I can see you but not clear. Saya nampak awak tapi kurang jelas. I can see you clearly. Saya nampak awak dengan jelas. Unit 5/Lesson 4 Fantastic materials
  41. 41. SYNTHETC CLOTH KAIN SINTETIK NATURAL AND MAN MADE BAHAN SEMULAJADI DAN BUATAN MANUSIA NATURAL MATERIALS BAHAN SEMULAJADI MAN-MADE MATERIALS BAHAN BUATAN MANUSIA RUBBER GETAH SILK SUTERA LEATHER KULIT WOOD KAYU METAL LOGAM GLASS KACA COTTON KAPAS CLAY TANAH LIAT FUR BULU PLASTIC PLASTIK NYLON NILON RAYON RAYON Unit 5/Lesson7 Natural and Man made
  42. 42. MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA Year 4
  43. 43. WEEK : 19 TOPIC : Investigating The Earth & Universe Year 4 Menyiasat & Alam Semesta Tahun 4 Mind Map / Mind Power Peta Minda / Kuasa Minda TIME : 3 hour / 3 jam Listen and understand teacher’s explanation about the mind map and mind power. Dengar dan fahamkan penerangan guru tentang peta minda dan kuasa minda. The solar system Sistem Solar List of constituents Senarai ahli List of planets Senarai planet Planets move around the Sun Planet beredar mengelilingi matahari -Nine Planets Sembilan planet -Natural satellites Satelit semulajadi -Meteors Meteor -Comets Komet -Asteroids Asteroid 1.1 Understanding the Solar System Memahami Sistem Solar Mercury – My Utarid Venus – Very Zuhrah Earth – Excellent Bumi Mars – Mother Marikh Jupiter – Just Musytari Saturn – Served Zuhal Uranus– Us Uranus Neptune – Nine Neptun Pluto – Pudding Pluto
  44. 44. (4:1) (100:1) The relative size and distance between the Earth, the Moon and the Sun Saiz dan jarak relatif di antara Bumi, Bulan dan Matahari Size of the Sun relative to the size of the Earth. Saiz Matahari relatif saiz Bumi Size of the Earth relative to the size of the Moon. Saiz Bumi relatif saiz Bulan The relative distance from the Earth to the Sun compared to the relative distance from the Earth to the Moon. Jarak relatif dari Bumi ke Matahari berbanding jarak relative dari Bumi ke Bulan the Sun Matahari 1 the Earth Bumi 100 the Earth Bumi 1 the Moon Bulan 4 the Sun Matahari the Earth Bumi the Moon Bulan 150 000 000 km 382 500 km 1 : 400 1.2 Understanding the relative size and distance between the Earth, the Moon and the Sun Memahami perbandingan saiz dan jarak antara Bumi, Bulan dan Matahari
  45. 45. Earth in the Solar System Bumi dalam Sistem Solar Why certain planets are not conducive for living things. Mengapa sesetengah planet tidak sesuai untuk benda hidup Effect Kesan The Earth is the only planet in the Solar System that has living things. Hanya planet Bumi dalam Sistem Solar yang mempunyai benda hidup •The nearer a planet is to the Sun, the hotter is the surface of the planet. Planet yang dekat dengan matahari mempunyai permukaan yang paling panas •The further a planet is from the Sun, the colder is the surface of the planet. Planet yang paling jauh dari matahari mempunyai perrmukaan yang paling sejuk. Do not have enough air and water. Tidak mempunyai air dan udara yang mencukupi Much nearer : Lebih dekat •The temperature on Earth rise. Suhu di bumi akan meningkat •Water on Earth would evaporate. Air di bumi akan tersejat •No water and the temperature be very hot. Tiada air, suhu akan jadi lebih panas. Much further : Lebih jauh •The temperature on Earth would drop. Suhu di bumi akan menurun •Water would freeze into ice. Air akan membeku menjadi ais. •All living things would die. Semua benda hidup akan mati. • Earth is the third planet from the Sun, it receives enough light and heat from the Sun. Bumi adalah planet ketuga dari matahari, ia menerima cahaya dan haba secukupnya • It is not too hot or too cold. Ia tidak terlalu sejuk atau panas. • The atmosphere of the Earth contains air and there is water on Earth. Atmosfera bumi mengandungi udara dan air di bumi 1.3 Appreciating the perfect placement of the planet Earth in the Solar System Menghargai kedudukan yang sempurna planet Bumi dalam Sistem Solar
  46. 46. OUR SOLAR SYSTEM SISTEM SOLAR KITA MERCURY MAKAN VENUS VITAMIN EARTH E MARS MULUT JUPITER JADI SATURN SENGET URANUS URAT NEPTUNE NAK PLUTO PUTUS The nine planets from the sun. Sembilan Planet daripada Matahari. MY VERY EASY METHOD JUST STOP USING NINE PLANET
  47. 47. MENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGI Year 4
  48. 48. Development Of Technology Pembangunan teknologi Examples Contoh Technology Teknologi 1.2 Understanding the development of technology Memahami pembangunan teknologi Agriculture Pertanian e.g; hoe plough tractor combine harvester Lubang bajak traktor mesin penuai Transportation Pengangkutan Land/ Darat Animal bicycle car train Haiwan basikal kereta kereta api Air/Udara Hot air balloon airship glider aeroplane Belon panas kapal udara glider kapal terbang Water/Air Canoe raft sampan ferry ship Kenu rakit sampan feri kapal Construction Pembinaan Cave hut wooden house apartment Gua pondok rumah kayu rumah pangsa Communication Komunikasi Drawing carrier pigeon telephone Lukisan pembawa utusan telefon
  49. 49. Importance of technology in everyday life Kepentingan teknologi dalam kehidupan seharian Examples of human limitations are Contoh had keupayaan manusia • Unable to see fine objects Tidak boleh melihat objek yang kecil •Unable to speak very loud Tidak boleh bercakap dengan kuat •Unable to walk for long distances Tidak boleh berjalan jauh •Unable to see far away objects Tidak boleh melihat objek yang jauh Microscope Mikroskop - The usage of lens to see fine features of objects and microbes Penggunaan kanta untuk melihat benda dan mikrob yang halus Microphone Mikrofon -To increase the voice volume Untuk meninggikan suara Telephone Telefon -To communicate from long distance Untuk berkomunikasi dari jarak yang jauh Bicycle, motorcycle, airplanes Basikal,motosikal , kapal terbang -Can travel long distance in a shorter time Boleh pergi ke tempat jauh dalam masa yang singkat Telescope, binoculars Teleskop, binocular -To see far away objects Untuk melihat objek yang jauh Limitation of human ability Had keupayaan manusia Devices to overcome human limitations Alat mengatasi had keupayaan manusia 1.1 Understanding the importance of technology in everyday life Memahami kepentingan teknologi dalam kehidupan seharian
  50. 50. Problems encounter in our daily life Masalah yang dihadapi dalam kehidupan sehari Ideas to solve the problems identified Idea untuk menyelesaikan masalah dikenal pasti Technology to solve problems Teknologi menyelesaikan masalah Cannot move and lift heavy things Tidak boleh beregerak dan angkat benda berat Cannot move Tidak boleh bergerak jauh Sketch the model Lakar model Brain storming Mencari idea Wheel barrow Kereta sorong 1.3 Synthesising how technology can be used to solve problem Sintesis bagaimana teknologi boleh digunakan untuk menyelesaikan masalah Device to solve the problem identified. Alat untuk menyelesaikan masalah dikenalpasti Lever Tuas Demonstrate that the device invented can be used to solve the problem identified Demontrasi bahawa alat yang dicipta boleh digunakan untuk menyelesaikan masalah yang dikenal pasti Wheel barrow – can move heavy things easily Kereta sorong-boleh mengangkat benda berat dengan senang Pulley – can lift anything Takal – boleh mengangkat apa sahaja
  51. 51. Advantages of Technology Kelebihan teknologi Disadvantages of Technology Kelemahan teknologi •Communication Komunikasi Enable human to learn more about things happening around the world Membolehkan manusia mengetahui benda yang berlaku di seluruh dunia •Transportation Pengangkutan Enable human to travel to far away places in a shorter time Membolehkan manusia pergi ke tempat yang jauh dalam masa yang singkat •Agriculture Pertanian Machines make it easier to plant and harvest the crops Mesin memudahkan untuk menanam dan menuai •Construction Pembinaan Roads, highways, bridges and Buildings are easier and faster to build Memudahkan pembinaan jalan, lebuh raya, jambatan dan bangunan Environmental pollution from increase in waste materials Pencemaran alam daripada penambahan sisa buangan Environmental destruction results from excessive usage of natural resources Kemusnahan alam kesan daripada penggunaan sumber semulajadi yang berleluasa Social problem Masalah sosial Bad effects on health result from environmental pollution and excessive use of chemicals Kesan buruk kepada kesihatan kesan daripada pencemaran sekitar dan penggunaan bahan kimia secara berleluasa 1.4 Analysing that technology can benefit mankind if used wisely Menganalisa bahawa teknologi memberi manfaat jika digunakan secara bijaksana
  52. 52. HUMAN LIMITATIONS AND WAYS TO OVERCOME KETIDAKUPAYAAN MANUSIA DAN CARA MENGATASINYA Use the phone Use the car Use the aeroplane Use the computer Guna telefon Guna kereta Guna kapal terbang Guna komputer We can‟t fly. Kami tak boleh terbang. Can we save the data? Boleh tak kita simpan data ini? I can‟t walk, anymore. Saya tak boleh berjalan lagi. I can‟t contact you. Saya tak dapat menghubungi awak HOW TO OVERCOME THE PROBLEM? Bagaimana menyelesaikannya ?
  53. 53. MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN Year 5
  54. 54. 1.1 Understanding that microorganism is a living things. Memahami mikroorganisma adalah benda hidup. microganism Mikroorganisma Bakteria Fungi Kulat Protozoa Virus Virus Cannot be seen with The naked eyes Tidak boleh dilihat dengan mata kasar Grow Membesar Move Bergerak Breathe Bernafas Characteristics Ciri.Ciri Mengepam air,Cause the dough to rise Menyebabkan adunan tepung menaik. • Rotten oranges limau busuk • Mouldy rice • Nasi berkulat Halus
  55. 55. Some Organisms Are Harmful And Some Are Useful Beberapa mikoorganisma yang berbahaya dan berguna Useful berguna Harmful Berbahaya cause Menyebabkan Penyakit Sumber- sumber TenagaFood Poisoning Keracunan makanan PPaakkssiiFood to go bad Makanan basi Tooth Decay Gigi mereput Prevention Cara mencegah Disease Penyakit ach upset Sakit perut Cough batuk Tooth decay Gigi mereput Conjunctivitis Sakit mata Washing hands Membasuh tangan Drinking boiled water Minum air yang dimasak -In making food buat makanan (bread/tapai/tempe/yogurt) ( roti,tapai,tempe, yogurt ) -In making fertilizer buat baja -In making medicine buat ubat Covering mouth & nose when coughing & sneezing Menutup mulut dan hidung apabila batuk dan bersin 1.2 Understanding that some microorganism are harmful and some are useful. Memahami beberapa mikroorganisma yang berbahaya dan berguna.
  56. 56. Survival of Animal Species Kemandirian Spesis Haiwan Examples of animals that take care of their eggs and young. Contoh haiwan yang menjaga telur dan anak. HOW ANIMALS TAKE CARE OF THEIR EGGS AND YOUNG. Bagaimana haiwan menjaga telur dan anak mereka . Why animals take care of their eggs and young? Mengapa haiwan melindungi telur dan anaknya? Bird – have eggs with shell . Burung – Telur disaluti oleh cangkerang Frog – have thick and shiny eggs l Katak – Telur tebal,berlendir Spider - kept their in a bag underneath thier bodies. Labah-labah –simpan dalam beg di bawah badan Fish - keep their young in their mouths Ikan - Memasukkan anaknya ke dalam mulut Snake, Tiger - attack in order to protect their eggs Ular,harimau – menyerang untuk menyelamatkan telur Turtle - hide their eggs Penyu – Menyembunyikan telurnya Kangaroo - carry their young in their pouches Kanggaru – Membawa anaknya di dalam kantung Elephant - stay in herds Gajah - Tinggal dalam kumpulan Kepentingan KiambangShortage of food resources Sumber makanan berkurangan Animal and plant species may face extinction. Spesis haiwan dan tumbuhan akan mengalami kepupusan. bird, spider, fish,snake, burung,labah-labah,ikan,ular turtle, kangaroo, elephant penyu,kanggaru,gajah To ensure the survival of their species Memastikan kemandirian spesisnya. 2.1 Understanding that different animals have their own ways to ensure the survival of their species. Memahami bahawa haiwan berlainan mempunyai cara sendiri untuk memastikan kemandirian spesisnya.
  57. 57. Survival of Plant Species Kemandirian spesies tumbuhanMicroo Water Air Explosive mechanism Mekanisme letupan Wind Angin Animal haiwan • Light / Ringan • Air Space in the fruits Ruang udara di dalam buah - Not water absorbent Air tidak boleh diserap • Light / Ringan • Small in size / saiz kecil • Winged / berkepakCan • Dry when ripe Kering apabila masak • Explodes when matured Meletup apabila matang  Brightly coloured Warna yang terang  Edible Boleh dimakan  Have pleasents  mells berbau  Have hooks bercangkuk • Coconut kelapa • Water Lily • Shorea • Angsana • Lalang • Rubber fruit buah getah • Balsam fruit keembong • okra kacang bendi • Rambutan • Mango mangga • Love grass kemuncup • Mimosa duri semalu Agents of dispersal Agen Pencaran Special characteristic Ciri-ciri istimewa Examples Contoh 2.2 Understanding that different plants have their own ways to ensure the survival of their species. Memahami bahawa tumbuhan berlainan mempunyai cara sendiri untuk memastikan kemandirian spesisnya.
  58. 58. Food Chain Rantai MakananAnimals and the food they eat Haiwan dan makanannya Classify animals Pengkelasan haiwan Producer Pengeluar Consumer Pengguna Construct by a food chain Membina rantai makanan Green plant obtain energy from the sun to make food. Green Plant are producers Tumbuhan hijau Memerlukan tenaga daripada Matahari untuk membuat makanan. Tumbuhan adalah pengeluar Herbivore : Animals that eat plants only. e.g.: cow, goat, deer Herbivor Haiwan makan tumbuhan sahaja Cth: lembu,kambing,rusa Carnivore: Animals that eat other animals. e.g.: tiger, lion Karnivor Haiwan yang makan haiwan lain Cth : harimau,singa Omnivore: Animals that eat plants and other animals e.g. chicken,cat Omnivor Haiwan makan tumbuhan dan haiwan lain. Cth; ayam,kucing The food relationship among living things can be shown by a food chain. Hubungan antara makanan dan benda hidup ditunjukkan melalui rantai makanan chain It must start with plant as a producer. Untuk membina rantai makanan ia bermula daripada tumbuhan sebagai pengeluar. „eaten by‟ Dalam rantai makanan anak panah bermaksud dimakan oleh All living things need food to survive.Green plant can make their own food. However animals cannot make their own make their own food. Semua benda hidup perlu makanan untuk hidup. Tumbuhan hijau boleh membuat makanan sendiri. 3.1 Understanding food chains. Memahami rantai makanan. Animals that eat plants or other animals are called consumers. Haiwan yang makan tumbuhan atau haiwan lain dipanggil pengguna.
  59. 59. Synthesizing food chains to construct food webs Sintesis siratan makanan untuk membentuk rantai makanan Food web Siratan makanan What will happen If there is a change in population of a certain species in a food web? Apa akan berlaku jika terdapat perubahan spesies dalam siratan makanan?Bacteria Food web of different habitats Siratan makanan daripada berlainan habitat. What will happen if thry animals if they eat only one type of food? Apa akan berlaku kepada haiwan yang hanya makan satu jenis makanan sahaja? Protozoa A change in the population of a certain species will effect the population of other species Perubahan populasi beberapa haiwan memberi kesan kepada populasi haiwan lain. They will face difficulty to survive if the source of food runs out Mereka akan mengalami kesukaran jika sumber makanan kehabisan. 3.2 Synthesizing food chains to construct food web. Sintesis siratan makanan untuk membentuk rantai makanan. Paddy field Sawah padi paddy plants tanaman padi caterpillar ulat beluncas birds burung eagles helang snakes ular mouse tikus grasshoppers belalang frogs katak Garden Taman spinach bayam grasshopper belalang frog katak bird burung caterpillar ulat beluncas eagle helang snail siput snake ular
  60. 60. Mikroorganisma One day, while reading a book, Ali comes across one word. The word is “microorganisms”. He doesn‟t understand what it is and he ask his mother immediately. (Suatu hari, semasa Ali sedang membaca buku, dia ternampak satu perkataan. Perkataan itu ialah “mikroorganisma”. Dia tidak faham dan terus bertanya kepada ibunya.) Ali : Mother, what is a microorganism? ( Ibu, apa itu mikro organisma? ) Mother : Microorganisms are tiny living things that can only be seen through a microscope. There are four types of microorganisms. (Mikro organisma adalah benda hidup yang sangat halus dan hanya boleh dilihat melalui mikroskop. Terdapat empat jenis mikro organisma.) Ali : What are they? ( Apa itu? ) Mother : Bacteria, Protozoa, Fungi and Virus. (Bakteria, Protozoa, Fungus dan Virus.) Ali : What is that picture, mother? ( Gambar apa tu, ibu? ) Mother : It is bacteria. It exists in different shapes, sizes and colours. ( Itu ialah bakteria. Ia wujud dalam berlainan bentu, saiz dan warna. ) Ali : That picture is…… ( Gambar itu……) Mother : It is protozoa. It is found mainly in ponds, lakes and rivers. ( Itu ialah Protozoa. Kebanyakkan daripadanya dijumpai di kolam, tasik dan sungai. ) Ali : That must be fungi. Isn‟t it,mother? ( Itu pasti fungus. Betul tak, ibu? ) Mother : Yes, it is. I know you have seen it many times on mouldy bread, rotten food and trees. ( Ya. Ibu tahu kamu selalu lihatnya di atas roti yang berkulat, buah yang busuk dan pokok-pokok..)
  61. 61. Ali : And this picture, mother? ( Dan gambar ini, ibu? ) Mother : It is a virus. Virus is the tiniest microorganism. ( Itu ialah virus. Virus ialah mikro organisma yang paling halus. ) Ali : Wow, that‟s interesting. Tell me more, mother. ( Wow, menariknya. Ceritalah lagi ibu. ) Mother : Okay. Yeast is an example of microorganisms. Since a microorganism is a living things, it can breathe, grow and move. ( Okay. Yis ialah satu contoh mikro organisma. Memandangkan mikroorganisma adalah benda hidup, ia boleh bernafas, membesar dan bergerak.) Ali : Thank you, mother. ( Terima kasih, ibu .)
  62. 62. HARMFUL EFFECTS Keburukan Making fertilizer Membuat baja Producing antibiotics Menghasilkan antibiotic Chicken pox Demam Campak Mumps Beguk Measles Demam Cacar Conjunctivitis Sakit mata Tooth decay Kerosakan gigi Flu Selesema Food poisoning Keracunan makanan Making tempe Membuat tempe Making cheese Membuat keju USEFULNESS KEBAIKAN Making tapai Membuat tapai Making yogurt Membuat yogurt THE USEFUL AND THE HARMFUL OF MICROORGANISMS KEBAIKAN DAN KEBURUKAN MIKROORGANISMA
  63. 63. We take care of our eggs Kami menjaga telur kami We take care of our youngs Kami menjaga anak kami Frog Katak Penguin Penguin Bird Burung Sea horse Kuda laut Snake Ular Cockroach Lipas Crocodile Buaya Bat Kelawar Dolphin Ikan lumba-lumba Cow Lembu Elephant Gajah Tiger Harimau Kangaroo Kanggaru ANIMAL SURVIVAL KEMANDIRIAN HAIWAN
  64. 64. AGENT AGEN EXAMPLE CONTOH CHARACTERISTICS CIRI-CIRI Lotus Teratai Coconut Kelapa Pong-pong Pong-pong We are dispersed by water because we are light, covered with a waxy skin, waterproof, have air spaces and have spongy receptacles. Kami dipencarkan melalui air kerana kami ringan, diselaputi dengan kulit yang berlilin, kalis air dan mempunyai rongga yang berspan. Shorea Meranti Lallang Lallang Angsana Angsana Cotton Kapas We are dispersed by wind because we are small, light, dry, have wing-like structure, have hairs and fine hairs. Therefore we are easily carried by wind. Kami dipencarkan melalui angin kerana kami kecil, ringan, kering, mempunyai struktur seperti sayap, ada bulu yang halus. Sebab itu kami senang dibawa oleh angin. WATER AIR WIND ANGIN
  65. 65. Mango Mangga Watermelon Tembikai Mimosa Semalu Lovegrass Kemucup We dispersed by animal because we have brightly colour, fleshy, edible and have smells. Our seed is also hard. Kami dipencarkan oleh haiwan kerana kami mempunyai warna yang terang, berisi, boleh dimakan dan mempunyai bau. Biji benih kami juga keras. We are also dispersed by animal because have hooks that can be attached to animals. Kami juga dipencarkan oelah haiwan kerana kami mempunyai cangkuk yang boleh melekat kepada haiwan Flame of forest Semarak api Balsam Keembung Okra Bendi Rubber seed Biji getah We dispersed by explosive mechanism because we dry up when we ripe and burst to push the seeds out from the fruits. Kami dipencarkan melalui mekanisma letupan kerana buah kami menjadi kering apabila masak ranum dan seterusnya meletup dan biji benih kami terpelanting keluar. ANIMAL HAIWAN
  66. 66. deer rusa herbivores herbivor rabbits arnab carnivores karnivor Animals such as deer and rabbits get their energy by eating plants. They are called herbivores, which means 'plant eaters.' There are more herbivores on our planet than carnivores, which are animals that eat meat. Haiwan seperti rusa dan arnab mendapat tenaga dengan memakan tumbuh-tumbuhan. Mereka dikenali sebagai herbivor, yang bermaksud „makan tumbuhan.‟ Terdapat banyak herbivor daripada karnivor iaitu haiwan yang makan daging di planet kita predators pemangsa hunt memburu prey mangsa top atas lions singa Predators such as wolves and lions are at the top of the food chain. Predators are animals that hunt other animals. The animals that they hunt are called prey. Some animals are both predator and prey. Pemangsa seperti serigala dan singa adalah di bahagian atas rantai makanan. Pemangsa adalah haiwan yang memburu haiwan lain. Haiwan yang diburu dikenali sebagai mangsa. Sesetengah haiwan adalah kedua-duanya; pemangsa dan mangsa. connected berhubung energy tenaga web jaringan more lebih Most animals belong to more than one food chain, which means many food chains are connected together. Many food chains together form a food web. The food web shows how the sun's energy moves to plants and from plants to animals . Kebanyakan haiwan mempunyai lebih daripada satu rantai makanan, iaitu banyak rantai makanan dihubung bersama. Rantai makanan berhubung bersama membentuk jaringan makanan. Jaringan makanan menunjukkan bagaimana matahari memindahkan tenaganya kepada tumbuhan dan seterusnya daripada tumbuhan kepada haiwan. bottom bawah trees pokok sun matahari grass rumput chain rantai Plants such as grass and trees are at the bottom of the food chain. Plants get their energy from the sun. Tumbuhan seperti rumput dan pokok adalah di bahagian bawah rantai makanan. Tumbuhan mendapat tenaga daripada matahari. FOOD CHAIN AND FOOD WEB RANTAI MAKANAN DAN JARINGAN MAKANAN
  67. 67. MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA Year 5
  68. 68. ENERGY TENAGA Importance INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY Menyiasat Daya dan TenagaTo construct food The Uses of Energy Kegunaan Tenaga Why energy is needed? Mengapa tenaga diperlukan - for living things to carry out life processes. Ex : moving, breathing, growing - bergerak,bernafas membesarIllness The Sources of Energy -main source of energy sumber utama tenaga - produces light and heat menghasilkan cahaya dan haba -food contains stored energy -mengadungi tenaga tersimpan Sun Matahari - Moving air Udara bergerak - Used to pump water - to move, to boil, to melt, or to bounce non-living things - menggerakkan ,didih,cair atau melantun benda bukan hidup -wood, coal, petroleum, natural gas -Kayu,arang batu, petrol,gas asli - moving or falling water produces energy -Air yang bergerak menghasilkan tenaga Food makanan Wind Angin Fuel Bahan api Batteries Bateri Water air - Device that generated electrical energy from chemical energy -Alat yang menghasilkan tenaga elektrik daripada tenaga kimia 1.1 Understanding the uses of energy Menyedari kegunaan tenaga
  69. 69. Energy can be transformed from one form to another Tenaga boleh berubah dari satu bentuk kepada bentuk lain. Form of energy Bentuk Tenaga Sound energy Tenaga bunyi Heat energy Tenaga Haba Light energy Tenaga Cahaya Electrical energy Tenaga Elektrik Kinetic energy Tenaga Kinetik Chemical energy Tenaga Kimia Potential energy Tenaga Keupayaan Energy can be transformed Tenaga boleh diubahkan a) lighting a candle/Nyalaan lilin Chemical energy heat energy + light energy Tenaga kimia Tenaga haba + Tenaga Cahaya b) Kicking a ball / Menendang bola Chemical energy kinetic energy heat energy Tenaga kimia Tenaga Kinetik Tenaga haba Example of appliance that make use of energy transformation. Contoh alatan yang menggunakan perubahan tenaga a) Electric iron / Seterika elektrik Electrical energy heat energy Tenaga elektrik Tenaga haba b) Radio Electrical energy sound energy Tenaga elektrik Tenaga bunyi c) Television Electrical energy sound energy + light energy Tenaga elektrik Tenaga bunyi + tenaga cahaya 1.2 Understanding that energy can be transformed from one form to another Memahami bahawa tenaga boleh berubah dari satu bentuk ke bentuk yang lain
  70. 70. Renewable and Non-renewable Energy Tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui dan tidak boleh diperbaharui Renewable energy Tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui Energy that cannot be replaced Tenaga yang tidak boleh diganti Resources – solar, wind ,biomass fuel,water Sumber- Matahari, angin,minyak,air, biomass Non-renewable energy Tenaga yang tidak boleh diperbaharui Energy that be replenished when it is used up Tenaga yang boleh diganti Resources -natural gas,petroleum,coal Sumber – gas asli, petroleum, arang. Use energy wisely Gunakan tenaga dengan bijak How to save energy Bagaimana menjimatkan tenaga Some energy resources cannot be replenished when used up. Sesetengah sumber tenaga tidak boleh diganti bila habis Save cost Menjimatkan kos Avoid wastage Mengelakkan pembaziran Reduce pollution Mengurangkan pencemaran. Turn off the television when no one is watching it. Tutup TV jika tidak menonton. Switch off the lights if not in use. Tutup lampu jika tidak mengunakannya. 1.3 Understanding renewable and non renewable energy Memahami tenaga yang boleh diperbaharui dan tidak boleh diperbaharui
  71. 71. Sources Sumber Dry cell Sel Kering Accumulator Sel Basah Dynamo Dinamo Solar cell Tenaga Solar 2.1 Knowing the sources of electricity Mengetahui sumber elektrik
  72. 72. Type of circuit Jenis litar Name Nama Symbol Simbol Dry cell Sel Kering Connecting wire Wayar penyambung Switch / Suis Bulb / Mentol Symbol and component Simbol dan komponen Parallel circuit litar selari Series circuit litar bersiri Differences Perbezaan The bulb in the parallel circuit is brighter then the bulb in the series circuit Mentol dalam litar selari lebih terang daripada mentol dalam litar bersiri 2.2 Understanding a series circuit and a parallel circuit Memahami litar bersiri dan litar selari
  73. 73. Precautions Langkah keselamatan Danger of mishandling electrical appliances Bahaya kecuaian mengendali peralatan elektrik Fire Api Burn Bakar Electric shock Kejutan elektrik Electrocution Renjatan elektrik Safety precautions to be taken when using appliances Langkah-langkah keselamatan ketika mengunakan peralatan Do not touch electrical appliances with wet hand Jangan sentuh alatan elektrik dengan tangan basah Do not repair electrical appliances on your own Jangan baiki alatan elektrik jika tidak tahu. 2.3 Understanding the safety precautions to be taken when handling electrical appliances Memahami langkah pencegahan yang perlu diambil semasa menggunakan peralatan elektrik
  74. 74. 3.1 Understanding that light travels in a straight line Memahami bahawa cahaya bergerak dalam satu garis lurus Light Cahaya Travels in straight line Cahaya bergerak dalam satu garis lurus search light from helicopter cahaya dari helikopter pencari prove bukti the beam of light from motorcycle alur cahaya dari motosikal the beam of light from lighthouse alur cahaya dari rumah api the ray of Sun,passing through a hole in the roof alur cahaya Matahari melalui lubang atap rumah How shadow is formed Bagaimana bayang-bayang terbentuk When light is completely or partially blocked by an opaque object Bila cahaya disekat sepenuhnya atau separuh oleh objek legap Shadow form Objek terbentuk Opaque object Objek legap Light Cahaya
  75. 75. Light Cahaya Can be reflected Boleh dipantulkan How ? Bagaimana? Uses of reflection Kegunaan pantulan Side mirror of a car Cermin sisi kereta Periscope Kaleidoscope The light that falls on objects „bounces off‟ the objects and comes to your eyes Cahaya yang jatuh ke atas objek melantunkannya ke dalam mata mirror/ cermin 3.2 Understanding that light can be reflected Memahami cahaya boleh dipantulkan
  76. 76. Heat haba Gain bertambah Loss berkurang Cooler Sejuk Warmer panas How to measure temperature using the correct technique Bagaimana untuk mengukur suhu menggunakan cara yang betul The effects of heat on matter Kesan haba ke atas bahan Matter expands when heated Bahan mengembang bila dipanaskan Matter contract when cooled Bahan mengecut bila sejuk 4.1 Understanding that temperature as an indicator of degree of hotness. Memahami bahawa suhu adalah penunjuk darjah kepanasan thermometer termometer
  77. 77. SUN WIND DRY CELL FUELS FOOD Matahari Angin Sel kering Bahan bakar Makanan Chemical energy light energy + heat energy Tenaga kimia tenaga cahaya tenaga haba Electrical energy light energy Tenaga elektrik tenaga cahaya Electrical energy heat energy Tenaga elektrik tenaga haba Electrical energy sound energy Tenaga elektrik tenaga bunyi Electrical energy kinetic energy Tenaga elektrik tenaga kinetik SOURCES OF ENERGY PUNCA-PUNCA TENAGA FORMS OF ENERGY BENTUK-BENTUK TENAGA
  78. 78. DRY CELL ACCUMULATOR DYNAMO SOLAR CELL HYDROELECTRIC Sel kering Sel Basah Dinamo Sel solar Hidroelekrik SERIES CIRCUIT LITAR SESIRI SOURCES OF ELECTRICITY PUNCA-PUNCA ELEKTRIK PARALLEL CIRCUIT LITAR SELARI ELECTRICITY ELEKTRIK
  79. 79. ( Song : This old man) Light oh light Cahaya oh cahaya Light travels Cahaya boleh gerak Light travels in a straight line Cahaya bergerak lurus Light travels in a straight line Cahaya bergerak lurus Therefore it can form a shadow Ia membentuk bayang Light oh light Cahaya oh cahaya Light reflects Cahaya boleh pantul Light can be reflected Cahaya boleh dipantulkan Light can be reflected Cahaya boleh dipantulkan Can see image in mirror Boleh lihat di cermin LIGHT CAHAYA
  80. 80. MENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN Year 5
  81. 81. Solid Pepejal Liquid Cecair gas has mass mempunyai berat Properties of solid Sifat-sifat pepejal Properties of liquid Sifat –sifat cecair Properties of gas Sifat-sifat gas fixed volume isipadu tetap fixed shape bentuk tetap has mass mempunyai berat Examples Contoh Water Air Milk Susu Air Udara no permanent shape bentuk tidak tetap fixed volume isipadu tetap Steam wap Wood Kayu Stone batuStom No fixed shape Tidak mempunyai bentuk tetap has mass mempunyai berat Tiny No fixed volume Isipadu tidak tetap can be compressed boleh dimampatkan 1.1 Matter exist in the form of solid, liquid or gas Bahan wujud dalam bentuk pepejal,cecair atau gas Matter Bahan
  82. 82. CHANGING STATES OF WATER Perubahan Bentuk Air gas – liquid gas - cecair liquid – gas cecair - gas liquid – gas Cecair - gas solid – liquid Pepejal - cecair Melting Peleburan Boiling Pendidihan Evaporation Penyejatan Condensation Kondensasi Freezing Pembekuan 1.2 Understanding that matter can change from one state to another Memahami bahawa benda boleh berubah bentuk dari satu ke bentuk yang lain
  83. 83. The water cycle. Kitaran air Circulation of water in the environment. Kitaran air dalam persekitaran Formation of clouds and rain. Pembentukan awan dan hujan Importance of water Kepentingan air. Changes in the states of matter in the water cycle Perubahan bentuk bahan dalam kitaran air Liquid to gas (evaporation) Cecair kepada gas ( Penyejatan ) Evaporation Penyejatan Condensation Kondensasi Gas → liquid (Condensation) Gas Cecair ( Kondensasi ) 1.3 Understanding the water cycle Memahami kitaran air Droplets of water will become bigger and heavier → rain Titisan air menjadi besar dan berat hujan
  84. 84. Importance of water resources. Kepentingan sumber air To prevent aquatic lives from being destroyed and undergoing extinction Untuk mengelakkan hidupan air musnah dan mengalami kepupusan Reasons to keep our water resources clean. Sebab untuk mengekalkan sumber air yang bersih To ensure the cleanliness of water supply Memastikan air yang bersih dibekalkan To regulate the formation of clouds and rain Untuk mengekalkan pembentukan awan dan hujan To avoid infections diseases Mengelakkan penyakit berjangkit Ways to keep our water resources clean Cara mengekalkan sumber air bersih Keep the rivers clean Jadikan sungai besih Cleanliness campaign Kempen kebersihan 1.4 Appreciating the importance of water resources Menghargai kepentingan sumber air
  85. 85. The properties of acid, alkaline and neutral substances. Ciri-ciri asid , alkali dan bahan nutral Identify the taste of acidic and alkaline food. Mengenal pasti rasa makanan yang berasid dan berakali Identify acidic, alkaline and neutral substances using litmus paper. Mengenal pasti keasidan,alkali dan nutral bahan menggunakan kertas litmus Conclution about the properties of acidic, alkaline and neutral substances. Kesimpulan ciri-ciri bahan asid, alkali dan neutral . Changes in colour of litmus papers Menukarkan warna kertas litmus blue to red biru ke merah red to blue merah ke biru no change tidak berubah Bitter Pahit Sour masam Properties of alkaline substance Ciri-ciri alkali Properties of acidic substance Ciri-ciri asid Properties of neutral substances Ciri-ciri bahan neutral Taste bitter & change red litmus paper to blue Rasa pahit dan menukarkan Kertas litmus merah kepada biru SkorpioTaste sour & change blue litmus paper red Rasa masam dan menukarkan kertas litmus merah – No changes in litmus paper Tidak menukarkan warna kertas litmus Acid asid Alkaline alkali neutral neutral 2.1 Understanding the properties of acidic, alkaline and neutral substances Memahami sifat asid, alkali dan bahan neutral
  86. 86. STATE OF MATTER KEADAAN BAHAN Ali is eating an ice cream. After a while, the ice cream melts. The melting process changes solid to liquid. Ali sedang makan ais krim. Selepas beberapa ketika, ais krim itu menjadi cair. Proses pencairan menukarkan pepejal kepada cecair. Liquid Solid Abu wants like to drink some cold water. He needs some ice cubes. He put some water in the freezer. Freezing turns liquid to solid. Abu ingin minum air sejuk. Dia perlukan ais batu. Dia masukkan air ke dalam peti sejuk. Proses pembekuan menukarkan cecair kepada pepejal. Upin‟s mother wants to boil some water. She knows that the water is boiling because it produces steam or water vapour. Boiling changes liquid to gas. Ibu Upin ingin menjerang air. Dia tahu bahawa air itu sudah mendidih kerana terhasilnya wap air atau stim. Pendidihan menukarkan cecair kepada gas. Ipin‟s mother hangs clothes on the cloth line. After a while, the cloth dries. This is because the evaporation process occurs. Evaporation turns liquid to gas. Ibu Upin menjemur kain di ampaian.Setelah bebepa jam ,kain itu kering.Proses penyejatan berlaku. Penyejatan menukarkan cecair kepada gas. Ah Seng forgot to drink his iced lemon tea because his mother asked him to go to the shop. When he came back, he saw many water droplets on the glass. Condensation turned gas to liquid. Ah Seng terlupa untuk minum airnya kerana ibunya menyuruhnya ke kedai. Setelah pulan, dia dapati banyak titisan air di luar gelas. Kondensasi menukarkan gas kepada cecair.
  87. 87. I am a droplet of water. Saya setitis air Ouch! Where I am. Wow! It is big. Opss! Mmm… cold and fresh. Where am I? Oh, I see, this is a sea…my new place. I came from a river. Ouch! Di mana saya. Wow! Besarnya. Opss! Mmm…sejuk dan segar. Di mana saya? Oh, saya tahu, saya di laut…tempat baru untuk saya. Saya datang dari sungai. Arghh! Hot, very hot…Oh no! I‟m moving up. What is happening??? It is very hot. The sun makes me very hot. It evaporates me to the sky. Evaporation change me as a water vapour. Arghh! Panasnya, sangat panas… Tidak! Saya sedang bergerak ke atas. Apa dah jadi nih??? Sangat panas. Matahari membuatkan saya panas. Ia menyejat saya ke langit. Penyejatan menukarkan saya menjadi wap air. Oh no! I‟m shivering. It cold now. The condensation process turn me into water droplet. Wow! There are many droplets like me. Hey! Lets join together. Lets form cloud. Ahh…it is better now. Oh no! Saya sedang menggigil. Ia sejuk sekarang. Proses kondensasi menukar saya menjadi titisan air. Wow! Banyaknya tiisan air macam saya. Hey! Jom bergabung. Jom bentuk awan. Ahh…leganya dah jadi awan. Opss! I‟m heavy now. Let me out. Ahh! I‟m out now as rain. Ouch! I fall down into the river again. My home sweet home. Yea! Opss! Saya semakin berat sekarang. Saya nak keluar. Ahh! Saya dah keluar sebagai hujan sekarang. Ouch! Saya jatuh kembali kedalam sungai. Rumah saya yang dirindui. Yea!
  88. 88. Fill in the missing letters. Lengkapkan perkataan dengan huruf yang betul. E _ a _ _ _ a _ _ _ n C _ _ d _ _s _ _ i o _ S __ _ R _ v _ _ C _ _ _ _
  89. 89. MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA Year 5
  90. 90. Indicates Seasons Menunjukkan musim A group of stars that form a certain pattern in the sky Gugusan bintang-bintang di langit yang membentuk corak tertentu Importance of Constellation Kepentingan buruj Identify Constellation Kenal pasti buruj What constellation is ? Apa itu buruj ? Constellation Buruj Big dipper Biduk Scorpion Orion Belantik Southern Cross Pari North Utara North Utara South Selatan April – June Kite or Cross Layang-layang atau Palang Scorpion Kala jengking Hunter Pemburu Water dipper Gayung South Selatan December - February June - August Planting Musim menanam Harvesting Musim menuai Desert Padang pasir Sea Laut 1.1 Understanding the constellation Memahami buruj Show Directions Menunjukkan arah
  91. 91. The movements of the Earth, the Moon and the Sun Pergerakan Bumi,Bulan dan Matahari Earth rotates on its axis Bumi berputar pada paksinya The Earth rotates and at the same time moves around the sun Bumi berputar dan pada masa yang sama bergerak mengelilingi matahari Moon rotates on its axis Bulan berputar pada paksinya The Moon rotates and at the same time moves around the Earth Bulan berputar dan pada masa yang sama beredar mengeliligi Matahari The Moon and the Earth move round the Sun at the same time Bulan dan Bumi bergerak mengeliligi Matahari pada masa yang sama The earth rotates on its axis from west to east Bumi berputar pada Paksinya dari barat ke timur Cause the changes in length and position of the shadow throughout the day Perubahan panjang dan kedudukan bayang-bayang sepanjang hari 2.1 Understanding the movement of the Earth, the Moon and the Sun Memahami pergerakan Bumi, Bulan dan Matahari
  92. 92. The occurrence of day and night Kejadian siang dan malam It is day time for the part of the Earth facing the Sun. Pada waktu siang sebahagian Bumi menghadap Matahari It is night time for the part of the Earth not facing the sun Pada waktu malam sebahagian Bumi tidak menghadap matahari Day and night occur due to the rotation of the Earth on its axis. Kejadian siang dan malam berlaku kerana putaran Bumi pada paksinya. the Sun Matahari NNiigghhtt--ttiimmee WWaakkttuu mmaallaamm DDaayyttiimmee WWaakkttuu ssiiaanngg AAxxiiss WWeesstt EEaasstt TTiimmuurr 2.2 Understanding the occurrence of day and night Memahami kejadian siang dan malam the Earth Bumi
  93. 93. Phases Of The Moon Fasa-fasa Bulan The Moon Does Not Emit Light Bulan tidak mengeluarkan cahaya The Moon appears bright when it reflects sunlight Bulan jadi terang akibat pantulan cahaya matahari. Describe the phases of the moon Menerangkan fasa-fasa bulan 1-New moon, 3- New half moon, 5- Full moon 1- Anak Bulan 3 - Bulan separa baru 5. – Bulan penuh 7- Old half moon Bulan separa lama 2.3 Understanding the phases of tne Moon Memahami fasa bulan
  94. 94. MENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGI Year 5
  95. 95. The shape of objects Bentuk-bentuk benda Identify shape in structure Mengenal pasti bentuk di dalam struktur Cuboid Kuboid Cube Kiub Cylinder Silinder Sphere Sfera Cone Kon Pyramid Piramid Sphere sfera Cylinder Silinder 1.1 Knowing the shapes of objects in structures. Mengetahui bentuk objek di dalam struktur
  96. 96. Strength and Stability Kekuatan dan KestabilanIn a food chainthe arrow means Shapes of objects that are stable Bentuk benda yang stabil The factors that affect stability of objects Faktor-faktor yang memberi kesan kestabilan objek The factors that affect the strength of a structure Faktor-faktor yang memberi kesan Cube, cone, cylinder Kiub.kon,silinder Height , base area Ketinggian , luas tapak Bigger base area more stable Semakin luas tapak bertambah kestabilan Smaller base area less stable Semakin kecil luas tapak kurang kestabilan Lower object more stable Semakin rendah objek bertambah kestabilan Higher object less stable Tinggi objek kurang kestabilan 1.2 Understanding the strength and stability of a structure. Memahami kekuatan dan kestabilan struktur. Types of materials used Steel, iron, wood Jenis bahan yang digunakan Keluli, besi, kayu
  97. 97. MENYIASAT ALAM KEHIDUPAN Year 6
  98. 98. Group Berkumpulan Solitary Bersendirian Ants, lions Semut, singa Tigers, bears Harimau, beruang To avoid competition for food and space Untuk hindari persaingan mendapatkan makanan dan ruang For safety and food Untuk keselamatan dan makanan Group animals and solitary animals Haiwan berkumpulan dan haiwan bersendirian 1.1 Understanding that some animals live in group and others live in solitary. Memahami bahawa sesetengah haiwan hidup berkumpulan dan selebihnya bersendirian. Interaction among living things Interaksi antara benda hidup
  99. 99. Compete for Bersaing untuk Among animals Antara haiwan Among plants Antara tumbuhan INTERACTION AMONG LIVING THINGS Interaksi antara benda hidup Competition Persaingan Food Makanan Water Air Mate Pasangan Shelter Tempat perlindungan Space / territory Ruang / kawasan Compete for Bersaing untuk Sunlight Cahaya matahri Water Air Space Ruang Mineral Mineral Intraspecies Intraspesis Interspecies Interpesis Competition between the same species Persaingan di antara spesis yang sama Competition between the different species Persaingan di antara spesis yang berbeza Type Jenis 1.2 Understanding that competition is a form of interaction among living things. Memahami bahawa persaingan membentuk interaksi antara benda hidup.
  100. 100. Protecting endangered species Melindungi spesis yang terancam Interaction among living things Interaksi antara benda hidup 1.3 Understanding the responbility of human beings in protecting endangered species. Memahami tanggungjawab manusia untuk melindungi spesis yang terancam. Extinct animals Haiwan pupus Dinosaurs, dodos Dinosour, dodo Endangered animals and plants Haiwan dan tumbuhan yang terancam Orang utan, tiger, Raflesia, pitcher plant Orang utan, harimau, bunga pakma,pokok periuk kera Factors Faktor Illegal or excessive logging Pembalakan haram atau berleluasa Hunting Pemburuan Development Pembangunan Ways to prevent Cara untuk mencegah Campaign Kempen Educating the public Mendidik orang awam Enforcing law Kuat kuasa undang- undang
  101. 101. Interaction among living things Interaksi antara benda hidup Impact of human activities Kesan daripada aktiviti manusia Destructions of the environment Kemusnahan alam sekitar Erosion Hakisan Landslides Runtuhan Flash floods Banjir kilat Water pollution Pencemaran air Activities Aktiviti Illegal and excessive logging Pembalakan haram dan berleluasa Illegal and excessive hunting Pemburuan haram dan berleluasa Improper management of development Kelemahan pengurusan pembangunan 1.4 Knowing the impact of human activities on environment. Memaham kesan daripada aktiviti manusia ke atas alam sekitar. Air pollution Pencemaran udara
  102. 102. MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA Year 6
  103. 103. INVESTIGATING FORCE AND ENERGY MENYIASAT DAYA DAN TENAGA FORCE DAYA Effects Kesan Concept Konsep A push or a pull Tolakan atau tarikan Can move a stationary object Boleh gerakkan objek yang pegun Cannot be seen but the effects can be felt Tidak boleh dilihat tetapi boleh dirasa Changes the shapes of an object Mengubah bentuk objek An object become flatten, stretched, bent, twisted or squashed Objek menjadi kemek, regang, bengkok,berpintal atau penyek Changes the motion of an object Mengubah pergerakan objek Stops a moving object Memberhentikan objek yang bergerak Changes the direction of a moving object Mengubah arah pergerakan objek yang bergerak Makes an object move faster or slower Membuat objek lebih cepat atau perlahan 1.2 Understanding the effect of a force Memahami kesan daya 1.1 Understanding that push and pull are forces Memahami bahawa tolak dan tarik adalah daya
  104. 104. FRICTION GESERAN Effects of friction Kesan geseran Produces heat Hasilkan haba Opposes motion Berlawanan gerakan Causes wear and tear Menyebabkan haus dan koyak Slows down and stops a moving object Memperlahankan dan memberhentikan objek yang bergerak Disadvantages Kekurangan Advantages Kelebihan Factors that affect friction Faktor yang mempengaruhi geseran Condition of the surface Keadaan permukaan Weight of the object Berat objek Ways to reduce friction Cara kurangkan geseran Use rollers or marbles Guna penggelek atau guli Smoothen surfaces Permukaan licin Use oil, wax, grease, talcum powder, air cushion Guna minyak, pelicin, gris,bedak wangi, pak udara 1.3 Analysing friction Analisa geseran
  105. 105. Movement Pergerakkan Speed Laju Calculation of speed Pengiraan Kelajuan How fast an object moves Berapa laju objek bergerak Formula : Rumus Seed = Distance Time Laju = Jarak MasaA faster object travels a longer distance in a given time Objek yang lebih laju melalui jarak yang lebih panjang mengikut masa yang diberi A faster object takes a shorter time to travel a given distance Objek yang laju mengambil masa yang singkat untuk melalui jarak yang diberi Units : ● km/h km/j ● m/s m/s ● cm/s cm/s 2.1 Understanding speed Memahami laju
  106. 106. MENYIASAT ALAM BAHAN Year 6
  107. 107. FOOD PRESERVATION Pengawetan makanan Food spoilt Kerosakan makanan Characteristics of spoilt food Ciri-ciri makanan yang rosak The conditions for microorganisms to grow Keadaan untuk mikroorganisma membesar Unpleasant smell Bau tidak menyenangkan Unpleasant taste Rasa tidak menyenangkan Change colour Berubah warna Changed texture Berubah jalinan Mouldy Berkulat Air Udara Water Air Nutrients Zat makanan Suitable temperature Suhu yang sesuai Suitable acidity Keadaan asid yang sesuai 1.1 Understanding spoilt food . Memahami kerosakan makanan
  108. 108. Food Preservation Pengawetan makanan Drying Pengeringan Fish, prawns, cuttlefish, fruits Ikan, udang, sotong, buah Boiling Pemanasan Cooling Pendinginan Vacuum packing Pembukusan vakum Pickling Penjerukan Freezing Penyejukbekuan Bottling/Canning Pembotolan/ pengetinan Pasteurising Pempausteran Salting Pengasinan Smoking Pengasapan Waxing Pelilinan Vegetables, fruits Sayur, buah Nuts, crackers, powder milk Kacang, biskut, susu tepung Fruits, vegetables Buah, sayur Chicken, meat, prawns, Ayam, daging, udang, Meat, fish, fruits, vegetables Daging, ikan, buah, sayur Milk, juices, ice cream Susu, jus, ais krim Fish, meat, eggs, vegetables, fruits Ikan, daging, telur, sayur, buah Vegetables, fruits Sayur, buah Meat, fish Daging, ikan 1.2 Synthesising the concept of food preservation Mensintesis konsep pengawetan makanan
  109. 109. The importance of preserving food Kepentingan pengawetan makanan 1.3 Realising the importance of preserving food Menyedari kepentingan pengawetan makanan Food Preservation Pengawetan makanan To make last longer Tahan lebih lama To store food easily Makanan lebih mudah disimpan To reduce food wastage Mengurangkan makanan terbuang
  110. 110. Waste Management Pegurusan bahan buangan Plastics, glass, chemical waste, organic waste, metal Plastik, kaca, sisa kimia, sisa organik, logam Homes, factories, agriculture, motor vehicles Rumah, kilang, pertanian, kenderaan bermotor Proper Betul Improper Tidak betul 2.1 Understanding the effects of improper disposal of waste on the environment Memahami kesan kesalahan mengurus pembuangan bahan buangan kepada persekitaran Types of waste Jenis bahan buangan Sources of waste Sumber bahan buangan Ways of disposing waste Cara buang bahan buangan • Dispose of waste in the right place Buang bahan buangan di tempat yang betul • Treat waste before disposing it into the drain Rawat bahan buangan sebelum ia mengalir keluar • Bury waste that can decay in soil Bakar bahan buangan yang boleh reput dalam tanah • Reuse of recycle waste Guna semula bahan kitar semula • Littering Membuang sampah merata-rata • Open burning Pembakaran terbuka • Release of waste into the rivers Melepaskan bahan buangan ke dalam sungai • Release of smoke into the air Melepaskan asap ke udara
  111. 111. Air pollution Pencemaran udara Water pollution Pencemaran air diseases penyakit Damages our lungs, initiates our eyes Merosakkan paru-paru,merengsa mata. Thypoid, dengue fever demam denggi Acid rain Hujan asid Flash floods Banjir kilat Can kill plants and erode building Boleh membunuh tumbuhan dan menghakis bangunan Damage property Merosakkan harta benda Can kill fish and water plants Boleh membunuh ikan dan tumbuhan laut 2.2 Understanding the effects of improper disposal of waste to the environment Memahami kesan kesalahan mengurus pembuangan bahan buangan kepada persekitaran Harmful effects of improper disposal of waste Kesan buruk daripada pembuangan bahan buangan yang tidak betul Waste that can decay Bahan buangan yang boleh reput Waste that does not decay Bahan buangan yang tidak boleh reput Food, paper, wood Makanan, surat khabar, kayu Plastics, glass, metal Plastik, gelas, logam 2.3 Understanding the effects of improper disposal of waste to the environment Memahami kesan kesalahan mengurus pembuangan bahan buangan kepada persekitaran Advantage : To make the soil fertiile Kelebihan : Untuk menyuburkan tanah Disadvantage : Gives out poisonous gases Kelemahan : Mengeluarkan gas beracun
  112. 112. MENYIASAT BUMI & ALAM SEMESTA Year 6
  113. 113. Eclipse of The Moon Gerhana bulan Eclipse of The Sun Gerhana matahari Eclipse Gerhana The Earth is between the Sun and the Moon and the three of them lie in a straight line. Bumi berada di antara Matahari dan Bulan dan ketiga-tiganya berada dalam satu garis yang lurus The Moon is between the Sun and the Earth and the three of them lie in a straight line. Bulan berada di antara Matahari dan Bumi dan ketiga-tiganya berada dalam satu garis yang lurus The Earth blocks sunlight from reaching the Moon Bumi menghalang cahaya Matahari daripada sampai ke Bulan Sunlight is blocked by the Moon Cahaya Matahari dihalang oleh bulan The Moon‟s shadow falls on the Earth‟s surface Bayang-bayang Bulan jatuh ke atas permukaan Bumi Daylight becomes dark during the total eclipse Hari siang menjadi gelap menjelang gerhana penuh 1.1 Understanding the eclipse of the moon Memahami gerhana bulan 1.2 Understanding the eclipse of the sun Memahami gerhana matahari
  114. 114. MENYIASAT DUNIA TEKNOLOGI Year 6
  115. 115. MACHINES Mesin To carry or move heavy objects easily Untuk membawa atau menggerak benda berat dengan mudah To cut or separate objects Untuk memotong atau mengasing objek To lift heavy objects easier Untuk mengangkat objek dengan mudah To fix two objects together Untuk mengetatkan dua benda bersama To move objects easily Untuk menggerakkan objek dengan mudah To carry or move heavy objects easily Untuk membawa atau menggerak benda berat dengan mudah To carry or to lift objects to higher place Untuk membawa atau mengangkat objek ke tempat tinggi Simple machines Mesin ringkas Lever Tuas Wheel and axle Roda dan gandar Pulley Takal Wedge Baji Inclined plane Satah condong condong Screw Skru Gear Gear 1.1 Understanding simple machines Memahami mesin ringkas
  116. 116. Machine make life easier Mesin membuat kehidupan lebih mudah Made up of more than one simple machine Terdiri lebih dari satu mesin ringkas Crane, lift Kren, lif Aeroplane, bus Kapal terbang, bas Computer, satelite Komputer, satelit Tractor Trektar e.g Wheelbarrow, bicycle, a pair of scissors, fishing rod Kereta sorong. basikal, gunting, rod pancing To carry, move or lift heavy things more easily Untuk membawa atau mengangkat benda dengan mudah To travel from one place to another Untuk pergi dari satu tempat ke tempat yang lain To make work faster Untuk membuat kerja lebih cepat To make communication with people faster and easier Untuk berkomunikasi dengan manusia lebih cepat dan mudah To treat diseases Untuk mengesan penyakit Dialysis machine Mesin dialisis Complex Machine Mesin kompleks 1.2 Analysing a complex machines Analisa mesin yang kompleks 1.3 Appreciating the invention of machines that make life easier Menghargai mesin yang dicipta membuatkan hidup menjadi senang

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