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Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan
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Religious Freedom in Kazakhstan

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There are more than 4000 religious unions representing more than 40 confessions in Kazakhstan, more than 300 foreign missioners preach, and about 2,500 cult buildings operate on the territory of …

There are more than 4000 religious unions representing more than 40 confessions in Kazakhstan, more than 300 foreign missioners preach, and about 2,500 cult buildings operate on the territory of Kazakhstan. This slideshow presents the religious diversity in Kazakhstan, while providing clarity to the relevant laws.

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  • 1. Agency for Religious Affairs of the Republic of KazakhstanReligious organisationsin the Republic of KazakhstanAstana, November 2012The English version of this publication was made with the assistance of the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Astana
  • 2. Within a year from adoption of this Law religiousassociations shall make relevant revisions to their foundationdocuments to comply with this Law. Simultaneously,documents confirming the status of a religious associationshall be provided to the registering agency.Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Religious Activity andReligious Associations” dated 11th October 20112
  • 3. According to the Law religious association and other legalentities serving religious interests and needs shall make relevantrevisions to their foundation documents within a year from thedate this Law was adopted.Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Religious Activity andReligious Associations” dated 11th October 20113
  • 4. Upon expiry of the above indicated period legal entities thatfailed to bring their foundation documents in compliance with thisLaw shall be liquidated through a judicial procedure upon request ofthe agency responsible for state registration of religiousassociations.Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Religious Activity andReligious Associations” dated 11th October 20114
  • 5. A religious association shall be founded at the initiative of thecitizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan aged 18 or more after havingheld a foundation meeting (congress, conference) resulting in adecision to start a religious association with organizational name,regulations and board identified. Such citizens shall attend thefoundation meeting (congress, conference) in person at their ownfree will.Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Religious Activity andReligious Associations” dated 11th October 20115
  • 6. A religious association shall have the following characteristics:1) Common religious doctrine;2) Performance of religious rites, ceremonies and preaching;3) Religious upbringing of its followers;4) Spiritual orientation of its activity.Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Religious Activity andReligious Associations” dated 11th October 20116
  • 7. In accordance with their foundation documents republican andregional religious associations shall be entitled to start, in the formof legal entities, spiritual (religious) education organizationsdelivering professional training courses for the clergy.Foundation and operation of legal entities engaged in religiousactivity in an organizational form different from that of a religiousassociation shall not be permitted with the exception of spiritual(religious) education organizations.Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Religious Activity andReligious Associations” dated 11th October 20117
  • 8. Establishment of any organisational structure of religiousassociations based in government agencies, public organisationsand institutions as well as in educational and health careorganisations shall be prohibited.Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Religious Activity andReligious Associations” dated 11th October 20118
  • 9. The name of a religious association shall reflect its confessionalaffiliation and status.Full or abbreviated name and its acronym shall not completely orsubstantially duplicate the state symbols of the Republic ofKazakhstan or those of other states, names or symbols of theKazakhstan government authorities, religious associationsregistered in the Republic of Kazakhstan or religious associationsbanned and (or) liquidated due to violation of the Kazakhstan law.Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Religious Activity andReligious Associations” dated 11th October 20119
  • 10. A religious association shall become legally capable after its stateregistration has been obtained.The Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall beresponsible for state registration of republican and regionalreligious associations.Local (territorial) judicial authorities shall be responsible forstate registration of local religious associations and recordregistration of branches and representative offices of religiousassociations.Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Religious Activity andReligious Associations” dated 11th October 201110
  • 11. For registration purposes, an application shall be submitted to theregistering agency within two months after the decision to start a religiousassociation is taken. The following documents shall be attached to theapplication:1) A foundation charter of the religious association signed by the headof the religious association;2) Minutes of the foundation meeting (congress, conference);3) Soft and hard copies of the list of the citizens who have initiatedfoundation of the religious association. Such list shall be presented in theform determined by the registering agency;4) A document confirming location of religious association;5) Printed religious materials describing the background and religiousdoctrine and containing information on entailed religious activity;6) Document confirming payment of fee for state registration of a legalentity;7) Resolution about election of the head of religious association, or, incase the head has been appointed an overseas religious center, documentconfirming approval by the authorised body.Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Religious Activity andReligious Associations” dated 11th October 201111
  • 12. When registering a regional religious association the followingcomplementary documents shall be provided: list of participants of eachlocal religious association that initiated foundation of the regional religiousassociation (list shall be presented in the form determined by the registeringagency) as well as notarized copies of foundation charters of local religiousassociations.To confirm their status, within a year from the date of registration,republican religious associations shall submit to the registering agencycopies of documents confirming record registration of their structuralsubdivisions (branches and representative offices) at the local judicialauthorities (Paragraph 5).In case of failure to comply with Paragraph 5 of this Article a republicanreligious association shall be reorganized or liquidated in accordance withthe procedure as specified in the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan.Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Religious Activity andReligious Associations” dated 11th October 201112
  • 13. State registration of religious associations and recordregistration of branches (representative offices), re-registration andrefusal to register shall be executed as per the procedure within theperiod specified in the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On StateRegistration of Legal Entities and Record Registration of Branchesand Representative Offices” that shall account for any peculiaritiesas specified in this Law.Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Religious Activity andReligious Associations” dated 11th October 201113
  • 14. The period of state registration (re-registration) shall be suspended toallow time for theological review and checking of the list of initiators of areligious association to ensure compliance with the requirements of thisLaw.No later than three business days after deciding to suspend stateregistration (re-registration) the registering agency shall forward to theauthorised agency copies of documents required for theological review andchecking of the list of initiators of a religious association.Decision to grant state registration of a religious association or rejectionthereof shall be made based on the findings of theological review andchecking of the list of initiators of the religious association .Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Religious Activity andReligious Associations” dated 11th October 201114
  • 15. A religious association shall operate in accordance with its Charter thatshall include the following details:1) name, subject and purpose of its activity;2) location and locality where the association carries out its activity;3) structure, formation procedure and mandate of the governing board;4) rights and responsibilities of the members (participants);5) confessional affiliation, religious doctrine and entailed religiousactivities;6) terms and procedure for admission to and cessation of membershipin a religious association;7) sources of property;8) procedure for revision and amendment of the foundation documents;9) terms for reorganisation and cessation of its activity;10) procedure for disposal of the property in case of liquidation;11) information on branches and representative offices.Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Religious Activity andReligious Associations” dated 11th October 201115
  • 16. The Charter of a religious association may contain otherprovisions related to its activity and not contradicting the Law of theRepublic of Kazakhstan.Information on religious doctrine and religious activity shalldescribe main religious ideas, forms of activity of a religiousassociation, peculiar views on marriage and family, education,health of followers (members) of the given religious association andof other persons as well as view on enjoyment of constitutionalrights and responsibilities of its members and clergymen.Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Religious Activity andReligious Associations” dated 11th October 201116
  • 17. State registration of a religious association or record registrationof its structural subdivision (branch and representative office) shallbe denied in accordance with the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstanand in cases when information contained in foundation or othersubmitted documents is unauthentic and (or) when the associationin question is not acknowledged as a religious association based onthe findings of theological review.Decision to deny registration may be appealed in court.Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Religious Activity andReligious Associations” dated 11th October 201117
  • 18. Religious associations may be reorganized in accordance with the lawthrough merging, affiliation, division, reorganization and separation basedon the decision of the body authorized to do so as per the foundationdocuments or based on judicial decision. A religious association may onlybe re-organized into a different religious association or private institution.Organizations formed as a result of reorganization of religious associationscan be registered as religious associations if they comply with therequirements of this Law.Operation of a religious association shall be suspended or liquidated asspecified in the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan.Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Religious Activity andReligious Associations” dated 11th October 201118
  • 19. In case of liquidation or cessation of operation of a religiousassociation its property shall be disposed in accordance with itsCharter and the existing laws of the Republic Kazakhstan.In case of absence of successors the property shall be passedinto the ownership of the Government in accordance with the Lawof the Republic of Kazakhstan on State Property.Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “On Religious Activity andReligious Associations” dated 11th October 201119
  • 20. As of 25 October 2012, 3,088 religiousassociations and branches thereofrepresenting 17 confessions remained inKazakhstan.As of 1 January 2011, there were 4,551 religious associations and branchesthereof representing 46 confessions, including small religious groups with nocharacteristics of a legal entity.The number of religious organisations has reduced by 32% or1/3.20
  • 21. Islam is a monotheistic world religion that emerged in the early 7thcentury. Islam reached Kazakhstan 12 centuries ago.The preamble of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan “OnReligious Activity and Religious Associations” emphasizes thehistorical role of Sunni Islam of Hanafi Madh’hab in the cultural andspiritual development of the Kazakh people.21
  • 22. As of the beginning of 2012, there were 2,811 Islamic communities.22The Republican Islamic Association “Dukhovnoe upravlenie musulmanKazakhstana” (Spiritual Administration of the Muslims of Kazakhstan,hereinafter referred to as DUMK) was registered on 19 June 2012. 2,228mosques covering all regions of the country were registered as branchesof this association.
  • 23. Branches of DUMK (Mosques) in Kazakhstan.Akmola OblastPavlodar OblastKostanai OblastSouth KazakhstanOblastAlmaty OblastKaragandy OblastZhambyl OblastKyzylorda OblastAktobe OblastAtyrau OblastMangystau OblastWest KazakhstanOblastNorthKazakhstanOblastEast KazakhstanOblastAstanaCityAlmatyCity23Total: 2,2287284326186613912267026638818993776432(25.10.2012)
  • 24. Orthodoxy is one of the Christian denominations.In Kazakhstan it is represented by the Orthodox Church ofKazakhstan, Armenian Apostolic Church and Old Believers’communities. In early 2011 304 Orthodox associations wereregistered in Kazakhstan.24
  • 25. 25National Association “Mitropolichiy Okrug” (Metropolitan Eparchy) consistingof 9 dioceses and 261 parishes was registered on 17 October 2012.The Armenian Apostolic Church and 8 Old Believers’ Churches that hadexisted before were also re-registered.
  • 26. Kazakhstan Orthodox ChurchesNote: In addition, an Armenian Apostolic Church operates in Almaty as well as Old Believers’ Churches inEast Kazakhstan Oblast (4), West Kazakhstan Oblast (2), Almaty (1), Kostanai Oblast (1).Akmola OblastPavlodar OblastKostanai OblastSouth Kazakhstan OblastAlmaty OblastKaragandy OblastZhambyl OblastKyzylorda OblastAktobe OblastAtyrau OblastMangystau OblastWest KazakhstanOblastNorth Kazakhstan OblastEast Kazakhstan OblastAstanaCityAlmatyCity26Total: 26141213216124186453514242927(25.10.2012)
  • 27. Catholicism is one of the Christian denominations. Itsreligious doctrine is based on the Bible and the Holy Scripture.Its basic provisions are described in the Catholic Catechism.79 Roman Catholic churches are active in Kazakhstan.27
  • 28. Catholic Churches in Kazakhstan.South Kazakhstan OblastAlmaty OblastZhambyl OblastKyzylorda OblastAktobe OblastAtyrau OblastMangystau OblastWest KazakhstanOblastWest Kazakhstan OblastAstanaCityAlmatyCity28Total: 7943212 18166812115(25.10.2012)Kostanai OblastNorth Kazakhstan OblastKaragandisnakay OblastAkmola Oblast Pavlodar Oblast
  • 29. Lutheranism is one of the Protestant movementsin Christianity. Lutheranism emerged in the 16thcentury as a result of reformation trends inGermany.№ Locality Registered organisations1 Astana 12 Almaty 33 Almaty Oblast 24 Akmola Oblast 15 Zhambyl Oblast 16 Karagandy Oblast 17 East Kazakhstan Oblast 18 Kostanai Oblast 19 North KazakhstanOblast110 Pavlodar Oblast 113 local religious associationswere re-registered in 2012.There were 32 religiousassociations in Kazakhstan inearly 2011.29
  • 30. № Locality Registeredorganisations1 Astana 42 Almaty 123 Akmola Oblast 54 Aktobe Oblast 45 Almaty Oblast 236 Atyrau Oblast 27 East Kazakhstan Oblast 48 Zhambyl Oblast 89 West Kazakhstan Oblast 110 Karagandy Oblast 911 Kostanai Oblast 512 Kyzylorda Oblast 313 Mangystau Oblast 114 Pavlodar Oblast 215 North Kazakhstan Oblast 616 South Kazakhstan Oblast 11Baptism is one of the Protestant movements inChristianity that emerged in the early 17thcentury. Its religious doctrine shares generalChristian ideas and Protestant dogmasregarding the Trinity, divinity of Christ andgeneral Protestant ideas regarding the Salvation.100 local religiousassociations were re-registered in 2012.364 religious associationsand small religious groupsand branches were registeredin Kazakhstan in early 2011.30
  • 31. Methodism emerged in the 18th century inEngland.Methodism doctrine follows the canons ofClassical Protestantism accepting the Bibleand requiring methodical observance ofreligious regulations.№ Locality Registeredorganisations1 Almaty 32 Astana 13 Almaty Oblast 24 Akmola Oblast 15 Zhambyl Oblast 16 Karagandy Oblast 17 Pavlodar Oblast 211 local religious associationswere re-registered in 2012.In early 2011, 18 religiousassociations were registered inKazakhstan.31
  • 32. № Locality Registeredorganisations1 Karagandy Oblast 1One local religious association werere-registered in 2012.In early 2011, 6 religious associationswere registered in Kazakhstan.Mennonitism is one of the earlierProtestant movements that derived itsname from its founder Menno Simons.32
  • 33. PentecostalismSun Bok Ym«Agapae» Mission«New Life»«Labour»«Author of Life»2011 201211 92011 201246 232011 201255 382011 201210 52011 201255 28Pentecostalism emerged in the late19th century – early 20th century in theUSA.A specific feature of Pentecostalism isaccepting, as a separate religiousdogma, Revelation of the Advent onthe date of Pentecost when Apostolsand other pupils of Jesus Christreceived the power of the Holy Spirit.In early 2011, 400 religiousassociations, small religiousgroups and branches wereregistered in Kazakhstan.189 local religious associationswere re-registered in 2012.33
  • 34. 7114 1481342 301020304050607080Grace Hope Immanuel Nazarene2011 2012Presbyterianism is one of theProtestant movements.Presbyterianism is considered one ofCalvinism branches and, in a widerinterpretation, that of the ReformedChurch.Presbyterian doctrine is based on thebelief in the supreme powers of God andthat only belief is required to get God’sGrace.In early 2011, 229 religious associations,small religious groups and brancheswere registered in Kazakhstan.55 local religious associations were re-registered in 2012.Presbyterianism34
  • 35. № Locality Registeredorganisations1 Astana 12 Almaty 53 Akmola Oblast 14 Aktobe Oblast 15 Almaty Oblast 106 Atyrau Oblast 17 East Kazakhstan Oblast 58 Zhambyl Oblast 99 West Kazakhstan Oblast 110 Karagandy Oblast 811 Kostanai Oblast 512 Kyzylorda Oblast 113 Mangystau Oblast 114 Pavlodar Oblast 315 North Kazakhstan Oblast 116 South Kazakhstan Oblast 6Jehovahs Witnesses emerged in the 1870s in theUSA. Main provisions of its religious doctrine aredescribed in seven volumes of “Scripture Search”written by Charles Russell, the founder.70 religious associationswere registered inKazakhstan in early 2011.59 local religiousassociations were re-registered in 2012.35
  • 36. The Seventh-Day Adventist Church is aProtestant movement that emerged in 1843 in theUSA. Ex-baptist William Miller founded theAdventist Doctrine. Adventists refer to the Bible asthe only rule of the faith and life. They believe in theSecond Coming of Christ and treat Saturday as theday of rest and peace.№ Locality Registeredorganisations1 Astana 22 Almaty 33 Akmola Oblast 44 Aktobe Oblast 15 Almaty Oblast 46 Atyrau Oblast 17 East Kazakhstan Oblast 28 Zhambyl Oblast 49 West Kazakhstan Oblast 110 Karagandy Oblast 711 Kostanai Oblast 512 Kyzylorda Oblast13 Manghistau Oblast 114 Pavlodar Oblast 415 North Kazakhstan Oblast 116 South Kazakhstan Oblast 167 religious associations wereregistered in Kazakhstan inearly 2011.42 local religious associationswere re-registered in 2012.36
  • 37. № Locality Registeredorganisations1 Astana 12 Almaty 13 Akmola Oblast 14 Zhambyl Oblast 15 Karagandy Oblast 16 Pavlodar Oblast 17 North Kazakhstan Oblast 18 South Kazakhstan Oblast 1New Apostolic Church emerged in 1832 in Englandand it is one of the main churches in Germany afterCatholicism and Lutherans.The New Apostolic Church accepts the Bible as thebasis of its belief accepting the special role ofApostles.8 local religious associationswere re-registered in 2012.47 religious associations wereregistered in Kazakhstan inearly 2011.37
  • 38. Judaism is the Jewish national religion.Strict monotheism is the basis of thisbelief that regulates nearly all spheres oflife of the Jews.№ Locality Registeredorganisations1 Astana 12 Almaty 13 Pavlodar Oblast 14 South KazakhstanOblast126 religious associations wereregistered in Kazakhstan in early2011.4 local religious associations werere-registered in 2012.38
  • 39. Buddhism is the world religion that emerged inVI-V B.C. in India.In contrast with other religions, Buddhism does notsupport the idea that God is the Creator of theWorld and its Governor. Buddhism encouragesevery person to find his or her way to endsufferings.4 religious associations wereregistered in Kazakhstan in early2011.2 local religious associations were re-registered in 2012.№ Locality Registeredorganisations1 West KazakhstanOblast12 Almaty 139
  • 40. The Hare Krishna Community is a new Hindusreligious association founded in 1966 in New York byBhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, a Bengal monk.Krishnaists worship Krishna as the Supremehypostasis of God.№ Locality Registeredorganisations1 Astana 12 Almaty 13 Almaty Oblast 14 Aktobe Oblast 15 East Kazakhstan Oblast 16 Karagandy Oblast 17 Kostanai Oblast 18 Pavlodar Oblast 114 religious associations wereregistered in Kazakhstan in early2011.8 local religious associations gotre-registered.40
  • 41. Bahai community emerged in the middle of the19th century. It was founded by a Persian, MirzaHusayn Ali known as Baháulláh. Bahai is asynthesised teaching based on certain dogmas ofthe world and traditional religions.№ Locality Registeredorganisations1 Astana 12 Almaty 13 Almaty Oblast 14 Akmola Oblast 15 Karagandy Oblast 16 South Kazakhstan Oblast 120 religious associations wereregistered in Kazakhstan in early2011.6 local religious associations werere-registered in 2012.41
  • 42. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints(Mormons) was founded by Joseph Smith in 1830 inthe USA. The term “Mormon” is derived from the Bookof Mormon, a text published in 1830 as the HolyScripture that is used by Mormons along with theBible.№ Locality Registeredorganisations1 Astana 12 Almaty 11 religious association was registered inKazakhstan in early 2011.2 local religious associations were re-registered in 2012.42
  • 43. Overall, 3,088 religious organisations representing 17confessions got re-registered as of 25 October 2012№ Confession/denomination As of 01.01.2011 As of 25.10.20121 Islam 2811 22292 Orthodoxy 304 2803 Pentecostal churches 400 1894 Evangelical Christian-Baptists 364 1005 Catholicism 118 796 Jehova’s Witnesses 70 597 Presbyterian Churches 229 558 Seventh-Day Adventists 67 429 Evangelical Lutheran Church 32 1310 Methodists 18 1111 New Apostolic Church 47 812 Krishnaism 14 813 Bahai 20 614 Judaism 26 415 Buddism 4 216 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) 1 217 Mennonites 6 1TOTAL 4,551* 3,08843* additional 20 non-traditional religious associations failed re-registration.

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