Journey in the Basic Education Curricular reforms

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Journey in the Basic Education Curricular reforms

  1. 1. Journey in Basic Education Curricular Reforms: 1946- 2011
  2. 2. The chronology of the basic education curricular reforms: Grade Level 1946-1956 1957-1972 1973-1988 1989-2001 2002-2011 2012-2013 Year IV 2-2 plan •  college Prep curriculum •  Vocational curriculum Revised secondary education program •  Electives offered New Secondary Education Curriculum (NSEC) 2002 Basic education Curriculum 2010 Secondary education Curriculum Roll-out implementati on of G1 and G7 of the K12 curriculum Year III Year II Year I Grade 6 Grade 5 G. E. C. 1957-1982 1983-2001 2002-2011 2012 Grade 4 Revised Elementary education curriculum New Elementary School Curriculum (NESC) 2002 basic education Curriculum R.A. 10157 kindergarten education Act Grade 3 Grade 2 Grade 1 Kindergarten 2011 Kindergarten
  3. 3. 1946-1956 "   The 1935 constitution provided certain educational objectives such as the development of moral character, personal discipline, civic conscience , vocational efficiency and citizenship training. "   To carry out the constitutional ,mandate a revision of the elementary curriculum was made including the teaching of the national language obligatory, that was first offered in as a subject in 1939-1940 in public schools.
  4. 4. 1946-1956 "   Another development was the shortening of the elementary curriculum form seven to six years in order to admit more children of school age. "   The Educational “Magna Carta” of the Philippines, provided for the system of the public elementary education and its matter of financing. "   The latter remained under the support of the city government (Philippine Education System. 1901-1976)
  5. 5. 1946-1956 "   Legislation affecting basic education were passed including the following: 1.  Commonwealth Act No. 586 •  An act provide for the revision of the system of Public & Private Elementary in the Philippines including financing thereof. 2.  Commonwealth Act No.589 •  An act establishing a school ritual in all public and private elementary and public secondary schools. 3.  Republic Act No. 896 •  An act to Declare the Policy on elementary education in the Philippines.
  6. 6. 1957- 1982 "  Elementary Education "  The revised elementary education curriculum was gradually effected beginning the school year 1957-1958.
  7. 7. Minimum Time Allotment for the Elementary School Curriculum Subject Area Numbers of Minutes a Day I-II II-IV V-VI 1. Social Studies 40 50 50 2. Work Education 40 60 80 3. Health and Science 40 40 50 4.Language Arts 110 110 120 5.Arithmetic 50 6. Arts and Physical Education 40 40 50´ TOTAL 310 340 400
  8. 8. 1957-1982 "   In the revised elementary education curriculum the vernacular was the auxiliary medium of instruction in G1 and G2: Pilipino and English were offered as subjects. "   The continuous progression scheme (CPS) was implemented in the elementary during S.Y. 1970-1971 but due to some misconception, it was literally construed as mass promotion, hence many non- readers were promoted to next grade level.
  9. 9. 1957-1972 "   Secondary Education "   One feature of the 1957-1972 reform was offering of character education and good manners and right conduct as “a separate subjects in the elementary and secondary curricula in all public and private schools, effective beginning of the second semester of S.Y. 1958-1959” as follows: "   Elementary level-Good Manners ad Right Conduct, everyday in the most suitable language in all grade levels during the opening exercises. "   Character Education and Right Conduct shall be given in English for a period of 40 minutes once a week.
  10. 10. 1957-1972 "   The 2-2 plan curriculum was considered by Swanson Survey Team, In theory and philosophy as an “advance step in the improvement of high school curriculum” but the problems in the implementation due to lack of funds, equipment, vocational teachers and guidance counselors were not resolved.
  11. 11. 1973-1988 "   Secondary Education "   The revised secondary education program (RSEP) replaced the 2-2 plan in 1973. among the objectives of the curriculum was “to acquire the basic occupational skills acknowledge and information essential for gainful employment and for making intelligent choice of occupation or career.” "   RSEP implemented starting S.Y. 1973- 1974 introduced the by the hour programming instead of 40 minutes per learning area. "   Bilingual education policy was likewise issued as Dept. order no. 25, s. 1974.
  12. 12. 1989-2001 "   The New Secondary Education Curriculum "   The conceptualization of the NSEC began in 1982 in preparation for the graduates of the New Elementary School Curriculum (NESC) implemented starting 1982-1983 in G1. "   The first full beneficiaries of the NESC were graduated in march 1989 and they also became the first beneficiaries of the NSEC under the development of the Secondary Education Development Program (SEDP)
  13. 13. 1989- 2001 Level of yearly implementation 1989-1990 First Year 1992-1993 Fourth Year 1990-1991 Second Year 1993-1994 Project completion report 1991-1992 Third Year 1994-1995 Project impact report
  14. 14. 1989-2001 "   For the first time, values education was offered as a separate subject in high school, hence the trainers and mass training of teacher included values formation. A values education framework was put in place by the dept. of education, culture and sports (DECS).
  15. 15. 1983-2001 "   Elementary Education "   The need reforms in the elementary education became imperative when the results of Survey of Outcomes in Elementary Education (SUOTELE) came out. A significant finding, clearly showed that the grader across the nation has mastered only 50% of what he was expected to learn and that the learned subject were the 3R’s
  16. 16. 1983-2001 "   Elementary Education "   Experimental Elementary Education Program (EEEP).to implement and maintain the recommendation of SUOTELE, the EEEP was launched by the Bureau of Elementary Education program 1978. it was conducted for two years on an experimental basis. "   The result of the EEEP pointed to the validity of the experimental curriculum in developing the communication skill of children in view of the reduction of the number of subjects and the increased time for instruction.
  17. 17. 1983-2001 "   Elementary Education "   Program for Comprehensive Elementary Education (PROCEED). The impact of the aforementioned researches paved the way for the development of the a 10-year (1980-1990) PROCEED. "   The Program for Decentralized Education Development (PRODED). To serve as a launching pad for the major reform envisioned in PROCEED, PRODED actually covers the first 4 years of the 10-yeardevelopment program.
  18. 18. 2002-2011 "   With the coming of a new leadership in2001 in NSEC and the NESC were replaced by the 2002 Basic Education Curriculum (BEC) "   The curriculum aim at empowering the Filipino learners to be capable of self-development through out one’s life and to be patriotic, benevolent, ecologically aware and godly. "   The curriculum promotes mutual interaction between students and teachers, between students and multi-media sources, and between teachers of different disciplines.
  19. 19. 2002-2011 "   2010 Secondary Education Curriculum "   The refinement of the curriculum followed the Understanding by Design (UbD) framework which covers three stages: "   Stage 1-result/Desired outcome "   Stage 2-Assessment "   Stage 3-Learning/ Instructional plan
  20. 20. 2002-2011 "   R.A. 10157 entitled An Act Institutionalizing the Kindergarten Education into the Basic Education System and Appropriating Funds Thereof : the declaration states that: "   Kindergarten is “mandatory and compulsory for entrance to G1”.
  21. 21. 20012-2013 "   The roll-out implementation of the K-12 Basic Education Curriculum for G1 and G7 shall start during school year 2012-2013. preparation of instructional materials and teaching guides for the training of trainers and regional training of G1 and G7 teachers are ongoing.
  22. 22. 2021-2013 "   It could be noted that the 12-year Basic education Cycle is first in the 10-pont agenda of President Benigno Aquino, to wit: 1.  Expansion to 12-year basic education cycle 2.  Universal Pre-school 3.  Madrasah Education 4.  Tech-Voc Education in Senior High Schools 5.  Every child a reader by G1
  23. 23. 2021-2013 "   It could be noted that the 12-year Basic education Cycle is first in the 10-pont agenda of President Benigno Aquino, to wit: 6.  Proficiency in math and science 7.  Assisstance to private schools 8.  Multilingual education 9.  Quality textbooks 10.  Covenant with LGU’s to build more schools.
  24. 24. THANK YOU!!!
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