Democracy in South Africa:  the role of e-Participation by Laban Bagui Supervisor: Prof Andrew Bytheway IDEA 2010 (Informa...
What I am going to tell U <ul><li>How I understand South African Democracy and Public participation in government </li></u...
South Africa democratic system <ul><li>South Africa is said to be a  representative, deliberative and participative democr...
Public participation Fig:  A basic Public Participation model  Source:  Author
Experts opinions Expert1 Expert2 Expert3 Expert4 Public  Participation happens only for those who have means  (Rich and in...
Public Participation stakeholders <ul><li>Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Specific government departments (SITA) </li></ul><u...
Public participation domains <ul><li>Law and policy making </li></ul><ul><li>Government decision making (budgeting and pla...
Public participation areas EU and SA comparative areas of public participation (source:  Author) European Union (EU) South...
(e)Public participation world wide <ul><li>Porto Alegre, Belo Horizonte, </li></ul><ul><li>France presidential (Prdt N. Sa...
Assessing eParticipation <ul><li>Macintosh and Whyte (2008) framework for characterising e-participation :  from level of ...
Quality of eParticipation S X  South Africa Denmark,  Netherland,  Norway  X X  Sub-saharian African countries
<ul><li>Better the democratic system (direct) and government (administrative, transactional, and inclusive efficiency) </l...
Some issues of eParticipation <ul><li>Issue of effective use (Gurstein, 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful will get more pow...
Conclusion <ul><li>eParticipation is meant to be better Public participation in government </li></ul><ul><li>eParticipatio...
Laban Bagui   [email_address]   Faculty of Informatics and Design Cape Peninsula University of Technology Cape Town South ...
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Democracy in South Africa: The role of eParticipation

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a general view of eParticipation potential applied to South Africa

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Democracy in South Africa: The role of eParticipation

  1. 1. Democracy in South Africa: the role of e-Participation by Laban Bagui Supervisor: Prof Andrew Bytheway IDEA 2010 (Informatics and Design Evolutionary Advancement ) Hey Man... You are just lazy!
  2. 2. What I am going to tell U <ul><li>How I understand South African Democracy and Public participation in government </li></ul><ul><li>I will give you some experts view on eParticipation </li></ul><ul><li>I will recall some good examples around the globe </li></ul><ul><li>We will fly over some assessment frameworks and models </li></ul><ul><li>We will notice some gaps and we will tweak some roles of eParticipation that I pointed out </li></ul>
  3. 3. South Africa democratic system <ul><li>South Africa is said to be a representative, deliberative and participative democracy (Republic of South Africa, 1996) </li></ul><ul><li>The legislature is predominant and public participation is expected to be the mortar that would join bricks together </li></ul><ul><li>Public participation is the responsibility of the speaker of the parliament and implemented in Local government </li></ul><ul><li>There are three spheres of government: National, Provincial and Local (South Africa Government, 2007) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Public participation Fig: A basic Public Participation model Source: Author
  5. 5. Experts opinions Expert1 Expert2 Expert3 Expert4 Public Participation happens only for those who have means (Rich and influential) To make the people heard in high spheres parliament has to have space for people to participate in debates. Issues of participation for poor Local government do not listen to people Make people heard, which means to have his/her preferences recognised and influence policy and budget People are not heard Protests and demonstrations are the only means they have to get heard Political parties are heard in parliament Forms of active citizenship Critical citizenship Service delivery is certainly one of the main issues Issues of dissatisfaction and complaints Service delivery protests Service delivery protest truly for recognition and to show their frustration There is an issue accessing information on government channels Information access issues Not all departments use technology People need to earn the right to speak to others Problem of elitism Civil society needs to be rooted in the ground Access to the judiciary is difficult The systems should be built by the private sector Leaders should be educated in the use of ICT Need for cultural and electoral reform Local areas Internet and mobile technology (web, mobisite, sms, users opinion tracking on fora, banners, adds on sites) Cellphones, sms are key Library campaigns Mobile for protests Mobile participation Sms comments on topic Online deliberation People should deliberate online Technology can help in context where people have power
  6. 6. Public Participation stakeholders <ul><li>Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Specific government departments (SITA) </li></ul><ul><li>Justice courts </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional offices </li></ul><ul><li>other governments </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Community based organizations (CBOs) </li></ul><ul><li>Non government organisations (NGOs) </li></ul><ul><li>Businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Media, and even </li></ul><ul><li>Organized crime. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Public participation domains <ul><li>Law and policy making </li></ul><ul><li>Government decision making (budgeting and planning) </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>And others... </li></ul>
  8. 8. Public participation areas EU and SA comparative areas of public participation (source: Author) European Union (EU) South Africa (SA) Information provision Government communication Consultation Public hearings, demonstration, protests Deliberation Indabas and Imbizos, public meetings and forums Community building / collaborative environment (principally through CBOs and NGOs) Campaigning Lobbying, petitioning Electioneering (limited to poster campaigning) Mediation (very limited) Voting Votes at election times, Polling (none)
  9. 9. (e)Public participation world wide <ul><li>Porto Alegre, Belo Horizonte, </li></ul><ul><li>France presidential (Prdt N. Sarkozi) </li></ul><ul><li>USA presidential (Prdt B. Obama) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Assessing eParticipation <ul><li>Macintosh and Whyte (2008) framework for characterising e-participation : from level of engagements to critical success factors </li></ul><ul><li>Government IT management challenges and key issues (Di Maio et al., 2010 ): Strategy and planning, service delivery and operations, and specific activity domains </li></ul><ul><li>The eGovernment value chain (Heeks, 2006): from readiness to impact; </li></ul><ul><li>Network readiness and e-government ranks : South Africa is respectively 52 nd and 97 th out of 184 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Quality of eParticipation S X South Africa Denmark, Netherland, Norway X X Sub-saharian African countries
  12. 12. <ul><li>Better the democratic system (direct) and government (administrative, transactional, and inclusive efficiency) </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce the digital divide between the powerful (have) and the powerless (have not) </li></ul><ul><li>Community empowerment (Social capital) </li></ul><ul><li>A better articulation of communities needs </li></ul><ul><li>Increase accountability and transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Foster and better service delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Unfold development and sustainability (MDGs) </li></ul>Role of eParticipation
  13. 13. Some issues of eParticipation <ul><li>Issue of effective use (Gurstein, 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful will get more powerful (Schuler Day, 2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Design and implementation of systems (Heeks, 2006) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Conclusion <ul><li>eParticipation is meant to be better Public participation in government </li></ul><ul><li>eParticipation is an opportunity for a more inclusive and efficient public participation </li></ul><ul><li>Let dream of an African unleashed inner voice ... Did you ever hear the voice of Africa? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Laban Bagui [email_address] Faculty of Informatics and Design Cape Peninsula University of Technology Cape Town South Africa Me Ti Be Ma Yega/ Merci / Thank you/ Danke Shön / Dankie / Ngosi Questions?

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