Abuse me and you'll see group 9(st.charles)
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Abuse me and you'll see group 9(st.charles)

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    Abuse me and you'll see group 9(st.charles) Abuse me and you'll see group 9(st.charles) Presentation Transcript

    • Abuse Me And You’ll See Group 9- III-St. Charles MEMBERS: Kyle Somera Kajaana Sibal Abdullah Sharief Marc Sabatin Elbert Renand Orgil
    • Introduction Elements are very helpful in our dailylives. They make our lives easier becausepeople have developed ways to makethese elements useful to us graduallythrough time . But we don’t know that weare already abusing the products theelements have given to us. The improperuse and improper disposal of theseelements results to these threats thataffect us and our environment.
    • Beryllium (Be)Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Usefulness Beryllium can be used as X-ray tubes and lightweight component of military equipment and in the aerospace industry. It is used in high-speed aircraft, missiles, space vehicles and communication satellites and beryllium mirrors can be used in telescopes. How it usually improperly disposed and can pollute the Beryllium is is Abused land and small bodies of water which can affect the organisms living in there. Factories that produce metals and power plants that combust coal and oil are some of the major causes of beryllium pollution.Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Harmful Effects on Harmful Effects on the Humans Environment Intake of beryllium can: -damage the lungs and cause pneumonia. Humans add beryllium through -Berylliosis, (damages lung and other production of metal and combustion organs, such as the heart) of coal and oil. In water, chemicals -Chronic Beryllium Disease(allergic will react with beryllium, causing it to reactions, cause a person to be seriously ill, become insoluble. This is a good weakness, tiredness and breathing thing, because the water-insoluble problems, blueness of hands and feet, and form of beryllium can cause much less can cause their death.) harm to organisms than the water- -increase the chances of cancer soluble form. development and DNA damage.Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Boron (B)Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Usefulness for fiberglass, cleaning agents Boron is used as insulation like detergents, and component for glass and ceramic production. Boron is sometimes used as insecticides and as a magnet in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), cellular phones, and CD and DVD players. How it is Abused Boron is abused when it is not disposed properly. It can contaminate bodies of water and the soil when it is not disposed properly. Boron is usually found in cleaning agents and we know that water is used to wash it then that water with boron will end in small bodies of water.Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Harmful Effects on Harmful Effects on the Humans Environment Intake of large amounts of Boron can: Plants absorb boron from the ground -infect the stomach, liver, kidneys and and through plant-consuming animals brains it can end up in food chains. Boron -can eventually lead to death has been found in animal tissue, but it When exposure to small amounts of boron is not likely to accumulate. takes place When animals absorb large amounts -irritation of the nose, throat or eyes may of boron over a relatively long period occur of time through food or drinking water the male reproductive organs will be Boron does not accumulate within the affected. When animals are exposed tissues of animals. to boron during pregnancy their offspring may suffer from birth defects or delayed development. Furthermore, animals are likely to suffer from nose irritation when they breathe in boron.Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Aluminum (Al)Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Usefulness Aluminum can be used in Electrical transmission lines, packaging (cans, foil, etc.) and it has many uses in transport and construction industry for its unbeatable strength to weight ratio. How it is Abused Aluminum is abused by overusing it. We see aluminium almost everywhere. Because of human’s carelessness, it is usually improperly disposed which leads to the contamination of bodies of water and the soil we use to plant the food we eat.Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Harmful Effects on Harmful Effects on the Humans Environment Long lasting uptakes of significant Aluminum may accumulate in plants concentrations of aluminum can lead to and cause health problems for serious health effects, such as: animals that consume these plants. - Damage to the central nervous system Due to reactions of aluminum ions - Dementia with proteins in the gills of fish and the - Loss of memory embryos of frogs the number of - Listlessness organisms in some bodies of water - Severe trembling decline. The consequences for birds that consume contaminated fish are Aluminum is a risk in certain working eggshell thinning and chicks with low environments, such as mines, where it can birth-weights. be found in water. People that work in factories where aluminum is applied during There are strong indications that production processes may endure lung aluminum can damage the roots of problems when they breathe in aluminum trees when it is located in dust. Aluminum can cause problems for groundwater. kidney patients when it enters the body during kidney dialyses.Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Sulfur (S)Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Usefulness to sulfuric acid. Sulfuric acid is Most sulfur is converted extremely important to many industries around the world. It is used in the manufacture of fertilizer, oil refining, processing wastewater, lead-acid batteries in cars, mineral extraction, removing rust from iron, making nylon and producing hydrochloric acid. Sulfur can be used as a pesticide and fungicide. Sulfur is also one component of gunpowder. How it is Abused Sulfur when abused can pollute our soil, food, and our water. It is caused by the improper disposal of Sulfur that is mainly used In pesticide and fungicide.Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Harmful Effects on Harmful Effects on the Humans Environment Globally sulphuric substances can have Sulfur can be found in the air in many the following effects on human health: different forms. The damaging effects of sulfur with animals : - Neurological effects and behavioural -irritations of the eyes and the throat changes -brain damage, through - Disturbance of blood circulation malfunctioning of the hypothalamus, - Heart damage -damage to the nervous system - Effects on eyes and eyesight -serious vascular damage in veins of - Reproductive failure the brains, the heart and the kidneys. - Damage to immune systems -cause fatal damage and congenital - Stomach and gastrointestinal disorder effects - Damage to liver and kidney functions -Mothers can even carry sulfur - Hearing defects poisoning over to their children - Disturbance of the hormonal metabolism through mother milk. - Dermatological effects -sulfur can damage the internal - Suffocation and lung embolism enzyme systems of animals.Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Cadmium (Cd)Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Usefulness Its principal uses include: protective plating for steel, stabilizers for polyvinyl chloride, pigments in plastics and glasses, electrode material in nickel-cadmium batteries, and as a component of various alloys Because it is used as a pigment, it is often found in plastic toys and food containers. How itare usually found in plastic materials and fertilizers Cadmium is Abused that when not moderately used or not disposed properly may pollute soil and our water. This may then affect the organisms living in the place contaminated by the cadmium.Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Harmful Effects on Harmful Effects on the Humans EnvironmentCadmium accumulates in kidneys, where it Part of the cadmium ends up in the soil afterdamages filtering mechanisms. This causes the fertilizer is applied. Soils that are acidifiedthe excretion of essential proteins and sugars enhance the cadmium uptake by plants. This isfrom the body and further kidney damage. It a potential danger to the animals that aretakes a very long time before cadmium that dependent upon the plants for survival.has accumulated in kidneys is excreted from Cadmium can accumulate in their bodies,a human body. especially when they eat multiple plants. Cows may have large amounts of cadmium in theirOther health effects that can be caused by kidneys due to this.cadmium are: In aquatic ecosystems cadmium can bio- Diarrhoea, stomach pains and severe accumulate in mussels, oysters, shrimps,vomiting lobsters and fish.- Bone fracture Animals eating or drinking cadmium- Reproductive failure and possibly even sometimes getinfertility -high blood-pressures l- Damage to the central nervous system -iver disease- Damage to the immune system- Psychological disorders -nerve or brain damage.- Possibly DNA damage or cancerdevelopmentBeryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Barium (Ba)Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Usefulness in making rubber, pyrotechnics and Barium is usually used as weighting agent in oil well drilling fluids. It can be also used as rat poison, bleaches, dyes, fireworks, ceramics glasses, and as a coating for the digestive tract when taking x-ray pictures of the body. barium coating will be illuminated on the X-ray allowing for the diagnoses of certain abnormalities in the stomach, esophagus, intestines, or colon. Howbarium that are improperly disposed by factories have Excess it is Abused already contaminated small bodies of water. Improper disposal of barium leads to catastrophic effects.Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Harmful Effects on Harmful Effects on the Humans Environment The uptake of very large amounts of Some barium compounds that are barium that are water-soluble may cause released during industrial processes -paralysis dissolve easily in water and are found -death in lakes, rivers, and streams. When fish and other aquatic organisms absorb Small amounts of water-soluble barium the barium compounds, barium will may cause a person to experience accumulate in their bodies. -breathing difficulties -increased blood pressures -heart rhythm changes -stomach irritation -muscle weakness -changes in nerve reflexes -swelling of brains and liver -kidney and heart damage.Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Platinum (Pt)Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Usefulness Platinum is mainly used in jewellery and as Auto Catalyts. Auto catalysts converts harmful emissions into harmless carbon dioxide and water. Platinum is now also used in our hard disks that used for storing our computer files. Platinum bonds are often applied as a medicine to cure cancer. How it is Abused Platinum is abused when its overly used. Platinum is abused since it is needed or a component in production of different materials such as hard disks.Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Harmful Effects on Harmful Effects on the Humans Environment Platinum as a metal is not very dangerous, It can cause serious health but platinum salts can cause several health conditions in the working place effects, such as: environment. What the effects of platinum on animals and the - DNA alterations environment may be has not yet - Cancer been researched very extensively. - Allergic reactions of the skin and the The only thing we know is that mucous membrane platinum will accumulate in the - Damage to organs, such as intestines, roots of plants after uptake. kidneys and bone marrow Whether eating platinum- - Hearing damage containing plant roots can do any harm to animals and humans, is Finally, a danger of platinum is that it can not yet clear. cause potentiating of the toxicity of other dangerous chemicals in the human body.Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Mercury (Hg)Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Usefulness used Metallic mercury is in a variety of household products, such as barometers, thermometers and fluorescent light bulbs. The mercury in these devices is trapped and usually does not cause any health problems. However, when a thermometer will break a significantly high exposure to mercury through breathing will occur for a short period of time while it vaporizes. How it used Abused bulbs, thermometers, and Mercury is is fluorescent light barometers that usually after its service are improperly disposed which may lead to its breakage which results to the release of mercury inside these items.Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Harmful Effects on Harmful Effects on the Humans Environment Mercury has a number of effects on Once mercury has reached humans, that can all of them be simplified surface waters or soils into the following main effects: microorganisms can convert it to methyl mercury, a substance that - Disruption of the nervous system can be absorbed quickly by most - Damage to brain functions organisms and is known to cause - DNA damage and chromosomal nerve damage. As a The effects damage that mercury has on animals are - Allergic reactions -kidneys damage - Negative reproductive effects( sperm -stomach disruption damage, birth defects and miscarriages) -damage to intestines - kidney damage -reproductive failure -lung and eye irritation -DNA alteration. Damaged brain functions can cause degradation of learning abilities, personality changes, tremors, vision changes, deafness, muscle in coordination and memory loss. Chromosomal damage is known to cause mongolism.Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Lead (Pb)Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Usefulness Lead is a soft metal that has known many applications over the years. It has been used widely since 5000 BC for application in metal products, cables and pipelines, but also in paints and pesticides. Lead is one out of four metals that have the most damaging effects on human health. Foods such as fruit, vegetables, meats, grains, seafood, soft drinks and wine may contain significant amounts of lead. Cigarette smoke also contains small amounts of lead. How it is Abused Lead can be found in pesticides that when not moderately used can pollute the soil and even the food we eat. Paints that contain lead are usually not disposed properly that leads to the pollution of small bodies of water.Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Harmful Effects on Harmful Effects on the Humans Environment Lead can enter (drinking) water through Not only leaded gasoline causes corrosion of pipes. Lead fulfils no essential lead concentrations in the function in the human body, it can merely do environment to rise. Other human harm after uptake from food, air or water. activities, such as fuel combustion, industrial processes and solid waste Lead can cause several unwanted effects, such combustion, also contribute. as: Lead can end up in water and soils - Disruption of the biosynthesis of haemoglobin through corrosion of leaded and anaemia pipelines in a water transporting - A rise in blood pressure system and through corrosion of - Kidney damage leaded paints. Lead accumulates in - Miscarriages and subtle abortions the bodies of water organisms and soil organisms. These will experience - Disruption of nervous systems health effects from lead poisoning. - Brain damage Soil functions are disturbed by lead - Declined fertility of men through sperm damage intervention, especially near - Diminished learning abilities of children highways and farmlands, where - Behavioural disruptions of children, such as extreme concentrations may be aggression, impulsive behavior and hyperactivity present and can contaminate our food. Lead can enter a fetus through the placenta of the mother. Because of this it can cause serious damage to the nervous system and the brains of unborn children.Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Uranium (U)Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Usefulness Uranium is used to fuel the nuclear fission reactor in nuclear power plants. It can also be used to power nuclear powered submarines and ships. How it is Abused When Uranium is not properly placed or disposed may pose a threat to the community. It is human activities tha actually make Uranium a threat.Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Harmful Effects on Harmful Effects on the Humans Environment People that live near hazardous waste Water containing low amounts of uranium sites, people that live near mines, is usually safe to drink. Because of its nature, uranium is not likely to accumulate people that work in the phosphate in fish or vegetables and uranium that is industry, people that eat crops grown absorbed will be eliminated quickly on contaminated soil or people that through human waste. drink water from a uranium waste disposal point may experience a The compounds in the soil will combine with other compounds, which can stay in higher exposure than other people. the soil for years. Uranium concentrations Chemical effects may occur after the often do not exceed normal ranges for uptake of large amounts of uranium uncontaminated soil. and these can cause health effects such as kidney disease. Plants absorb uranium through their roots and store it there. Root vegetables such as radishes may contain higher than usual concentrations of uranium as a result. But when the vegetables are washed the uranium will be removed.Beryllium Boron Aluminum Sulfur Cadmium Barium Platinum Mercury Lead Uranium
    • Conclusion Elements have many uses and itshould be used responsibly and withproper knowledge about the element. Ihave learned that we all benefit fromthese elements but if we don’t know howto use them properly then it will result toconsequences that can affect us and ourenvironment. Use of the elements shouldcome with responsibility to avoid the“abuse” of the element.