The Kingdom Of Aksum


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The Kingdom Of Aksum powerpoint made for school last year (9th grade, 2009)

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The Kingdom Of Aksum

  1. 1. THE KINGDOM OF AKSUM 400 BCE to 10 th Century AD Horn of Africa
  2. 2. Geography <ul><li>Aksum is located southeast of Kush on rugged land on the Red Sea and Indian Ocean, very close to the Mediterranean Sea. </li></ul><ul><li>It is located on modern-day countries, Eritrea and Ethiopia. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Aksum’s central location on the Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean made it an ideal center of trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Aksum traded many necessities, but also sold some very exotic luxuries in exchange for things not found or made in Aksum. </li></ul>Economy
  4. 4. Religion <ul><li>Aksumites believed in one god Mahrem, but they also worshipped spirits, honored dead ancestors, and offered sacrifices. </li></ul><ul><li>Ezana, raised by a Christian, converted the Kingdom to Christianity. </li></ul>Fun Fact: Ethiopia, present-day Aksum, is now home to millions of Christians, all because of Ezana’s converting of the Empire.
  5. 5. Social Life <ul><li>Most of the Aksumites worked as farmers who brought mountain water to the working fields. The main objective of their life was trading. </li></ul><ul><li>Other Aksumites worked as architects and builders. They built monuments, thrones, and several pillars. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Timeline <ul><li>1000 BCE Arab peoples crossed the Red Sea into Africa </li></ul><ul><li>20 th century AD Solomonid Dynasty lasted until last ruler, Haile Selassie died in 1975 </li></ul><ul><li>AD 100 1 st mention of Aksum in a Greek guidebook (written) </li></ul><ul><li>AD 325-360 Aksum reached height while Ezana occupied the throne. </li></ul><ul><li>AD 330 Ezana turned his attention to Kush. </li></ul><ul><li>AD 350 Ezana conquered the Kushites and burned Meroe to the ground. </li></ul><ul><li>AD 550 Egyptian merchant named Cosmas described how Aksumite agent bargained for gold from the people in southern Ethiopia. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Architecture <ul><li>Aksum’s most famous bit of architecture is the Pillars of Aksum, a series of huge pillars placed around the kingdom, with stories inscribed on the sides. </li></ul><ul><li>The Kingdom of Aksum once had large temples, but were replaced by richly decorated Christian temples. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Technology <ul><li>The Kingdom of Aksum was the first kingdom south of the Sahara to mint its own coins. </li></ul><ul><li>Aksum created a method of agriculture called terrace farming. </li></ul><ul><li>They built dams and cisterns. </li></ul>Fun Fact: All coins minted in Aksum were imprinted with the saying “May the country be satisfied.”
  9. 9. Literature <ul><li>Ge’ez was the Aksumites’ language, and is spoken still today in Etheopia, Eritrea, and Israel. </li></ul>Fun Fact: Aksum was the only African Kingdom to have developed a written language by that time. Ge’ez Alphabet: ሀለሐመሠረሰቀበተኀነአከወዐዘየደገጠጰጸፀፈፐ
  10. 10. Art King Ezana Aksum Flag Christian Crosses Pillars of Aksum
  11. 11. THE END
  12. 12. QUIZ TIME!!! - Overall <ul><li>Our project is on The Kingdom of ________. </li></ul><ul><li>A. Askum </li></ul><ul><li>B. Akzum </li></ul><ul><li>C. Aksum </li></ul><ul><li>D. Mr. Young </li></ul>
  13. 13. QUIZ TIME!!! - Literature <ul><li>2. What was the official language of the Kingdom of Aksum? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Geiser </li></ul><ul><li>B. Ge’ez </li></ul><ul><li>C. Ge’er </li></ul><ul><li>D. South Ethiopian </li></ul>
  14. 14. QUIZ TIME!!! – Religion <ul><li>3. The official religion of Aksum was changed to Christianity by _______. </li></ul><ul><li>A. Ezana </li></ul><ul><li>B. Ezara </li></ul><ul><li>C. Ezra </li></ul><ul><li>D. Jesus Christ </li></ul><ul><li>E. Muhammad </li></ul>
  15. 15. QUIZ TIME!!! - Overall <ul><li>4. Cody, Brandon, and Brett deserve what grade on this project? </li></ul><ul><li>A. 82 </li></ul><ul><li>B. 76 </li></ul><ul><li>C. 98 </li></ul><ul><li>D. Cody Cavalier </li></ul>