AGENCY FOR MARINE AND FISHERIES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
MINISTRY OF MARINE AFFAIRS AND FISHERIES
中国-印尼海洋与
气候联合研究中心
Why monsoon onset matters forWhy monsoon onset matters for
Indonesia?Indonesia?
•Onset of dry season for Java
•Onset of up...
TRADITIONAL SALT PRODUCTION
Kab. Brebes (P 302,5 ha)
Kab. Jepara (P 625 ha)
Kab. Pati (P 2043 ha)
Kab. Rembang (P 1.465,14 ha)
Kab. Demak (P 674 ha)
K...
General Problems of Traditional Salt in Indonesia
• The efforts to meet the needs of industrial salt by national salt prod...
Traditional Salt Production
 Characterized by nature
dependence (weather and
climate).
 Climate Characteristics of
Indon...
Typcal climatology of salt ponds
Australia Perancis Indonesia Taiwan
Evaporation 3600 1700 1850 1660
Precipitation 300 550...
RELATION OF CLIMATE-OCEAN VARIABILITY TORELATION OF CLIMATE-OCEAN VARIABILITY TO
PELAGIC FISHERY IN JAVA SEA
• Climate change scenarios in spatial resolution necessary for most biological
study on coastal and pelagic environment is...
No. Common name Scientific name Local name
1 Indian Scad Decapterus russelli (Ruppell, 1830) Layang, silap
2 Layang scad D...
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
Month
CPUE(Kg/day/vessel)
Inshore area Offsho...
COASTAL HAZARDS
AND FLOODSAND FLOODS
COASTAL HAZARDS
FLOODED AREA
TriyonoTriyono 谢谢!
1. Researcher on GIS
2. Assistant Deputy Director for Research Collaboration and Service
3. Personel of...
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Triyono why monsoon onset matters for indonesia s

  1. 1. AGENCY FOR MARINE AND FISHERIES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT MINISTRY OF MARINE AFFAIRS AND FISHERIES 中国-印尼海洋与 气候联合研究中心
  2. 2. Why monsoon onset matters forWhy monsoon onset matters for Indonesia?Indonesia? •Onset of dry season for Java •Onset of upwelling •Time window for salt industry •High productive season off Java•High productive season off Java and Sumatra
  3. 3. TRADITIONAL SALT PRODUCTION
  4. 4. Kab. Brebes (P 302,5 ha) Kab. Jepara (P 625 ha) Kab. Pati (P 2043 ha) Kab. Rembang (P 1.465,14 ha) Kab. Demak (P 674 ha) Kab. Manggarai (P 25 ha) Kab. Nagekeo (P 1.800 ha) Kab. Ende (P 56 ha) Kab. Alor (P 2,2 ha) Kab. Timor Tengah Utara (P 33 ha) Kab. Kupang (P 18 ha) Kab. Lembata (P 60 ha) Kab. Pangkep (P 503 ha) Kab. Takalar (P 148,23 ha) Kab. Jeneponto (P 557,55 ha) Palu Municipality (P 20 ha) Kab. Bone Bolango (P 25ha) Total for NTT (P 1.994,2 ha) Total for South Sulawesi (P 1.208,78 ha) Kab. Indramayu (P 1.289,9 ha) Kab. Cirebonr (P 1.129 ha) Kab. Tuban (P 172,15 ha) Kab. Lamongan (P 102 ha) Kab. Gresik (P 26 ha) Kab. Pasuruan (P 114,5 ha Kab. Probolinggo (P 357 ha) Kodya Surabaya (P 565,10 ha) Kab. Sampang (P 4.200 ha) Kab. Pamekasan (P 888,7 ha) Kab. Sumenep (P 1.700 ha) Kab. Lombok Timur (P 297,45 ha) Kab. Bima (P 1.725 ha) Kab. Sumbawa (P 42,5 ha) Kota Bima (P 30,25) Kab. Lombok Barat (P 156,9) Note : - P = Productive area - P National=17.651 ha Source : MMAF, 2010 Kab. Karang Asem (P 10 ha) Kab. Klungkung (P 2,28 ha) Total for West Java (P 2418.9 ha) Total for East Java (P 8.125,45 ha) Total for Bali (P 12,28 ha) Total for NTB (P 2.252,1 ha)
  5. 5. General Problems of Traditional Salt in Indonesia • The efforts to meet the needs of industrial salt by national salt production has not been accomplished. • National salt production is dominated by traditional salt operated by villagers  low quality • In general salt villager prosperity is under the national standard • Improving quality to meet the industrial salt level is a great solution to national industrial salt problems, in ilne with increasing the prosperity of traditional salt community.
  6. 6. Traditional Salt Production  Characterized by nature dependence (weather and climate).  Climate Characteristics of Indonesia : - Dry season lasting for 4-6- Dry season lasting for 4-6 month/year; - Humidity is high ; - In the dry season, high rainfall often occurs  The impact of those conditions is that the competitive traditional salt market is still low than the imported salt
  7. 7. Typcal climatology of salt ponds Australia Perancis Indonesia Taiwan Evaporation 3600 1700 1850 1660 Precipitation 300 550 1300 1400 ------- - ------ - ------- - ------- - 7 ------- - ------ - ------- - ------- - Selisih 3300 1150 550 260 * In mm water/year  Annual productivity of Indonesian solar ponds is under Australia and France  threat !
  8. 8. RELATION OF CLIMATE-OCEAN VARIABILITY TORELATION OF CLIMATE-OCEAN VARIABILITY TO PELAGIC FISHERY IN JAVA SEA
  9. 9. • Climate change scenarios in spatial resolution necessary for most biological study on coastal and pelagic environment is still lack • Indonesian fisheries management policies do not currently incorporate the effect of climate variability or climate change in harvest levels setting or future strategy development reflected by the lack of long-term fisheries data. • The dynamic of Indonesian seas and catch fisheries productivity should be FISHERIES PROBLEMS • The dynamic of Indonesian seas and catch fisheries productivity should be analyses to develop the harvest levels model and management for better fisheries management.
  10. 10. No. Common name Scientific name Local name 1 Indian Scad Decapterus russelli (Ruppell, 1830) Layang, silap 2 Layang scad Decapterus macrosoma (Bleeker,1851) Deles 3 Indian Mackerel Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier, 1816) Banyar 4 Short Bodied Mackerel Rastrelliger brachisoma (Bleeker, 1851) Kembung Small Pelagic fish species caught from the Java Sea 5 Spotted Sardinella Ambligaster sirm (Walbaum, 1792) Siro, lemuru 6 Bigeye Scad Selar crumenophthalmus (Bloch, 1793) Bentong 7 Goldstripe Sardinella Sardinella gibossa (Bleeker, 1849) Juwi, tanjan 8 Bali Sardinella Sardinella lemuru (Bleeker, 1853) Tanjan /lemuru 9 Rainbow Sardine Dussumieria acuta (Valenciennes, 1847) Japuh 10 Yellowstripe Trevally Selaroides leptolepis (Cuvier, 1833) Selar gontor
  11. 11. 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Month CPUE(Kg/day/vessel) Inshore area Offshore area 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Month CPUE(Kg/day/vessel) Rastrelliger spp S.crumeophthalmus Decapterus spp Sardinella spp S. leptolepis, A. mate, A. djeddaba, D. acuta A.thazard and E. affinis A.sirm Others Monthly Average CPUE of Pelagic Fishes from 1998-2002 Inshore area Offshore areaA.sirm Others 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 Kg Total Pelagic fishes 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 Dec Jan Feb M ar Apr M ay Jun Jul Aug Sept O ct Nov Month CPUE(kg/day/vessel) NW Monsoon Pre-SE Monsoon SE Monsoon Pre-NW Monsoon Mean seasonal variability of pelagic fish catches in the Java Sea
  12. 12. COASTAL HAZARDS AND FLOODSAND FLOODS
  13. 13. COASTAL HAZARDS
  14. 14. FLOODED AREA
  15. 15. TriyonoTriyono 谢谢! 1. Researcher on GIS 2. Assistant Deputy Director for Research Collaboration and Service 3. Personel of Indonesia-China Center for Ocean and Climate (ICCOC)
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