Culture of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK)

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  • 1. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ Labbaik Ullah Khan Niazi BSOF12M-03 Department of Sociology, Sargodha University,(UOS)
  • 2. Presentation Topics • Historical background • Geographical location • Climate • Education • Languages • Economy • Costumes- Marriage • Music • Life style • Food and dishes • Festivals • Media • Famous Tribes ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬
  • 3. Into,History – ‫تاریخ‬ ،‫تعارف‬ ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, formerly North-West Frontier Province, northernmost province of Pakistan.
  • 4. ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ • Gandhara 516 BC • Indian Chandra Gupta, Maurya dynasty (323-190 B.C.), • Greek 323 BC ,Alexander • Sakan 97 BC • Parthian 65 BC • Kushan 15 BC  Turkish slave-soldier (mamlūk) namedSebüktigin, who gained control of Peshawar in 988 AD  His son, Maḥmūd of Ghazna, invaded northern India several times between 1001 and 1027 AD and brought a large area of the present-day province into the boundaries of the Ghaznavid dynasty.  Ghūrid sultanate 1200 AD  Mughal dynasty 1600 AD  Nādir Shah in 1738 AD  Sikhs 1818 AD  British in 1849 AD
  • 5. ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ Second Sikh War(1848–49). North-West Frontier Province, was created in 1901 1947, the region continued to exist as a separate Pakistani province 1980s the province was inundated by Afghan refugees In 2010 the name of the province was officially changed to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
  • 6. Geographical Location ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ Local government includes: District : 24 Tehsil : 53 Union consuls: 986
  • 7. ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ • It is bounded byAfghanistan to the west and north, Azad Kashmir and the Northern Areas (the Pakistani-administered areas of theKashmir region) to the east and northeast, Punjab province to the southeast, and Balochistān province to the southwest. On the western boundary of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, along the Afghan border, are the federally administered tribal areas, a series of semiautonomous areas that are ethnically homogeneous with the province but not politically connected to it. • Peshawar is the provincial capital. • According to the 1998 census, the population of the province was approximately 17 million. • Area province, 28,773 square miles (74,521 square km)
  • 8. ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ 1. Kābul River 2. The Hindu Kush 3. Swat, and Kandia rivers. 4. The historic Khyber Pass is strategically important as the most easily negotiable route between Afghanistan and the Indian subcontinent. 5. The Kurram, Tochi, and Gumal rivers drain the province’s southern region, and the Indus River forms part of the province’s eastern border.
  • 9. Climate ‫موسم‬/‫ماحول‬- ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬  The climate of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa varies immensely for a region of its size, encompassing most of the many climate types found in Pakistan.  Rainfall also varies widely. Although large parts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa are typically dry, the province also contains the wettest parts of Pakistan in its eastern fringe.
  • 10. Year Literacy Rate 1972 15.5% 1981 16.7% 1998 35.41% 2008 49.9% Education ‫تعلیم‬- ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ School Vocational Centre University Continued…..
  • 11. ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ School City Total Male female Abbottabad 1550 1017 533 Bannu 1124 679 445 D.I.Khan 1244 817 427 Charsadda 589 433 156 Continued…..
  • 12. ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ Vocational Centre 1.Govt Technical and Vocational Centre (Boys) Hangu. 2.Govt Technical and Vocational Centre (Boys) Mardan 3.Govt. Technical and Vocational Centre (Women) Akram Bagh Link Road Abbottabad 4.Govt: Technical & Vocational Centre (Women) Nowshera 5.Govt: Technical & Vocational Centre (Women) Swat 6.Govt: Technical & Vocational Centre (Women) Swabi Continued…..
  • 13. ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ University Hazara university Peshawar university Agricultural university 40 Universities in K.P.K Continued…..
  • 14. Islamia College/‫کالج‬ ‫اسالمیہ‬ ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬
  • 15. Languages – ‫زبانیں‬ ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ Urdu (national) Pashto (provincial) English (official) Regional languages: Pashto,Hindko, Khowar, Kalami, Torwali, Saraiki, Gujari, Maiya, Bateri, Kalkoti, Gowro, mondr, Palula, Dameli, Gawar-Bati, Yidgha, Burushaski, Kyrgyz, Wakhi
  • 16. ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ Languages speakers Pashto speakers (72,777 households) Hindko. 68.30 per cent Urdu, the mother-tongue of 0.83 per cent of the households,
  • 17. Economy – ‫معیشت‬ ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ 1. Transport (Goods) 2. Farming (Tobacco) 3. Wood cutting and selling
  • 18. Marriage - ‫شادی‬ ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬Continued…..
  • 19. Costumes – ‫لباس‬ ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ 1. Their dress code is shalwar kamez ,which differently made for men and women. 2. Males usually wear Kufi , Kandahari cap ,Turban or Pakul as traditional headgear. 3. Leaders some time wear a karakul hat.
  • 20. ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ 4. Males as government employees usually wear Sherwani aur Achkan with Karakul hat. 5 .Pathans usually wear Shalwar qameez with turban. This turban is a symbol of honour for them. 6. Women typically wear solid- colour trousers,a long qemis shirt with a belt and cotton hijab. 7. Many women were a embroided qameez which contain a lot of glass work on it 8. Famous footwear of pathans is Peshawari chappal.
  • 21. ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬
  • 22. Music – ‫موسیقی‬ ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ Hindko and Pashto folk music are popular in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and has a rich tradition going back hundreds of years. The main instruments are the Rubab, mangey and harmonium.
  • 23. ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ Pashto singers
  • 24. 1.Khatak Dance 2.Atan Dance ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ Dances
  • 25. ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬
  • 26. Famous Tribes – ‫قبائل‬ ‫مشہور‬ ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ • Pashtoons (living for centuries) and recognized as • Yusufzai, • Bangash, • Bhittani, • Daavi, • Khattak, • Qazi khail, • Gandapur, • Gharghasht, • Marwat, • Afridi • Shinwari, • Orakzai, • Mahsud, • Mohmand, • Wazir and Bannuchi. • Others non pashtoons tribes include Jat, Mughal, Turks, Karlal, Rajpoot, Dhund Abbasi, Syed. Afghan Refugees consists of tajik and many other tribes.
  • 27. Food and Dishes - ‫کھانے‬ ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ • Most popular and famous food of them is Chapali Kabab-a flat beef kabab. • Faluda mainly a sweet dish is also found here • Peshawar is known for its Kawa(GREEN TEA) which has a unique flavour
  • 28. • Sharbat-e-sandal is a sweet non-carbonated drink usually found in summers in market. • Its has a good taste and a yellowish green colour . • Khan’s club is rated amoung the best resturants in peshawar ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬
  • 29. • Most of the people like Cholay(chick peas) Lobya(beans) Saag Roti of jawar(maize) • A tandor(oven)for baking bread is present in many houses ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬
  • 30. • Dry fruits are produced in Peshawar are famous for its dry fruits. • Sajji is one of their famous dish. ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬
  • 31. Festivals – ‫تہوار‬ ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ • Buzakashi Festival • Eid ul Azha • Eid ul Fiter
  • 32. Games - ‫کھیل‬ 1.Buaza-Kashi 2.Kabaddi 3.POLO 4.NAIZA BAZI 5.HOURSE RIDDING 6.PERZOWAL 7.GULLI DANDA ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬
  • 33. Media - ‫میڈیا‬ ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ 1.Television 2.Radio 3.Cinema 4.Newspapers
  • 34. Television ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ Hindko TV Pashto TV Ptv Nation TV
  • 35. News Papers ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ Hindko newspaper Pashto Newspapers Urdu Newspapers
  • 36. Radio ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ Fm 106.2 Fm 140.0 Fm 103.1 Fm 100.0
  • 37. Famous Poets – ‫شعراء‬ ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ Rehman Baba Ghani Khan Khushhal Khan Khatak Saeed Ahmad Akhtar Akbar Hoti
  • 38. ‫پختونخواہ‬ ‫خیبر‬ Labbaik Ullah Khan Niazi BSOF12M-03 Department of Sociology, at Sargodha University ‫حافظ‬ ‫خدا‬