Are overarching concepts used in theory and science It is composed of four concepts: Data Information Knowledge Wisdom
Are discrete entities described objectively without interpretation Characters, numbers, or facts gathered for analysis and possibly later action. E.g.: Data derived from direct care of an individual may be compiled and aggregated for decision – making of the nurse. Patient’s vital signs
Data that are interpreted, organized, or structured. E.g. : A serial set of vital signs taken over time placed into a context and used for a long time for comparisons .
Is the awareness and understanding of a set of information and ways that information can be made useful to support a specific task or arrive at a decision. E.g. : Past experiences
Appropriate use of knowledge to manage and solve human problems. Knowing when and how to apply knowledge. E.g. : Based on past experiences, a same emergency happens again, wisdom would guide the decisions about the options you have that is more appropriate with the incidence.
“One does not need technology to be performing informatics; information technology per se is not the focus: it is the information it conveys that is central” - (McGonigle & Mastrian)