Emerging hackerspaces – Peer-production generation

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Presentation from OSS 2012
The Eighth International Conference on Open Source Systems

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  • 1. OSS 2012 The Eighth International Conference on Open Source Systems Emerging hackerspaces – Peer-production generation Jarkko Moilanen jarkko.moilanen@uta.fi University of Tampere School of Information Sciences 04/09/2012Emerging hackerspaces – Peer-production generation 1/18Jarkko Moilanen
  • 2. Research motivation● Personal history in hackerspaces and in hacker culture● Started as pure hackerspaces study, expanded to cover other forms as well.● To provide missing accurate longitudinal statistical research data and results about commons-based peer production community such as: ● Common characteristics of the community ● Member motivation and ● Community values● To put DIY communities on the larger context of hacker generations as Peer-production generation 04/09/2012Emerging hackerspaces – Peer-production generation 2/18Jarkko Moilanen
  • 3. Observation and surveys● Methods used ● Empirical observation (helped in defining survey questions) ● Annual surveys (main data collection method)● Surveys are part of P2P Foundation supported Statistical Studies of Peer Production studies established by author. 04/09/2012Emerging hackerspaces – Peer-production generation 3/18Jarkko Moilanen
  • 4. Peer-production surveys● Conducted 2010 and 2011 (also 2012)● Conducted among DIY communities such as ● Hackerspaces ● Makerspaces ● DIYbio ● Fablabs 04/09/2012Emerging hackerspaces – Peer-production generation 4/18Jarkko Moilanen
  • 5. Results 04/09/2012Emerging hackerspaces – Peer-production generation 5/18Jarkko Moilanen
  • 6. Middle-aged western men● Average member of DIY community is a highly educated 26 - 31 years old male from Europe (2011: 39%) or North America (2011:48%) 04/09/2012Emerging hackerspaces – Peer-production generation 6/18Jarkko Moilanen
  • 7. Bachelors and Masters of hacking● 2011: 56% at least Bachelor Degree (2010: 49%) 04/09/2012Emerging hackerspaces – Peer-production generation 7/18Jarkko Moilanen
  • 8. Committed to one local community● Nearly 91% are members of just one community 04/09/2012Emerging hackerspaces – Peer-production generation 8/18Jarkko Moilanen
  • 9. Building objects in crowd● Top 3 interests:building objects (82%), social aspects (67%) and software hacking (65%) 04/09/2012Emerging hackerspaces – Peer-production generation 9/18Jarkko Moilanen
  • 10. Fun loving altruistic community● Altruism, community commitment, meeting other hackers in real world and having fun ● having fun (98%) ● meeting other hackers and hacker-minded people (95%) ● contributing to community without expecting something in return (80%) ● commitment to community (75%) 04/09/2012Emerging hackerspaces – Peer-production generation 10/18Jarkko Moilanen
  • 11. SW and HW Projects● Software related: > 55%, Hardware related: > 65% 04/09/2012Emerging hackerspaces – Peer-production generation 11/18Jarkko Moilanen
  • 12. Small-ish local communities● Over 40% of spaces have 20-50 members 04/09/2012Emerging hackerspaces – Peer-production generation 12/18Jarkko Moilanen
  • 13. Peer funded● Question From which sources funding and resources can/should be obtained? was added to 2011 survey. ● Membership fees: over 92% ● Donations from individuals: 88% ● Governmental sources: 60% ● Company donations: around 57% 04/09/2012Emerging hackerspaces – Peer-production generation 13/18Jarkko Moilanen
  • 14. Peer-production generation Suggested view to Hacker generations. Source: Modified from Taylor (2005). Peer- production added by the author. Beginning of peer-production generation is debatable. Hackerspaces emerged in small scale around 1995, but breakthrough happened around 2001-2002 and after that other forms of peer-production emerged. 04/09/2012Emerging hackerspaces – Peer-production generation 14/18Jarkko Moilanen
  • 15. Peer-production generation● Motivation: altruism, community commitment, meeting other hackers in real world and having fun● Small-ish local communities (with own space)● While members value social events, they value doing/making more● Peer funding (over company or goverment)● Hackerspaces resemble third places defined by Oldenburg 04/09/2012Emerging hackerspaces – Peer-production generation 15/18Jarkko Moilanen
  • 16. Motivation model● hackerspace communities have a strong ‘social motivation factor’. Not found significant in other research on open source development Modified from Martine Aalbers, 2004. “Motivation for participation in an open source software community,” at http://download.blender.org/documentation/bc2004/Martine_Aalbers/results-summary.pdf 04/09/2012Emerging hackerspaces – Peer-production generation 16/18Jarkko Moilanen
  • 17. Future research● Continue annual surveys● Future (separate) surveys will focus on three communities to enable more profound results: ● General DIY community (general features of Peer- production generation) ● DIYbio community (revolutionary activity) ● 3D Manufacturing community (revolutionary activity)● Compare the general Peer production generation to the two revolutionary communities. 04/09/2012Emerging hackerspaces – Peer-production generation 17/18Jarkko Moilanen
  • 18. Questions?● For more information, read http://surveys.peerproduction.net/● Email: jarkko.moilanen@uta.fi 04/09/2012Emerging hackerspaces – Peer-production generation 18/18Jarkko Moilanen